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  • 1.
    Af Geijerstam, Maya
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The human right to mental healthcare: Bridging the rights-gap for women subjected to sexual violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence against women is not only a serious public health problem of epidemic proportions, it’s also a violation of women’s human rights. The devastating consequences of these events on women’s health have been widely documented. The overarching purpose of this thesis is therefore to explore why public healthcare facilities around the world often fail to provide victims of sexual violence with mental healthcare of good quality that is available, accessible and acceptable. In order to investigate this, the legal grounds of specialized healthcare for victims of sexual violence was documented. Secondly, an exploration of whether the Swedish healthcare system provides victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare was carried out. Lastly, the history of violence against women was explored in order to identify reasons for why the right to mental healthcare often fail to work in practice for female victims of sexual violence despite apparent agreements. Also, constructive suggestions are put forth regarding what governments can do to provide victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare. An interdisciplinary approach of political sociology was used to illustrate the multiple dimensions of human rights. The findings suggest that the right to mental health is an integrated part of the right to health and thus a fundamental right for all human beings. However, the results indicate that the right to mental healthcare for women who have been subjected to sexual violence is not available, accessible and of good quality within the Swedish healthcare system. The study concludes that one of the main barriers to make the right to mental healthcare accessible for this group of patients is the lack of an officially recognized name that include the many different syndromes these women suffer. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research.   

  • 2.
    Alrifai, Diala
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    KRIGSPROPAGANDA: Analytisk studie om Bashar Al-Assads propaganda under det syriska upproret 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing Syrian conflict is one of the most violent, bloody and complex conflicts that broke out in modern time. The Syrian people were inspired by the Arab spring, where popular demonstrations and peaceful protests demanded freedom and democracy. The Syrian regime declared that Syria is in a serious war against terrorism.

    This essay will try to analyze the Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad’s propaganda during the revolution against his government in March 2011. The analysis will go through a few of Al-Assad’s speeches and interviews during the Syrian uprising between 2011 and 2012. The study will be based on several fundamental researches that explain the relationship between the Syrian regime and the jihadi Islam in many dimensions before and after 2011. The study will answer the following question: How has the Syrian regime used fight terrorism as propaganda to serve its own political interest during the Syrian uprising 2011?

    In my study, I use argumentation analysis as a method, this method is used to assess the credibility and sustainability of text or politics in context. In an argued text, the author aims to convince the reader of something in a critical and reasonable manner of argument. The method used is both descriptive and appreciative of Bashar Al-Assad’s arguments.

    The study concluded that Al-Assad from the beginning of his presidency has played a major role of producing Islamists to achieve his own political objectives in the region and was able to take advantage of them while trying to crackdown the Syrian revolution in 2011 through many political acts.

  • 3.
    Beaulier, Aniella
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The best place to be young and a female: a study about gender equality in Rwanda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fältstudiens syfte har varit att analysera och beskriva jämställdhets effekter på den unga generationen i dagens Rwanda. Min uppsats utfördes med en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har varit centrala som metod för att samla in mitt material och data. Jag har intervjuat unga vuxna kvinnor som är entreprenör eller i ledare position. Mitt resultat erhålls genom deras berättelser och upplevelser om jämställdheten i Rwanda.

    Rwanda har haft en stor representation av kvinnor i parlamentet vilket har i sin tur påverkat dessa unga kvinnor. Genom mina intervjuer har jag kommit fram till att Kvinnor i Rwanda tar mer plats som aldrig förr. Sammanfattningsvis har Rwanda gjort en stor skillnad för deras kvinnor. Den stora representationen av kvinnor i höga positioner har haft en bra inverkan på nästa generation och har inspirerat dem att drömma stort. Även om Rwanda har kommit långt när det gäller jämställdhet, utmaningar finns fortfarande och hela arbetet är inte gjort.

  • 4.
    Botros, Claudia Cleopatra
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Korruption i Afrika: En studie om anti-korruptionsarbete och utvecklingsbistånd2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Korruption är ett allvarligt problem som har många negativa effekter på samhällets olika sektorer, därför måste korruption i all dess form bekämpas. De länder som är mest drabbade av korruption är Somalia och Sydsudan. Korruptionen i bland annat dessa länder samt ett flertal andra länder i Afrika har lett till långvariga problem, inte minst för personer som redan har en relativt låg levnadsstandard. Trots anti-korruptionsarbeten och utvecklingsbistånd, existerar korruption fortfarande och dess konsekvenser tenderar att förvärras. Denna undersökning diskuterar faktorer som ligger till grund för korruption och sätter dem i relation till anti-korruptionarbete och utvecklingsbistånd, för att söka svar på varför korruption inte bekämpas.  

  • 5.
    Botros, Jessica
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner: En analys av teorier från ett människorättsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner är ett stort problem i USA. Våldet är ett tydligt rasistiskt uttryckgentemot en specifik grupp i samhället som utsätts oproportionerligt, vilket innebär att derasrättigheter inskränks. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka faktorer som ligger till grund förpolisvåldet mot afroamerikaner i USA samt hur våldet påverkar deras rättigheter. Fokus i dennastudie ligger på två teorier som hävdar att det är olika psykologiska och politiska faktorer, samtrasistiska strukturer som ligger till grund för polisvåldet.Polisvåld är ingenting som endast påverkar enstaka individer, utan har en indirekt/direkt påverkanpå alla afroamerikaner. Detta innebär att även de personer som inte utsätts för fysiskt våld kanpåverkas på ett psykiskt sätt, vilket har en stor påverkan på hälsan.

  • 6.
    Collin, Angela
    University College Stockholm.
    Sumud i Sverige: Nyckeln till mening när hemlandet är under ockupation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse sumud and its importance for Palestinians today living in Sweden. The theory of logotherapy, developed by Viktor Frankl, is used as a tool to unfold how sumud has become the bearer of identity and to response to the search of a meaningful life, in despite of injustices from the occupation. Through semi-structured interviews, nine respondents have shared their thoughts about sumud while living in a Swedish context. According to the result of the study, the meaning has been found to be central within sumud. For Palestinians living in Sweden it seems that sumud has developed from being seen as a constant when staying in Palestine to something that outside Palestine also expresses economical support, the possibility of returning and the importance of increasing awareness of the occupation. Suffering is transformed into responsibility and faithfulness towards the Palestinian community and a power to live not only for one’s self. Actions in combination with the Palestinian essence of how to be human become identity builders. Despite a lack of hope for peace among the respondents, by sumud it is possible to create meaningfulness also from a distance. The study shows that sumud for Palestinians in exile has turned out to be the key to maintain a joint responsibility for the motherland.

  • 7.
    Dahl, Johanna
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Vilka bilder får man egentligen dela på sociala media?: - Om sociala media, delande av bilder och personlig integritet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to determine current legal status as to whether it is allowed to share or upload images on social media without asking for permission. The thesis has examined whether an image shared on social media can be a personal data, legally speaking. The legislation about this subject is spread in different laws, which make it difficult to determine what is allowed to do and not. Furthermore, a survey on Facebook investigated the extent to which people share photos on Facebook without asking the people in the photo. The result showed that a lot of people shares pictures without asking permission if they know the person in the photo. If the participants did not know the person, they did not share the photo to the same extent. The participant also answered the question how well they thought they knew about the legislation regarding personal data, surveillance and crime. Half of the participant estimated that they knew about the legislation.    

  • 8.
    Dalfors, William
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Det ”sekulära” Sverige?: En kvalitativ studie av begreppet sekularisering i relation till det postkristna svenska folket2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often described as being one of the more secular nations in the world by various surveys and sources, but how true is this statement? In this paper I examine what has been said on the topic of secularization in Sweden by leading sociologists in the field and then in turn analyze this information in order to finally reach a conclusion of my own. My intention with this bachelor’s thesis is to shine a light on the relationship between what has come to be described as the ”post-christian” population by sociologist David Thurfjell and the process of secularization on an individual level.The two questions that form the basis for this paper are: ” Is the swedish population as secular/non-believing as it’s claimed to be?” and “Has there been a shift in the form the Christian religion takes on an individual level and if so what can this new shape then possibly look like?”.The result of the analysis indicates that the swedish population might not be as secular as it is often put forward as being. While the church-oriented religion that the Church of Sweden represents might be losing traction amongst the post-Christian population, this does not necessarily mean religion as a whole is in a gradual decline in swedish society. The information presented herein points towards a possible shift in swedish society from a mainly church-oriented form of religion to a more privatized version sometimes described as the invisible religion.

  • 9.
    Daytabar, Nasiba
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i det afghanska familjelivet i Sverige.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om afghanska familjelivet i Sverige och ska visa vilken bild afghaner visar i det nya samhället gällande mänskliga rättigheter. Det utförs genom att afghaner i Sverige får svara på frågor gällande hur kvinnor och män ser på sina roller i familjen i nya samhället, samt hur de ser på barnets uppfostran. Metoden som uppsatsen är baserad på är en kvalitativ forskning och Georgs Simmels teori om främling har tillämpats i studien. Denna studie är bestående av tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med afghaner som bor i Stockholm. Av intervjuerna framgår att afghaner har olika uppfattning om familjelivet i Sverige och beroende på personer har de antingen blivit integrerade eller inte i det nya samhället. I studien framkommer att intervjupersoner har samma mönster som de har från hemlandet som det leder till kulturkrock i nya samhället. Det visar att afghaner bor ett kollektivt samhälle fast de bor i ett individualistiskt land, det finns skillnader värderingar och enligt Simmels teori kan man säga att är afghaner fysiskt i Sverige och psykiskt i hemlandet.

  • 10.
    Dedic, Arnele
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Erbjuder Norrköpings kommun full delaktighet i samhället på lika villkor?: -En kandidatuppsats om fysisk tillgänglighet gällande personer med funktionsnedsättning i Norrköpings kommun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to highlight the various accessibilities for people with disabilities in the relatively large municipality named Norrköping, Sweden. I’ve chosen to focus on how a group of people comprehend the accessibilities for people with disabilities in this municipality. The framing question that I’ve issued is; How is the physical accessibility for disabled individuals secured in Norrköping and how is the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities complied? To answer this, I’ll use the following two methods; literature studies and interviews/field surveys. In the first, I highlight relevant literature and in the second I investigate what views the municipality, along with 20 randomly selected women and 20 randomly selected men, have on the accessibilities for individuals with disabilities in Norrköping. The results of this study is based on the interviews of 20 men and 20 women in different ages. The interviews were made through surveys that were answered outside of the Campus in Norrköping. These results of the survey answers are presented in bar graphs. I chose to categorize men and women aged 18-30years and +31 to see what different competence levels there are on the physical accessibilities in Norrköping. Based on the survey I could see that, despite the age, the majority thought that there are gaps where the physical accessibilities in Norrköping is of shortage. My study shows that Norrköping has come a long way with the physical accessibilities, but not enough to state that people with disabilities have a full participation in the society.

  • 11.
    Eberstein, Hanna
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Var går gränsen?: En politisk filosofisk argumentationsanalys om gränser, människor och mänskliga rättigheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What are borders? Walls, fences, barbed wires, sovereignty markers, nationalities, symbols, cultures, religions, skin colours, prejudices… Where are borders? In reality, in jurisdiction, in our minds, on maps, in citizenship, inside our bodies, in our gaze… What do borders do? Define, separate, exclude, include, discriminate, hurt, rape, reduce…

    The concept of borders is complex and it represents paradoxes such as visible - invisible, reinforcing - weakening, inclusion - exclusion and legal - illegal. In this essay borders are treated from a political philosophical perspective with arguments drawn mainly from the theorists Étienne Balibar, Wendy Brown and Shahram Khosravi. The case is analysed and illustrated by empirical data from mass media reporting. Borders, both visible and invisible, contain a powerful symbolism and affect us as individuals, groups and society. Discussing borders makes weaknesses of the human rights system visible. Borders might affect people's ability to gain access to universal human rights. Where and why do we mark borders and who gets be in or out?

  • 12.
    Edlundh, Molly
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    HBTQI-personer och asylprocessen: En queerteoretisk granskning av Migrationsverkets ställningstaganden gällande bedömningen av HBTQI-personers rätt till asyl2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to do a qualitative content analysis, with queer theory as a starting point, of the Swedish Migration Agency’s judicial stance regarding the procedure of assessing reliability and credibility as well as judicial stance regarding the investigation and examination of the forthcoming risk of persons claiming protection due to sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expressions. To conduct this analysis one research question were formulated: How can one from a theoretical perspective analyze the Swedish Migration Agency's method of assessing whether a person is likely to belong to the LGBTQI group? The study’s theoretical theorems are cumulated from Fanny Ambjörnsson’s book ”What is queer?” and six categories and themes were chosen to use as tools during the content analysis of the selected judicial stances. These six categories and themes are; the value of the language, the desire or the habit of classifying people, normalization, heteronormativity, silence and visibility as well as stereotyping. The study showed that comprise criticism can be directed towards the Swedish Migration Agency's method of assessing whether a person is likely to belong to the LGBTQI group and towards the procedure of assessing a asylum seekers reliability and credibility.

  • 13.
    Eksmyr, Maria
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Suveränitet, veto och erga omnes- käppar i hjulet?: Ett studie av konflikten i Syrien utifrånde lega lata, de lega ferenda, de lega interpretata.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seven long years of conflict in Syria with humanitarian catastrophe as consequence.The UN and the blocked Security Council, with the inability to address the deteriorating political andhumanitarian situation in Syria, actualizes the former Secretary-General Kofi Annan's words beforethe General Assembly in 2000:"... if humanitarian intervention is, indeed, an unacceptable assault on sovereignty, how should werespond to a Rwanda, to a Srebrenica - to gross and systematic violations of human rights thataffect every prescription of our common humanity?"From the Cold War until today, the UN system has failed to live up to the high expectations basedon the fundamental principles of the Charter and international law, which can be attributed to theimbalance between the General Assembly and the Security Council, as well as within the Councilbetween the five permanent members with individual veto and the chosen six.The question is not new. The tension in power balance and decision-making in the UN has existedsince the organization's formation. Interestingly in this context, the resolution Uniting for Peace,which was adopted in 1950, has as its starting point the unrestricted power of veto in relation to theGeneral Assembly's responsibility for peace and security.The resolutions Responsibility to Protect and Uniting for Peace become important and necessaryfor the understanding of the conflict in Syria, but also for a reform work motivated by humanitarianlaw. The meaning of the concepts of sovereignty, veto and erga omnes is therefore decisive in thebalance between de lege lata and de lege ferenda, with can be clarified by de lege interpretata.This essay will try to make the connection between these concepts more intelligible.

  • 14.
    Fakhro, Nadin Faisal
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Ett mångdimensionellt maktperspektiv av unga mäns maskulinitet inom en hederskultur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about masculinity and society with a focus on the consequences of masculinity in a culture of honour. The framing questions in this thesis are the following two; - What consequences does the masculine inheritance inherit in the culture of honour for boys and young men who grow up in socially vulnerable areas? - How are their feelings of confidence in the future affected and what ways they see as open in life and in society? I have chosen to use methods of group interviews with five guys and young men in a segregated area in Stockholm. During these interviews, I assumed Yvonne Hirdman's theories about the gender system. I chose to ask questions to express the boys' perception of how they perceive themselves and indirectly their views on honour, equality and sexuality. The interview results showed that young people experience stigmatisation, they lack a future trust and feel that they are excluded from the majority of society. I realised that it was not enough to explain the culture of honour as only a cultural phenomenon, it also lacked a multi- dimensional power perspective.

  • 15.
    Garphult, Lina
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Laget Sverige: En etnografisk studie av de människor som nekats sjukersättning av Försäkringskassan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to analyze claimants encounter with Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Försäkringskassan) drawing on theories of power. It investigates how this contact has affected the claimants’ view of themselves as contributing citizens. The study has mainly focused on the experiences of assessments for sickness benefit claims as well as the interaction with case officers during the proceedings. The study found that the institutionalized power relations between the citizen and the agency were internalized by the informants. Specifically, it resulted in an altered sense of human worth and societal contribution. Informants described being distanced with regards to agency and society, and internalizing the perception of being a second class citizen. The study showed that the claimants’ experiences of the assessment proceedings led to feeling systematically marginalized by the state. The power influence the informants were subjected to by the agency, resulted in introverted as well as extroverted resistance and ultimately power reclaim. It is in part demonstrated through their participation in the study and their wish to bring the question to light.

  • 16.
    Granath, Felicia
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Yttrandefrihet kontra säkerhet: En kvalitativ studie av argumentationen kring nazisters närvaro i Almedalen 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the argumentation for the freedom of speech versus the right to safety was presented when these rights came in conflict with each other when a neo-Nazi organization was allowed to co-arrange Almedalen 2017. The material consists of press statements, debate articles and news articles where the arguments of four key agents connected to Almedalsveckan 2017 were collected. In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, the argumentation is analyzed by answering three research questions: How did each agent present their argument? How did the argumentation rely on current law? How did the agents rely on the others’ rights claim? The argumentation is analyzed qualitatively through a normative theory in order to investigate how the claims were made for each right. The agents that claim freedom of speech are Region Gotland and the police. The agents that claim the right to safety are RFSL and Funktionsrätt Sverige together with the JAG Association. The argumentation is categorized thematically for each agent and every category is analyzed separately. The results show that both sides used emotionally charged arguments or affective language and both sides may be considered as lacking in concretization regarding the meaning of their main arguments. Both sides clearly relied on current law by either mentioning laws explicitly or implicitly. All of the agents made some statement about the other key agent’s position or responsibility. Both sides can be considered as having valid right claims by referring to intrinsic values and current law. In the end, Region Gotland and the police have the right to determine who is allowed to co-arrange Almedalen and can therefor decide which claimed rights that is prioritized in the value hierarchy. Furthermore, the study shows that each conflict of rights needs to be valued individually as the circumstances, consequences and claims are crucial for the determination of the hierarchy. For future research, I recommend investigating how the public opinion considers allowing or limiting neo-Nazi’s freedom of opinions, as well as investigating how the Swedish praxis regarding the application and restriction of freedom of opinions for neo-Nazi organizations and parties is carried.

  • 17.
    Gunner, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    An unlikely dilemma: constructing a partnership between human rights and peace-building2011Book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Haid, Sara
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från reproduktion till normreflektion: En intervjustudie om sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen på tre gymnasieskolor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how three high schools based in Stockholm organize their sex education. Do the schools meet the guidelines and policies for sex education or in which way do they not? The study is based on interviews with school staff and is analyzed through a new institutional theoretical perspective. According to the Swedish National Agency for Education, sex education overbridge various subjects; concepts like sexuality, equality, sex and relations are expressed in several high school curriculums. The Swedish National Agency for Education further explain that all teachers are affected by these questions, since it is related to the schools basic principles and values. The main result shows that the quality of sex education is dependent on the commitment from teachers, headmasters and students. Together they create certain norms, values and atmospheres which makes sex education to a very big challenge and sometimes a success. 

  • 19.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Religion och våld: Om destruktiva generalisering och den konstruktiva komplexiteten2016In: Ickevåldets vägare: Fred i terrorns tid / [ed] Joel Halldorf, Bitte Hammargren, Isak Svensson, Sofia Walan, Örebro: Marcus förlag , 2016, 1, p. 103-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hedman, Lena
    University College Stockholm.
    Föräldrars rätt att välja skola för sitt barn.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om föräldrarnas rätt att välja skola för sitt barn. Enligt friskolereformen har föräldrarna rätt att välja den grundskola som det vill att deras barn ska gå i. Det kan vara en kommunal skola eller friskola. I Sverige pågått en debatt om de konfessionella friskolorna. Det har blivit en politisk fråga som handlar om konfessionella skolorna ska tillåtas eller inte. Ordet konfessionell innebär ”som avser trosbekännelsen; som strängt håller på trosbekännelsen”.[1] En skola som konfessionell har sin värdegrund i religion. De konfessionella skolorna är omtalade i Sverige genom att det öppet talar om religion. Sverige betraktas av omvärlden som en av världens mest sekulariserade stater. Ordet sekularisering innebär att ”processer som innebär att religionen förlorar i betydelse i ett samhälle”.[2] Även om Sverige under många hundra år var en religiös stat så har religionen under det senaste århundradet fått mindre mening i människors liv. Likväl har vi i Sverige tagit vissa aspekter ur olika religioner och utövar dem som yoga, meditation som härstammar från religion. Uppsatsen handlar om religiösa friskolor och Abram de Swaan menar att Samhällsvetenskapenhar människor i olika samlevnadsformer som sitt studieobjekt”.[3] Det som jag intresserad av är om religiösa friskolor och föräldrarnas rätt att välja skola för sina barn utifrån gällande lagar i Sverige och internationella konventioner. Anledningen till att detta är intressant att undersöka är att om man har en rätt i Sverige som innebär att föräldrarna har möjlighet att välja skola för sina barn så bör innebär alla skolor. Det som jag intresserad av är fått del av är varför föräldrarna valt en religiös friskola till sitt barn. Detta har gjort att jag mailat till rektorer för religiösa friskolor i Sverige. Det som är mitt syfte är fått del av på föräldrarnas aspekter som jag inte anser kommer fram i samhällsdebatten.

    [1] https://www.ordlista.se/ordbok/konfessionell

    [2] https://www.ne.se/uppslagsverk/encyklopedi/lång/sekularisering

    [3] De Swaan, Abram, (2004), s 88.

  • 21.
    Holmblad, Carolin
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Hur uppstår nya sociala rörelser?: En kvalitativ fallstudie av den nya formen av spontan organisering genom informella nätverk som blev tongivande under flyktingmottagandet 20152018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker den spontana organisering genom informella nätverk som blev ett betydande inslag i Sveriges flyktingmottagande 2015. Utifrån en fallstudie av volontärer som är aktiva i organisationerna undersöker studien vilka motiv som ligger till grund för deras val att engagera sig utanför redan befintliga organisationer. Det huvudsakliga syftet med undersökningen är att studera huruvida den spontana formen av organisering bör betraktas som en ny social rörelse. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk utgår från teorier om hur sociala rörelser uppstår samt vad som utmärker mindre formell form av organisering. Sammanlagt genomfördes sju stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer med volontärer från organisationer registrerade i Sverige och som startade under flyktingmottagandet 2015. Bland organisationerna finns de med fokus på mottagandet i Sverige samt de med primärt internationellt fokus. Resultatet visar att volontärernas engagemang i den nya formen av organisering till stor del kan betraktas som en ny social rörelse med hänvisning till uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk.  

  • 22.
    Jeppson, Veronica
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Barnets rätt till sina föräldrar: En kritisk rättsdogmatisk analys av rättsligt föräldraskap i relation till Barnkonventionen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on the rights of the child (CRC) stipulates a set of rights for all children and

    declares that all national legislation should be in compliance with the convention. The CRC

    states that the best interests of the child shall be of primary consideration in all actions

    concerning children; that every child has the right to protection of their family relations as well

    as the right to know about its parents. The purpose of this study is to investigate how well does

    the Swedish regulation of establishing legal parenthood comply with the child’s family oriented

    rights stipulated by the CRC. The study uses a critical legal dogmatic method and is analysed

    from a theory of the best interests of the child principle.

    The result shows that the Swedish law strongly protects the child’s right to know about

    his/her genetic origin. However, the findings illustrate that the mentioned right is often seen as

    synonymous for what is best for the child, and therefore leaves no space for questioning other

    aspects that may affect the child’s well-being. Furthermore the results demonstrate that the

    Swedish family law mainly protects hetero normative families where none of the parents has

    changed their legal gender. The further away from this norm that the child’s family is, the more

    complicated it is to establish legal parenthood and therefor harder to protect the child’s right to

    its family relations. The paper argues that the Swedish family law hence leaves little space for

    what could be seen as the best interest of a specific child in a specific context, and by doing so

    diverges from the CRC which advocates contextually when analysing what is best for the child.

    The paper concludes that a more flexible law where the best interests of the child can be taken

    into account in greater extent could secure the rights of the child more effectively.

  • 23.
    Jonsson, Rebecca
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    "Det kollektiva ansvaret": En kvalitativ studie om statens förebyggande åtgärder mot mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to identify possible means to improve governmental measures to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrated by men towards women. Qualitative interviews with nine non-governmental women shelters are conducted, as well as with a specialist within the field, with the aim of responding to the research’s purpose. Furthermore, The Gender Equality Unit at The Ministry of Social Affairs respond to the findings of the interviews. The main findings of the essay identify a lack of stability and continuity relating to governmental preventive measures. The importance of education and a lack of equality are factors being brought up in particular, in regards to the study’s purpose. The findings also highlight a problematical connection between violent forms of pornography, sexual violence and inequality

  • 24.
    Kalén, Lise
    University College Stockholm. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Toxisk kolonialism: - uppfattningar om globalt ansvar, rättvisa och mänskligarättigheter i processen av en ändring av Baselkonventionen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose/Aim: The purpose of this study is to understand the meaning of global responsibility and toxicwaste control. The Basel Convention is the UN's international regulations on the import, export andtransport of hazardous waste. According to the Basel Convention, the export of electronic waste todeveloping countries is fully legal if the recipient country has given approval in writing. Is there a linkbetween toxic colonialism, global responsibility, justice and human rights?Material/Method: A qualitative case study of what delegates from three African countries think abouttoxic colonialism and global responsibility.Main results: The essay gives an explanation of the concept of toxic colonialism in relation to the BaselConvention and the Ban Amendment, from three African UN delegates, furthermore an analysis of theimportance it can have on global responsibility, justice and views on human rights.The essay results show that the Ban Amendment of the Basel Convention is in line with Rawl'sdifference principle and the principle of freedom and would contribute to increased justice on electronicwaste coding if the amendment goes through and is used in symbiosis with human rights: UDHRArticle 25 and ICESCR Article 12.1-2.

  • 25.
    Karlsson, Andrea
    Stockholm School of Theology.
    Rättigheter för romer- en ram utan innehåll: En fallstudie om romers rättigheter i Kroatien2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a descriptive longitudinal case study of the case of Croatia and its commitments toensure, through European agreements, the realization of Roma rights. The purpose of this paper wasto investigate whether Croatia can be regarded as fulfilling its European commitments regarding therealization of Roma human rights in areas relating to education, work, health and housing. Toachieve this purpose the following questions were answered: ”What rights do Roma have as anational minority in Croatia under European and national law? and ”What changes have occuredregarding Roma rights in Croatia since the ´National Inclusion Strategy for Roma 2013-2020´ wasadopted in 2013?”. The method used in this papper was the traditional legal method.The result of the analysis showed that Croatia, through adpoted and thus binding europeaninstruments, as well as national law, offers strong protection for national minorities, including Roma.However, the analysis also showed that Croatia does not fulfill its commitments under the europeanhuman rights law.

  • 26.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Föräldraledighet: En tvärvetenskaplig jämförelse mellan Sverige och USA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Countries around the world have different systems for parental leave. The United States is the only industrialized country in the world that do not offer any kind of paid parental leave, on a federal level, to its citizens. While some Americans have the right to 12 weeks of unpaid leave, Swedes have the right to 480 days of paid leave. Sweden and the United States are both countries that want to be in the forefront of human rights and according to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), states parties shall “introduce maternity leave with pay or with comparable social benefits without loss of former employment, seniority or social allowances”. The two countries have signed the convention, but only Sweden has ratified it. The political systems and the view of the state, the individual and the family are other distinctions between the countries. Further, the history in which the countries’ welfare has been built has taken different ways. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the differences in parental leave in Sweden and the United States. The jurisprudence, the political systems, the ratification of the CEDAW and the history of welfare will be examined to try to answer the question why these two industrialized countries have a big distinction in the right to paid parental leave.

  • 27.
    Karlsson, Selina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The Race to the Bottom: -A Minor Field Study of H&M’s CSR in practice2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    CSR has become a tool for global corporations to justify their outsourcing practices in other countries. Despite these CSR policies, reports reveal that labor rights violations are common in these supply chains, and not at least in the garment industry. The purpose of this study is therefore to explore how a global clothing company’s CSR policy on labor rights is working on the ground and which factors that influence its implementation. Interviews with factory workers and experts on the topic have taken place in one of India’s largest garment hubs. The findings are based on thematical analysis and the analysis suggests that the global brand (H&M) could improve the situation by taking certain actions though several external factors also have an affect. The responsibility for poor labor conditions needs to be divided between multiple actors who all have a duty to act within their spheres of influence. The study concludes that the underlying problem of economic exploitation must be brought to an end through increased cooperation between global companies.

  • 28.
    Klinke, Bettina
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    #METOO: En kritisk diskursanalys av debatten om #metoo-rörelsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to examine how the #metoo-­‐movement is described in ten selected debate articles in the Swedish media written between October 17th and December 27th  in 2017 using a critical discourse analysis. The purpose of the essay is to look at how the debate articles articulates that women choose to break the silence of sexual harassments and abuse through the #metoo-­‐movement, and to what extent the debate reflect and challenges the current social practice in relation to gender. The critical discourse analysis aims to clarify the participation of the text in maintaining society’s current social practice, because the discourse both reproduces and changes knowledge, power relations and identities. The current social practice is explained in this essay based on gender theory. The result showed that the debate articles overall reflects the prevailing social practice and the gender hierarchy by in the text questioning women's stories and blaming her for being responsible for the sexual harassments in the #metoo-­‐movement. The results also show that there is a linguistic discourse that, to a certain extent, challenges the prevailing power structures in the society. This discourse appears in several articles that describe the movement positively and see its potential to contribute to change. Furthermore, this essay reflects over the #metoo-­‐movement in relation to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) which leads to the conclusion that the movement points to the need for more actions from the Swedish government to enable Sweden to fulfill its commitments to the convention.

  • 29.
    Leden, Ida
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från teori till praktik: En studie av utmaningar i det humanitära arbetet applicerade på arbetet med SRHR och unga kvinnor i Cox's Bazar.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the discrepancies between theory and practice when it comes to humanitarian interventions in refugee camps. In order to contextualize the result it will be applied onto the work with sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and young women in the world’s biggest refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The research questions are as follow: What discrepancy does relief worker experience when it comes to theory and practice in humanitarian interventions in refugee camps?; what kind of difficulties and challenges do relief workers meet in their work in refugee camps and how do they prepare?; what is the best way to work with SRHR questions and young women in the refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh?

    The study is built on interviews with five relief workers from western relief organizations. In order to be able to answer the three research questions, the interviews focused on the following themes; discrepancies of theory and practice; use of theoretical guidelines like The Sphere Handbook; difficulties during humanitarian interventions in refugee camps; and lessons learned. Some of the respondents had experience from Cox’s Bazar and/or SRHR and were therefor asked questions due to that specific experience.

    Conclusions to be drawn from the results of the interviews are that it is possible to prepare one self to work in humanitarian conditions but only to a certain extent. Relief workers do need a great deal of experience but there will always be unexpected situations impossible to prepare for. It’s also clear that some basic methods, such as actually talking to the people in need and not only acting on previous experiences, still need to be highlighted. In the specific context of Cox’s Bazar and SRHR questions, relief workers need to understand the culture in order to pursue their work in a suitable way. SRHR questions are for example highly stigmatized and the women’s previous knowledge about their own body is in general very low. 

  • 30.
    Lind, Helén
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Due diligence och staters positiva skyldigheter gällande sexuellt våld: En komparativ rättsanalys av det Europeiska samt det Inter-Amerikanska systemet för mänskliga rättigheter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers the legal understanding of due diligence and states’ positive obligations regarding sexual violence. It uses legal dogmatic and legal comparative methods to analyse the European and the Inter-American human rights systems. It also uses a feminist perspective, with a focus on women’s vulnerability. The paper examines the Istanbul Convention and the Convention of Belém do Pará, in addition to case law from the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. In its examination, it illustrates and clarifies the responsibility of states to combat sexual violence and thus violations of women’s human rights. The paper finds that failure by states to act in accordance with due diligence in cases of sexual violence by private actors has been recognized as both torture and infringement of sexual autonomy. This is of great significance in trying to bridge the dichotomy of the public and private spheres, which has characterized human rights. For this reason, the paper concludes that the Convention of Belém do Pará should contain a consensus regulation in the same way that the Istanbul Convention does. This could enable increased accountability regarding due diligence, in order to respond better to the fundamental values of human rights. Moreover, it concludes that the Istanbul Convention should be subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights, in the same way that Belém do Pará is in the Inter-American system. This would strengthen the European system’s accountability in relation to due diligence and sexual violence in many ways. Finally, based on a feminist perspective, the paper argues that in order to effectively combat sexual violence through preventive measures, private actors should be held directly responsible. Treaties relating to due diligence responsibilities should therefore be open for ratification by more actors than just states.

  • 31.
    Lindahl, Anna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Innehållsanalys av Albaniens nationella handlingsplan för genomförandet av UNSCR 13252018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2017 påbörjades arbetet med att ta fram en Albansk handlingsplan för genomförandet av UNSCR 1325. Arbetet utmynnade i framtagandet av ett utkast som fastställdes i maj 2017 med målet om att anta slutgiltig version under 2018. Denna studie ska undersöka vilka förutsättningar den albanska handlingsplanen har för att lyckas och identifiera eventuella riskområden där implementationen riskerar att stöta på problem. För att uppfylla studiens syfte kommer en innehållsanalys göras av utkastets innehåll. Innehållsanalysen utgår från två uppsättningar av faktorer: de generella rekommendationerna som har sin grund i tidigare dragna erfarenheter om vad som utgör en framgångsrik handlingsplan, och de landspecifika rekommendationerna som tagits fram för Albanien utifrån den nationella kontexten. Resultatet av innehållsanalysen visar att handlingsplanen i viss mån följer det tidigare dragna erfarenheterna på området, dock med några tydliga brister. Studien presenterar tre riskområden där implementationen av handlingsplanen riskerar att stöta på problem. Avslutningsvis lyfts tio kompletterande rekommendationer inför antagandet av den slutgiltiga albanska handlingsplanen.

  • 32. Lindkvist, Linde
    Review of The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History by Samuel Moyn2013In: Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1475-4835, E-ISSN 1475-4843, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 357-361Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Ljung, Anna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Challenges Facing Human Rights in Myanmar: Comparing 2004 and 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Mannberg, Jonna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Människovärde och medborgarskap: En studie över sambandet mellan ett upplevt människovärde och medborgarskapPorträtterat genom papperslösa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to concretize the concept of ”human dignity”, as well as see to its role inpolitics, and what consequences it has on juridical implementation. The discussion deals withthe importance of citizenship in Sweden. The purpose of the study is to focus onundocumented immigrants, their conditions and what implications a lack of citizenship has onthe group in question – ergo which connection actually exists between human dignity andcitizenship. Using the research questions it is discussed whether the concept of ”humandignity” is able to concretize, as well as if it possible to determine an ethical duty towardsundocumented immigrants based on the principle of human dignity.The essay is based on a social constructivist theory which, alongside a criticaldiscourse analysis in accordance with Faircloughs three-dimensional model, aims to theorise awell-discussed and established concept as well as power relations in society, and how acondition as an undocumented immigrant creates a new form of powerlessness. The methodproblematises the importance of citizenship for the experience of having human dignity.With this as the basis of the essay the result mainly shows the meaning of theconcept of ”human dignity” from ethical, political and legal perspectives, as well as therelation between the concept and citizenship. Thereafter the essay examines citizenship,partially from a general perspective but with its main focus on Sweden. Undocumentedimmigration serves as a counterpart to citizenship, which is concretised through an evaluationof the conditions of undocumented immigrants in Sweden at present. The analysis thatfollows aims to show that human rights are not the only fundamental thing for experiencingan intrinsic value, hence the discussion must go further, by showing that human dignity canserve as an adequate starting point to ensure a fundamental protection of individuals. This dueto the fact that the meaning of the concept goes further than claiming rights, and therebyshedding light to an additional nuance of the meaning of being human.3The conclusions that follow shows the problematics that the essay raises, butmoreover the possible areas for change or improvement that comes with the increasedresonance of the concept, as well as its established importance.

  • 35.
    Manzizila, Gina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Etnisk diskriminering och afrofobi på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.: En empirisk studie om erfarenheter av rasism och diskriminering.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats ämnar till att belysa problematiken och erfarenheterna kring etnisk diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden i Sverige. Genom samhällsvetenskapliga metoder har författaren undersökt sambandet mellan afrofobi och etnisk diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden, för att förstå orsakerna bakom högskoleutbildade afrosvenskars svårighet att etablera sig på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.Enkätundersökningar och intervjuer är metoder som använts i studien för att få empirisk material och avgörande narrativ om de olika orsakerna bakom afrosvenskars svårigheter med att komma in i arbetsmarknaden. Studien finner att det finns strukturella praktiker i arbetslivet som missgynnar personer med annan etnicitet än svensk. Undersökningen har genom intersektionellt maktanalys tittat närmare på etniskmaktordning för att studera relationerna mellan afrofobi, rasism och diskriminering. Historiebruk i Svenskkontext har i undersökningen visat sig vara en av de grundläggande orsakerna till uppkomsten av afrofobiska värderingar. Detta eftersom historiska ideologier och värderingar kopplat till rasbiologi, har bidragit till att reproducera och upprätthålla ett systematiskt hierarkiskt rangordning av underordning och överordning av människor utifrån hudfärg.1Studiens empiri visar att hudfärg och utseende är markörer för afrosvenskars utsatthet för rasistiskt motiverad diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden. Diskrimineringslagens snäva jurisdiktion och bristande rättstillämpning har missgynnat afrosvenskars möjligheter till att utkräva sina rättigheter på lika villkor, särskilt då begreppet etnicitet som diskrimineringsgrund inte fångar essensen i de rasbiologiska dimensionerna av rasism som påverkar afrosvenskars arbetsliv och tillgång till arbetsmarknaden. Trots att utbildning och vistelsetid i Sverige anges som viktiga framgångsfaktorer för individens chanser att få ett jobb i Sverige. Uppsatsen har funnit att högskoleutbildade afrosvenskar som är både födda i Sverige eller bott i Sverige länge har svårigheter med att få anställningar som motsvara deras utbildningsnivå och kompetens.

  • 36.
    Maryam, Nilsson
    University College Stockholm.
    Hederskultur: Hedetr2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Melder, Cecilia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Att vara människa i en digital värld [Elektronisk resurs] Meningsskapande i vår tid2018Other (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Melder, Cecilia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Att vara människa i en digital värld [Elektronisk resurs] Människan och tekniken i framtiden2018Other (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Melder, Cecilia
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Psykisk ohälsa hos äldre [Elektronisk resurs]: Existentiell hälsa2017Other (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Nilsson, Amanda
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Psykisk ohälsa och diskriminering: En kvalitativ studie om bemötande och tillgänglighet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an analysis of qualitative interviews with people with neuropsychiatric disabilities/mental illness, as well as persons working with mental health or mental disabilities. The interviews were conducted to investigate how their experience of compliance with the services in the various functions of society is, to clarify whether there is discrimination in the social functions of people with mental disabilities. The questions and the analysis of the results are based on Swedish law, and look at the outcome based on Goffman's theory of the deviant's role and identity, with a narrative theoretical point of departure. The result showed that ignorance and lack of involvement/accessibility of actors in different social functions constitute the main obstacle to avoiding discrimination, and inaccessible social services for people with mental health. 

  • 41.
    Nilsson, Malin
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Främjad livskvalitet genom utbildning: En empirisk studie gällande grundskoleutbildningens  främjande av ett barns livskvalitet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka hur grundskoleutbildning främjar ett barns livskvalitet. Det uppnås genom att dels besvara en frågeställning gällande hur grundskolelärare tolkar att grundskoleutbildning främjar ett barns livskvalitet och dels en frågeställning gällande hur dessa tolkningar kan ses stå i relation till Martha Nussbaums teori om Förmågemodellen och till barnets rätt till utbildning. Arbetets metodologi bygger på en samhällsvetenskaplig metod, vilken består av en teoretisk grund i Martha Nussbaums utvecklingsteori om mänskliga förmågor, Förmågemodellen, och en kvalitativ forskningsprocess bestående av semistrukturerade intervjuer med lärare vid en grundskola. I och med intervjustudien kan teori kompletteras med en inblick i praktiken och därmed får såväl forskare som läsare möjlighet att inhämta och skapa sig en bred helhetsbild av forskningsämnet. I studien framkommer att de i intervjustudien medverkande grundskolelärarna är av den gemensamma uppfattningen att grundskoleutbildning är av väsentligt värde och främjar ett barns livskvalitet. Utsagorna kan många gånger relateras till Nussbaums teori om Förmågemodellen, vilken även den påvisar att utbildning i stor utsträckning påverkar och har en positiv inverkan på ett barns möjlighet att nå livskvalitet. Sett till barnets rätt till utbildning verkar denna ur ett rättighetsperspektiv för att varje barn ska åtnjuta utbildningsmöjligheter och kan även sägas understödja både grundskolelärarnas tolkning och Förmågemodellens uppmärksammande av utbildningens främjande av ett barns livskvalitet. 

  • 42.
    Nilsson, Maryam
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Hederskultur2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Våld mot kvinnor är en kränkning av de universella mänskliga rättigheterna som baseras på alla människors lika värde och rättigheter. Flera internationella konventioner har antagits som ger staten skyldighet att skydda kvinnor, oavsett om våldet mot kvinnor sker i den privata eller offentliga sfären. 

    Det hedersrelaterade systemet är ett komplext system som är väldigt strukturellt och organiserat. Denna karaktär innehåller olika former av förtryck och anses inte som enskilda och isolerade händelser utan dessa bör ses i tidsföljd och ingår i ett större organiserat sammanhang. De komponenter som förekommer i en hederskontext är: tradition, kultur, religion, könsmaktsordning, utanförskap, individuella/ psykologiska komponenter[1].

    Här i Sverige finns unga personer som lever med tanken att de aldrig får dra skam över familjens heder vilket leder till ett ständigt hot i deras vardag. När man pratar ”hdrv” så är det inte enbart en man som misshandlar en kvinna utan oftast planeras detta av hela familjen som utövas både av släktingar utanför (män och kvinnor) eller enbart av den närmaste familjen[2].

    Syftet med denna studie är att jag ska försöka ta reda på så mycket information och fakta för att kunna förstå olika diskurser kring hedersförtryck, hedersvåld och förhoppningsvis kunna nyansera hederskultur i relation till kultur, normer och religion.

  • 43.
    Nordahl, Linn
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Sex trafficking in India: A study in how to combat sex trafficking2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will strive to obtain an understanding for sex trafficking in India, underlying reasons for it and solutions to it. The study includes a case study of STOP, an organization working against sex trafficking in India. The main objective being to study what, according to an organization working with the issue, is the best course of action when working towards combating sex trafficking in India; what factors STOP believe contributes towards sex trafficking, how to help the victims of sex trafficking, challenges they experience in their work and what they believe are the solution to ending sex trafficking in India. STOP has been active in India since 1990, working towards combating sex trafficking och rehabilitating survivors.The reason for focusing on sex trafficking as a human rights issue can easily be shown in the staggering numbers surrounding it:According to the 2017 report conducted by the International Labor Organization (ILO) there was an estimated 24.9 million people trapped in modern slavery. 4.8 were victims of trafficking. Women and girls make up 71 percent of the victims, the number of children below the age of 18 is estimated to be 5.5 million. The largest number of trafficking can be found in the Asia-pacific region with 62% of the cases or 15.4 million victims. The profit made from human trafficking globally is estimated to be around 150 billion dollars a year for the trafficker, this according to an ILO report from 2014. Sex trafficking stands for 99 billion dollars. In stark contrast to the staggering numbers of victims and profits made from sex trafficking, are the cases of prosecutions and convictions. In the year 2016, 14,894 prosecutions took place globally with 9,071 convictions. In South and Central Asia there were 14,706 victims identified, 6,297 prosecutions and 2,193 convictions (Human rights first, 2017).The numbers are staggering and the act of sex trafficking is one of the greatest crimes against human rights today. The modern term for slavery, it is a crime that strikes against the most basic of human rights. Still it is a multi-million industry that is spread around the world, with India being a particularly affected country. What is done to stop it and what is the best way of working towards stopping it? That is something that will be discussed in this thesis.

  • 44.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Gods and arms: on religion and armed conflict2013Book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Reconciliation as politics: a concept and its practice2017Book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Norgren, Jasmin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Rätten till asyl: Den EU-rättsliga aspekten på området i samhörighet med dess internationella påverkan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aim to concern the regulations regarding asylum, foremost in the European Union and partly in an international context. After having a course about human rights in a European perspective I decided that I wanted to know more about the right to asylum, and therefore the regulations regarding asylum in a European judicial context as well as in an international approach. The three main question formulations are: 1. How are the overall EU legal frameworks as regards asylum law constructed? 2. What does the international principle of Non-Refoulement (not sending back refugees who risks being subject to inhuman punishment) implicate, which is sometimes referred to within asylum law at a EU level? 3. What is the situation as things stand in the field of asylum and migration? The purpose is to carry out an investigation of the right to asylum, as it is applicable in the judicial field. Furthermore, the aim is to carry out a comprehensive investigation of right regarding asylum order to further limiting the investigation somewhat with relevant regulations as well as legal principles in the area. Forward the purpose is to, partially study how the major regulations in the area of asylum law are able to be subject for comparison, but also to see how they can correlate. The aim is therefore to highlight these general, but crucial regulations that exists within the field of asylum mainly at a EU level and a little lesser internationally, in order to carry out an analytical comparison between them. The method for the essay entails an interpretation of the regulations by means of grounds of legal dogma and thereinafter with a comparative method. The result of the essay reveals that the European regulations regarding asylum is immensely inclusive containing a broad spectrum with everything from the right to asylum, criterias and mechanisms for administration of asylum applications, the best interest of the child to the rights which are destined to accrue to those who seeks asylum. The result also demonstrates that the international regulations as well as the European regulations provides for the rights which are destined to accrue to those who seeks asylum. The result also demonstrates that the international principle of Non Refoulement fully aim to protect those in need of protection of their lives or freedom to return to areas where this can be adventured. Likewise the result demonstrates that the regulations in these area both can be compared as well as they can be placed in relation to each other because of their correlation. The analysis of the essay, as well as its conclusion directs that the regulations are able to be put in a tighter context than it at first seems like. Additionally the essay detects that the European regulations, particularly those in stages of revise would be very helped by more influence from the international regulations, for example The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.

  • 47.
    OLOFSSON, WINNIEROSS
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    HALT RACIFICATION: A qualitative study on anti-racists halt of racification apropos the Swedish Discrimination law(2008:567).2018Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the arguments for and against the removal of the word race from the Swedish Discrimination Law. Questions on race creeds in the society, rationalities and use of the word Race and its meaning linger in all spheres and are inescapable. One of the reasons could be the brutality carried in the word race and yet it remains to be part of the international vocabulary. Human beings are protected from Racial violations by International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) and in it there is use of the word Race. Normative theory is used to analyse the Arguments from debates by antiracists and other materials to find the rationality in or without the word race in law. Do anti-racists halt racification, with or without using the word race in the Swedish law? This is the research question. The results indicate that the anti-racists do not halt racification, with or without using the word race in the Swedish law. This thesis is a call to illegalise racification and have clear description in the law on matters of racism. This thesis purposes to add onto the bank of an anti-racist arguments. It advocates for a halt of racification on human beings as a necessity for resolving racism.

  • 48. Palmgren, Bengt
    Svenska statliga företag och mänskliga rättigheter: En undersökning av regeringens ägarstyrning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the governance by the Swedish government of the state-owned enterprises in relation to UN Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights. In the study the Swedish state’s ownership policy is analyzed together with the Swedish national action plan for business and human rights in relation to article 4 in the UN Guiding Principles.The method used in the study is a critical legal reasoning around the text combined with other external perspectives such as the underpinning values and the context. The conclusion of the study is that the Swedish state’s ownership policy should be interpreted in the light of international law, since there are compelling reasons grounded in previous research that article 4 in the UN Guiding Principles is related to the state’s duty to protect and the requirement of due diligence. The study demonstrates that the Swedish government has taken several steps in relation to the state-owned companies, although it is hard to conclude that these are additional in the meaning of article 4. The requirement in the UN Guiding Principles on state-owned enterprises to perform human rights due diligence and supported by international law is not expressed in the State’s ownership policy. Another conclusion is that the requirements and expectations on state-owned enterprises with regard to human rights are integrated with firm expectations on business opportunities. These requirements and expectations could be characterized as instrumental for the overriding objective of the state-owned enterprises: long-term value generation.

  • 49.
    Pettersson, Emma
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer: Våldets karaktär, omfattning och Sveriges ansvar för att skydda kvinnors mänskliga rättigheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Men’s violence against women in intimate partner relationships is a comprehensive problem in society both in Sweden and in the world. Most of the violence occurs at home which makes it a well-hidden problem and the lack of knowledge about men´s violence against women in intimate partner relationships makes it difficult to tackle. The purpose of this essay was to study the character of the violence, how comprehensive the violence is and the actions that Sweden has taken to end men´s violence against women in intimate partner relationships. The result shows that violence in intimate partner relationships occurs in all ages, ethnicities and social classes. The violence can be psychological, physical, sexual, material or economic and the abuser successively takes control over the women and her life. Prejudice about who the abuser is are common and if the abuser doesn’t fit in to the stereotype we seem to look for explanations in the implication of alcohol, anger issues or cultural background. We also seem to mistrust the women and rather than focusing on the crime that has been committed against her we focus on questions such as; why didn’t she leave sooner? To fight this social problem the government has developed a national strategy. This strategy points out that the inequality between women and men is the biggest reason that the violence occurs. According to the strategy education within all levels of society is the key to change the image of femininity and masculinity that feeds inequality between women and men. 

  • 50.
    Rahimi, Summi
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Förvaret: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med handläggare på Migrationsverket2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are five detention centers in Sweden (in swedish ”förvaret”), were asylum seekers and migrants are held in custody until the Migration Agency has completed their investigation and concluded who are allowed to remain in Sweden and who should return/sent back to their home countries. The detainees are taken into detention centers because the state and authorities are afraid that they will ”go under ground”. This study has been based on the primary empirical data provided by semi-structured interviews. These have then been analysed with a narrative methodology, and in interaction with relevant literature as secondary data. Seven staff members at the detention center in Flen have been interviewed. Erving Goffman´s theory about ”total institutions” and Michael Foucault´s theory about power and its exercise have been used as theoretical basis for the analysis. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the staff members in the detention center in Flen works, how the staff experience their duties and what opportunities there are available for the detainees. The following questions should be answered: (1) How does the staff work in the detention center and how does the interaction between the detainees and the staff look like? (2) How the detention center affects detainees health and what kind of care is available for detainees? (3) What do the staff consider of the criticisms against the detention centers? In summary, the empirical base shows that (1) the staff at the detention center (in Flen) have two different roles, first to help detainees who feel bad or are sick and also to persuade the detainees to cooperate and leave the country voluntarily. The interviewers stated that some of the detainees do not want any contact with the staff, while others are more open to it. (2) The main aim of the staff is to treat the detainees within the walls of the detention center, however, when the resources are insufficient. When more serious problems arise the detainees are offered care outside the detention center. (3) The interviewed staff members held the opinion that the criticism of the detention centers is wrong and unfair. Their conviction was that the lawmakers have decided that these detention centeras are needed and that they trust their decisions, detention centers are part of the asylum process, that the staff only trying fulfill their duties, detention centers are the result of the policy that people voted for in general elections.

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