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The Genre(s) of the Gospels: Expectations from the Second Century
University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2203-7977
2020 (English)In: Modern and Ancient Literary Criticism of the Gospels: Continuing the Debate on Gospel Genre(s) / [ed] Robert Matthew Calhoun, David P. Moessner, and Tobias Nicklas, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2020, p. 113-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Analysis of how the New Testament Gospels interact with ancient genres should not be made solely on the basis of comparisons with other pieces of ancient literature, but also in view of their early reception. The way in which ancient authors reflected on and used materials found in the Gospels may inform us of how they viewed the genre participation of these four early Christian narra- tives. This paper considers the reception of Gospel material in three different second-century writings: §§18–86 of the apocryphal Acts of John, Exhortation to the Greeks by Clement of Alexandria, and Heracleon’s hypomnēmata on the Gospel of John. It argues that the author of the Acts of John expects the Gospels to contain discipleship patterns to be emulated by Christians, that Clement regards them as sources of divine truth, and that Heracleon expects them to be depictions of past events that not only contain Christian teachings of continuous relevance for the Christian movement, but also are symbolically significant in themselves. The variance of these apparent expectations from early readers can be accommodated by viewing the Gospels as participating in multiple genres, including ancient historiography, Christian proclamation, Judeo-Christian pro- phetic writings, and ancient biography.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2020. p. 113-144
Series
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament ; 451
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Biblical Studies, New testament
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1158ISBN: 978-3-16-159413-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ths-1158DiVA, id: diva2:1510690
Available from: 2020-12-16 Created: 2020-12-16 Last updated: 2023-10-11

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Berglund, Carl Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-theologisches-seminar-adelshofen
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard
  • oxford-university-press-humsoc
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf