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Roman Clemency versus Jewish(-Christian) Forgiveness: A Comparative Analysis
Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4683-3302
Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9117-4943
2023 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Interpersonal forgiveness and clemency do in some respects have very similar functions: By not retaliating or punishing a conflict is put to rest. However, the motivations behind the Jewish-Christian ideal of interpersonal forgiveness and the Roman ideal of clemency are quite different. Jesus Ben Sira, Jesus of Nazareth and others argue that only those who forgive will receive divine forgiveness. Seneca, on the other hand, argues for clemency as an expression of superior, even divine, power over others. The two motivations, in turn, reflect distinct social dynamics for the two forms of non-retaliatory behaviours. This paper discusses how the ethics of interpersonal forgiveness nurtures a culture of indirect reciprocity whereas the ethics of interpersonal clemency builds hierarchically organized cooperative networks.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2023.
Emneord [en]
Clemency, forgiveness, Seneca, Jesus, Ben Sira
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Bibelvetenskap, Nt
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-2152OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ths-2152DiVA, id: diva2:1829384
Konferanse
Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 17-21 november 2023
Prosjekter
Dynamics of moral repair in antiquity
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02319Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-18 Laget: 2024-01-18 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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