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Barnets rätt till sina föräldrar: En kritisk rättsdogmatisk analys av rättsligt föräldraskap i relation till Barnkonventionen
University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The child’s right to his/her parents : A legal dogmatic analysis of legal parenthood in relation to the convention on the rights of the child (English)
Abstract [en]

The Convention on the rights of the child (CRC) stipulates a set of rights for all children and

declares that all national legislation should be in compliance with the convention. The CRC

states that the best interests of the child shall be of primary consideration in all actions

concerning children; that every child has the right to protection of their family relations as well

as the right to know about its parents. The purpose of this study is to investigate how well does

the Swedish regulation of establishing legal parenthood comply with the child’s family oriented

rights stipulated by the CRC. The study uses a critical legal dogmatic method and is analysed

from a theory of the best interests of the child principle.

The result shows that the Swedish law strongly protects the child’s right to know about

his/her genetic origin. However, the findings illustrate that the mentioned right is often seen as

synonymous for what is best for the child, and therefore leaves no space for questioning other

aspects that may affect the child’s well-being. Furthermore the results demonstrate that the

Swedish family law mainly protects hetero normative families where none of the parents has

changed their legal gender. The further away from this norm that the child’s family is, the more

complicated it is to establish legal parenthood and therefor harder to protect the child’s right to

its family relations. The paper argues that the Swedish family law hence leaves little space for

what could be seen as the best interest of a specific child in a specific context, and by doing so

diverges from the CRC which advocates contextually when analysing what is best for the child.

The paper concludes that a more flexible law where the best interests of the child can be taken

into account in greater extent could secure the rights of the child more effectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 58
Keywords [en]
Adoption, Assisted reproductive therapy, ART, The convention on the rights of the child, the best interests of the child, children's rights, human rights, parentage, parenthood, surrogacy
Keywords [sv]
Adoption, Assisterad befruktning, Barnkonventionen, Barnets bästa, Barnets rättigheter, Föräldrabalken, Föräldraskap, Genetiskt ursprung, Mänskliga rättigheter, Social förälder, Surrogatmoderskap
National Category
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ths:diva-245OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ths-245DiVA, id: diva2:1319256
Subject / course
Human Rights
Educational program
Master’s Programme in Human Rights
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-03 Created: 2019-05-30 Last updated: 2019-06-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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