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”En vansklig uppgift”: En rättsvetenskaplig studie av hur urfolksrätt implementeras i svensk rätt
University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”A difficult task” : A legal study of how indigenous rights are implemented in Sweden (English)
Abstract [en]

This study considers international norms of indigenous right to land and compares them to Swedish law and preparatory works. In a Swedish context Samí land use, typically reindeer herding, is under increased pressure from mining, forestry and other extractions of natural resources. According to this study, the international norms are clear: there are customary rights to culture, encompassing land, and rights to consultation. There are also established rights to ownership of traditional lands and natural resources. There are disputes as to the strength of these rights but they can be considered international norms to different degrees. Furthermore, there are procedural requirements such as importance of customs and eased burden of proof. 

These international norms are considered to a low degree in Swedish law. The only traces found are rights to culture, encompassing land rights, and reindeer herding rights, an expression of land rights. These rights are not implemented in relevant legislation. Critical Race Theory explains a lot: the importance of ethnicity and racism and their connection to power emerges clearly. The state has constructed the majority view of the Samí and distributed rights accordingly. Preparatory work underlines how difficult a task it is to define land rights. The law is allowed to remain indeterminate, a disadvantage for the Samí. When rights are adjudicated by the Supreme Court the meaning is weakened. At the bottom line is a colonial view which aids commercial interests. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 47
Keywords [sv]
Urfolksrätt, markrättigheter, sedvanerätt, samepolitik, rasism
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-1341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ths-1341DiVA, id: diva2:1562073
Subject / course
Human Rights
Educational program
Master’s Programme in Human Rights
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-06-09 Created: 2021-06-08 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Magisteruppsats Felix König(1946 kB)182 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-theologisches-seminar-adelshofen
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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