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Kazen, Thomas, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4683-3302
Publications (10 of 100) Show all publications
Kazen, T. (2024). Revenge, Compensation, and Forgiveness in the Ancient World: A Comparative Study of Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revenge, Compensation, and Forgiveness in the Ancient World: A Comparative Study of Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair
2024 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Handling moral infringement is complicated and this was as true in antiquity as it is today. Should one retaliate, demand compensation, be merciful, ignore the infringement, or forgive? Thomas Kazen and Rikard Roitto compare how Greeks, Romans, Jews, and Christians in antiquity navigated different ideas, practices, and rituals for moral repair. How did they think about morality and did this affect ideas about moral repair? What practices of moral repair did they use, within and beyond the court? In what different ways did they involve the gods in interpersonal conflicts through ritual? Insights from contemporary research on human behaviour guide the comparative work, since, as the authors argue, human moral behaviour and cognition is the result of both innate and cultural factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2024. p. 542
Series
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, ISSN 0512-1604, E-ISSN 2568-7476 ; 515
Keywords
moral infringement, moral repair, practices, rituals, emotions, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient Judaism, early Christianity, cognitive frames, conceptual metaphor, game theory, valuable relationships hypothesis, social network theory, committment signalling, honour, hierarchy, revenge, compensation, forgiveness
National Category
History of Religions Classical Archaeology and Ancient History Religious Studies History
Research subject
Biblical Studies; History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2383 (URN)10.1628/978-3-16-163339-3 (DOI)978-3-16-162465-0 (ISBN)978-3-16-163339-3 (ISBN)
Projects
2016-02319_VR Konfliktlösningsdynamik i antiken
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2024-04-05 Created: 2024-04-05 Last updated: 2024-04-05
Larsen, K. B. (2023). Jesus: En historisk crash course (1ed.). Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jesus: En historisk crash course
2023 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Jesus sa ”följ mig” och idag har han fler följare än någon kändis på Instagram. Men vem var han? Bibelforskningen har sökt svaret på den frågan i 250 år. Förslagen är många: en politisk revolutionär, en hippiefilosof, en judisk rabbin, en bondeprofet, en karismatisk helare – eller bara Guds son. Den här boken tecknar en skiss av den historiske Jesus och diskuterar hur han är relevant för kristendomen idag. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, 2023. p. 88 Edition: 1
Series
Tro & Liv Bibel ; 3
Keywords
Den historiske Jesus; Guds rike; messias; evangelierna; fiendekärlek
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2028 (URN)978-91-88906-23-6 (ISBN)
Note

Översättning från danskan (Jesus, Aarhus universitetsforlag, 2018)

Available from: 2023-10-17 Created: 2023-10-17 Last updated: 2023-10-27Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2023). Malachi’s Metaphorical Divorce: Reading Marital Faithlessness as Cult Criticism with a Little Help from Blending Theory. In: David Davage, Mikael Larsson, Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer (Ed.), Metaphors in the Prophetic Literature of the Hebrew Bible and Beyond: (pp. 116-137). Paderborn: Brill Schöningh
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Malachi’s Metaphorical Divorce: Reading Marital Faithlessness as Cult Criticism with a Little Help from Blending Theory
2023 (English)In: Metaphors in the Prophetic Literature of the Hebrew Bible and Beyond / [ed] David Davage, Mikael Larsson, Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer, Paderborn: Brill Schöningh , 2023, p. 116-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Malachi 2:10-16 is a notoriously difficult passage to translate, and interpretations are wide apart. Does it refer to divorce, uncommonly using covenant language for marriage? Who, then, is the daughter of a foreign god? And why speak of divine seed or offspring of the god(s)? What does the suggested mourning concern? Who has hated what and why is it wrong? In this article I will argue that marital faithlessness is used as a metaphor for Asherah worship and that blending theory might help us better disentangle and understand the seemingly messy mix of images.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paderborn: Brill Schöningh, 2023
Series
Journal of Ancient Judaism Supplements, ISSN 2198-1361, E-ISSN 2197-0092 ; 36
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, Old testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2151 (URN)10.30965/9783657793969_007 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-01-18 Created: 2024-01-18 Last updated: 2024-01-23Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. & Roitto, R. (2023). Roman Clemency versus Jewish(-Christian) Forgiveness: A Comparative Analysis. In: : . Paper presented at Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 17-21 november 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Roman Clemency versus Jewish(-Christian) Forgiveness: A Comparative Analysis
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Interpersonal forgiveness and clemency do in some respects have very similar functions: By not retaliating or punishing a conflict is put to rest. However, the motivations behind the Jewish-Christian ideal of interpersonal forgiveness and the Roman ideal of clemency are quite different. Jesus Ben Sira, Jesus of Nazareth and others argue that only those who forgive will receive divine forgiveness. Seneca, on the other hand, argues for clemency as an expression of superior, even divine, power over others. The two motivations, in turn, reflect distinct social dynamics for the two forms of non-retaliatory behaviours. This paper discusses how the ethics of interpersonal forgiveness nurtures a culture of indirect reciprocity whereas the ethics of interpersonal clemency builds hierarchically organized cooperative networks.

Keywords
Clemency, forgiveness, Seneca, Jesus, Ben Sira
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2152 (URN)
Conference
Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 17-21 november 2023
Projects
Dynamics of moral repair in antiquity
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2024-01-18 Created: 2024-01-18 Last updated: 2024-01-23Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2022). Jesus’ Interpretation of the Torah. In: Jens Schröter & Christine Jacobi (Ed.), The Jesus Handbook: . Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jesus’ Interpretation of the Torah
2022 (English)In: The Jesus Handbook / [ed] Jens Schröter & Christine Jacobi, Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2022
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2017 (URN)9780802876928 (ISBN)9781467465434 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-10-10 Created: 2023-10-10 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2022). Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 1: Emotions and Hierarchies. Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 1: Emotions and Hierarchies
2022 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity, is a series of publications related to a project on Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity, run by Thomas Kazen and Rikard Roitto between 2017 and 2021, and funded by the Swedish Research Council, grant nr. 2016-02319. The volumes contain stand-alone articles and serve as supplements to the main outcome of the project, the volume Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair: Revenge, Compensation and Forgiveness in the Ancient World, forthcoming on Mohr Siebeck in 2023.

Supplement 1: Emotions and Hierarchies, contains four articles and chapters by Thomas Kazen. Three of them are republished in accordance with the publishers' general conditions for author reuse. The fourth has not been published before. 1. Emotional Ethics in Biblical Texts: Cultural Construction and Biological Bases of Morality 2. Viewing Oneself through Others' Eyes: Shame between Biology and Culture in Biblical Texts 3. Law and Emotion in Moral Repair: Circumscribing Infringement4. Retribution and Repair in Voluntary Associations: Comparing Rule Texts from Qumran, Collegia, and Christ Groups

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, 2022. p. 135
Series
Studia Theologica Holmiensia, ISSN 1401-1557 ; 35
Keywords
Emotions, hierarchies, interpersonal infringement, moral repair, early Judaism
National Category
Religious Studies History of Religions
Research subject
Biblical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1651 (URN)978-91-88906-18-2 (ISBN)
Projects
Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity 2017-2021
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319
Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2021). Altruism and Prosocial Ideals in the Sermon: Between Human Nature and Divine Potential. In: Rikard Roitto, Colleen Shantz & Petri Luomanen (Ed.), Social and Cognitive Perspectives on the Sermon on the Mount: (pp. 82-109). Sheffield: Equinox Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Altruism and Prosocial Ideals in the Sermon: Between Human Nature and Divine Potential
2021 (English)In: Social and Cognitive Perspectives on the Sermon on the Mount / [ed] Rikard Roitto, Colleen Shantz & Petri Luomanen, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021, p. 82-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021
Series
Studies in Ancient Religions and Culture
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1447 (URN)
Available from: 2021-10-15 Created: 2021-10-15 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2021). Emotional Repression and Physical Mutilation?: The Cognitive and Behavioural Impact of Exaggeration in the Sermon on the Mount. In: Rikard Roitto, Colleen Shantz & Petri Luomanen (Ed.), Social and Cognitive Perspectives on the Sermon on the Mount: (pp. 133-173). Sheffield: Equinox Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emotional Repression and Physical Mutilation?: The Cognitive and Behavioural Impact of Exaggeration in the Sermon on the Mount
2021 (English)In: Social and Cognitive Perspectives on the Sermon on the Mount / [ed] Rikard Roitto, Colleen Shantz & Petri Luomanen, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021, p. 133-173Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021
Series
Studies in Ancient Religion and Culture
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1448 (URN)
Available from: 2021-10-15 Created: 2021-10-15 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2021). Etik och retorik i Jesustraditionen: kognitiva och psyko-biologiska perspektiv. Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Etik och retorik i Jesustraditionen: kognitiva och psyko-biologiska perspektiv
2021 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Etik och retorik i Jesustraditionen innehåller två essäer av Thomas Kazen, professor vid Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm. De två essäerna behandlar på olika sätt Jesustraditionen -- berättelser om Jesus och utsagor som tillskrivs honom -- i Markus, Matteus och Lukas. Den första fokuserar på mänskligt beteende, den andra på det figurativa språket. Bägge låter kognitionsvetenskapliga perspektiv belysa textanalyserna utifrån övertygelsen att bibeltexterna blir mer begripliga när vi tar hänsyn till hur människan fungerar, hur hennes tänkande och känsloliv utvecklats, hur hennes kropp och intellekt hänger samman, hur hennes emotioner och beteenden interagerar och hur hennes språk och handlande hör ihop. "Empati, rättvisa och försoning" är Kazens installationsföreläsning vid THS 2011. "Kameler, gengångare och amputationer" bygger på föreläsningar om överdrifter i bergspredikan (Århus 2015) respektive i Jesustraditionen (THS 2016, San Antonio 2016).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, 2021. p. 120
Series
Tro & Liv Bibel ; 2
Keywords
Jesus, hyperboler, överdrifter, själviskhet, altruism
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1237 (URN)978-91-982830-7-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-02-08 Created: 2021-02-08 Last updated: 2023-11-07Bibliographically approved
Kazen, T. (2021). Impurity and Purification in Early Judaism and the Jesus Tradition. Atlanta: SBL Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impurity and Purification in Early Judaism and the Jesus Tradition
2021 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This collection of essays by Thomas Kazen focuses on issues of purity and purification in early Judaism and the Jesus tradition. During the late Second Temple period, Jewish purity practices became more prominent than before and underwent substantial developments. These essays advance the ongoing conversation and debate about a number of key issues in the field, such as the relationship between ritual and morality, the role and function of metaphor, and the use of evolutionary and embodied perspectives. Kazen’s research stands in constant dialogue with the major currents and main figures in purity research, including both historical (origin, development, practice) and cognitive (evolutionary, emotional, conceptual) approaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Atlanta: SBL Press, 2021. p. 400
Series
Resources of Biblical Literature ; 98
Keywords
Judaism, Purity - Ritual, Christianity
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies; Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1449 (URN)9781628374100 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-10-15 Created: 2021-10-15 Last updated: 2023-12-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4683-3302

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