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  • 1.
    Abdelrahman, Mariam
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Inkorporering av Barnkonventionen: En argumentationsanalys om för- och motargument att Sverige inkorporerade Barnkonventionen i svensk lag2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The essay highlights pros and counterarguments about the incorporation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in Sweden. The pros and cons highlighted in the essay by incorporation have not been found to be crucial to the status of children's rights or even the convention. The conclusion is that incorporating the international experience of judging is not as binding as advocates and opponents state. The countries that have implemented the Convention on the Rights of the Child have not had a better situation automatically on children's rights, but they have also not been hindered or steered in the negative direction in their work to any significant extent. Incorporation is secondary to the political will to work with the Convention and children's rights; it cannot legally direct the policy if the policy does not want to be governed. However, an incorporation can become a tool in the hands of a political movement that is already convinced of the right to strengthen children's rights in accordance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Inkorporering av Barnkonventionen
  • 2.
    Abdi, Hodan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Non-refoulement cases before the ECtHR and CAT: A case study on women alleging gender-based violence at the hands of private actors2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze if the assessment of the European Court of Human Rights and Committee Against Torture in cases concerning women alleging violation of the principle of non-refoulement takes gender into consideration. Therefore, this study compares four cases from the Court and the other four cases from the Committee with feminist legal theory analysis. The method chosen for this study is a comparative legal method and textual analysis to investigate the research problem. The findings of this study are that the Committee's evaluation is more in line with the intersectionality perspective than the Court's. Further, the Court showed stereotypes and gender discrimination with their assessments. Although the Committee is also lacking in considering gender as far as the observed cases the Committee is more advanced with the intersectionality lens. The Court frequently depends on the "male or social network," which is another distinction between the two monitoring organizations. Because the Court does not mention "male network" to European women alleging domestic violence, this contributes to the already discriminations refugee and asylum seeker women experience. The thesis concludes that women seeking asylum or refugee cases experience the most discrimination before the Court, though occasionally before the Committee as well. The refugee law still has a long way to go before it can assist women who claim that private actors have abused them. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Abdi, Hoodo
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Omhändertagande av barn och rätten till familjeliv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Children takes into care by the social services against the parents' will, child care agencies take children into care with the support of the law (LVU). Children are cared for on the basis of section 2§ LVU which occurs due to misconduct in the home, for example violence and abuse, deficiencies in care or other conditions in the home. There is another reason which can lead to children being taken from their parents and it is their own behavior “behavior case” with the support of § 3 LVU. Parents' right to respect for private and family life granted by the article 8 in the European Convention on Human Rights is restricted when children takes into care by social services. 

    The same article also states the right to have custody of one's child and the right for parents and children to have contact. The protection of private and family life is not an absolute right and can be restricted by law. The main purpose of the thesis is to study how the care of children with the support of §§ 2, 3 LVU relates to the right to protection of private and family life according to Article 8 of the European Convention. Another purpose of the thesis is to analyze the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Swedish law after it has become law. Articles 3 and 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child state that States Parties to the Convention shall take into account the best interests of the child in all matters and decisions affecting the children and that they shall have the opportunity to express their views on matters affecting them. The questions in the essay are answered using a legal dogmatic method. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Abdul Rasul, Akbar
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    The French politic of the veil in relation to International law: Analyzis of the politic of the veil in France2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other international conventions have been ratified by many countries, yet the basic freedoms established therein continue to be taken for granted. In recent years, the Islamic veil has been widely debated as an oppressive garment against Muslim women and a threat to Western secular democracy. This debate has led countries, including France, to take legal action to ban clothing that completely covers the face. France has professed itself as a secular state for centuries following its historical revolution, with a narrative of guaranteeing equal rights and opportunity to all citizens. However, this secular orientation has, in practice, led to a law that has created and promoted juridical and institutionalized inequality. This thesis discusses the prohibition of the veil in relation to basic human rights and freedoms established by the UDHR, the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as other relevant documents that hold the central idea of protection of religious freedom and expression. These documents will be analyzed alongside John Stuart Mill’s foundational philosophy on freedom. The main findings of this study are that the issue of the veil is complex, and its story must be understood before it can be judged. Muslim women who choose to wear the veil have a right to freedom of religion given by the UDHR. France is a signatory and therefore infringing on those rights is a violation of international law. This conclusion is supported by the theoretical foundations of freedom presented by John Stuart Mill and previous research that dealt with the issue of the veil in Western societies.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Abid Al Shaybany, Farah
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Responsibility to Protect: En studie om hur R2P och problematiken med implementeringen av den principen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the principle “Responsibility to Protect” and its implementation in several countries. The purpose of this study is to examine why the implementation of “Responsibility to Protect” has been used differently in similar situations. To limit my study I have chosen to examine two countries that have two different results on similar issues. I have chosen to study the conflict/civil war in Libya and Syria. The reason why I have chosen these countries is because these conflicts have similar causes and similar history, but how the international community responded differently and has argued various. This study will also highlight and observe the difficulties that the principle faces. For example the veto right in the united nation security council, and also the principle of sovereignty. At the end of this study I discuss the principle in general, what I think about it and how the principle “Responsibility to Protect” can be improved itself and develop to be more powerful and fulfill its purpose, to Protect civilians from genocide, crime against humanity and towards war crime.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    C-uppsats
  • 6.
    Adel, Dunia
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Flickor och pojkar i regeringens lagreform: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om hedersrelateratvåld och förtryck2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys studeraoch koda regeringens proposition om hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck (2020) där utgångspunkten är att lyfta fram hur regeringen definierar vad det innebär att vara en pojke och flicka i en hederskontext, samt vilka erfarenheter och roller som kan skilja dem emellan. Resultatet av studien visar att flickor är offer för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck, resultatet visade att även om pojkar kan bli offer för hedersrelaterat våld så uppfattas de också som förövare. Studien visar att pojkar kan ha dubbla roller som både offer och förövare. Studien visar att både flickor och pojkar är utsatta för hedersbrottslighet men procentuellt skiljer resultatet åt då flickorna är utsatta i större grand än pojkarna. Slutsatsen är att införandet av barnäktenskapsbrott som ger upp till fyra år fängelse, straffskärpningsgrund mot brott med hedersmotiv och utreseförbud för att skydda barn från att tvångs gifta sig eller könsstympas utomlands ses som något ljust i Sveriges internationella åtagande om mänskliga rättigheter, då hedersrelaterade brottsligheten innebär kränkning av de mänskliga rättigheterna. Det ses mest ljust mot barnets rättigheter.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Af Geijerstam, Maya
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    The human right to mental healthcare: Bridging the rights-gap for women subjected to sexual violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence against women is not only a serious public health problem of epidemic proportions, it’s also a violation of women’s human rights. The devastating consequences of these events on women’s health have been widely documented. The overarching purpose of this thesis is therefore to explore why public healthcare facilities around the world often fail to provide victims of sexual violence with mental healthcare of good quality that is available, accessible and acceptable. In order to investigate this, the legal grounds of specialized healthcare for victims of sexual violence was documented. Secondly, an exploration of whether the Swedish healthcare system provides victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare was carried out. Lastly, the history of violence against women was explored in order to identify reasons for why the right to mental healthcare often fail to work in practice for female victims of sexual violence despite apparent agreements. Also, constructive suggestions are put forth regarding what governments can do to provide victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare. An interdisciplinary approach of political sociology was used to illustrate the multiple dimensions of human rights. The findings suggest that the right to mental health is an integrated part of the right to health and thus a fundamental right for all human beings. However, the results indicate that the right to mental healthcare for women who have been subjected to sexual violence is not available, accessible and of good quality within the Swedish healthcare system. The study concludes that one of the main barriers to make the right to mental healthcare accessible for this group of patients is the lack of an officially recognized name that include the many different syndromes these women suffer. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research.   

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Ahlstrand, Kajsa
    et al.
    Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Gunner, GöranTeologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Ahmed, Najma
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Child rights: A study of the rights of children in Kenya and violations of the rights of children in Kenya2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about children's rights in one African country namely Kenya. It includesinternational documents like the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) andthe regional African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC). The thesis alsoanalyzes the differences between these documents and also the Sustainable development goals arediscussed and how they directly touch children's rights.This thesis also deals with the topic of how children's rights are protected by the Kenyanconstitution . It will mention the international laws and conventions that Kenya is obligated toimplement and follow in order to guarantee the kenyan children their rights. During the work wewill take a look at legislations and policies that Kenya has established to promote and protect therights of the children in Kenya.I will analyze some of the violations of the rights of children in Kenya and will be mainly focusingon laws and policies that the country established. The thesis also includes an investigation ofwhich children's rights are violated in Kenya. It consists of statistics and what the laws in Kenyasay about these violations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Ahmed, Robin
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Den offentliga sektorns åtagande för att stärka barns rättigheter: En studie om implementering av barnkonventionen som nationell lagstiftning2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the incorporation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child into Swedish law through an examination of the juridical difficulties in the state and municipalities. The study employed three methods: Qualitative content analysis, juridical method, and a semi-structured interview. The results show that the incorporation alone is not sufficient but is a project that needs continuous efforts to have thorough effects on children’s rights. As the phrasing of the Convention is vague it results in difficulties in exercising the rights, especially regarding the best interest of the child. Furthermore, the Swedish law prohibits children under 18 years old to bring an action to court in certain issues such as migration cases. Additionally, as Sweden has not ratified the third optional protocol of the Convention regarding the right to seek justice from the Committee on the Rights of the Child in case of a violation of rights on a national level, this further limits children to exercise their rights. On the municipal level, dissemination of information and knowledge regarding the Convention, cooperation between municipal bodies and the government, commitment for change, and access to adequate resources are all important tools for the implementation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Al-dawoodi, Danyah
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Ensamkommande barn i asylprocessen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on the Rights of the Child was incorporated into Swedish legislation in 2020 to strengthen the child's best interests and perspective in areas such as asylum law (UNICEFSweden, 2020a). The purpose of this essay is to examine how the individual asylum grounds of unaccompanied children are handled in the asylum process and in what way the child's best interests are actually considered in the asylum process before and after the incorporation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This essay will answer the following question:How has the application of the best interests of the child according to Article 3 in asylum cases for unaccompanied children changed before and after the incorporation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child into Swedish law based on the theory of the best interests of the child as an open concept? Through a qualitative content analysis of judgments, changes and deficiencies in the protection of the rights of unaccompanied children are identified. The study examines how the courts take into account the best interests of the childbased on Schiratzki's (2005) legal theory of the best interests of the child as an open concept.The results of the study have shown that before incorporation, the judgments extensively consider the best interests of the child according to Article 3 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by highlighting potential consequences upon return. However, after incorporation, the migration court fails in considering the best interests of the child. This is because the concept of 'the best interests of the child' is comprehensive, and the court does not assess this from a holistic perspective, which is important for a fair assessment according to Schiratzki (2005).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Algerstam, Veronica
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Människohandel och Arbetskraftsexploatering i Sverige: En rättslägesbeskrivning2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is estimated that around 40 million people are exploited in human trafficking around the world. The Swedish Equality authority (Jämställdhetsmyndigheten) acknowledge that labour exploitation is the second most common form of human trafficking. The purpose of this study is to make a legal status report of human trafficking for labour exploitation in Sweden, and this is done through a legal dogmatic method. 

    The result shows that the Swedish human trafficking-law is connected to the international conventions and protocol through international agreements. The common knowledge of labour exploitation in Sweden is limited and Sweden needs to work with preventative and protective measures to secure the rights of the people being used in labour exploitation. Many of the people being used in labour exploitation in Sweden are foreigners. Sweden lacks protection of migration workers’ rights when it comes to informational measures and protective actions after being exploited. Sweden has a low number of prosecutions for the crime of human trafficking and almost non existing concerning labour exploitation. The Swedish law concerning labour exploitation is in development where a new paragraph, “human exploitation”, was added in 2018. The first case under this paragraph is under appeal to the Swedish Supreme Court and is awaiting the final judgment that will affect the future appliance of the law. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Almjeed, Basheer
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Förbudet mot hijab och niqab i Frankrike2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about whether the ban on hijab and niqab in France violates human rights. Also, if there are contradictions between the human rights conventions and the french ban on hijab andniqab. That is the purpose and question of the study. The topic was chosen for an interest on whether the French ban violates human rights, and if so, why is the ban still a law? To fulfill the purpose of the study, the study will be using human right conventions and a case from the European court of human rights. The study will also use a human rights based approach to further analyze whether the french ban violates human rights. The human rights based approach will also focus on the rights themselves and the implementation of the rights. The second theory used in the study is a theory on multiculturalism. The theory will focus on the term “blind fordifference”. In other words, are human rights blind for difference?The method used in this study is a qualitative content analysis. The method was chosen to analyze the content of the french ban of niqab and hijab but also to analyze the content of the human rights conventions. The result showed that there are some contradictions between the french ban and the human rights conventions. The French ban on hijab and niqab showed potential violations towards human rights articles in the human rights conventions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Amajeed_Basheer
  • 14.
    Alrifai, Diala
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    KRIGSPROPAGANDA: Analytisk studie om Bashar Al-Assads propaganda under det syriska upproret 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing Syrian conflict is one of the most violent, bloody and complex conflicts that broke out in modern time. The Syrian people were inspired by the Arab spring, where popular demonstrations and peaceful protests demanded freedom and democracy. The Syrian regime declared that Syria is in a serious war against terrorism.

    This essay will try to analyze the Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad’s propaganda during the revolution against his government in March 2011. The analysis will go through a few of Al-Assad’s speeches and interviews during the Syrian uprising between 2011 and 2012. The study will be based on several fundamental researches that explain the relationship between the Syrian regime and the jihadi Islam in many dimensions before and after 2011. The study will answer the following question: How has the Syrian regime used fight terrorism as propaganda to serve its own political interest during the Syrian uprising 2011?

    In my study, I use argumentation analysis as a method, this method is used to assess the credibility and sustainability of text or politics in context. In an argued text, the author aims to convince the reader of something in a critical and reasonable manner of argument. The method used is both descriptive and appreciative of Bashar Al-Assad’s arguments.

    The study concluded that Al-Assad from the beginning of his presidency has played a major role of producing Islamists to achieve his own political objectives in the region and was able to take advantage of them while trying to crackdown the Syrian revolution in 2011 through many political acts.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Ameur, Sirine
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Invisible Barriers, Visible Consequences: Interrogating the human rights impact technological border control2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The externalisation of migration management has emerged as a complex and controversial phenomenon, with implications for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of refugees. This research study aims to investigate the relationship between the use of biometrics, the externalisation of borders, and the resulting infringements upon migrants' rights. Drawing upon a qualitative approach and data visualization analysis, this research delves into a comprehensive analysis of Frontex’s framing in perpetuating the externalisation process and the use of invasive technologies. The findings reveal that the increased use of technology in border control not only poses potential human rights violations but also serves as a central component in the externalisation process. The research also explores participants' awareness of legal procedures, mistreatment and abuse frequencies, attitudes towards technology, and overall impressions of the migration management system. This research contributes to the existing literature by shedding light on the relationship between technology, securitization, and the human rights of refugees within the European Union. By critically examining the framing strategies employed by Frontex and the resulting infringements upon migrants' rights, this study emphasizes the need for greater scrutiny and reevaluation of policies and practices in the context of migration management. Overall, this research serves as a call to action, urging policymakers, stakeholders, and the wider public to reassess the role of technology, ensure the protection of human rights, and strive for a more balanced approach that prioritizes both security and fundamental freedoms.

  • 16.
    Anehagen, Sanna
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Child soldiers - when a child is no longer a child: A legal-doctrinal analysis of the international legislation on child soldiers2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The child soldier problem is an escalating and growing phenomenon around the world. It is a complex issue as it involves a wide range of areas such as human rights, politics and cultures. A comprehensive legal framework is in place to protect children in armed conflicts, yet they are still being targeted, recruited and deployed in armed groups and organizations. The purpose of this study is to conduct an exhaustive examination of current international law, de lege lata, regarding child soldiers aged 15-18. The legal-dogmatic method will be used to identify the merits, but above all the shortcomings and problems of the legislation. The result shows that international law treats children differently in terms of age and when they are no longer considered child soldiers. The findings demonstrate the difficulties between the two frameworks of international humanitarian law and international human rights law in relation to child rights and protection issues. Furthermore, it has been discovered that the international law regarding child soldiers is outdated, contradictory and inconsistent, as society and warfare have changed since the adoption of the documents. The lack of legal sanctions against recruiters and enablers complicates the situation even further.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Arfors, Karl
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Analys av nyckelrättigheter i väpnade konflikter: Hur nyckelrättigheter respekteras i det pågående kriget i Syrien2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This essay has been about investigating and analyzing key rights in armed conflicts and howthey are respected in the Syrian war. The essay brings up three key rights and they are- the right to life- torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment- protection of cultural propertyRegarding these rights, questions are formulated- How have the human key rights been respected in the Syrian war?- How does the protection for the key rights look within IHL?- What do the prospects for an acceptable situation look like in short term?The Syrian war started in mars 2011 as a result of the Arabic spring. The situation for Syria’spopulation has gotten worse since the war’s beginning. It has not gotten better during thesenine years despite hard work from UN and other humanitarian organizations. There was along battle against IS who has been defeated, but there are different actors in Syria thatcontinue to fight.Syria’s president Al-Assad is one of them that bears to biggest responsibility for Syria’scrisis, but he gets supported by for example Russia and Iran. Russia was in Syria to fight IS,but fought rebel groups instead, because they were a threat to Al-Assad. Al-Assad wanted itto look like he was protecting Syria from terrorism. He released islamic prisoners to fightthem. Some of the worst battles has happened in Aleppo, which is the most important cityfinancially.A lot of countries are militarily involved and that does not make it better when it’s abouthuman rights in Syria. When I investigate the respect of international humanitarian law inSyria, it shows that fighting parties fail hard to respect IHL. Cruel crimes against the keyrights has happened since the violence got worse. It is a lot of casualties, people get torturedin prisons and a lot of old culture gets destroyed.Syria’s economy has and continues to fall. Syria has the most refugees in the world since thesecond world war, and this civil war is the worst humanitarian crisis in modern time. Syriahad 20 million residents when the war began and now 11 million people is on flight. Syria has100 armed groups, and they are divided. Syria’s population miss access to survival needs andtheir everyday is life threatening. One cause to fatalities in Syria is lack of food, water andcare. At the same time as USA started to pull their forces back, Turkey took in their forces.Turkey thinks that USA approved the offensive when they pulled their forces back, but USAdenies that. Turkey will not interrupt the offensive, but USA wants it to be suspended.In my investigation I have used a legal dogmatic method in form of articles and based on thesources I have interpreted the key rights and their compliance in Syria. I have used literaturestudies in form of news articles, printed literature and books. Key rights in armed conflict andIHL have big roles in this essay. Literature about key rights within international human rightslaw and its application in the Syrian war is central in the analyze. A SWOT analysis is used toget structure for the description and leads to the conclusions used to answer the given questions. 6(37)In the essay I explain the situation in Syria, IHL and key rights role and situation in Syria andwhat the conflict looks like today. My sources highlight events in different areas in Syria, whichare used in the analysis and as answers to the questions:- In armed conflicts it’s very hard to protect the studied key rights and the war in Syria is noexception. There are plenty of tragic examples on how people are killed or tortured. Manyinvaluable cultural heritage has been systematically destroyed or stolen.- IHL was developed to reduce human suffering and to demand a human acting from fightingparties. In an armed conflict it is IHL that rules.- In the Syrian war there’s only one solution that UN has come up with and is pushing for it tobe implemented. That solution is a Syrian owned and Syrian led political process. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Asgari, Alireza
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Silenced Detainees in Repressive Hijab: A Marxist Analysis of the Hijab of Afghan women in Sweden, the patriarchal coercion to veil, and the responsibility of the Swedish government2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical research focuses on the subject of Hijab in Sweden. It demonstrates that Afghan (Muslim) women residing in Sweden do not consider the Hijab as an element of their culture/identity. Additionally, the empirical data gathered through interviews with twenty Afghans residing in Sweden reveals that Hijab is socially imposed on women, particularly by male relatives. Afghan women reveal verbal and physical violations exercised against women by male relatives in order to force them to veil. Therefore, if multiculturalism favors the Hijab as a human right and/or an identity/cultural element of these women, it neglects the violations implied by Hijab on women. By adopting a Marxist feminist lens, the research explains that although veiling and controlling women’s body existed for centuries before the birth of capitalism, controlling women’s body by forcing them to veil serves the capitalist project as well. The veil is one of the diverse ways of controlling women (‘s body) and is one of the ways to help the interests of capitalism since women are the source of reproduction of labor. Rejecting the position of both left-wing and right-wing parties (and specifically racists) in the political sphere in Sweden, it is suggested that the former (no matter intentionally or unintentionally) justifies and serves the preservation of the repressive Hijab and does not protect Muslim women and their human rights. And (far) right-wing actors, by pointing to the repressive Hijab, merely aim to cut the budget that is essential for protecting the fundamental human rights of immigrants and target the existence of immigrants per se to enable (further) development of capitalist (economic) policies. This research argues that discourse cannot make a substantial change in behaviors, and not only men should be considered as the responsible actor to diminish the violations. A third alternative/approach is instead suggested for the change in the material condition of such communities so as to diminish the violations. By reminding the responsibility of the Swedish government, it is suggested that the government should take responsibility for material provision regarding awareness, education, employment, and development of oppressed veiled women. This is how the government can protect human rights and actualize women’s capacity in order to combat the violations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Avramovic Stefanovic, Aleksandra
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Den nya svenska sexhandeln: En lägesbeskrivning2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the phenomenon of the Swedish sex trade. A phenomenon that has a long history that is constantly changing, taking new forms and creating new boundaries. The purpose of this study has been to review and understand the Swedish sex trade with a focus on the effects of internet and the effects of the Swedish sex purchase act. As well as to examine how state and non-state actors work to secure the fundamental human rights to safety and an adequate safety net for people who sell sex. By conducting interviews and a literature study with state and non-state actors it has been possible to understand the Swedish sex trade and create an in-depth description of the current situation. The study's result and analysis show that the Swedish sex trade is strongly linked to the feminist perspective. In Sweden, the abolitionist feminist perspective is dominant, which is also reflected in definitions used within this field, legislation, the sex trade via internet and the Swedish safety net. This study highlights that the Swedish sex trade is a complex issue which requires a greater discussion beyond the feminist perspective.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Aziz, Amanda
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Kvinnojourer och socialtjänst i Sverige: En granskning av samarbete och efterlevnad av CEDAW Artikel 2 (d)2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Despite being perceived as one of Europe's most gender-equal countries, Sweden faces significant challenges concerning men's violence against women. Statistics reveal a distressing frequency of violent incidents where a woman is killed by a man every three weeks. This research study examines the collaboration between Swedish municipalities, social services, and women's shelters in efforts to promote safety for women and combat male violence against them. The findings suggest an increase in collaboration and the integration of measures to ensure women's safety within municipal activities. However, while most municipalities offer protected housing, there are shortcomings in the efforts. The study also underscores the importance of continuously evaluating and enhancing ongoing initiatives to effectively support women affected by violence and uphold their human rights.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Beaulier, Aniella
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    The best place to be young and a female: a study about gender equality in Rwanda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Fältstudiens syfte har varit att analysera och beskriva jämställdhets effekter på den unga generationen i dagens Rwanda. Min uppsats utfördes med en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har varit centrala som metod för att samla in mitt material och data. Jag har intervjuat unga vuxna kvinnor som är entreprenör eller i ledare position. Mitt resultat erhålls genom deras berättelser och upplevelser om jämställdheten i Rwanda.

    Rwanda har haft en stor representation av kvinnor i parlamentet vilket har i sin tur påverkat dessa unga kvinnor. Genom mina intervjuer har jag kommit fram till att Kvinnor i Rwanda tar mer plats som aldrig förr. Sammanfattningsvis har Rwanda gjort en stor skillnad för deras kvinnor. Den stora representationen av kvinnor i höga positioner har haft en bra inverkan på nästa generation och har inspirerat dem att drömma stort. Även om Rwanda har kommit långt när det gäller jämställdhet, utmaningar finns fortfarande och hela arbetet är inte gjort.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Bachelor thesis
  • 22.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Ett samspelt lag spelar bäst2004Inngår i: Sändaren, ISSN 1103-6206, nr 18, s. 29-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23. Bexelius, Maria
    Asylrätt, kön och politik: en handbok för jämställdhet och kvinnors rättigheter2008 (oppl. 2. uppl.)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Bexelius, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Asylrätt och konstruktionen av det skyddsvärdiga subjektet2017Inngår i: Samtider: perspektiv på 2000-talets idéhistoria / [ed] Anders Burman & Lena Lennerhed, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25. Bexelius, Maria
    Fel sorts flykting2002Inngår i: Bang, ISSN 1102-4593, nr 2/3, s. 30-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26. Bexelius, Maria
    Hur ser beslutsfattare på rätten att leva öppet?2012Inngår i: Bang, ISSN 1102-4593, nr 1, s. 24-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27. Bexelius, Maria
    Kvinnor på flykt: en analys av svensk asylpolitik ur ett genusperspektiv 1997-20002001Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Bexelius, Maria
    et al.
    Svenska Röda korset.
    Zamacona Aguirre, Maite
    Ökad genuskompetens i asylprocessen: en utbildningsmodul för gränspolisen2010Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Bigirindavyi, Delice
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Batwa i Burundi: Ett diskriminerat och marginaliserat folk2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Burundi is made up of three ethnic groups, Hutu, Tutsi and Batwa. The Batwa are the indigenous people of Burundi and the smallest ethnic group in Burundi. It is estimated that the Batwa make up about 1% of the total population. Batwa consider the forest their home. But after centuries of deforestation and forest management, the Batwa gradually abandoned their forests. When forests became pastures for colonists' animals and fields were taken by colonists, many Batwa came to rely on pottery, which replaced forests and hunting as symbols of Batwa identity. During the first half of the 20th century, Burundi's new process of industrialization, the country's gradual opening to international trade, and decreased access to clay products for Batwa led to a significant weakening of the pottery trade.This has once again disrupted the main economic activities of the Batwa, making them the most vulnerable population group in Burundi. The Batwa are excluded from many provisions of Burundi's constitution in which they are not mentioned as part of Burundi's ethnic depopulation. Discrimination is a top concern for the Batwa. This discrimination manifest in three main forms: negative stereotyping, segregation and denial of rights. Discrimination is more serious in rural areas than in urban areas, mainly among local people, including local officials. Negative stereotypes could be, for example, that people refuse to sit next to a Mutwa because they are dirty, or refuse to marry a Mutwa because they are considered incestuous and immoral, or that Batwa do not cultivate because they are lazy. The traditional system of bashingantahe is a way of conferring social status on the Batwa, thus eliminating discrimination against the Batwa by non-Batwa.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Botros, Claudia Cleopatra
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Korruption i Afrika: En studie om anti-korruptionsarbete och utvecklingsbistånd2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Korruption är ett allvarligt problem som har många negativa effekter på samhällets olika sektorer, därför måste korruption i all dess form bekämpas. De länder som är mest drabbade av korruption är Somalia och Sydsudan. Korruptionen i bland annat dessa länder samt ett flertal andra länder i Afrika har lett till långvariga problem, inte minst för personer som redan har en relativt låg levnadsstandard. Trots anti-korruptionsarbeten och utvecklingsbistånd, existerar korruption fortfarande och dess konsekvenser tenderar att förvärras. Denna undersökning diskuterar faktorer som ligger till grund för korruption och sätter dem i relation till anti-korruptionarbete och utvecklingsbistånd, för att söka svar på varför korruption inte bekämpas.  

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Botros, Jessica
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner: En analys av teorier från ett människorättsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner är ett stort problem i USA. Våldet är ett tydligt rasistiskt uttryckgentemot en specifik grupp i samhället som utsätts oproportionerligt, vilket innebär att derasrättigheter inskränks. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka faktorer som ligger till grund förpolisvåldet mot afroamerikaner i USA samt hur våldet påverkar deras rättigheter. Fokus i dennastudie ligger på två teorier som hävdar att det är olika psykologiska och politiska faktorer, samtrasistiska strukturer som ligger till grund för polisvåldet.Polisvåld är ingenting som endast påverkar enstaka individer, utan har en indirekt/direkt påverkanpå alla afroamerikaner. Detta innebär att även de personer som inte utsätts för fysiskt våld kanpåverkas på ett psykiskt sätt, vilket har en stor påverkan på hälsan.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Bratt, Emanuel
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Vad formar en pastor?: En intervjustudie av fem nyblivna pastorer inom Equmeniakyrkan om sin pastorsutbildning på Teologiska Högskolan Stockholm2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker pastorsutbildning och formation genom att intervjua fem nyblivna pastorer inom Equmeniakyrkan om deras upplevelse av vad pastorsutbildningen på THS bidragit till för att formas och förberedas som pastorer. Studien som är kvalitativ och abduktiv relaterar teoretiskt till Benjamin Blooms kognitiva, affektiva och psykomotoriska lärandedomäner som översätts till pastoral kontext för jämförelse av vad utbildningen bidragit till, samt till David Kelseys Aten-Berlin-begrepp för att jämföra pastorernas utbildningsideal med pastorsutbildningens utbildningsform.

    Resultatet visar bland annat att de faktorer som varit viktigast för att forma och förbereda den undersökta gruppen av nyblivna pastorer är: Praktik och övning, Lärare och annan personal, Medstuderande, Undervisning, Retreater, andakter, enskilda samtal, gemensamma resor, Församlingsliv och pastorer. Sammanfattat som Praktik, Relationer, Undervisning och Praktiker (PRUP). Resultatet visar också att det är avgörande på vilket sätt dessa bedrivs. De sätt som för pastorerna har varit formerande beskrivs i uppsatsen.

    Analysen visar att pastorernas utbildningsideal tillämpat på svenska eftergymnasiala utbildningsformer kan förstås som en blandning av idealen i högskola och folkhögskola, med en betoning på folkhögskola – och att detta krockar med Equmeniakyrkans pastorsutbildning vars utbildningsform är en kombination av högskola och kyrka med en tydlig betoning på högskola. Utifrån dessa fynd presenterar studien fyra möjligheter för Equmeniakyrkan och EHS att minska denna spänning. Uppsatsen diskuterar även likheter och skillnader med tidigare studier, bland annat i fråga om vad som formar och förbereder för tjänst, möjligheten med tredelade lärandemål och frågan om utbildningsform.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Vad formar en pastor (Emanuel Bratt, 2023)
  • 33.
    Bremdal, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Avslutning: Att gå från idé till förvaltning2020Inngår i: Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning / [ed] Patrik Bremdal & Johanna Ohlsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2020, 1, s. 267-271Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Bremdal, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i teori, tillämpning och praktik2020Inngår i: Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning / [ed] Patrik Bremdal & Johanna Ohlsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2020, 1, s. 15-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Callahan, Cassandra
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    När våldet härstammar från en förälder: En studie om tillit, trygghet och det rådande rättesläget för barn som upplever våld och brott2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    På fem månader har det inkommit 3389 anmälningar om barn som bevittnat våld mellan närstående. Lagen som kriminaliserar exponerandet av våld och brott inför barn heter barnfridsbrott och började att gälla den 1 juli 2021. I en undersökning som SVT presenterade 19 december 2021, framgår det att 195 av anmälningarna har lett till åtal.1Utmärkande för barn som bevittnar våld i nära relationer är att en närstående till barnet utsätter en annan närstående för våld eller brott. Detta innebär att barnet både står nära en gärningsman i anknytning och ett offer. Kombinationen av detta skadar inte endast tilliten och tryggheten hos personerna som barnet söker omsorg hos, utan leder till långsiktiga konsekvenser för barnets hälsa.2I FN konventionen om barnets rättigheter framgår det en nolltolerans av våld mot barn. Eftersom konventionen är inkorporerad in i svensk lag sedan 1 januari 20203, infaller konventionens förpliktelser den svenska staten. Ett sätt att skydda barn från att utsättas för våld är genom att införa lagstiftningsåtgärder som är förenliga med principen om barnets bästa. Utifrån ett barnrättsperspektiv kan den gällande rätten för barn som upplever våld och brott kritiseras. Detta med anledning av att rekvisitet bevittna är för snävt för att omfatta barns olika upplevelser av våld.I Sverige lever det ca 210 000 barn med våld i hemmet.4 Gemensamt för dessa barn är att de tilltar olika strategier för att handskas med våldets konsekvenser. I de fall där våldet blivit en del av vardagen, är det inte ovanligt för barn att sätta på sig hörlurar för att slippa höra mammas skrik. I utredningen till det föreslagna barnfridsbrottet resonerade regeringen kring detta. Att barns upplevelser av våld ofta är präglade av överlevnadsstrategier som gör att barn varken ser eller hör våldet. Trots detta är en förutsättning för straffbestämmelsen att barnet har bevittnat den brottsliga gärningen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Carlzon, Julia
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    "Man kunde ställa frågan, om Sverige gjort sig skyldig till ett kulturellt folkmord när det kristnade lapparna": Varför Sverige röstade bort 'kulturellt folkmord' från Folkmordskonventionen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with the drafting process of the 1948 Genocide Convention, specifically the deletion of the article regarding so called ”cultural genocide”. Sweden was one of the states who voted to delete the article, and this study asks the question why. Previous research on the article has concluded that the majority of the states voting to delete it were doing so to avoid being criminalized themselves due to their assimilationist policies towards minorities, and colonial governing. During negotiations Sweden explicitly referred to the Christianization of the Sami people, which further begs the question if Sweden were also acting because of those reasons. The study finds that, even though Sweden argued that cultural genocide was not as serious as the other forms of genocide, and that it was a better fit for a convention on human rights or minority protection, there is a real plausibility that the country were trying to avoid having a legally recognized genocide in its history. However, because of the vast amount of material available for interpretation of Sweden’s actions, more research is needed to make an even more certain conclusion.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Carlzon_Julia_220104_MRKAN
  • 37.
    Celiker, Cassandra
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Sveriges vapenexport till Pakistan: Konflikten mellan vapenexporten och mänskliga rättigheter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Swedens exports arms to Pakistan despite the existence of laws and conventions on what specific countries must achieve in order to meet the criteria for being exported to.

    In a realpolitik perspective, this study will deepen and investigate how the Swdish government can approve an arms export to Pakistan and how human rights are violated in Pakistan.

    In 2018, a munitions law was added and come into force. The law would include an impediment to exports to countries with a dubious democratic status or where human rights are violated.

    A determination has made that i conditions are given for the Swedish state to grant a permit for arms to exports to Pakistan that seriously violates human rights, a complete assessment has made and decisions made with meaning that the political interests priorities are valued higher than the interests of human rights. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Collin, Angela
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Sumud i Sverige: Nyckeln till mening när hemlandet är under ockupation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse sumud and its importance for Palestinians today living in Sweden. The theory of logotherapy, developed by Viktor Frankl, is used as a tool to unfold how sumud has become the bearer of identity and to response to the search of a meaningful life, in despite of injustices from the occupation. Through semi-structured interviews, nine respondents have shared their thoughts about sumud while living in a Swedish context. According to the result of the study, the meaning has been found to be central within sumud. For Palestinians living in Sweden it seems that sumud has developed from being seen as a constant when staying in Palestine to something that outside Palestine also expresses economical support, the possibility of returning and the importance of increasing awareness of the occupation. Suffering is transformed into responsibility and faithfulness towards the Palestinian community and a power to live not only for one’s self. Actions in combination with the Palestinian essence of how to be human become identity builders. Despite a lack of hope for peace among the respondents, by sumud it is possible to create meaningfulness also from a distance. The study shows that sumud for Palestinians in exile has turned out to be the key to maintain a joint responsibility for the motherland.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Sumud i Sverige
  • 39.
    Costelius, Beatrice
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Kärnvapenavskräckning och rätten till liv: Hotar eller skyddar kärnvapenavskräckning rätten till liv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen analyserar om huruvida kärnvapenavskräckning hotar eller skyddar rätten till liv. Genom insamlade pro- och contra-argument skapas en diskussion kring kärnvapenavskräckning där centrala argument identifieras. Argumenten analyseras sedan i en argumentationsanalys samt slutsats utifrån ett rättighetsperspektiv med fokus på rätten till liv. Rätten till liv definieras utifrån General Comment No. 36 (2018) som berör artikel 6 rätten till liv inom den internationella konventionen om de medborgliga och politiska rättigheterna. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Dahl, Johanna
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Vilka bilder får man egentligen dela på sociala media?: - Om sociala media, delande av bilder och personlig integritet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to determine current legal status as to whether it is allowed to share or upload images on social media without asking for permission. The thesis has examined whether an image shared on social media can be a personal data, legally speaking. The legislation about this subject is spread in different laws, which make it difficult to determine what is allowed to do and not. Furthermore, a survey on Facebook investigated the extent to which people share photos on Facebook without asking the people in the photo. The result showed that a lot of people shares pictures without asking permission if they know the person in the photo. If the participants did not know the person, they did not share the photo to the same extent. The participant also answered the question how well they thought they knew about the legislation regarding personal data, surveillance and crime. Half of the participant estimated that they knew about the legislation.    

  • 41.
    Dalfors, William
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för teologi.
    Det ”sekulära” Sverige?: En kvalitativ studie av begreppet sekularisering i relation till det postkristna svenska folket2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often described as being one of the more secular nations in the world by various surveys and sources, but how true is this statement? In this paper I examine what has been said on the topic of secularization in Sweden by leading sociologists in the field and then in turn analyze this information in order to finally reach a conclusion of my own. My intention with this bachelor’s thesis is to shine a light on the relationship between what has come to be described as the ”post-christian” population by sociologist David Thurfjell and the process of secularization on an individual level.The two questions that form the basis for this paper are: ” Is the swedish population as secular/non-believing as it’s claimed to be?” and “Has there been a shift in the form the Christian religion takes on an individual level and if so what can this new shape then possibly look like?”.The result of the analysis indicates that the swedish population might not be as secular as it is often put forward as being. While the church-oriented religion that the Church of Sweden represents might be losing traction amongst the post-Christian population, this does not necessarily mean religion as a whole is in a gradual decline in swedish society. The information presented herein points towards a possible shift in swedish society from a mainly church-oriented form of religion to a more privatized version sometimes described as the invisible religion.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Davrin, Linn
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    “A Fatally Flawed System”: A critical investigation of the 2021 cases on the American Death Row where 11 people were executed2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The death penalty in the US has long been characterized by racist prejudices and mistakes. Previous research suggests that the majority of those executed are intellectually disabled people, black people and the poor. Furthermore, innocent people are too often convicted and executed, those with intellectual disabilities lack adequate protection in the legal process and racism is an inherent part of the criminal justice system.

    This essay investigates which of the 11 American people, executed in 2021, were particularly exposed or vulnerable to the death penalty from an intersectional perspective. It captures patterns regarding the defendants' identity markers and the discrimination, human rights violations or constitutional violations that occurred in the cases and legal processes, according to the defendants' legal teams. The material consists mainly of legal documents and the research questions are answered through a qualitative text analysis, with Intersectionality and Critical Race Theory as the theoretical framework. 

    The research show that ten out of 11 cases were problematic or indicated ambiguities. Black people, intellectually disabled people and the poor continue to be discriminated against. Several of the defendants with intellectual disabilities would not be eligible for the death penalty today. In conclusion, black poor men with intellectual disabilities and a history of abuse, along with poor women with mental health issues, intellectual disabilities and a history of abuse, were particularly vulnerable to the criminal justice system, because of the multifaceted discrimination they were exposed to. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Daytabar, Nasiba
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i det afghanska familjelivet i Sverige.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om afghanska familjelivet i Sverige och ska visa vilken bild afghaner visar i det nya samhället gällande mänskliga rättigheter. Det utförs genom att afghaner i Sverige får svara på frågor gällande hur kvinnor och män ser på sina roller i familjen i nya samhället, samt hur de ser på barnets uppfostran. Metoden som uppsatsen är baserad på är en kvalitativ forskning och Georgs Simmels teori om främling har tillämpats i studien. Denna studie är bestående av tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med afghaner som bor i Stockholm. Av intervjuerna framgår att afghaner har olika uppfattning om familjelivet i Sverige och beroende på personer har de antingen blivit integrerade eller inte i det nya samhället. I studien framkommer att intervjupersoner har samma mönster som de har från hemlandet som det leder till kulturkrock i nya samhället. Det visar att afghaner bor ett kollektivt samhälle fast de bor i ett individualistiskt land, det finns skillnader värderingar och enligt Simmels teori kan man säga att är afghaner fysiskt i Sverige och psykiskt i hemlandet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Dedic, Arnele
    Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter.
    Erbjuder Norrköpings kommun full delaktighet i samhället på lika villkor?: -En kandidatuppsats om fysisk tillgänglighet gällande personer med funktionsnedsättning i Norrköpings kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to highlight the various accessibilities for people with disabilities in the relatively large municipality named Norrköping, Sweden. I’ve chosen to focus on how a group of people comprehend the accessibilities for people with disabilities in this municipality. The framing question that I’ve issued is; How is the physical accessibility for disabled individuals secured in Norrköping and how is the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities complied? To answer this, I’ll use the following two methods; literature studies and interviews/field surveys. In the first, I highlight relevant literature and in the second I investigate what views the municipality, along with 20 randomly selected women and 20 randomly selected men, have on the accessibilities for individuals with disabilities in Norrköping. The results of this study is based on the interviews of 20 men and 20 women in different ages. The interviews were made through surveys that were answered outside of the Campus in Norrköping. These results of the survey answers are presented in bar graphs. I chose to categorize men and women aged 18-30years and +31 to see what different competence levels there are on the physical accessibilities in Norrköping. Based on the survey I could see that, despite the age, the majority thought that there are gaps where the physical accessibilities in Norrköping is of shortage. My study shows that Norrköping has come a long way with the physical accessibilities, but not enough to state that people with disabilities have a full participation in the society.

  • 45.
    Demir, Michelle
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    De försvunna barnen: En kvalitativ textanalys om orsaker till att ensamkommande barn försvinner i Sverige och konsekvenserna härav utifrån ett barnperspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis has been to identify the causes and consequences of unaccompanied children disappearing. The method used in the study is a qualitative text analysis where approaches aim to investigate a problem that exists in society, but where it is important to describe and understand the reality that the unaccompanied children who disappear in Sweden go through.

    The results analyzed are based on the three most common causes and consequences of unaccompanied children disappearing. The causes show that there is a huge concern among the children before they turn 18 years old, a lack of participation of the child in the placement of it and mental ill-health and trauma. The children have a great sense of fear, which is based on the feeling of hopelessness and of getting a negative response on their asylumapplication. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the consequences that children face when they turn to living on the streets are that they are exposed to human trafficking, sexual exploitation, other forms of crime and drugs. When children deviate and disappear, it becomes difficult to fulfil many of their rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. By analyzing the causes and consequences from a child's perspective, one better understands the reasons why children differ and how important it is to handle situations according to achild'sperspective by listening to children.

    This study also highlights and clarifies problems that children meet in the asylumprocess, in which authorities often fail in the safe reception and care of the unaccompanied asylum seeking children that deviate and disappear.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Domeij, Laura
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Högskolan för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    Civil olydnad i Sverige: - Går det att rättfärdiga?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    John Rawls defines civil disobediance as a ”public, nonviolent, conscientious yet political act contrary to law usually done with the aim of bringing about a change in the law or policies of the government.” (Rawls, 1999:320). Rawls has developed a theory of civil disobediance that has been widely discussed (Månsson, 2004:153). His theory explains when one can break the law and what has to be taken into consideration (Rawls, 1996:345-346). The theory is designed only for the special case of a nearly just society where the members of the community are rational beings. Rawls has a democratic and constitutional perspective that cares for a stable state power. The theory has been criticized by philosophers such as Kimberley Browlee and Tomas Månsson that claim that it is too narrow (Månsson, 2004:157-159, Brownlee 2012:2). The Swedish legal system does not regulate civil disobediance in any particulary law, rather it is the criminal acts that are connected to the civil disobediance that are prohibited. A dilemma for the criminal law is the amount of tolerance that should be allowed for criminal acts that we morally can understand (Asp & Ulväng, 2019:13). In common practice there has been a very low acceptence of civil disobediance. There has not been any case of discharge and the court has expressed a concern in judging these acts too light (NJA 1982 s. 376).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Civil olydnad
  • 47.
    Džalto, Davor
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för östkyrkliga studier.
    Beyond Capitalist Dystopia: Reclaiming Freedom and Democracy in the Age of Global Crises2022 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This provocative book interrogates the ideology of capitalism as the "default" narrative underpinning various mainstream ideologies in the contemporary world. The book explores the genesis, structure and functioning of this ideological narrative, provides its critical assessment and outlines a possible alternative, beyond the logic of capitalism and toward a truly free and democratic society.

    The book takes a broad view of the major global challenges, including the COVID-19 pandemic, and persuasively argue that, in order to resolve any of the major global problems, from the ongoing ecological crisis to economic and geopolitical issues, we need to confront the capitalist system. To unpack the logic of contemporary capitalist ideology, and the way it structures our inter-personal and political relations, the book gives an analysis of the "end of ideology" narrative and offers a critical assessment of the ideas behind the widely used but fundamentally flawed concept of "Liberal democracy." The book revisits metaphysical foundations behind the ideology of capitalism, exposing their secular-religious dimension, and their immanent oppressiveness. Based on this deconstruction of the metaphysical foundations implicit in (Neo)Liberalism and capitalism, the book offers a way in which alternative metaphysical foundations can be constructed to allow for different socio-political and economic models that would be based on a radical affirmation of freedom and democracy, as well as human responsibility for the natural environment.

  • 48.
    Džalto, Davor
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för östkyrkliga studier.
    Demokratija i nove forme totalitarizma2022Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Džalto, Davor
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för östkyrkliga studier.
    Sweden in NATO? The Future of East-West Relations After the War in Ukraine” discussion with Noam Chomsky2022Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 50.
    Džalto, Davor
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för östkyrkliga studier.
    Yugoslavia: Peace, War, and Dissolution2018Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
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