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  • 1.
    Alrifai, Diala
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    KRIGSPROPAGANDA: Analytisk studie om Bashar Al-Assads propaganda under det syriska upproret 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ongoing Syrian conflict is one of the most violent, bloody and complex conflicts that broke out in modern time. The Syrian people were inspired by the Arab spring, where popular demonstrations and peaceful protests demanded freedom and democracy. The Syrian regime declared that Syria is in a serious war against terrorism.

    This essay will try to analyze the Syrian president Bashar Al-Assad’s propaganda during the revolution against his government in March 2011. The analysis will go through a few of Al-Assad’s speeches and interviews during the Syrian uprising between 2011 and 2012. The study will be based on several fundamental researches that explain the relationship between the Syrian regime and the jihadi Islam in many dimensions before and after 2011. The study will answer the following question: How has the Syrian regime used fight terrorism as propaganda to serve its own political interest during the Syrian uprising 2011?

    In my study, I use argumentation analysis as a method, this method is used to assess the credibility and sustainability of text or politics in context. In an argued text, the author aims to convince the reader of something in a critical and reasonable manner of argument. The method used is both descriptive and appreciative of Bashar Al-Assad’s arguments.

    The study concluded that Al-Assad from the beginning of his presidency has played a major role of producing Islamists to achieve his own political objectives in the region and was able to take advantage of them while trying to crackdown the Syrian revolution in 2011 through many political acts.

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  • 2.
    Ameur, Sirine
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Invisible Barriers, Visible Consequences: Interrogating the human rights impact technological border control2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The externalisation of migration management has emerged as a complex and controversial phenomenon, with implications for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of refugees. This research study aims to investigate the relationship between the use of biometrics, the externalisation of borders, and the resulting infringements upon migrants' rights. Drawing upon a qualitative approach and data visualization analysis, this research delves into a comprehensive analysis of Frontex’s framing in perpetuating the externalisation process and the use of invasive technologies. The findings reveal that the increased use of technology in border control not only poses potential human rights violations but also serves as a central component in the externalisation process. The research also explores participants' awareness of legal procedures, mistreatment and abuse frequencies, attitudes towards technology, and overall impressions of the migration management system. This research contributes to the existing literature by shedding light on the relationship between technology, securitization, and the human rights of refugees within the European Union. By critically examining the framing strategies employed by Frontex and the resulting infringements upon migrants' rights, this study emphasizes the need for greater scrutiny and reevaluation of policies and practices in the context of migration management. Overall, this research serves as a call to action, urging policymakers, stakeholders, and the wider public to reassess the role of technology, ensure the protection of human rights, and strive for a more balanced approach that prioritizes both security and fundamental freedoms.

  • 3.
    Carlzon, Julia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    "Man kunde ställa frågan, om Sverige gjort sig skyldig till ett kulturellt folkmord när det kristnade lapparna": Varför Sverige röstade bort 'kulturellt folkmord' från Folkmordskonventionen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with the drafting process of the 1948 Genocide Convention, specifically the deletion of the article regarding so called ”cultural genocide”. Sweden was one of the states who voted to delete the article, and this study asks the question why. Previous research on the article has concluded that the majority of the states voting to delete it were doing so to avoid being criminalized themselves due to their assimilationist policies towards minorities, and colonial governing. During negotiations Sweden explicitly referred to the Christianization of the Sami people, which further begs the question if Sweden were also acting because of those reasons. The study finds that, even though Sweden argued that cultural genocide was not as serious as the other forms of genocide, and that it was a better fit for a convention on human rights or minority protection, there is a real plausibility that the country were trying to avoid having a legally recognized genocide in its history. However, because of the vast amount of material available for interpretation of Sweden’s actions, more research is needed to make an even more certain conclusion.

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  • 4.
    Costelius, Beatrice
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Kärnvapenavskräckning och rätten till liv: Hotar eller skyddar kärnvapenavskräckning rätten till liv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay analyses whether nuclear deterrence threatens or protects the right to life. By collecting pro- and contra-arguments it has been possible to create a discussion around nuclear deterrence as well as to identify key arguments within the two groups. The central arguments are then analyzed in an argumentation analysis and conclusion from a human rights perspective with a focus on the right to life. The right to life is defined from the General Comment No. 36 (2018) on article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, on the right to life.

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  • 5.
    Džalto, Davor
    University College Stockholm, Department of Eastern Christian Studies.
    Beyond Capitalist Dystopia: Reclaiming Freedom and Democracy in the Age of Global Crises2022 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This provocative book interrogates the ideology of capitalism as the "default" narrative underpinning various mainstream ideologies in the contemporary world. The book explores the genesis, structure and functioning of this ideological narrative, provides its critical assessment and outlines a possible alternative, beyond the logic of capitalism and toward a truly free and democratic society.

    The book takes a broad view of the major global challenges, including the COVID-19 pandemic, and persuasively argue that, in order to resolve any of the major global problems, from the ongoing ecological crisis to economic and geopolitical issues, we need to confront the capitalist system. To unpack the logic of contemporary capitalist ideology, and the way it structures our inter-personal and political relations, the book gives an analysis of the "end of ideology" narrative and offers a critical assessment of the ideas behind the widely used but fundamentally flawed concept of "Liberal democracy." The book revisits metaphysical foundations behind the ideology of capitalism, exposing their secular-religious dimension, and their immanent oppressiveness. Based on this deconstruction of the metaphysical foundations implicit in (Neo)Liberalism and capitalism, the book offers a way in which alternative metaphysical foundations can be constructed to allow for different socio-political and economic models that would be based on a radical affirmation of freedom and democracy, as well as human responsibility for the natural environment.

  • 6.
    Džalto, Davor
    University College Stockholm, Department of Eastern Christian Studies.
    Demokratija i nove forme totalitarizma2022Other (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Džalto, Davor
    University College Stockholm, Department of Eastern Christian Studies.
    Sweden in NATO? The Future of East-West Relations After the War in Ukraine” discussion with Noam Chomsky2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Ericsson, Malin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Mötet mellan Agenda 2030 och mänskliga rättigheter på lokal nivå: En intervjustudie med politiska partier, förvaltning och civila samhället inför implementeringen av Agenda 2030 i Stockholms stad2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The City of Stockholm has declared that it will be leading in the implementation of Agenda 2030. The study is based on interviews with political parties, representatives from the administration and civil society actors in the City of Stockholm. It explores how concepts within and the relation between Agenda 2030 and human rights are perceived. The results of the study are based on four themes: to leave no one behind, politics, language and practice, and partnership. A tension between human rights and Agenda 2030 is found, but also commonalities. The study shows that in local administration, Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals are often regarded as more practical than human rights. Yet, respondents believe that human rights can strengthen Agenda 2030. Across all respondent groups, the study finds that there are expectations of Agenda 2030 breaking silos, uniting actors and offering a framework that is stable over policy shifts

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  • 9.
    Gunner, Göran
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Konungen ’bör ingens samvete tvinga eller tvinga låta’: Kampen för samvets- och religionsfrihet under 1800-talet2021In: Samvete i Sverige: Om frihet och lydnad från medeltiden till idag / [ed] Linde Lindkvist & Johannes Ljungberg, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2021, p. 119-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Det demokratiska spelet: Släpp hönsen fria2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Hallonsten, Olof. Modernitetens kritiska samvete: En samhällsvetenskap som gör nytta [review]2023In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 4, p. 1190-1195Article, book review (Refereed)
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    Review
  • 12.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Politik i amerikansk evangelikalism och svensk frikyrklighet2021In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 123, no 4, p. 717-734Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Evangelicals in the United States and Sweden are similar in terms of theology and spirituality, but differ widely in political preferences. US evangelicals have supported Donald J. Trump while Swedish evangelicals have rejected the right-wing populism of the Sweden Democrats.This article explains the development among US evangelics by comparing them to their Swedish counterparts. In the 19th century, Swedish evangelicals associated them-selves with the Liberal party, and cooperated with the Social Democrats, in a struggle for democracy against the conservative establishment. In the United States, no such alliance took place. Instead the movement was shaped by the idea that the state is an obstacle to freedom, the anti-socialist propaganda of the Cold war and eventually the culture wars. This moved evanglical voters deep into the Republican ranks.Three factors have shaped the development of these movements: The view of the state, identification as minority or majority, and political alliances and conflicts.

  • 13.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Religion och politik i USA2022Other (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Att växa i mötet med andra: Kyrkorna och demokratin2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Hålla ut, hålla om, hålla ihop: Förändrat samtalsklimat2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Hovorun, Cyril
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Eastern Christian Studies.
    Gespalten, verblendet, feige2023In: Publik-Forum, p. 17-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Hovorun, Cyril
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Eastern Christian Studies.
    Ryssland ska rädda världen från moraliskt förfall2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 18.
    Hovorun, Cyril
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Eastern Christian Studies.
    The cause of Ukrainian autocephaly2020In: Religion during the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict / [ed] Elizabeth A Clark, D Vovk, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2020, p. 180-191Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Johansson Kalén, Lise
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Journalistikens förändrade förutsättningar i Ogaden: En studie om villkor för utövandet av yttrandefrihet och dess förändring mellan åren 2017 och 2019 i Ogaden i Etiopien2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 20.
    Kiili, Linda
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Den muslimska minoriteten i Sverige: En fallstudie om minoritetspolitikens (o)möjligheter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis in human rights aims to critically study the human rights of the muslim minority in Sweden and the possible limitations of the swedish minority politics. With the Sweden Democrats’s (SD) bigger influence in swedish politics today, an increased xenophobia is a fact, which leads to a risk of a society where islamophobic ideas can grow. Through a case study, muslims’ requirements that their basic human rights are guaranteed, will be discussed, to examine limitations in the swedish multicultural society. With the perspecitve of Iris MarionYoung’s “five faces of oppression”, muslims’ situation will be analyzed, through a variety of material. Universal rights, group rights, integration politics and freedom of religion are parts of the analysis. International critique concerning Sweden’s lack of equality statistics and Sweden’s responsability to guarantee minority groups their rights will also be discussed. A need to strengthen the human rights for muslims in general is emphazised in the conclusion, with suggestions for further research.

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  • 21.
    Lindholm, Josefine
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Klimatkolonialism2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate colonialism is a form of neo-colonialism that turns climate actions into colonial behaviour, this is especially true when the focus is on indigenous peoples. The republic of Marshall Islands is under threat of disappearing because of climate change and even though they want to fight it the United States prefer that they be removed from their homelands. In the Oaxaca region of Mexico, the native population are manipulated or forced to move from their lands because of the growing wind power industry and in Sweden the state has given a questionable greenlight to a company to start building a mine in the middle of the sami-landscape. This thesis argues that all these situations are a form of climate colonialism and follows the theory of neo-colonialism to understand how climate colonialism functions.

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  • 22.
    Lindkvist, Linde
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    1979: a Year of the Child, but Not of Children’s Human Rights2019In: Diplomatica, ISSN 2589-1766, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 202-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the diplomatic contestations over children’s rights in connection to the International Year of the Child (iyc) of 1979. At the time, the Year was celebrated as an outstanding success, an event which helped to heighten social and political awareness of the status of children in both developing and industrialized countries, and which brought to light a plethora of new global issues, including street children, children with disabilities and children in armed conflict. Today, the iyc is frequently reduced to a plotting point in histories charting the rise of an international discourse of children’s rights, a discourse that is intimately linked to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989. This article shows how the concept of children’s rights was of peripheral importance to the overarching purposes of the iyc, which instead revolved around a notion of child welfare as integral to wider projects of social and economic development, either in the form of economic sovereignty or basic needs. The article then revisits the 1978–1979 UN debates on a human rights treaty for children, showing how this project initially garnered minimal support among states, international agencies and non-state actors. The article thus takes issue with teleological accounts that see the iyc primarily as a first step toward the subsequent breakthrough of children’s human rights. It also showcases how historical case studies of UN observances can be fruitful for scholars interested in the clashes and amalgamations of competing concepts and projects at an international level.

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  • 23.
    Lindkvist, Linde
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Fördömande och förverkligande: Om förväntningarna på FN:s råd för mänskliga rättigheter2018In: Mänskliga rättigheter i samhället / [ed] Malin Arvidsson, Lena Halldenius, Lina Sturfelt, Malmö: Bokbox Förlag, 2018, p. 253-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet fokuserar på FN:s råd för mänskliga rättigheter (MR-rådet). Mer specifikt handlar det om vilka förväntningar som är rimliga att ställa på internationella politiska organ för främjande av mänskliga rättigheter. Efter en analys av den kritik som riktats mot MR-rådet från olika människorättsorganisationer, lyfter kapitlet en rad övergripande frågor om hur internationella organisationer kan arbeta för den faktiska efterlevnaden av mänskliga rättigheter. MR-rådet har precis som sin föregångare (FN:s kommission för mänskliga rättigheter) kritiserats för sin “politisering” av människorättsfrågor samt för sin selektiva användning av fördömande resolutioner. Som kapitlet visar bottnar den här kritiken i föreställningar om att mänskliga rättigheter i grund och botten skulle vara “opolitiska” frågor, samt att kritiska uttalanden från internationella organisationer är viktiga steg mot ökad efterlevnad. Kapitlet avslutas med att plädera för att det stora värdet med FN:s arbete med mänskliga rättigheter består i att förse individer och lokala rörelser med ett brokigt normativt ramverk, som i många fall visat sig vara ett gångbart redskap för att utmana sociala och politiska orättvisor. Att det internationella systemet för mänskliga rättigheter inte “fungerar” är därför inget direkt hot mot mänskliga rättigheter som redskap för politisk förändring.

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  • 24.
    Lindkvist, Linde
    Faculty of Theology, Uppsala University.
    Review of Exporting Freedom: Religious Liberty and American Power2016In: Religion and Human Rights: an international journal, ISSN 1871-031X, E-ISSN 1871-0328, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 256-261Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 25. Lindkvist, Linde
    Review of The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History by Samuel Moyn2013In: Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1475-4835, E-ISSN 1475-4843, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 357-361Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Lindkvist, Linde
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    The Child Subject of Human Rights2020In: The Subject of Human Rights / [ed] Danielle Celermajer, Alexandre Lefebvre, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2020, p. 211-227Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Lindkvist, Linde
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Ljungberg, Johannes
    Lunds universitet.
    Samvete i Sverige: om frihet och lydnad från medeltiden till idag2021Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i en tid då tankar om samvete och samvetsfrihet syns allt oftare i svensk offentlighet i rikspolitiken, på tidningarnas ledarsidor och i sociala medier. Historiskt sett har de båda begreppen använts för att markera en viss mån av frihet eller en skyddad position i moraliska, politiska och rättsliga konflikter.

    Hänvisningar till en enskild människas samvete och skillnader mellan en inre och en yttre domstol har kunnat legitimera befrielse från religiösa och statliga tvångsmekanismer och motiverat exempelvis vapen- eller abortvägran.

    En grupp forskare i historia, mänskliga rättigheter, rätts-vetenskap, etik och religionssociologi tar här ett gemensamt grepp om några av de mest brännande konflikterna kring samvete och samvetsfrihet i Sverige från medeltiden till idag. Fram träder en bild av komplexa och motspänstiga begrepp som även idag bär påtagliga spår av äldre distinktioner och historiska konfliktsammanhang. 

  • 28.
    Njie Sjögren, Felicia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    The Chinese way of a free lunch?: En analys av sino-afrikanska förbindelser och mänskliga rättigheter i afrikanska stater2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    China's relations with African states have attracted much attention in recent years. Between the 1990s and today, China has developed into one of the most important players in the world system. During this period China has also grown to be the largest trading partner for all African states. There are diverging opinions as to whether China, in pursuit of natural resources, is taking advantage of the need for investments and infrastructure in African states, or if they are enabling possibilities of realistic and equitable development in African states. This study examines the compatibility of Sino-African trade with African guidelines for pan-African ownership, sustainable development, and human rights, by analyzing the African Union Agenda 2063 and the African Charter of Human and People’s Rights.

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  • 29.
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Reconciliation as politics: a concept and its practice2017Book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Bremdal, PatrikUppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta med mänskliga rättigheter i offentlig förvaltning väcker många frågor. Vad innebär det egentligen att mänskliga rättigheter är just rättigheter, och vilka plikter för de med sig? Vilka strategier kan anammas i arbetet mot rasismens normalisering? På vilket sätt ska konventioner tolkas i relation till svensk lagstiftning, och varför är det centralt med ett gott bemötande? I skärningspunkten mellan ledande forskning och praxis i den svenska förvaltningen diskuteras dessa och många andra frågor. 

    Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning bidrar med såväl vetenskapliga som praktiska och erfarenhetsbaserade perspektiv på arbetet med mänskliga rättigheter i det offentliga Sverige. I boken förenas etik, statsvetenskap och juridik med konkreta frågor och utmaningar som aktörer inom den svenska förvaltningen möter. Ledande forskare inom fältet och offentliganställda med expertfunktioner inom sina myndigheter diskuterar och bidrar med perspektiv på hur mänskliga rättigheter bör förstås, såväl i teori, tillämpning och praktik som i länkarna däremellan.

    Boken fungerar som ett stöd och ett diskussionsunderlag för att driva arbetet med mänskliga rättigheter framåt. Den vänder sig till dig som arbetar med mänskliga rättigheter i Sverige, med eller utan juridisk kompetens, men även till dig som just nu studerar mänskliga rättigheter för att i framtiden arbeta med ämnet.

  • 31.
    Orphanides, Alexis
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Arbitrary Power and Surveillance: A threat to democracy, freedom and human rights2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis looks at the phenomena of arbitrary power and surveillance and how they manoeuvre both independently of one another but also simultaneously, to pose a threat to democracy, freedom and subsequently, human rights. The subtle, almost underhanded characteristics of both are explored to reveal the modus operandi of those who wish to reap the benefits of arbitrary power and surveillance. The result of such motives is the diminishing of democracy, a threat to freedom and the violation of human rights.

  • 32.
    Palmgren, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Look under the Hood: Green Cars - Red Batteries: A human rights approach on the expanded demand of Electric Cars in the run for carbon neutrality and renewable transportation2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The climate crisis is an urgent threat towards people and planet, and rapid changes are needed to decarbonize the planet. The energy sector is in a current transition to renewable-based energy, which also includes a shift to electric cars. Electric cars are motivated to be the future, which will be beneficial for the economy and the environment. The industry has also received criticism, several human rights violations occur in the supply chains of the electric cars and that it is an industry that risk increasing global inequalities.

    This study explores the complexity of the car industry’s transition to renewable energy, based on case studies of Volvo, Mercedes, and Volkswagen, and their sustainability work related to the supply chains of electric vehicles batteries. The purpose is to show the relation between companies and power structures, as an exemplification of the possibilities for a just energy transition from fossil fuel-based energy to renewable-based energy. The findings shows that the transition is shaped by economical values, which risks broaden the gap between Global South and Global North. It emphasized that it is an issue that needs a collective effort to change the Status Quo, to create sustainable solutions based on the three pillars of sustainable development beneficial for all, not only the Global North.

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  • 33.
    Sundkvist, Emma
    Lund University. Faculties of Humanities and Theology.
    Feminism during social and political repression in Egypt: making or breaking resistance through legal activism2018In: Gender in Human Rights and Transitional Justice / [ed] John Idriss Lahai & Khanyisela Moyo, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, Vol. S. 17-43, p. 17-43Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly work on feminists’ use of law reveals a complex reality where social and political domains, practices, and institutions are at play. Law as an instrument for improving gender justice is also the arena where obstacles to achieving greater gender equality remain (Cornwall & Molyneux, Third World Quarterly, 27(7), 1175–1191, 2006). Feminist scholars have debated law’s role within feminist activism concerning questions of identity politics, conditioned citizenships, and the state’s role. In recent years, influential feminists have criticized the role of law in feminist projects and argued that feminists should shift focus from the identity project (Hekman, Feminist Theory, 1(3), 289–308, 2000; Lloyd, Beyond identity politics: Feminism, power & politics. SAGE, London, 2005; Zerilli, Feminism and the abyss of freedom. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2005) and legal activism (Brown, States of injury: Power and freedom in late modernity. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1995; Brown & Halley, Left legalism/left critique. Duke University Press, Durham, 2002; Butler, Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. Routledge, New York, 2006; Halley, Split decisions: How and why to take a break from feminism. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2006) to other forms of activism outside of state institutions and the legal apparatus. Their claim is that as law is not a neutral instrument, legal activism has a cost to other projects for political change. While these ideas could be argued to be relevant only in the context of liberal democracies, theories of law, rights, and legal activism should also be applicable to the idea of human rights and human rights activism, which are pressing issues in non-democratic societies where human rights abuses are common. How, then, does this critique of feminist legal activism play out in repressive states and less-open societies where the public space is strictly regulated and controlled? Can the relationship between law and politics be asserted in the same way in all different societies or does legal activism have different outcomes depending on the political context? These questions are explored in this chapter by drawing from fieldwork and interviews with Egyptian feminist activists and their struggle for political and social change.

  • 34.
    Sundkvist, Emma
    Lund University. Faculties of Humanities and Theology.
    Human rights as law, language, and space-making: women’s rights movement in post-revolutionary Egypt2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation analyses feminist activists’ use of human rights in post-revolutionary Egypt from 2011 to 2019. Drawing on interviews with feminist activists under three fieldwork trips, the dissertation investigates how: activists tried to implement gender equality in the country’s new constitutions, navigated the shrinking public space after 2013, sustained their activism against sexual violence despite a fragmented movement and repressive politics, and how we can understand contentious streets activism against sexual violence from a human rights perspective. The overarching question is how activists pursue human rights activism in a post-revolutionary setting, focusing on what function human rights are given in a context of some opportunities but also growing constraints. To answer that question, the dissertation develops a three-dimensional framework that conceptualises human rights as law, language, and space-making. The dissertation thereby contributes to theories of human rights activism as well as research on women’s rights activism in post-2011 Egypt. The three-dimensional framework helps to capture and analyse how human rights – whether used as law, language, or space-making – challenge different societal and political aspects of women’s rights.

    The findings and arguments draw primarily on semi-structured and in-depth interviews conducted under fieldwork trips in 2013, 2015, and 2019. The study also involves ethnographic observations and text analysis. The analysis of these source materials is based on the ontological position that to know what human rights are, we need to explore how activists use human rights and the ways in which they navigate their political surrounding. This position invites scholars to avoid applying pre-defined understandings of human rights and instead investigate how certain political conditions facilitate different modes of activism and what meanings and functions human rights acquire in them.

    The thesis comprises four original articles. Article 1 concerns the drafting of two Egyptian constitutions after 2011 and how feminist activists attempted to integrate gender equality into different versions. The article argues that while activists used international human rights principles and a feminist definition of equality as their starting points, they also had to navigate the politics of the Egyptian constitution-making process to find resonance within their communities. Article 2 analyses the period after 2013, a period when the Egyptian political landscape became more oppressive under the rule of President Abd el Fattah el-Sisi. This article focuses on how activists pursued human rights advocacy during such conditions. It argues that, in a context where mobilization and activism for human rights are restricted, legal activism may have means and implications other than reinforcing state power. Article 3 concerns how young feminists try to sustain their activism, especially in their work against sexual violence, which became rather fragmented in the decade since the revolution. The empirical material comes from 2019, a point at which women’s rights were integrated with revolutionary memories and emotions and gained a function of keeping the feminist struggle alive. The final Article 4 analyses the movement against widespread sexual violence in the turbulent political landscape from 2011 to 2013. By developing the concept of human rights as space-making, this article reveals how activism for women’s right to bodily integrity transformed into a movement that claimed women’s rights to reconstitute the preconditions for Egyptian politics.

  • 35.
    Svensson Dunberg, Paula
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Har EU det som krävs för att skydda de mänskliga rättigheterna?: En studie om artikel 7 i Fördraget om den Europeiska Unionen.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) is based on the inclusive core values ​​of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights enshrined in article 2 of the Treaty of the European Union. If there is a risk that these values ​​are systematically threatened within a member state or when breaches are a fact, the EU may act by applying legal and political mechanisms. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the problem with EU member states abandoning the democratic principles in favor of the illiberal, as exemplified by a case study on Hungary whose constitution and national identity are based on exclusionary values, which consequently has implications for human rights. The main focus of the thesis is the article 7 procedure which has a sanctioning mechanism that may result in the member state concerned being wholly or partly deprived of its voting rights in the Council of the European Union. Article 7 has been criticized for being ineffective and too political. In September 2018, the European Parliament adopted a resolution which activated the preventive mechanism of the procedure against Hungary which is about deciding whether there is a risk of breaches of article 2. The main ambition of the study is to discuss to what extent article 7 can protect the EU's core values. For these purposes, a jurisprudence method that examines EU law has been applied and, through a political science approach, the application of article 7 against Hungary has been investigated. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the procedure, a field study trip was made to the European Parliament in Brussels, where interviews were conducted with people with insight into the work of Parliament and the Council. I was also given the opportunity to attend a meeting of the Committee of Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament, in which representatives of the European Commission and the European Union Council also participated. The theme for the discussion was the article 7 procedure against Hungary. The findings of the survey show that, due to the political nature, article 7 is not sufficiently capable of protecting the fundamental values ​​of the EU. What is needed is a new independent mechanism to review all member states' compliance with democracy, the rule of law and human rights.

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  • 36.
    Vasquez, Gerardo
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Persistence of Human Rights violations in Colombia: A pre - and post peace treaty analysis2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Latin American politics in recent years has caused a stir worldwide. Amid social uprisings, power fluctuations between opposing political thoughts, cases of corruption, and human rights violations, one of the cases that stands out the most in the region is the Colombian one. Colombia is a country that has experienced an internal conflict for more than 50 years, where numerous human rights violations have been perpetrated, by different actors within the war. This conflict has created not an internal bilateral war between guerrillas and the government but a multilateral one where paramilitary groups, drug trafficking gangs, and criminal gangs attack the government and each other, contributing negatively to the conflict within the country.The Colombian government managed to sign a peace agreement with the largest guerrilla group in the country (FARC-EP) to end the country's armed conflict, and for the peace agreements to serve as an example for possible dialogues with other armed groups outside the law so that peace involves everyone in Colombia. However, the results afterward are not the most favorable. Human rights violations persist, and in some specific cases, they have increased from what was reported before the signing of the treaty. We will analyze what these internal and external factors are to the conflict that has generated and still generate the violation of human rights in Colombia, despite having signed a peace agreement and having sold it to the world as the most important political achievement in its history, but which in practice is overshadowed by the continuous crimes that continue to be committed in this country.

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  • 37.
    Viel Lamare, Tristan
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Centralasien och mänskliga rättigheter: En studie av mänskliga rättigheter i postsovjetisk tid2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Viklund Österlind, Louise
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Se Eye Woba Anka ‘if he or she were your child’ : A study of NGO workers experiences of combating child trafficking in Ghana2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trafficking in children is widespread abuse of children that happens in Ghana. The concept of human rights has not yet fully found its way into societal structures and beliefs, and that creates problems when we want to ensure the protection of children from violations. Ghana is a country where children are trafficked, both transnationally and inside the country. Mainly for the sake of child labour. Even with many legislative frameworks and ratifications of conventions, the number of children being abused is high. After a nine-week minor field study in Ghana interviewing NGO workers, I am in this thesis analyzing the experiences of people working for organizations in Ghana to eliminate child trafficking in relation to the theory of childism. How great of a factor is prejudice against children in Ghana that enables child trafficking. Does it even exist? Concludingly finding that more than one factor contributes to child trafficking, mainly the lack of realization of children’s rights and the realization of children as right bearers.

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  • 39.
    Wigorts Yngvesson, Susanne
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Hålla ut, hålla om, hålla ihop: Gud och Google ser dig2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Wood-Donnelly, Corine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Ohlsson, JohannaUniversity College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Arctic Justice: Environment, Society and Governance2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Offering a unique introduction to the study of justice in the European, North American and Russian Arctic, this collection considers the responsibilities and failures of justice for environment and society in the region. Inspired by key thinkers in justice, this book highlights the real and practical consequences of postcolonial legacies, climate change and the regions’ incorporation into the international political economy. The chapters feature liberal, cosmopolitan, feminist, as well as critical justice perspectives from experts with decades of research experience in the Arctic. Moving from a critique of current failures, the collection champions a just and sustainable future for Arctic development and governance.

  • 41.
    Yngveson, Jennifer
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Våldsutsatta barns rätt till delaktighet: En intervjustudie om implementeringen av barnkonventionens artikel 12 om barns rätt till delaktighet på Barnahus i Eskilstuna2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate how Barnahus in Eskilstuna has implemented Article 12 on children's right to participate in the Convention on the Rights of the Child in their work with children exposed to violence, as well as the challenges that may arise. In order to investigate the implementation at Barnahus within the municipality, interviews were conducted with representatives of collaborating authorities and Region Sörmland. By analyzing the results based on Harry Shier's participation model, the concepts of child perspective and children's perspective, the study came to the following conclusions. The study shows that children are listened to, but that some children do not get the opportunity to come to Barnahus due to a lack of resources, long waiting periods and that other matters must be prioritized. Children are supported in expressing their opinions, but challenges emerge in the ability to adapt to different cultures and children's disabilities which can affect that children's perspectives does not get recognized. The study also shows a lack of time for the child's representative to prepare for a case, which can affect the ability to adopt a child perspective on the child's best interest. Children's views are taken into account in most parts of the process at Barnahus, but it is primarily the informants' views on the best interest of the child that guides the work. The scope for children's participation depends on their age, maturity and the authority's legal obligations.

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  • 42.
    Österberg, Jenny
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Barnens situation under finska vinterkriget: En intervju- och litteraturstudie med FN:s Konvention om barnets rättigheter som tolkningsredskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how the children of the Finnish Winter War were treated in the process. It focuses on three questions which are about the children’s’ situation and responsibility in the war. It also examines to what extent the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child as a tool can interpret what risks the children's situation put them in. These questions are being answered through an interview with a Finnish war child and a literature study.    The interview is reinforced by stories from other children who were repositioned during the war and also from those who were adopted to Sweden. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is used as the theory for understanding the children's situation. It is a tool to describe what needs children have and their needs to have a stable childhood. The essay finds that many children were exposed to events that affected how much time they had to be children and they were forced to take on a role of responsibility in their families. The situation can therefore clearly be said as not optimal for them. Many were forced to grow up too early because of this and were not allowed to participate in decisions or to consider their own feelings. A lot of them ended up falling behind in school and sources at the time were concerned that it could have consequences for their development which is also considered in this essay.

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