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  • 1.
    Af Geijerstam, Maya
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The human right to mental healthcare: Bridging the rights-gap for women subjected to sexual violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence against women is not only a serious public health problem of epidemic proportions, it’s also a violation of women’s human rights. The devastating consequences of these events on women’s health have been widely documented. The overarching purpose of this thesis is therefore to explore why public healthcare facilities around the world often fail to provide victims of sexual violence with mental healthcare of good quality that is available, accessible and acceptable. In order to investigate this, the legal grounds of specialized healthcare for victims of sexual violence was documented. Secondly, an exploration of whether the Swedish healthcare system provides victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare was carried out. Lastly, the history of violence against women was explored in order to identify reasons for why the right to mental healthcare often fail to work in practice for female victims of sexual violence despite apparent agreements. Also, constructive suggestions are put forth regarding what governments can do to provide victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare. An interdisciplinary approach of political sociology was used to illustrate the multiple dimensions of human rights. The findings suggest that the right to mental health is an integrated part of the right to health and thus a fundamental right for all human beings. However, the results indicate that the right to mental healthcare for women who have been subjected to sexual violence is not available, accessible and of good quality within the Swedish healthcare system. The study concludes that one of the main barriers to make the right to mental healthcare accessible for this group of patients is the lack of an officially recognized name that include the many different syndromes these women suffer. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research.   

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  • 2.
    Ahlstrand, Kajsa
    et al.
    Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Gunner, GöranStockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Alrifai, Diala
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    KRIGSPROPAGANDA: Analytisk studie om Bashar Al-Assads propaganda under det syriska upproret 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing Syrian conflict is one of the most violent, bloody and complex conflicts that broke out in modern time. The Syrian people were inspired by the Arab spring, where popular demonstrations and peaceful protests demanded freedom and democracy. The Syrian regime declared that Syria is in a serious war against terrorism.

    This essay will try to analyze the Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad’s propaganda during the revolution against his government in March 2011. The analysis will go through a few of Al-Assad’s speeches and interviews during the Syrian uprising between 2011 and 2012. The study will be based on several fundamental researches that explain the relationship between the Syrian regime and the jihadi Islam in many dimensions before and after 2011. The study will answer the following question: How has the Syrian regime used fight terrorism as propaganda to serve its own political interest during the Syrian uprising 2011?

    In my study, I use argumentation analysis as a method, this method is used to assess the credibility and sustainability of text or politics in context. In an argued text, the author aims to convince the reader of something in a critical and reasonable manner of argument. The method used is both descriptive and appreciative of Bashar Al-Assad’s arguments.

    The study concluded that Al-Assad from the beginning of his presidency has played a major role of producing Islamists to achieve his own political objectives in the region and was able to take advantage of them while trying to crackdown the Syrian revolution in 2011 through many political acts.

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  • 4.
    Beaulier, Aniella
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The best place to be young and a female: a study about gender equality in Rwanda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fältstudiens syfte har varit att analysera och beskriva jämställdhets effekter på den unga generationen i dagens Rwanda. Min uppsats utfördes med en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har varit centrala som metod för att samla in mitt material och data. Jag har intervjuat unga vuxna kvinnor som är entreprenör eller i ledare position. Mitt resultat erhålls genom deras berättelser och upplevelser om jämställdheten i Rwanda.

    Rwanda har haft en stor representation av kvinnor i parlamentet vilket har i sin tur påverkat dessa unga kvinnor. Genom mina intervjuer har jag kommit fram till att Kvinnor i Rwanda tar mer plats som aldrig förr. Sammanfattningsvis har Rwanda gjort en stor skillnad för deras kvinnor. Den stora representationen av kvinnor i höga positioner har haft en bra inverkan på nästa generation och har inspirerat dem att drömma stort. Även om Rwanda har kommit långt när det gäller jämställdhet, utmaningar finns fortfarande och hela arbetet är inte gjort.

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    Bachelor thesis
  • 5.
    Botros, Claudia Cleopatra
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Korruption i Afrika: En studie om anti-korruptionsarbete och utvecklingsbistånd2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Korruption är ett allvarligt problem som har många negativa effekter på samhällets olika sektorer, därför måste korruption i all dess form bekämpas. De länder som är mest drabbade av korruption är Somalia och Sydsudan. Korruptionen i bland annat dessa länder samt ett flertal andra länder i Afrika har lett till långvariga problem, inte minst för personer som redan har en relativt låg levnadsstandard. Trots anti-korruptionsarbeten och utvecklingsbistånd, existerar korruption fortfarande och dess konsekvenser tenderar att förvärras. Denna undersökning diskuterar faktorer som ligger till grund för korruption och sätter dem i relation till anti-korruptionarbete och utvecklingsbistånd, för att söka svar på varför korruption inte bekämpas.  

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  • 6.
    Botros, Jessica
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner: En analys av teorier från ett människorättsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner är ett stort problem i USA. Våldet är ett tydligt rasistiskt uttryckgentemot en specifik grupp i samhället som utsätts oproportionerligt, vilket innebär att derasrättigheter inskränks. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka faktorer som ligger till grund förpolisvåldet mot afroamerikaner i USA samt hur våldet påverkar deras rättigheter. Fokus i dennastudie ligger på två teorier som hävdar att det är olika psykologiska och politiska faktorer, samtrasistiska strukturer som ligger till grund för polisvåldet.Polisvåld är ingenting som endast påverkar enstaka individer, utan har en indirekt/direkt påverkanpå alla afroamerikaner. Detta innebär att även de personer som inte utsätts för fysiskt våld kanpåverkas på ett psykiskt sätt, vilket har en stor påverkan på hälsan.

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  • 7.
    Collin, Angela
    University College Stockholm.
    Sumud i Sverige: Nyckeln till mening när hemlandet är under ockupation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse sumud and its importance for Palestinians today living in Sweden. The theory of logotherapy, developed by Viktor Frankl, is used as a tool to unfold how sumud has become the bearer of identity and to response to the search of a meaningful life, in despite of injustices from the occupation. Through semi-structured interviews, nine respondents have shared their thoughts about sumud while living in a Swedish context. According to the result of the study, the meaning has been found to be central within sumud. For Palestinians living in Sweden it seems that sumud has developed from being seen as a constant when staying in Palestine to something that outside Palestine also expresses economical support, the possibility of returning and the importance of increasing awareness of the occupation. Suffering is transformed into responsibility and faithfulness towards the Palestinian community and a power to live not only for one’s self. Actions in combination with the Palestinian essence of how to be human become identity builders. Despite a lack of hope for peace among the respondents, by sumud it is possible to create meaningfulness also from a distance. The study shows that sumud for Palestinians in exile has turned out to be the key to maintain a joint responsibility for the motherland.

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    Sumud i Sverige
  • 8.
    Dahl, Johanna
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Vilka bilder får man egentligen dela på sociala media?: - Om sociala media, delande av bilder och personlig integritet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to determine current legal status as to whether it is allowed to share or upload images on social media without asking for permission. The thesis has examined whether an image shared on social media can be a personal data, legally speaking. The legislation about this subject is spread in different laws, which make it difficult to determine what is allowed to do and not. Furthermore, a survey on Facebook investigated the extent to which people share photos on Facebook without asking the people in the photo. The result showed that a lot of people shares pictures without asking permission if they know the person in the photo. If the participants did not know the person, they did not share the photo to the same extent. The participant also answered the question how well they thought they knew about the legislation regarding personal data, surveillance and crime. Half of the participant estimated that they knew about the legislation.    

  • 9.
    Dalfors, William
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Det ”sekulära” Sverige?: En kvalitativ studie av begreppet sekularisering i relation till det postkristna svenska folket2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often described as being one of the more secular nations in the world by various surveys and sources, but how true is this statement? In this paper I examine what has been said on the topic of secularization in Sweden by leading sociologists in the field and then in turn analyze this information in order to finally reach a conclusion of my own. My intention with this bachelor’s thesis is to shine a light on the relationship between what has come to be described as the ”post-christian” population by sociologist David Thurfjell and the process of secularization on an individual level.The two questions that form the basis for this paper are: ” Is the swedish population as secular/non-believing as it’s claimed to be?” and “Has there been a shift in the form the Christian religion takes on an individual level and if so what can this new shape then possibly look like?”.The result of the analysis indicates that the swedish population might not be as secular as it is often put forward as being. While the church-oriented religion that the Church of Sweden represents might be losing traction amongst the post-Christian population, this does not necessarily mean religion as a whole is in a gradual decline in swedish society. The information presented herein points towards a possible shift in swedish society from a mainly church-oriented form of religion to a more privatized version sometimes described as the invisible religion.

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  • 10.
    Daytabar, Nasiba
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i det afghanska familjelivet i Sverige.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om afghanska familjelivet i Sverige och ska visa vilken bild afghaner visar i det nya samhället gällande mänskliga rättigheter. Det utförs genom att afghaner i Sverige får svara på frågor gällande hur kvinnor och män ser på sina roller i familjen i nya samhället, samt hur de ser på barnets uppfostran. Metoden som uppsatsen är baserad på är en kvalitativ forskning och Georgs Simmels teori om främling har tillämpats i studien. Denna studie är bestående av tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med afghaner som bor i Stockholm. Av intervjuerna framgår att afghaner har olika uppfattning om familjelivet i Sverige och beroende på personer har de antingen blivit integrerade eller inte i det nya samhället. I studien framkommer att intervjupersoner har samma mönster som de har från hemlandet som det leder till kulturkrock i nya samhället. Det visar att afghaner bor ett kollektivt samhälle fast de bor i ett individualistiskt land, det finns skillnader värderingar och enligt Simmels teori kan man säga att är afghaner fysiskt i Sverige och psykiskt i hemlandet.

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  • 11.
    Dedic, Arnele
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Erbjuder Norrköpings kommun full delaktighet i samhället på lika villkor?: -En kandidatuppsats om fysisk tillgänglighet gällande personer med funktionsnedsättning i Norrköpings kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to highlight the various accessibilities for people with disabilities in the relatively large municipality named Norrköping, Sweden. I’ve chosen to focus on how a group of people comprehend the accessibilities for people with disabilities in this municipality. The framing question that I’ve issued is; How is the physical accessibility for disabled individuals secured in Norrköping and how is the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities complied? To answer this, I’ll use the following two methods; literature studies and interviews/field surveys. In the first, I highlight relevant literature and in the second I investigate what views the municipality, along with 20 randomly selected women and 20 randomly selected men, have on the accessibilities for individuals with disabilities in Norrköping. The results of this study is based on the interviews of 20 men and 20 women in different ages. The interviews were made through surveys that were answered outside of the Campus in Norrköping. These results of the survey answers are presented in bar graphs. I chose to categorize men and women aged 18-30years and +31 to see what different competence levels there are on the physical accessibilities in Norrköping. Based on the survey I could see that, despite the age, the majority thought that there are gaps where the physical accessibilities in Norrköping is of shortage. My study shows that Norrköping has come a long way with the physical accessibilities, but not enough to state that people with disabilities have a full participation in the society.

  • 12.
    Demir, Michelle
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    De försvunna barnen: En kvalitativ textanalys om orsaker till att ensamkommande barn försvinner i Sverige och konsekvenserna härav utifrån ett barnperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis has been to identify the causes and consequences of unaccompanied children disappearing. The method used in the study is a qualitative text analysis where approaches aim to investigate a problem that exists in society, but where it is important to describe and understand the reality that the unaccompanied children who disappear in Sweden go through.

    The results analyzed are based on the three most common causes and consequences of unaccompanied children disappearing. The causes show that there is a huge concern among the children before they turn 18 years old, a lack of participation of the child in the placement of it and mental ill-health and trauma. The children have a great sense of fear, which is based on the feeling of hopelessness and of getting a negative response on their asylumapplication. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the consequences that children face when they turn to living on the streets are that they are exposed to human trafficking, sexual exploitation, other forms of crime and drugs. When children deviate and disappear, it becomes difficult to fulfil many of their rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. By analyzing the causes and consequences from a child's perspective, one better understands the reasons why children differ and how important it is to handle situations according to achild'sperspective by listening to children.

    This study also highlights and clarifies problems that children meet in the asylumprocess, in which authorities often fail in the safe reception and care of the unaccompanied asylum seeking children that deviate and disappear.

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  • 13.
    Domeij, Laura
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Civil olydnad i Sverige: - Går det att rättfärdiga?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    John Rawls defines civil disobediance as a ”public, nonviolent, conscientious yet political act contrary to law usually done with the aim of bringing about a change in the law or policies of the government.” (Rawls, 1999:320). Rawls has developed a theory of civil disobediance that has been widely discussed (Månsson, 2004:153). His theory explains when one can break the law and what has to be taken into consideration (Rawls, 1996:345-346). The theory is designed only for the special case of a nearly just society where the members of the community are rational beings. Rawls has a democratic and constitutional perspective that cares for a stable state power. The theory has been criticized by philosophers such as Kimberley Browlee and Tomas Månsson that claim that it is too narrow (Månsson, 2004:157-159, Brownlee 2012:2). The Swedish legal system does not regulate civil disobediance in any particulary law, rather it is the criminal acts that are connected to the civil disobediance that are prohibited. A dilemma for the criminal law is the amount of tolerance that should be allowed for criminal acts that we morally can understand (Asp & Ulväng, 2019:13). In common practice there has been a very low acceptence of civil disobediance. There has not been any case of discharge and the court has expressed a concern in judging these acts too light (NJA 1982 s. 376).

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    Civil olydnad
  • 14.
    Eberstein, Hanna
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Var går gränsen?: En politisk filosofisk argumentationsanalys om gränser, människor och mänskliga rättigheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What are borders? Walls, fences, barbed wires, sovereignty markers, nationalities, symbols, cultures, religions, skin colours, prejudices… Where are borders? In reality, in jurisdiction, in our minds, on maps, in citizenship, inside our bodies, in our gaze… What do borders do? Define, separate, exclude, include, discriminate, hurt, rape, reduce…

    The concept of borders is complex and it represents paradoxes such as visible - invisible, reinforcing - weakening, inclusion - exclusion and legal - illegal. In this essay borders are treated from a political philosophical perspective with arguments drawn mainly from the theorists Étienne Balibar, Wendy Brown and Shahram Khosravi. The case is analysed and illustrated by empirical data from mass media reporting. Borders, both visible and invisible, contain a powerful symbolism and affect us as individuals, groups and society. Discussing borders makes weaknesses of the human rights system visible. Borders might affect people's ability to gain access to universal human rights. Where and why do we mark borders and who gets be in or out?

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  • 15.
    Edlundh, Molly
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    HBTQI-personer och asylprocessen: En queerteoretisk granskning av Migrationsverkets ställningstaganden gällande bedömningen av HBTQI-personers rätt till asyl2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to do a qualitative content analysis, with queer theory as a starting point, of the Swedish Migration Agency’s judicial stance regarding the procedure of assessing reliability and credibility as well as judicial stance regarding the investigation and examination of the forthcoming risk of persons claiming protection due to sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expressions. To conduct this analysis one research question were formulated: How can one from a theoretical perspective analyze the Swedish Migration Agency's method of assessing whether a person is likely to belong to the LGBTQI group? The study’s theoretical theorems are cumulated from Fanny Ambjörnsson’s book ”What is queer?” and six categories and themes were chosen to use as tools during the content analysis of the selected judicial stances. These six categories and themes are; the value of the language, the desire or the habit of classifying people, normalization, heteronormativity, silence and visibility as well as stereotyping. The study showed that comprise criticism can be directed towards the Swedish Migration Agency's method of assessing whether a person is likely to belong to the LGBTQI group and towards the procedure of assessing a asylum seekers reliability and credibility.

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  • 16.
    Eksmyr, Maria
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Suveränitet, veto och erga omnes- käppar i hjulet?: Ett studie av konflikten i Syrien utifrånde lega lata, de lega ferenda, de lega interpretata.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seven long years of conflict in Syria with humanitarian catastrophe as consequence.The UN and the blocked Security Council, with the inability to address the deteriorating political andhumanitarian situation in Syria, actualizes the former Secretary-General Kofi Annan's words beforethe General Assembly in 2000:"... if humanitarian intervention is, indeed, an unacceptable assault on sovereignty, how should werespond to a Rwanda, to a Srebrenica - to gross and systematic violations of human rights thataffect every prescription of our common humanity?"From the Cold War until today, the UN system has failed to live up to the high expectations basedon the fundamental principles of the Charter and international law, which can be attributed to theimbalance between the General Assembly and the Security Council, as well as within the Councilbetween the five permanent members with individual veto and the chosen six.The question is not new. The tension in power balance and decision-making in the UN has existedsince the organization's formation. Interestingly in this context, the resolution Uniting for Peace,which was adopted in 1950, has as its starting point the unrestricted power of veto in relation to theGeneral Assembly's responsibility for peace and security.The resolutions Responsibility to Protect and Uniting for Peace become important and necessaryfor the understanding of the conflict in Syria, but also for a reform work motivated by humanitarianlaw. The meaning of the concepts of sovereignty, veto and erga omnes is therefore decisive in thebalance between de lege lata and de lege ferenda, with can be clarified by de lege interpretata.This essay will try to make the connection between these concepts more intelligible.

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  • 17.
    Ericsson, Malin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Mötet mellan Agenda 2030 och mänskliga rättigheter på lokal nivå: En intervjustudie med politiska partier, förvaltning och civila samhället inför implementeringen av Agenda 2030 i Stockholms stad2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The City of Stockholm has declared that it will be leading in the implementation of Agenda 2030. The study is based on interviews with political parties, representatives from the administration and civil society actors in the City of Stockholm. It explores how concepts within and the relation between Agenda 2030 and human rights are perceived. The results of the study are based on four themes: to leave no one behind, politics, language and practice, and partnership. A tension between human rights and Agenda 2030 is found, but also commonalities. The study shows that in local administration, Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals are often regarded as more practical than human rights. Yet, respondents believe that human rights can strengthen Agenda 2030. Across all respondent groups, the study finds that there are expectations of Agenda 2030 breaking silos, uniting actors and offering a framework that is stable over policy shifts

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  • 18.
    Fakhro, Nadin Faisal
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Ett mångdimensionellt maktperspektiv av unga mäns maskulinitet inom en hederskultur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about masculinity and society with a focus on the consequences of masculinity in a culture of honour. The framing questions in this thesis are the following two; - What consequences does the masculine inheritance inherit in the culture of honour for boys and young men who grow up in socially vulnerable areas? - How are their feelings of confidence in the future affected and what ways they see as open in life and in society? I have chosen to use methods of group interviews with five guys and young men in a segregated area in Stockholm. During these interviews, I assumed Yvonne Hirdman's theories about the gender system. I chose to ask questions to express the boys' perception of how they perceive themselves and indirectly their views on honour, equality and sexuality. The interview results showed that young people experience stigmatisation, they lack a future trust and feel that they are excluded from the majority of society. I realised that it was not enough to explain the culture of honour as only a cultural phenomenon, it also lacked a multi- dimensional power perspective.

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  • 19.
    Garphult, Lina
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Laget Sverige: En etnografisk studie av de människor som nekats sjukersättning av Försäkringskassan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to analyze claimants encounter with Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Försäkringskassan) drawing on theories of power. It investigates how this contact has affected the claimants’ view of themselves as contributing citizens. The study has mainly focused on the experiences of assessments for sickness benefit claims as well as the interaction with case officers during the proceedings. The study found that the institutionalized power relations between the citizen and the agency were internalized by the informants. Specifically, it resulted in an altered sense of human worth and societal contribution. Informants described being distanced with regards to agency and society, and internalizing the perception of being a second class citizen. The study showed that the claimants’ experiences of the assessment proceedings led to feeling systematically marginalized by the state. The power influence the informants were subjected to by the agency, resulted in introverted as well as extroverted resistance and ultimately power reclaim. It is in part demonstrated through their participation in the study and their wish to bring the question to light.

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  • 20.
    Granath, Felicia
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Yttrandefrihet kontra säkerhet: En kvalitativ studie av argumentationen kring nazisters närvaro i Almedalen 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the argumentation for the freedom of speech versus the right to safety was presented when these rights came in conflict with each other when a neo-Nazi organization was allowed to co-arrange Almedalen 2017. The material consists of press statements, debate articles and news articles where the arguments of four key agents connected to Almedalsveckan 2017 were collected. In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, the argumentation is analyzed by answering three research questions: How did each agent present their argument? How did the argumentation rely on current law? How did the agents rely on the others’ rights claim? The argumentation is analyzed qualitatively through a normative theory in order to investigate how the claims were made for each right. The agents that claim freedom of speech are Region Gotland and the police. The agents that claim the right to safety are RFSL and Funktionsrätt Sverige together with the JAG Association. The argumentation is categorized thematically for each agent and every category is analyzed separately. The results show that both sides used emotionally charged arguments or affective language and both sides may be considered as lacking in concretization regarding the meaning of their main arguments. Both sides clearly relied on current law by either mentioning laws explicitly or implicitly. All of the agents made some statement about the other key agent’s position or responsibility. Both sides can be considered as having valid right claims by referring to intrinsic values and current law. In the end, Region Gotland and the police have the right to determine who is allowed to co-arrange Almedalen and can therefor decide which claimed rights that is prioritized in the value hierarchy. Furthermore, the study shows that each conflict of rights needs to be valued individually as the circumstances, consequences and claims are crucial for the determination of the hierarchy. For future research, I recommend investigating how the public opinion considers allowing or limiting neo-Nazi’s freedom of opinions, as well as investigating how the Swedish praxis regarding the application and restriction of freedom of opinions for neo-Nazi organizations and parties is carried.

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  • 21.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Comprehending Christian Zionism: perspectives in comparison2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of Christian Zionism is one that is fiercely debated within theology, the church, politics, and society. Comprehending Christian Zionism brings together an international consortium of scholars and researchers to reflect on the network of issues and topics surrounding this critical subject. The volume provides a lens on the history of Zionism within Christian theology and offers a constructive, multidimensional path for assessment and introspection around the meaning of Zionism to Christian faith and practice.

  • 22.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Interfaith encounter in a multireligious society2008In: Deepening faith, hope and love in relations with neighbors of other faiths / [ed] Simone Sinn, Geneva: Lutheran World Federation , 2008, p. 61-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Keys for understanding the Christian Zionists' interpretation of the Bible2005In: Challenging Christian Zionism: theology, politics and the Israel-Palestine conflict / [ed] Naim Ateek, Cedar Duaybis and Maurine Tobin, 2005, p. 76-85Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    "Mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati" vid Teologiska Högskolan, Stockholm1998In: Svensk Missionstidsskrift, ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 86, no 1, p. 113-119Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    She keeps bothering me: human rights and suffering2010In: For the sake of the world: Swedish ecclesiology in dialogue with William T. Cavanaugh / [ed] Jonas Ideström, Eugene, Or: Pickwick Publications, 2010, p. 86-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The use of the concept minority: a protection or a burden in relation to international law2009In: Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan / [ed] Kajsa Ahlstrand och Göran Gunner, Eugene, Or.: Pickwick Publications, 2009, p. 28-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Haid, Sara
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från reproduktion till normreflektion: En intervjustudie om sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen på tre gymnasieskolor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how three high schools based in Stockholm organize their sex education. Do the schools meet the guidelines and policies for sex education or in which way do they not? The study is based on interviews with school staff and is analyzed through a new institutional theoretical perspective. According to the Swedish National Agency for Education, sex education overbridge various subjects; concepts like sexuality, equality, sex and relations are expressed in several high school curriculums. The Swedish National Agency for Education further explain that all teachers are affected by these questions, since it is related to the schools basic principles and values. The main result shows that the quality of sex education is dependent on the commitment from teachers, headmasters and students. Together they create certain norms, values and atmospheres which makes sex education to a very big challenge and sometimes a success. 

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  • 28.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Populism as existentialism: The Sweden Democrates and the longing for connection2019In: Is God a Populist? : Christianity, populism and the future of Europe / [ed] Susan Kerr, Oslo: Skaperkraft Frekk förlag , 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Religion och våld: Om destruktiva generalisering och den konstruktiva komplexiteten2016In: Ickevåldets vägare: Fred i terrorns tid / [ed] Joel Halldorf, Bitte Hammargren, Isak Svensson, Sofia Walan, Örebro: Marcus förlag , 2016, 1, p. 103-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Hedman, Lena
    University College Stockholm.
    Föräldrars rätt att välja skola för sitt barn.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om föräldrarnas rätt att välja skola för sitt barn. Enligt friskolereformen har föräldrarna rätt att välja den grundskola som det vill att deras barn ska gå i. Det kan vara en kommunal skola eller friskola. I Sverige pågått en debatt om de konfessionella friskolorna. Det har blivit en politisk fråga som handlar om konfessionella skolorna ska tillåtas eller inte. Ordet konfessionell innebär ”som avser trosbekännelsen; som strängt håller på trosbekännelsen”.[1] En skola som konfessionell har sin värdegrund i religion. De konfessionella skolorna är omtalade i Sverige genom att det öppet talar om religion. Sverige betraktas av omvärlden som en av världens mest sekulariserade stater. Ordet sekularisering innebär att ”processer som innebär att religionen förlorar i betydelse i ett samhälle”.[2] Även om Sverige under många hundra år var en religiös stat så har religionen under det senaste århundradet fått mindre mening i människors liv. Likväl har vi i Sverige tagit vissa aspekter ur olika religioner och utövar dem som yoga, meditation som härstammar från religion. Uppsatsen handlar om religiösa friskolor och Abram de Swaan menar att Samhällsvetenskapenhar människor i olika samlevnadsformer som sitt studieobjekt”.[3] Det som jag intresserad av är om religiösa friskolor och föräldrarnas rätt att välja skola för sina barn utifrån gällande lagar i Sverige och internationella konventioner. Anledningen till att detta är intressant att undersöka är att om man har en rätt i Sverige som innebär att föräldrarna har möjlighet att välja skola för sina barn så bör innebär alla skolor. Det som jag intresserad av är fått del av är varför föräldrarna valt en religiös friskola till sitt barn. Detta har gjort att jag mailat till rektorer för religiösa friskolor i Sverige. Det som är mitt syfte är fått del av på föräldrarnas aspekter som jag inte anser kommer fram i samhällsdebatten.

    [1] https://www.ordlista.se/ordbok/konfessionell

    [2] https://www.ne.se/uppslagsverk/encyklopedi/lång/sekularisering

    [3] De Swaan, Abram, (2004), s 88.

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  • 31.
    Hjälm, Michael
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    The role of the Church in Financial Crises: The Final Break with the Idea of Symphonia2017In: Journal of Eastern Christian Studies, ISSN 0009-5141, E-ISSN 1783-1520, Vol. 69, no 1-4, p. 125-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modernity has brought about an increase of the rationalization of society that has placed strenuous pressure on responsible actors, with a heightened risk of dissent. This, in turn, increases the need for established subsystems, which are regulated by steering media such as money and power. If sub-systems are needed in a globalized world, they have to go hand in hand with an increased ability of rationalization in order to keep responsibility personal. Rationalization in a modern world requires a differentiation between objective facts, social consensus or agreements, and subjective commitments. It seems, however, that the church belongs to a pre-modern world with a focus on holistic world views that is precisely the opposite of rationalization as differentiation. Taking this understanding of rationalization as a cue, this paper argues that the current economic crisis in South Eastern Europe has cultural and ecclesial roots that challenge the self-understanding of the church and its practice in relation to society.

  • 32.
    Holmblad, Carolin
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Hur uppstår nya sociala rörelser?: En kvalitativ fallstudie av den nya formen av spontan organisering genom informella nätverk som blev tongivande under flyktingmottagandet 20152018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker den spontana organisering genom informella nätverk som blev ett betydande inslag i Sveriges flyktingmottagande 2015. Utifrån en fallstudie av volontärer som är aktiva i organisationerna undersöker studien vilka motiv som ligger till grund för deras val att engagera sig utanför redan befintliga organisationer. Det huvudsakliga syftet med undersökningen är att studera huruvida den spontana formen av organisering bör betraktas som en ny social rörelse. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk utgår från teorier om hur sociala rörelser uppstår samt vad som utmärker mindre formell form av organisering. Sammanlagt genomfördes sju stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer med volontärer från organisationer registrerade i Sverige och som startade under flyktingmottagandet 2015. Bland organisationerna finns de med fokus på mottagandet i Sverige samt de med primärt internationellt fokus. Resultatet visar att volontärernas engagemang i den nya formen av organisering till stor del kan betraktas som en ny social rörelse med hänvisning till uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk.  

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  • 33. Hovorun, Cyril
    The cause of Ukrainian autocephaly2020In: Religion during the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict / [ed] Elizabeth A Clark; D Vovk, London; New York: Routledge, 2020, p. 180-191Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Hussien, Saosan
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights. 13591.
    När samhället sviker barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: When society fails children.- When society fails children.The author have used a qualitative method to examine how the efforts of adults in the nonprofit, private and public sectors are failing to ensure children's safety. Although the efforts to protect children from getting harmed have been a prioritized for a long time.This dissertation has been inspired by discourse analysis as a method and theory. It also contains the theoretical concept of the best interest of the child and BBIC as an analytical tool. The result shows that the social services argues based on the parents shortcomings and the failed parenthood in relation to the children's needs. Furthermore, it is stated that the line of reasoning is based on the legislation provided for the purpose of achieving efficiency in administration rather than consider the child's best interest.

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    När samhället sviker barn
  • 35.
    Jeppson, Veronica
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Barnets rätt till sina föräldrar: En kritisk rättsdogmatisk analys av rättsligt föräldraskap i relation till Barnkonventionen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on the rights of the child (CRC) stipulates a set of rights for all children and

    declares that all national legislation should be in compliance with the convention. The CRC

    states that the best interests of the child shall be of primary consideration in all actions

    concerning children; that every child has the right to protection of their family relations as well

    as the right to know about its parents. The purpose of this study is to investigate how well does

    the Swedish regulation of establishing legal parenthood comply with the child’s family oriented

    rights stipulated by the CRC. The study uses a critical legal dogmatic method and is analysed

    from a theory of the best interests of the child principle.

    The result shows that the Swedish law strongly protects the child’s right to know about

    his/her genetic origin. However, the findings illustrate that the mentioned right is often seen as

    synonymous for what is best for the child, and therefore leaves no space for questioning other

    aspects that may affect the child’s well-being. Furthermore the results demonstrate that the

    Swedish family law mainly protects hetero normative families where none of the parents has

    changed their legal gender. The further away from this norm that the child’s family is, the more

    complicated it is to establish legal parenthood and therefor harder to protect the child’s right to

    its family relations. The paper argues that the Swedish family law hence leaves little space for

    what could be seen as the best interest of a specific child in a specific context, and by doing so

    diverges from the CRC which advocates contextually when analysing what is best for the child.

    The paper concludes that a more flexible law where the best interests of the child can be taken

    into account in greater extent could secure the rights of the child more effectively.

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  • 36.
    Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    Department of Social Anthropology, Lund University.
    Games States Play: A Critique of International Human Rights Law.2017In: Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, ISSN 2251-2403, E-ISSN 2078-0435, p. 34-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    this paper is an attempt to critically assess international human rights law. The aim is to move towards a theoretical understanding of how human rights work in state practice and why its significance in world politics and conflicts is declining and/or even ignored. The paper therefore explores the political domains of the legal structures of human rights, and attempts to deconstruct the boundaries between political and ideological frameworks and the influences on international human rights law and state action. 1 In line with this argument, I will show that the ideal of a World Order based on human rights cannot sustain its proposition, as social and political conflicts, in the end, must be solved by political means. Even if there is a widespread legal rhetoric about international human rights, that rhetoric most of the time relies on contested political principles and relative cultural values.

  • 37.
    Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    Department of Social Anthropology, Lund University.
    Searching for a middle ground: anthropologists and the debate on the universalism and the cultural relativism of human rights.2017In: International Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1364-2987, E-ISSN 1744-053X, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 611-628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the anthropological debate on human rights a new theoretical approach, a search for a middle ground, has been attempted to solve the dilemma of universalism versus cultural relativism. In the human rights discussion in general, and in the anthropological debate in particular, the dichotomy of universalism/relativism is seen as one major obstacle to the implementation. This article takes a critical outlook at this discussion in anthropology, arguing that there is no such middle ground between universalism and cultural relativism, neither in relation to the definition of the rights, nor the implementation. Instead, this article attempts, through an example from Borneo, to point the way to a human rights theory, called relative universalism of human rights. This is a theoretical approach integrating universalism and cultural relativism instead of trying to find some moral space in-between.

  • 38.
    Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    Department of Social Anthropology, University of Lund.
    The Politics of Human Rights: Indigenous Peoples and the Conflict on Collective Human Rights.2008In: International Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1364-2987, E-ISSN 1744-053X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 41-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human rights are not apart, above or outside social, cultural and political relations. The human rights discourse is creating and constituting social relations according to the visions on which the discourse is based. This argument has been illustrated by an empirical study of the political dispute regarding collective cultural rights of Native Hawai'ians. This political dispute shows that the human rights discourse, while implying a level political field, restates and takes conflicts to other arenas. It illustrates the many ways human rights and collective cultural rights are taken up in politics, and how they are viewed as utilities for social emancipation and political strategy. The article shows that recourse to the human rights discourse does not necessarily end political conflict. Human rights become objects for political conflict. The question of Native Hawai'ian cultural rights and sovereignty has been simmering since the US led the overthrow of the Hawai'ian monarchy in 1893 and the annexation of Hawai'i five years later in 1898. During the last decades demands for cultural recognition and sovereignty for Hawai'i have been renewed and taken to the political frontline. This period has also seen a renaissance of Native Hawai'ian culture, language and identity. A common strategy for the different sovereignty groups is to use culture as a political strategy in claiming human rights and political sovereignty.

  • 39.
    Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The Significance of Culture in Human Rights: Three dimensions of cultural relativism in the universal human rights discourse.2018In: Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, ISSN 2251-2403, E-ISSN 2078-0435, p. 94-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of culture in the international human rights discourse has since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 been relatively marginal, but have recently taken new turns. This article argue that there are several dimensions of cultural relativism in human rights despite its universalistic pretentions. The reason for the cultural relativistic turn in human rights is that nations, cultural groups and legal structures explicitly question the ability' of the universal discourse to address the concerns of nations, individuals, and cultural groups. Finally, it is suggested that these human rights dilemmas may be solved by national and local transformation and application of the universal discourse.

  • 40.
    Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    Department of Social Anthropology, University of Lund.
    There are no such things as universal human rights - on the predicament of indigenous peoples, for example.2010In: International Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1364-2987, E-ISSN 1744-053X, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 641-657Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a gap between the normative ideas of universal human rights and social practice. This discrepancy in the human rights field is analysed in relation to the contemporary social and political marginalisation of indigenous peoples. The problem is analysed from the theoretical approach known as 'communitarian pragmatism'. Discrimination and oppression of indigenous peoples is still widespread, despite the global democratisation initiatives and the political and legal adoption of human rights principles. Based on several years of fieldwork on indigenous peoples and human rights, this paper argues that there are no such things as 'universal human rights'. The reason why human rights is not an adequate instrument is that the universalism of human rights focuses on a cosmopolitan individual, who is detached from his/her cultural and social context. However, indigenous peoples, like most other persons, live their lives in local social circumstances. The solution to this problem, it is argued, is that human rights have to be locally grounded to be a relevant instrument for social change.

  • 41.
    Johansson Kalén, Lise
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Journalistikens förändrade förutsättningar i Ogaden: En studie om villkor för utövandet av yttrandefrihet och dess förändring mellan åren 2017 och 2019 i Ogaden i Etiopien2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 42.
    Jonsson, Rebecca
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    "Det kollektiva ansvaret": En kvalitativ studie om statens förebyggande åtgärder mot mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to identify possible means to improve governmental measures to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrated by men towards women. Qualitative interviews with nine non-governmental women shelters are conducted, as well as with a specialist within the field, with the aim of responding to the research’s purpose. Furthermore, The Gender Equality Unit at The Ministry of Social Affairs respond to the findings of the interviews. The main findings of the essay identify a lack of stability and continuity relating to governmental preventive measures. The importance of education and a lack of equality are factors being brought up in particular, in regards to the study’s purpose. The findings also highlight a problematical connection between violent forms of pornography, sexual violence and inequality

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  • 43.
    Kalén, Lise
    University College Stockholm. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Toxisk kolonialism: - uppfattningar om globalt ansvar, rättvisa och mänskligarättigheter i processen av en ändring av Baselkonventionen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose/Aim: The purpose of this study is to understand the meaning of global responsibility and toxicwaste control. The Basel Convention is the UN's international regulations on the import, export andtransport of hazardous waste. According to the Basel Convention, the export of electronic waste todeveloping countries is fully legal if the recipient country has given approval in writing. Is there a linkbetween toxic colonialism, global responsibility, justice and human rights?Material/Method: A qualitative case study of what delegates from three African countries think abouttoxic colonialism and global responsibility.Main results: The essay gives an explanation of the concept of toxic colonialism in relation to the BaselConvention and the Ban Amendment, from three African UN delegates, furthermore an analysis of theimportance it can have on global responsibility, justice and views on human rights.The essay results show that the Ban Amendment of the Basel Convention is in line with Rawl'sdifference principle and the principle of freedom and would contribute to increased justice on electronicwaste coding if the amendment goes through and is used in symbiosis with human rights: UDHRArticle 25 and ICESCR Article 12.1-2.

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  • 44.
    Karlsson, Andrea
    Stockholm School of Theology.
    Rättigheter för romer- en ram utan innehåll: En fallstudie om romers rättigheter i Kroatien2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a descriptive longitudinal case study of the case of Croatia and its commitments toensure, through European agreements, the realization of Roma rights. The purpose of this paper wasto investigate whether Croatia can be regarded as fulfilling its European commitments regarding therealization of Roma human rights in areas relating to education, work, health and housing. Toachieve this purpose the following questions were answered: ”What rights do Roma have as anational minority in Croatia under European and national law? and ”What changes have occuredregarding Roma rights in Croatia since the ´National Inclusion Strategy for Roma 2013-2020´ wasadopted in 2013?”. The method used in this papper was the traditional legal method.The result of the analysis showed that Croatia, through adpoted and thus binding europeaninstruments, as well as national law, offers strong protection for national minorities, including Roma.However, the analysis also showed that Croatia does not fulfill its commitments under the europeanhuman rights law.

  • 45.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Föräldraledighet: En tvärvetenskaplig jämförelse mellan Sverige och USA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Countries around the world have different systems for parental leave. The United States is the only industrialized country in the world that do not offer any kind of paid parental leave, on a federal level, to its citizens. While some Americans have the right to 12 weeks of unpaid leave, Swedes have the right to 480 days of paid leave. Sweden and the United States are both countries that want to be in the forefront of human rights and according to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), states parties shall “introduce maternity leave with pay or with comparable social benefits without loss of former employment, seniority or social allowances”. The two countries have signed the convention, but only Sweden has ratified it. The political systems and the view of the state, the individual and the family are other distinctions between the countries. Further, the history in which the countries’ welfare has been built has taken different ways. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the differences in parental leave in Sweden and the United States. The jurisprudence, the political systems, the ratification of the CEDAW and the history of welfare will be examined to try to answer the question why these two industrialized countries have a big distinction in the right to paid parental leave.

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  • 46.
    Karlsson, Selina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The Race to the Bottom: -A Minor Field Study of H&M’s CSR in practice2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    CSR has become a tool for global corporations to justify their outsourcing practices in other countries. Despite these CSR policies, reports reveal that labor rights violations are common in these supply chains, and not at least in the garment industry. The purpose of this study is therefore to explore how a global clothing company’s CSR policy on labor rights is working on the ground and which factors that influence its implementation. Interviews with factory workers and experts on the topic have taken place in one of India’s largest garment hubs. The findings are based on thematical analysis and the analysis suggests that the global brand (H&M) could improve the situation by taking certain actions though several external factors also have an affect. The responsibility for poor labor conditions needs to be divided between multiple actors who all have a duty to act within their spheres of influence. The study concludes that the underlying problem of economic exploitation must be brought to an end through increased cooperation between global companies.

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  • 47.
    Kashkol, Tania
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Samtyckeslagen - Ett steg närmare rättvisan.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On July 1st 2018, a new law entered Sweden that would hopefully will lead to a better justice process regarding sexual offenses. This law was given the name consent

    law, which states that sex should be voluntary for the parties who are involved in the sexual acts. If not, the offender will be charged with rape.

    The majority of convictions for rape have easily led to the perpetrator being released from the charges. This indicates that something is not right and it’s not wrong with the evidence, the parties or persons working with the cases, but it is something that is defective in the law that has been found before. The previous laws, the Swedish Committee has considered that some terms are outdated for use in the current law.

    The previous laws did not agree with ECHR articles and since Sweden has ratified it, the national laws needed to be comprehensive.

    Through the course of the essay, we will go through various factors that have led to the current legislation, what resistance it has received and what criticism has it received when it came into force? It will be described what the law looks like and what application difficulties it may have.

    The purpose of the new law is to strengthen the sexual integrity of the victim and criminalize the perpetrator's behavior and negligence, which will be included in the thesis. Negligence is a new crime that came in connection with the new law. The law is designed to change the image of the ideal victim and put more focus on the perpetrator's actions to change the society's image of what rape is and hopefully more people will gain more knowledge, which will make big changes in the long run.

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  • 48.
    Klinke, Bettina
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    #METOO: En kritisk diskursanalys av debatten om #metoo-rörelsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to examine how the #metoo-­‐movement is described in ten selected debate articles in the Swedish media written between October 17th and December 27th  in 2017 using a critical discourse analysis. The purpose of the essay is to look at how the debate articles articulates that women choose to break the silence of sexual harassments and abuse through the #metoo-­‐movement, and to what extent the debate reflect and challenges the current social practice in relation to gender. The critical discourse analysis aims to clarify the participation of the text in maintaining society’s current social practice, because the discourse both reproduces and changes knowledge, power relations and identities. The current social practice is explained in this essay based on gender theory. The result showed that the debate articles overall reflects the prevailing social practice and the gender hierarchy by in the text questioning women's stories and blaming her for being responsible for the sexual harassments in the #metoo-­‐movement. The results also show that there is a linguistic discourse that, to a certain extent, challenges the prevailing power structures in the society. This discourse appears in several articles that describe the movement positively and see its potential to contribute to change. Furthermore, this essay reflects over the #metoo-­‐movement in relation to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) which leads to the conclusion that the movement points to the need for more actions from the Swedish government to enable Sweden to fulfill its commitments to the convention.

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  • 49.
    Leden, Ida
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från teori till praktik: En studie av utmaningar i det humanitära arbetet applicerade på arbetet med SRHR och unga kvinnor i Cox's Bazar.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the discrepancies between theory and practice when it comes to humanitarian interventions in refugee camps. In order to contextualize the result it will be applied onto the work with sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and young women in the world’s biggest refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The research questions are as follow: What discrepancy does relief worker experience when it comes to theory and practice in humanitarian interventions in refugee camps?; what kind of difficulties and challenges do relief workers meet in their work in refugee camps and how do they prepare?; what is the best way to work with SRHR questions and young women in the refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh?

    The study is built on interviews with five relief workers from western relief organizations. In order to be able to answer the three research questions, the interviews focused on the following themes; discrepancies of theory and practice; use of theoretical guidelines like The Sphere Handbook; difficulties during humanitarian interventions in refugee camps; and lessons learned. Some of the respondents had experience from Cox’s Bazar and/or SRHR and were therefor asked questions due to that specific experience.

    Conclusions to be drawn from the results of the interviews are that it is possible to prepare one self to work in humanitarian conditions but only to a certain extent. Relief workers do need a great deal of experience but there will always be unexpected situations impossible to prepare for. It’s also clear that some basic methods, such as actually talking to the people in need and not only acting on previous experiences, still need to be highlighted. In the specific context of Cox’s Bazar and SRHR questions, relief workers need to understand the culture in order to pursue their work in a suitable way. SRHR questions are for example highly stigmatized and the women’s previous knowledge about their own body is in general very low. 

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  • 50.
    Lind, Helén
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Due diligence och staters positiva skyldigheter gällande sexuellt våld: En komparativ rättsanalys av det Europeiska samt det Inter-Amerikanska systemet för mänskliga rättigheter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the legal understanding of due diligence and states’ positive obligations regarding sexual violence. It uses legal dogmatic and legal comparative methods to analyse the European and the Inter-American human rights systems. It also uses a feminist perspective, with a focus on women’s vulnerability. The paper examines the Istanbul Convention and the Convention of Belém do Pará, in addition to case law from the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. In its examination, it illustrates and clarifies the responsibility of states to combat sexual violence and thus violations of women’s human rights. The paper finds that failure by states to act in accordance with due diligence in cases of sexual violence by private actors has been recognized as both torture and infringement of sexual autonomy. This is of great significance in trying to bridge the dichotomy of the public and private spheres, which has characterized human rights. For this reason, the paper concludes that the Convention of Belém do Pará should contain a consensus regulation in the same way that the Istanbul Convention does. This could enable increased accountability regarding due diligence, in order to respond better to the fundamental values of human rights. Moreover, it concludes that the Istanbul Convention should be subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights, in the same way that Belém do Pará is in the Inter-American system. This would strengthen the European system’s accountability in relation to due diligence and sexual violence in many ways. Finally, based on a feminist perspective, the paper argues that in order to effectively combat sexual violence through preventive measures, private actors should be held directly responsible. Treaties relating to due diligence responsibilities should therefore be open for ratification by more actors than just states.

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