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  • 1.
    Abdi, Hodan
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Non-refoulement cases before the ECtHR and CAT: A case study on women alleging gender-based violence at the hands of private actors2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze if the assessment of the European Court of Human Rights and Committee Against Torture in cases concerning women alleging violation of the principle of non-refoulement takes gender into consideration. Therefore, this study compares four cases from the Court and the other four cases from the Committee with feminist legal theory analysis. The method chosen for this study is a comparative legal method and textual analysis to investigate the research problem. The findings of this study are that the Committee's evaluation is more in line with the intersectionality perspective than the Court's. Further, the Court showed stereotypes and gender discrimination with their assessments. Although the Committee is also lacking in considering gender as far as the observed cases the Committee is more advanced with the intersectionality lens. The Court frequently depends on the "male or social network," which is another distinction between the two monitoring organizations. Because the Court does not mention "male network" to European women alleging domestic violence, this contributes to the already discriminations refugee and asylum seeker women experience. The thesis concludes that women seeking asylum or refugee cases experience the most discrimination before the Court, though occasionally before the Committee as well. The refugee law still has a long way to go before it can assist women who claim that private actors have abused them. 

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  • 2.
    Adel, Dunia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Flickor och pojkar i regeringens lagreform: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om hedersrelateratvåld och förtryck2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys studeraoch koda regeringens proposition om hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck (2020) där utgångspunkten är att lyfta fram hur regeringen definierar vad det innebär att vara en pojke och flicka i en hederskontext, samt vilka erfarenheter och roller som kan skilja dem emellan. Resultatet av studien visar att flickor är offer för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck, resultatet visade att även om pojkar kan bli offer för hedersrelaterat våld så uppfattas de också som förövare. Studien visar att pojkar kan ha dubbla roller som både offer och förövare. Studien visar att både flickor och pojkar är utsatta för hedersbrottslighet men procentuellt skiljer resultatet åt då flickorna är utsatta i större grand än pojkarna. Slutsatsen är att införandet av barnäktenskapsbrott som ger upp till fyra år fängelse, straffskärpningsgrund mot brott med hedersmotiv och utreseförbud för att skydda barn från att tvångs gifta sig eller könsstympas utomlands ses som något ljust i Sveriges internationella åtagande om mänskliga rättigheter, då hedersrelaterade brottsligheten innebär kränkning av de mänskliga rättigheterna. Det ses mest ljust mot barnets rättigheter.

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  • 3. Bexelius, Maria
    Asylrätt, kön och politik: en handbok för jämställdhet och kvinnors rättigheter2008 (ed. 2. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 4. Bexelius, Maria
    Kvinnor på flykt: en analys av svensk asylpolitik ur ett genusperspektiv 1997-20002001Book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bexelius, Maria
    et al.
    Svenska Röda korset.
    Zamacona Aguirre, Maite
    Ökad genuskompetens i asylprocessen: en utbildningsmodul för gränspolisen2010Book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Dhankhar, Shweta
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Preserving Human Rights in Marital Relations: A Critical Examination of the Criminalization of Marital Rape in India from a Human Rights Perspective2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In India, the law does not consider marital rape as a criminal offence. This means that the legal provisions do not acknowledge that a husband can be held accountable for raping his wife. The reasons for this are numerous and can be found in a range of reports from the Law Commission, Parliamentary debates, and judicial decisions. There are various reasons for this, including the desire to uphold the importance of marriage as an institution and the availability of other legal solutions. Given the ongoing debate surrounding the criminalization of marital rape in India, it is important to thoroughly examine the potential consequences of such a move. In order to achieve this goal, the current research will gather information from a diverse range of secondary sources, such as books, journals, articles, and reports that are relevant to the topic being investigated. The research will also gather primary data from respondents to obtain firsthand perspectives on this matter. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the perspectives presented by different scholars regarding the criminalization of marital rape in India. In contrast to the responses obtained from the respondents for this study, the majority of them suggest that marital rape should not be criminalized. In addition, the paper delves into the approach taken by the Indian judiciary regarding the criminalization of marital rape. This study aims to provide valuable insights for leaders, scholars, and academics to better understand the advantages and disadvantages of criminalizing marital rape in India.

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  • 7.
    Heinonen, Emma
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Abortion Legislation – What’s the problem represented to be?: A critical policy analysis of the US abortion bans and Human Rights2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Supreme Court's decision of overturning Roe v. Wade’s protection of abortion in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization in 2022, multiple states in the U.S. has put abortion bans into effect. “Problems” are not a fixed concept but rather changeable and dependent on who is looking at it. By using Carol Bacchi’s “What’s the problem represented to be?” approach to policy analysis, the problem representations in the U.S. abortion bans and in human rights are identified and contrasted. The problem representation in the abortion bans is identified as “violations of the rights of unborn children” and the problem representation in human rights is identified as “violations of women’s equal rights.” While the problem representations are found to be opposites, they can both still be critiqued by feminist theory and arguably create inequality for women in different ways. How the problem of abortion is represented to be, and the way rights are used and argued for in the abortion bans as well as in human rights shows how they are not giving women equal rights to rights. 

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  • 8.
    Holgersson, Filippa
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Fattar vi poängen?: Våld i nära relation: Förståelsen för våldets grunder och dess betydelse i det bekämpande arbetet.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay depicts the vision on violence and gender and the connections between them from the perspective of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence and Swedens national strategy against mens violence against women and honour related violence and oppression. By reviewing these themes in these texts it will show an idea of what perspectives the texts assume. When it comes to working towards elimination of domestiv violence it is of great importance what kind of perspective that is choosen to work from and can be crutial to the actions effectivness and accuracy. Domestic violence is a complex subject and contains several diffrent parameters to take into account and the debate about what perspective to adapt has been going on for a long time. To be able to accommodate the commitments that a ratification of the convention implies the adoption of a unanimous or at least simiar approach in the matter as the convention should be needed. This essay aims to asses if thats the case with the national strategy. 

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  • 9.
    Leden, Ida
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Från teori till praktik: En studie av utmaningar i det humanitära arbetet applicerade på arbetet med SRHR och unga kvinnor i Cox's Bazar.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the discrepancies between theory and practice when it comes to humanitarian interventions in refugee camps. In order to contextualize the result it will be applied onto the work with sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and young women in the world’s biggest refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The research questions are as follow: What discrepancy does relief worker experience when it comes to theory and practice in humanitarian interventions in refugee camps?; what kind of difficulties and challenges do relief workers meet in their work in refugee camps and how do they prepare?; what is the best way to work with SRHR questions and young women in the refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh?

    The study is built on interviews with five relief workers from western relief organizations. In order to be able to answer the three research questions, the interviews focused on the following themes; discrepancies of theory and practice; use of theoretical guidelines like The Sphere Handbook; difficulties during humanitarian interventions in refugee camps; and lessons learned. Some of the respondents had experience from Cox’s Bazar and/or SRHR and were therefor asked questions due to that specific experience.

    Conclusions to be drawn from the results of the interviews are that it is possible to prepare one self to work in humanitarian conditions but only to a certain extent. Relief workers do need a great deal of experience but there will always be unexpected situations impossible to prepare for. It’s also clear that some basic methods, such as actually talking to the people in need and not only acting on previous experiences, still need to be highlighted. In the specific context of Cox’s Bazar and SRHR questions, relief workers need to understand the culture in order to pursue their work in a suitable way. SRHR questions are for example highly stigmatized and the women’s previous knowledge about their own body is in general very low. 

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  • 10.
    Lidström, Frida
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    När fiktion blir verklighet: En litteraturstudie om pornografins inverkan på ungdomars intima relationer2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Young women have testified about how they feel forced to agree to hard sex that leaves them with pain and injuries. The aim of this study is to examine if there is a link between pornography and violence in adolescents’ intimate relationships. By using a theory that conducts that pornography consumers develops a sexual callousness, this study has analyzed materials selected through a coding process to answer the research questions and achieve the purpose of the study. A certain connection between pornography and violence was found as adolescents tend to use pornography as a way to get inspired and to learn about sex. When mainstream pornography contains violence and when school offer inadequate sex education, pornography sends out a one-sided depiction of sex that isn’t questioned or challenged. The author reached the conclusion that adolescents today are affected by pornography in a different way than older generations, because of how easily accessible internet pornography is today and because of how pornography has been normalized through media and therefor turned more hardcore. Further studies are considered necessary in order to investigate how the consequences of pornography can be prevented among adolescents, and measures has to be taken to educate teachers in order to give children and adolescents adequate sex education.

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  • 11.
    Lindberg, Helen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SV..
    Men vad skulle Popper sagt?: Popper och feminismen - en relation med förhinder och potential2012In: Från ett öppet universum: Studier i Karl Poppers filosofi / [ed] Ola Lindberg, Umeå: Bokförlaget h:ström - Text & Kultur , 2012, p. 158-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Lindfors, Louise
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    The shadow pandemic: a feminist institutional perspective on civil society's work on gender-based violence in post COVID -19 South Africa2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This field study is a thematic and feminist institutionalist analysis on how the civil society and grassroot activists in Gauteng province, South Africa, has been affected and mitigated during and after the COVID -19 pandemic in their work against gender-based violence. The data consist of five semi structured interviews with primary sources, divided in the two sub-groups of activists and formal NGO representatives. 

    The study presents civil society and activist viewpoints on adaptation, feminist movement building as well as shrinking space and crisis within crisis. This qualitative study is a thematic analysis linked to the theoretical framework of feminist institutionalism in the context of South Africa. The results reflect issues of representation, power balances linked to organizational status, accountability, transparency, and democracy.

    Conclusion of this study is that need for adaptation and to mitigate the crisis within crisis (GBV and COVID -19 pandemic) is predominant for all stakeholders, but the viewpoints on how the pandemic affected the cooperation within the civil society sector varies between the two subgroups. The formal NGO’s viewpoint in this study is that the pandemic strengthened the cooperation within civil society and with institutions. However, the grassroot activist group’s perspective is that the pandemic created a split within the feminist movement. Shrinking democratic space is evidently affecting the grassroot activist group to a larger extent. The formal NGO group articulates an improved dialogue and cooperation with institutions and an enhanced political will to address gender-based violence. 

    All stakeholders that were interviewed in this study articulates that the context with new emerging crises, such as power-poverty, inflation and food shortage are challenging the possibilities to address the “shadow pandemic” of gender-based violence which is still a predominant human rights and democratic crisis in South Africa. This study contributes to the context analysis around implementation of the national strategic plan on gender-based violence and femicide and informs on challenges on feminist institutionalism in post-pandemic South Africa.

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  • 13.
    Stenström, Hanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Translating the Bible into Inclusive Language: Lutheran and Feminist Perspectives on a Contested Issue2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Sundkvist, Emma
    Lund University. Faculties of Humanities and Theology.
    Feminism during social and political repression in Egypt: making or breaking resistance through legal activism2018In: Gender in Human Rights and Transitional Justice / [ed] John Idriss Lahai & Khanyisela Moyo, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, Vol. S. 17-43, p. 17-43Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarly work on feminists’ use of law reveals a complex reality where social and political domains, practices, and institutions are at play. Law as an instrument for improving gender justice is also the arena where obstacles to achieving greater gender equality remain (Cornwall & Molyneux, Third World Quarterly, 27(7), 1175–1191, 2006). Feminist scholars have debated law’s role within feminist activism concerning questions of identity politics, conditioned citizenships, and the state’s role. In recent years, influential feminists have criticized the role of law in feminist projects and argued that feminists should shift focus from the identity project (Hekman, Feminist Theory, 1(3), 289–308, 2000; Lloyd, Beyond identity politics: Feminism, power & politics. SAGE, London, 2005; Zerilli, Feminism and the abyss of freedom. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2005) and legal activism (Brown, States of injury: Power and freedom in late modernity. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1995; Brown & Halley, Left legalism/left critique. Duke University Press, Durham, 2002; Butler, Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. Routledge, New York, 2006; Halley, Split decisions: How and why to take a break from feminism. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2006) to other forms of activism outside of state institutions and the legal apparatus. Their claim is that as law is not a neutral instrument, legal activism has a cost to other projects for political change. While these ideas could be argued to be relevant only in the context of liberal democracies, theories of law, rights, and legal activism should also be applicable to the idea of human rights and human rights activism, which are pressing issues in non-democratic societies where human rights abuses are common. How, then, does this critique of feminist legal activism play out in repressive states and less-open societies where the public space is strictly regulated and controlled? Can the relationship between law and politics be asserted in the same way in all different societies or does legal activism have different outcomes depending on the political context? These questions are explored in this chapter by drawing from fieldwork and interviews with Egyptian feminist activists and their struggle for political and social change.

  • 15.
    Sundkvist, Emma
    Human Rights Studies, Lund University , Sweden.
    Navigating Human Rights, Feminism, and History: Egyptian Feminist Activists’ Demands for Constitutional Equality, 2012–20142022In: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 47-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the efforts of Egyptian feminist activists to insert gender equality in the country’s post-revolutionary constitutions in 2012 and 2014. While the literature on women’s political role during this period provides insights into exclusionary gender practices and conditions for bargaining power structures, this study contributes with a conceptual analysis of how feminist activists construed constitutional gender equality. The study is based on interviews with, and written statements by, activists engaged in the constitutional process. The article argues that these activists viewed the constitution as a central instrument in the struggle for gender equality and demanded a gender equality model beyond the sameness/difference paradigm. Instead, they argued for a substantive notion of gender equality that reflected women’s situated experiences while they, at the same time, navigated the legacies of Egypt’s earlier constitutions.

  • 16.
    Svensson, Ewa
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Genuskonstruktion i rättsfall?: En kritisk granskning av svenska rättsfall gällande våldtäkt mot barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the objective has been to identify differences in judgements between female and male offenders in legal cases about rape against children in Swedish courts.

    Female offenders are often seen as victims or mentally ill by judicial courts/institutions. By analyzing the cases from a theoretic perspective that gender is constructed by victimization the thesis will investigate how the offenders motivate their act. The thesis has investigated cases from 3 angles; the relationship with the child, the sexual act and their explanations to the committed crime/acts. There are some indications that construction of sex is identifiable.

    The relationship with the plaintiff in the cases is assumed from the feelings the child has towards the male offender, and when the offender is a woman it is assumed from her feelings and not the relationship with the child. Judgements with male offenders is more detailed with the sexual act and therefore also much more explained in the documents from the court. The female offender is often described as a vulnerable, manipulated or victimized and therefore given reason for not taking responsibilities for their acts. This is often used by the lawyer who represents the female offender.

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  • 17.
    Svensson, Sanne
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Flickors rättigheter är mänskliga rättigheter: Världssamfundets (o)förmåga att skydda flickor associerad med väpnad styrka2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to inspect how international law tends to exclude girls’ as holder of their rights, when they are associated with armed conflict. From the view of a legal approach, different terms in conventions- optional- and additional protocols have interprets and systematizes to make de lege lata for girls’ in international law able to establish. From the theoretical sight of formal and substantial equality, which assume that equal rights do not function in a world build on the structure of a male, the research of the study shows a number of terms within international law that tends to exclude girls as holders of their rights. The result shows that those terms due to social construction, which express the differences between girls and boys, is overlooked in the international lege lata. The result makes therefore the male standard of the terms advantage for boys.

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  • 18.
    Uribe Ramirez, Ana Maria
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights and Democracy, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Male Sexual and Reproductive Rights: Social and Legal Barriers for Men to Achieve Parenthood2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research focuses on the possibility of discrimination towards men and any violation of men's right to parenthood. In modern times, the obsolete prejudices about men and their detachment from the upbringing of children started fading; thus is urged to examine the actual situation of men in the matter. That is to say, this paper addresses the issue from its ontological definition to the stipulated by legal bodies. It reviews the data about fathers’ (singles or in a same-sex relationship) personal experiences and society's reception of this new form of family. It compares the situation between men and women, analyzes the information, and intends to discover if there is any pattern that reflects a bias against men and the desire to become a father.

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    Male reproductive rights
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