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  • Johansson Kalén, Lise
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Journalistikens förändrade förutsättningar i Ogaden: En studie om villkor för utövandet av yttrandefrihet och dess förändring mellan åren 2017 och 2019 i Ogaden i Etiopien2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • Mänder, Peter
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm.
    Josefus i relation till Assumptio Mosis: en jämförande undersökning2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats bygger på att försöka förstå relationen som finns mellan Josefus skrifter och pseudepigrafen Assumptio Mosis. Även om jämförelserna som görs mellan skrifterna i denna uppsats inte räcker för att ge ett säkert svar i slutändan, utesluter inga av exemplen att Josefus kan ha använt Assumptio Mosis som direkt källa. Snarare finns indikationer i vilka en direkt relation mellan Josefus och Assumptio Mosis skulle kunna förklara varifrån Josefus hämtar en del av sitt källmaterial, inte minst för hans narrativ om tiden runt 4 f.v.t–6 v.t.

  • Lindholm, Josefine
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Klimatapartheid: En retorisk analys2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    How we talk about climate is almost as important as how we deal with it. How we choose our words, what tactics we use to persuade each other and how we get our points across, it will all influence the choices we make to adapt, mitigate and set rules for dealing with climate change. In the summer of 2019 special rapporteur Philip Alston released his report on climate change and poverty. The report came at around the same time as the newsfeed was filled with images of California’s wildfires burning down neighbourhood after neighbourhood. But the discussion soon turned to debates regarding the use of private firemen to protect the houses of the rich and famous, in other words: the privatization of basic services. In his report Alston warns us about a scenario where the rich can pay their way to safety and the poor must face the consequences of climate change, he named the scenario climate apartheid. The purpose of this essay is to understand what Philip Alston means when he warns of an impending climate apartheid scenario and understand what consequences he sees. The method used to make the study is a critical rhetoric analysis, I have studied the rhetorical strategies Alston have used to try to persuade his readers. I have also used the theory of Yueng Foong Khong of analogies of war to try to understand the analogy of climate apartheid. What is said about climate apartheid is that it threatens the lives and rights of millions of people and it is of most importance that a strong and swift global cooperation is needed to save ourselves and protect the most vulnerable.

  • Marand, Michelle
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Vaccination: Införandet av lagstiftning om obligatorisk vaccination i Sverige2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våren 2019 inkom det motioner till Svenska Riksdagen angående förslag gällande införandet av lagstiftning om obligatorisk vaccination. Utifrån detta kommer uppsatsen genom en fiktiv argumentationsanalys behandla ämnet ur ett rättighetsperspektiv, med fokus på tre rättigheter; rätten till hälsa, rätten till kroppslig integritet samt rätten till utbildning. Argumenten i de två olika kapitlen utgår från svensk lagstiftning samt internationella fördrag, såsom mänskliga rättigheter och Europeiska unionens stadgar. Uppsatsen besvarar även i argumentationen frågeställningar om varför obligatorisk vaccination bör vara en mänsklig skyldighet enligt rätten till hälsa samt vilka mänskliga rättigheter en lagstiftning om obligatorisk vaccination bryter mot. Syftet med uppsatsen är att nå fram till ett översiktligt svar gällande om individuell rätt, såsom kroppslig integritet och utbildning eller allmän folkhälsa bör prioriteras i frågan. Detta undersöks även med hjälp av Marion Youngs teori om den sociala förbindelsens ansvarsmodell, som syftar till att vi är moraliska aktörer som har en moralisk skyldighet till alla människor att minimera lidande. Slutsatserna i uppsatsens sista del visar att uppsatsens tes motbevisas genom argumentationen.

  • Demir, Michelle
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    De försvunna barnen: En kvalitativ textanalys om orsaker till att ensamkommande barn försvinner i Sverige och konsekvenserna härav utifrån ett barnperspektiv2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis has been to identify the causes and consequences of unaccompanied children disappearing. The method used in the study is a qualitative text analysis where approaches aim to investigate a problem that exists in society, but where it is important to describe and understand the reality that the unaccompanied children who disappear in Sweden go through.

    The results analyzed are based on the three most common causes and consequences of unaccompanied children disappearing. The causes show that there is a huge concern among the children before they turn 18 years old, a lack of participation of the child in the placement of it and mental ill-health and trauma. The children have a great sense of fear, which is based on the feeling of hopelessness and of getting a negative response on their asylumapplication. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the consequences that children face when they turn to living on the streets are that they are exposed to human trafficking, sexual exploitation, other forms of crime and drugs. When children deviate and disappear, it becomes difficult to fulfil many of their rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. By analyzing the causes and consequences from a child's perspective, one better understands the reasons why children differ and how important it is to handle situations according to achild'sperspective by listening to children.

    This study also highlights and clarifies problems that children meet in the asylumprocess, in which authorities often fail in the safe reception and care of the unaccompanied asylum seeking children that deviate and disappear.

  • Palmgren, Johanna
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter. 1996.
    Internationell adoption: En studie kring Sverige, adoption och argumentet ”internationell adoption för barnets bästa".2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine factors to why international adoption is seen positive

    in the Swedish society, which contributes to why international adoption is argued as something

    good from a child perspective. The study aims to highlight arguments that contradicts the

    picture of adoption as only positive through criticizing and problematizing international

    adoption as practice. The study came to the conclusion that the Swedish politics, Sweden as a

    democratic role model and international adoption as a charity are three aspects to why it can be

    argued as something positive. Also, that adoption can be more harmful than what is showed in

    the society. That people’s need to adopt from the Third World can be argued to why

    international adoption can be human trafficking. Through a postcolonial perspective

    international adoption can also be seen as an asymmetric power structure between West and the

    Third World. Through that, the politics in Sweden must flag this part of international adoption

    to widen the perspective and by that, present how real changes can be made to why people in

    the Third World are forced to leave their children for adoption to the West.

  • Kashkol, Tania
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Samtyckeslagen - Ett steg närmare rättvisan.2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    On July 1st 2018, a new law entered Sweden that would hopefully will lead to a better justice process regarding sexual offenses. This law was given the name consent

    law, which states that sex should be voluntary for the parties who are involved in the sexual acts. If not, the offender will be charged with rape.

    The majority of convictions for rape have easily led to the perpetrator being released from the charges. This indicates that something is not right and it’s not wrong with the evidence, the parties or persons working with the cases, but it is something that is defective in the law that has been found before. The previous laws, the Swedish Committee has considered that some terms are outdated for use in the current law.

    The previous laws did not agree with ECHR articles and since Sweden has ratified it, the national laws needed to be comprehensive.

    Through the course of the essay, we will go through various factors that have led to the current legislation, what resistance it has received and what criticism has it received when it came into force? It will be described what the law looks like and what application difficulties it may have.

    The purpose of the new law is to strengthen the sexual integrity of the victim and criminalize the perpetrator's behavior and negligence, which will be included in the thesis. Negligence is a new crime that came in connection with the new law. The law is designed to change the image of the ideal victim and put more focus on the perpetrator's actions to change the society's image of what rape is and hopefully more people will gain more knowledge, which will make big changes in the long run.

  • Domeij, Laura
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Civil olydnad i Sverige: - Går det att rättfärdiga?2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    John Rawls defines civil disobediance as a ”public, nonviolent, conscientious yet political act contrary to law usually done with the aim of bringing about a change in the law or policies of the government.” (Rawls, 1999:320). Rawls has developed a theory of civil disobediance that has been widely discussed (Månsson, 2004:153). His theory explains when one can break the law and what has to be taken into consideration (Rawls, 1996:345-346). The theory is designed only for the special case of a nearly just society where the members of the community are rational beings. Rawls has a democratic and constitutional perspective that cares for a stable state power. The theory has been criticized by philosophers such as Kimberley Browlee and Tomas Månsson that claim that it is too narrow (Månsson, 2004:157-159, Brownlee 2012:2). The Swedish legal system does not regulate civil disobediance in any particulary law, rather it is the criminal acts that are connected to the civil disobediance that are prohibited. A dilemma for the criminal law is the amount of tolerance that should be allowed for criminal acts that we morally can understand (Asp & Ulväng, 2019:13). In common practice there has been a very low acceptence of civil disobediance. There has not been any case of discharge and the court has expressed a concern in judging these acts too light (NJA 1982 s. 376).

  • Ericsson, Malin
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Mötet mellan Agenda 2030 och mänskliga rättigheter på lokal nivå: En intervjustudie med politiska partier, förvaltning och civila samhället inför implementeringen av Agenda 2030 i Stockholms stad2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The City of Stockholm has declared that it will be leading in the implementation of Agenda 2030. The study is based on interviews with political parties, representatives from the administration and civil society actors in the City of Stockholm. It explores how concepts within and the relation between Agenda 2030 and human rights are perceived. The results of the study are based on four themes: to leave no one behind, politics, language and practice, and partnership. A tension between human rights and Agenda 2030 is found, but also commonalities. The study shows that in local administration, Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals are often regarded as more practical than human rights. Yet, respondents believe that human rights can strengthen Agenda 2030. Across all respondent groups, the study finds that there are expectations of Agenda 2030 breaking silos, uniting actors and offering a framework that is stable over policy shifts

  • Lovisa, Grolle
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm. 1995.
    Den globala jakten på billig arbetskraft: - kapplöpningen mot botten och konsumentens moraliska ansvar2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: This study aims to analyze four strategies consumers use in order to avoid responsibility concerning the impact one’s clothing consumption can have on human rights. The purpose is to investigate whether the clothing industry contributes, or does not contribute, to human rights. Furthermore the aim is to analyze how these established arguments are justifiable in relation to a theory of moral responsibility.

    Methodology: This study includes a descriptive and normative argumentation analysis. The data that has been collected for this study mainly consists of various scientific reports from independent sources, reports from diverse human rights organizations and also sustainability reports from a few chosen clothing companies between the years 2015–2019. The chosen clothing companies included in this study were selected as being the largest within the fashion industry.

    Findings and conclusion: The results of this study are based on four pro-arguments and four contra-arguments which, respectively, are presented. The pro-argumentation supports the thesis that the clothing industry contributes to human rights whereas the counter argumentation undermines the thesis of the study. The facts presented in each argument successfully either support or undermine the thesis and therefore provide with the interpretation that there can be noted connections, as well as lack of connections, between the clothing industry and human rights. The conclusions presented from the analysis show that it is possible for consumers to use the described four strategies in order to avoid responsibility.

  • Hussien, Saosan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter. 13591.
    När samhället sviker barn2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: När samhället sviker barn. 

    - Om hur barn i Sverige hamnar i utsatthet stolt företagande sociala insatser.   

     Jag har uppsatser har författare på att stänga av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod för att undersöka hur socialtjänstens arbete rörande frågor kring låtar trygghet brister, och där barnen långt illa. Det här är en aktiv aktiv insatser som ska motarbeta och utlåter utsatthet och där engagemang kring frågor som rör barn varit prioriterad sedan länge. Uppsatsen har inspirerats av diskursanalys som metod och teori. Den innehåller även det teoretiska begreppet ¨ barnets bästa¨ och BBIC som ett analytiskt verktyg. Resultatet visar att Socialnämnden argumenterar utifrån föräldrars brister och det misslyckade föräldraskapet i förhållande till barns behov. Vidare framkommer att argumentationen förs utifrån lagstiftningen förutsättning syftar till att uppnå mer effektivitet i administration än att beakta barnets bästa.