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Title [sv]
En kristen Bibel i en muslimsk kontext: studier av ett negligerat arabiskt arv
Abstract [en]
After the Muslim conquests, many Near Eastern Christians faced the religious and intellectual challenges posed by Islam and adjusted their traditions in an ongoing process of accommodation vs. resistance vis-à-vis the dominant culture. This dialectical tension motivated them to translate their Scriptures and other theological texts into Arabic, a language intrinsically connected with Islam and vernacular of the Empire, and to compose new tracts, often polemic in character. A large number of these texts are yet to be properly examined and made available, including the vast collections kept at prestigious libraries. I will have exclusive access to one such collection: the valuable Christian Arabic manuscript holdings of the British Library, and during four years study some of the key texts with a focus on the conceptualization and exegetic approach to the Bible in them, as my theory is that these were prone to change when Christians were relegated to the status of a societal minority and accused of having distorted the Holy Writ (taḥrīf). In order to broaden our understanding of the reciprocity between the Abrahamic religions, the project will be executed in cooperation with scholars from Tel Aviv University who have extensively studied social, intellectual and religious interactions between Judaism and Islam. Thus, the project contributes to tracing conceptual interfaces between religious communities in the Arabic-speaking world of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2023). Qur’ānic Intertextuality in Early Christian Arabic Bible Translations. The Bible Translator, 74(3), 313-330
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Qur’ānic Intertextuality in Early Christian Arabic Bible Translations
2023 (English)In: The Bible Translator, ISSN 2051-6770, Vol. 74, no 3, p. 313-330Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides a number of cases where early Christian Arabic Bible translators resorted to qur’ānic-sounding language and (later) also a qur’ānic aesthetic in their production of biblical codices. The main purpose of the paper is to discuss various reasons as to why they went so far into the “realm of the other” when producing these translations. The answer to that question is most likely connected to the little-known function of these Bible translations, a topic also addressed in the paper. The adoption of qur’ānic language results in a comparatively high level of intertextuality and the use of codicological features associated with Mamluk Qur’āns also tend to blur religious borders. Thus, the paper also explores the possibility to view a portion of the Christian Arabic Bible endeavour as part of the broader process of “religious co-production.”

Keywords
Bible, translation, Arabic, Eastern Christian
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies; Eastern Christian Studies; History of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2246 (URN)10.1177/20516770231217244 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017�01630Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2024-02-09 Created: 2024-02-09 Last updated: 2024-02-29Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. & Polliack, M. (2022). 1.5 Arabic Texts. In: Armin Lange, Matthias Henze (Ed.), The Textual History of the Bible: vol. 3: A Companion to Textual Criticism. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>1.5 Arabic Texts
2022 (English)In: The Textual History of the Bible: vol. 3: A Companion to Textual Criticism / [ed] Armin Lange, Matthias Henze, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2022Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2022
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2249 (URN)10.1163/2452-4107_thb_COM_326580 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-09 Created: 2024-02-09 Last updated: 2024-02-29Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2022). Biblical Theology, Scholarly Approaches, and the Bible in Arabic. In: Sonja Brentjes, Jens Hoyrup & Bruce R. O'Brien (Ed.), Narratives on Transla-tion across Eurasia and Africa: From Babylonia to Colonial India (pp. 135-156). Turnhout: Brepols
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biblical Theology, Scholarly Approaches, and the Bible in Arabic
2022 (English)In: Narratives on Transla-tion across Eurasia and Africa: From Babylonia to Colonial India / [ed] Sonja Brentjes, Jens Hoyrup & Bruce R. O'Brien, Turnhout: Brepols, 2022, p. 135-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turnhout: Brepols, 2022
Series
Contact and Transmission: Intercultural Encounters from Late Antiquity to the Early Modern period, ISSN 2736-6952 ; 3
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2004 (URN)978-2-503-59489-7 (ISBN)978-2-503-59490-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-10-06 Created: 2023-10-06 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2022). Christian Bibles in Muslim Robes with Jewish Glosses: Arundel Or.15 and other Medieval Coptic Arabic Bible Translations at the British Library. British Library Blog Post
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Christian Bibles in Muslim Robes with Jewish Glosses: Arundel Or.15 and other Medieval Coptic Arabic Bible Translations at the British Library
2022 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
British Library Blog Post, 2022
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1680 (URN)
Note

Guest post in British Library Asian and African studies blog

Available from: 2022-09-10 Created: 2022-09-10 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2022). [Review of] Receptions of the Bible in Byzantium: Texts, Manuscripts, and their Readers. Studia Byzantina Upsaliensia 20. Red. Reinhart Ceulemans och Barbara Crostini, [Review]. Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, 6, 56-58
Open this publication in new window or tab >>[Review of] Receptions of the Bible in Byzantium: Texts, Manuscripts, and their Readers. Studia Byzantina Upsaliensia 20. Red. Reinhart Ceulemans och Barbara Crostini,
2022 (English)In: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, Vol. 6, p. 56-58Article, book review (Other academic) Published
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2250 (URN)
Available from: 2024-02-09 Created: 2024-02-09 Last updated: 2024-02-29Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2021). Psalms to Reason, Psalms to Heal.: The Scriptures in Early Rūm Orthodox Treatises. In: Marzena Zawanowska and Mateusz Wilk (Ed.), The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam:: Warrior, Poet, Prophet and King (pp. 239-272). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psalms to Reason, Psalms to Heal.: The Scriptures in Early Rūm Orthodox Treatises
2021 (English)In: The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam:: Warrior, Poet, Prophet and King / [ed] Marzena Zawanowska and Mateusz Wilk, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2021, p. 239-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper examines different approaches to Scripture in general, and exegetical uses of the Book of Psalms in particular, in early Rūm Orthodox (Melkite) texts. It singles out general statements relating to Scripture and explains them both in terms of reception of the Patristic heritage and as a message delivered to an audience in a specific context. It also discusses the authors’ conception of the Hebrew text of the Bible. Finally, the paper investigates the uses of the Psalms’ quotations in the analyzed texts, often used to prove Christian doctrines as expressed in the New Testament.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2021
Series
Themes in Biblical Narrative, ISSN 1388-3909 ; 29
Keywords
Christian Arabic, Bible reception, psalms, Christian-Muslim relations
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1679 (URN)10.1163/9789004465978_012 (DOI)9789004465978 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-09-10 Created: 2022-09-10 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2021). Tidiga arabiska bibelöversättningar: Interreligiös interaktion, bibelsyn och meningsskapande. Segl, 157-166
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tidiga arabiska bibelöversättningar: Interreligiös interaktion, bibelsyn och meningsskapande
2021 (Swedish)In: Segl, ISSN 1893-8728, p. 157-166Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies; Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1681 (URN)
Available from: 2022-09-10 Created: 2022-09-10 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2020). 1.1.10 The Arabic Canon. In: Frank Feder, Matthias Henze (Ed.), The Textual History of the Bible: 2A (pp. 280-298). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>1.1.10 The Arabic Canon
2020 (English)In: The Textual History of the Bible: 2A / [ed] Frank Feder, Matthias Henze, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020, p. 280-298Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020
Series
Textual History of the Bible, ISSN 2468-3027 ; 2A
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1234 (URN)
Available from: 2021-02-08 Created: 2021-02-08 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2020). 1.2.12 Arabic Texts. In: Frank Feder, Matthias Henze (Ed.), The Textual History of the Bible: 2A (pp. 483-495). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>1.2.12 Arabic Texts
2020 (English)In: The Textual History of the Bible: 2A / [ed] Frank Feder, Matthias Henze, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020, p. 483-495Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2020
Series
Textual History of the Bible, ISSN 2468-3027 ; 2A
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1233 (URN)978-90-04-35559-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-02-08 Created: 2021-02-08 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Lindgren Hjälm, M. (2020). A Paleographical Study of Early Christian Arabic Manuscripts. Collectanea Christiana Orientalia, 17, 37-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Paleographical Study of Early Christian Arabic Manuscripts
2020 (English)In: Collectanea Christiana Orientalia, ISSN 1697-2104, E-ISSN 2386-7442, Vol. 17, p. 37-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper presents an overview of the types of writing that were used by Christian Arabic scribes during the long ninth century. It categories them into three groups consisting of several subcategories and discusses the traits of such categories. It further aims at collecting extant shelf marks of early Christian Arabic manuscripts and research relating to these findings, add to the search for disjecta membra, and contribute to our knowledge of individual scribes and scribal activity in the early Christian Arabic manuscript production.

Keywords
Manuscripts, Christian Arabic, Near East
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
Eastern Christian Studies; Eastern Christian Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1230 (URN)
Available from: 2021-02-08 Created: 2021-02-08 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorLindgren Hjälm, Miriam
Co-InvestigatorAdang, Camilla
Co-InvestigatorPolliack, Meira
Coordinating organisation
University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology (Closed down 2023-08-24)
Funder
Period
2018-01-01 - 2021-12-31
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2221Project, id: 2017-01630_VR

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