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Roitto, Rikard, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9117-4943
Publications (10 of 49) Show all publications
Kazen, T. (2024). Revenge, Compensation, and Forgiveness in the Ancient World: A Comparative Study of Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revenge, Compensation, and Forgiveness in the Ancient World: A Comparative Study of Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair
2024 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Handling moral infringement is complicated and this was as true in antiquity as it is today. Should one retaliate, demand compensation, be merciful, ignore the infringement, or forgive? Thomas Kazen and Rikard Roitto compare how Greeks, Romans, Jews, and Christians in antiquity navigated different ideas, practices, and rituals for moral repair. How did they think about morality and did this affect ideas about moral repair? What practices of moral repair did they use, within and beyond the court? In what different ways did they involve the gods in interpersonal conflicts through ritual? Insights from contemporary research on human behaviour guide the comparative work, since, as the authors argue, human moral behaviour and cognition is the result of both innate and cultural factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2024. p. 542
Series
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, ISSN 0512-1604, E-ISSN 2568-7476 ; 515
Keywords
moral infringement, moral repair, practices, rituals, emotions, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient Judaism, early Christianity, cognitive frames, conceptual metaphor, game theory, valuable relationships hypothesis, social network theory, committment signalling, honour, hierarchy, revenge, compensation, forgiveness
National Category
History of Religions Classical Archaeology and Ancient History Religious Studies History
Research subject
Biblical Studies; History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2383 (URN)10.1628/978-3-16-163339-3 (DOI)978-3-16-162465-0 (ISBN)978-3-16-163339-3 (ISBN)
Projects
2016-02319_VR Konfliktlösningsdynamik i antiken
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2024-04-05 Created: 2024-04-05 Last updated: 2024-04-05
Kazen, T. & Roitto, R. (2023). Roman Clemency versus Jewish(-Christian) Forgiveness: A Comparative Analysis. In: : . Paper presented at Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 17-21 november 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roman Clemency versus Jewish(-Christian) Forgiveness: A Comparative Analysis
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Interpersonal forgiveness and clemency do in some respects have very similar functions: By not retaliating or punishing a conflict is put to rest. However, the motivations behind the Jewish-Christian ideal of interpersonal forgiveness and the Roman ideal of clemency are quite different. Jesus Ben Sira, Jesus of Nazareth and others argue that only those who forgive will receive divine forgiveness. Seneca, on the other hand, argues for clemency as an expression of superior, even divine, power over others. The two motivations, in turn, reflect distinct social dynamics for the two forms of non-retaliatory behaviours. This paper discusses how the ethics of interpersonal forgiveness nurtures a culture of indirect reciprocity whereas the ethics of interpersonal clemency builds hierarchically organized cooperative networks.

Keywords
Clemency, forgiveness, Seneca, Jesus, Ben Sira
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2152 (URN)
Conference
Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 17-21 november 2023
Projects
Dynamics of moral repair in antiquity
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2024-01-18 Created: 2024-01-18 Last updated: 2024-01-23Bibliographically approved
Roitto, R. (2022). Dedications as Aggressions.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dedications as Aggressions
2022 (English)Other (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Votive offerings and other dedications to gods were normally gifts that fulfilled vows or expressed gratitude. But human ingenuity knows no bounds, especially not in conflicts. We can therefore find several examples of ritual innovation among Jews, Christians, Greeks and Romans in Roman antiquity, where dedications of people and property to the gods functioned as aggressions to involve the gods in ongoing interpersonal conflicts.

National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2085 (URN)
Note

Guest lecture at Oslo University, 28th of September 2022.

Available from: 2023-11-28 Created: 2023-11-28 Last updated: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved
Mannerfelt, F. & Roitto, R. (2022). Mellan rit och reklam del 1: Berättelsen om två församlingars utveckling. In: Sara Garpe & Jonas Ideström (Ed.), Kyrka i digitala rum: Ett aktionsforskningsprojekt om församlingsliv online i Svenska kyrkan (pp. 47-59). Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan rit och reklam del 1: Berättelsen om två församlingars utveckling
2022 (Swedish)In: Kyrka i digitala rum: Ett aktionsforskningsprojekt om församlingsliv online i Svenska kyrkan / [ed] Sara Garpe & Jonas Ideström, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan , 2022, p. 47-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan, 2022
Keywords
digitala gudstjänster; online gudstjänst; digital ecklesiologi; digital teologi; Svenska kyrkan
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Practical Theology including Religious Behavioural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1835 (URN)
Available from: 2023-05-17 Created: 2023-05-17 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Mannerfelt, F. & Roitto, R. (2022). Mellan rit och reklam del 2: Interaktion, synkronicitet och integritet i förinspelade digitalt förmedlade andakter. In: Sara Garpe & Jonas Ideström (Ed.), Kyrka i digitala rum: Ett aktionsforskningsprojekt om församlingsliv online i Svenska kyrkan (pp. 61-79). Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mellan rit och reklam del 2: Interaktion, synkronicitet och integritet i förinspelade digitalt förmedlade andakter
2022 (Swedish)In: Kyrka i digitala rum: Ett aktionsforskningsprojekt om församlingsliv online i Svenska kyrkan / [ed] Sara Garpe & Jonas Ideström, Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan , 2022, p. 61-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Svenska kyrkan, 2022
Keywords
Intergritet; synkronicitet; interaktion; gudstjänst online; digitalt förmedlad gudstjänst; Svenska kyrkan
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Practical Theology including Religious Behavioural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1837 (URN)
Available from: 2023-05-17 Created: 2023-05-17 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Roitto, R. (2022). Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 2: Group Dynamics. Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 2: Group Dynamics
2022 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity, is a series of publications related to a project on Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity, run by Thomas Kazen and Rikard Roitto between 2017 and 2021, and funded by the Swedish Research Council, grant nr. 2016-02319. The volumes contain stand-alone articles and serve as supplements to the main outcome of the project, the volume Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair: Revenge, Compensation and Forgiveness in the Ancient World, forthcoming on Mohr Siebeck in 2023.

Supplement 2: Group Dynamics, contains four articles and chapters by Rikard Roitto, republished in accordance with the publishers' general conditions for author reuse, or by special permission. 

1. Rituals of Reintegration: Penance, Confession of Sins, Intercession 2. Reintegrative Shaming and a Prayer Ritual of Reintegration in Matthew 3. Enduring Shame as Costly Signalling 4. The Johannine Information War: A Social Network Analysis of the Information Flow Between Johannine Assemblies as Witnessed by 1-3 John

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, 2022. p. 91
Series
Studia Theologica Holmiensia, ISSN 1401-1557 ; 36
Keywords
Group dynamics, rituals of reintegration, interpersonal infringement, moral repair, Gospel of Matthew, Johannine community, Tertullian
National Category
History of Religions Religious Studies History
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1652 (URN)978-91-88906-19-9 (ISBN)
Projects
Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity 2017-2021
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Roitto, R. (2022). Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 3: Forgiveness. Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 3: Forgiveness
2022 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity, is a series of publications related to a project on Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity, run by Thomas Kazen and Rikard Roitto between 2017 and 2021, and funded by the Swedish Research Council, grant nr. 2016-02319. The volumes contain stand-alone articles and serve as supplements to the main outcome of the project, the volume Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair: Revenge, Compensation and Forgiveness in the Ancient World, forthcoming on Mohr Siebeck in 2023.

Supplement 3: Forgiveness, contains four articles and chapters by Rikard Roitto, republished in accordance with the publishers' general conditions for author reuse, or by special permission. 

1. The Polyvalence of ἀφίημι and the Two Cognitive Frames of Forgiveness in the Synoptic Gospels. 2. Forgiveness, Ritual and Social Identity in Matthew: Obliging Forgiveness. 3. Practices of Confession, Intercession and Forgiveness in 1 John 1.9; 5.16. 4. Forgiveness of the Sinless: A Classic Contradiction in 1 John in the Light of Contemporary Forgiveness Research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, 2022. p. 99
Series
Studia Theologica Holmiensia, ISSN 1401-1557 ; 37
Keywords
Forgiveness, confession, interpersonal infringement, moral repair, Gospel of Matthew, Johannine community
National Category
Religious Studies History of Religions History
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1656 (URN)978-91-88906-20-5 (ISBN)
Projects
Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity 2017-2021
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Roitto, R. (2022). The Johannine Information War: A Social Network Analysis of the Information Flow Between Johannine Assemblies as Witnessed by 1-3 John. Annali di Storia dell'Esegesi, 39(1), 47-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Johannine Information War: A Social Network Analysis of the Information Flow Between Johannine Assemblies as Witnessed by 1-3 John
2022 (English)In: Annali di Storia dell'Esegesi, ISSN 1120-4001, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 47-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
Bible . Johannine literature, Bible . Epistle of John I--Criticism, interpretation, Bible . Epistle of John II--Criticism, interpretation, Bible . Epistle of John III--Criticism, interpretation, Social networks
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1718 (URN)
Available from: 2022-12-21 Created: 2022-12-21 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Roitto, R. (2022). The Parable in the Preacher’s Mind: What Blending Theory Teaches Us About What Education a Preacher Needs. In: : . Paper presented at Konferensen "Parables and their Reception" (PR, 26th-28th of September, 2022 at the Oslo university.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Parable in the Preacher’s Mind: What Blending Theory Teaches Us About What Education a Preacher Needs
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2084 (URN)
Conference
Konferensen "Parables and their Reception" (PR, 26th-28th of September, 2022 at the Oslo university
Available from: 2023-11-28 Created: 2023-11-28 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved
Roitto, R. (2022). Using Behavioural Sciences to Understand Early Christian Experiences of Conversion. In: George Boys-Stones & George H. van Kooten (Ed.), Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions: (pp. 43-58). Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using Behavioural Sciences to Understand Early Christian Experiences of Conversion
2022 (English)In: Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean Traditions / [ed] George Boys-Stones & George H. van Kooten, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill , 2022, p. 43-58Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2022
Series
Ancient Philosophy & Religion, ISSN 2542-3576 ; 5
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1720 (URN)10.1163/9789004501775_004 (DOI)9789004501775 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-21 Created: 2022-12-21 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9117-4943

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