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  • 1.
    Af Geijerstam, Maya
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The human right to mental healthcare: Bridging the rights-gap for women subjected to sexual violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence against women is not only a serious public health problem of epidemic proportions, it’s also a violation of women’s human rights. The devastating consequences of these events on women’s health have been widely documented. The overarching purpose of this thesis is therefore to explore why public healthcare facilities around the world often fail to provide victims of sexual violence with mental healthcare of good quality that is available, accessible and acceptable. In order to investigate this, the legal grounds of specialized healthcare for victims of sexual violence was documented. Secondly, an exploration of whether the Swedish healthcare system provides victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare was carried out. Lastly, the history of violence against women was explored in order to identify reasons for why the right to mental healthcare often fail to work in practice for female victims of sexual violence despite apparent agreements. Also, constructive suggestions are put forth regarding what governments can do to provide victims of sexual violence with access to the highest attainable standard of mental healthcare. An interdisciplinary approach of political sociology was used to illustrate the multiple dimensions of human rights. The findings suggest that the right to mental health is an integrated part of the right to health and thus a fundamental right for all human beings. However, the results indicate that the right to mental healthcare for women who have been subjected to sexual violence is not available, accessible and of good quality within the Swedish healthcare system. The study concludes that one of the main barriers to make the right to mental healthcare accessible for this group of patients is the lack of an officially recognized name that include the many different syndromes these women suffer. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research.   

  • 2.
    Ahlstrand, Kajsa
    et al.
    Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Gunner, GöranStockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Ahlstrand, Kajsa
    et al.
    Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Gunner, GöranStockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Beaulier, Aniella
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The best place to be young and a female: a study about gender equality in Rwanda2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fältstudiens syfte har varit att analysera och beskriva jämställdhets effekter på den unga generationen i dagens Rwanda. Min uppsats utfördes med en kvalitativ ansats där intervjuer har varit centrala som metod för att samla in mitt material och data. Jag har intervjuat unga vuxna kvinnor som är entreprenör eller i ledare position. Mitt resultat erhålls genom deras berättelser och upplevelser om jämställdheten i Rwanda.

    Rwanda har haft en stor representation av kvinnor i parlamentet vilket har i sin tur påverkat dessa unga kvinnor. Genom mina intervjuer har jag kommit fram till att Kvinnor i Rwanda tar mer plats som aldrig förr. Sammanfattningsvis har Rwanda gjort en stor skillnad för deras kvinnor. Den stora representationen av kvinnor i höga positioner har haft en bra inverkan på nästa generation och har inspirerat dem att drömma stort. Även om Rwanda har kommit långt när det gäller jämställdhet, utmaningar finns fortfarande och hela arbetet är inte gjort.

  • 5.
    Bergentz, Peter
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från tvångssterilisering till särskilt stöd: – var lägger samhället ribban för godkänt?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit, att undersöka urvalsförfarandet vid tvångssteriliseringar i Sverige i mitten av 1900-talet (kapitel 3) och dagens selektiva mekanismer för särskilt stöd i skolan (kapitel 4) som historiskt jämförbara fall. Perspektivet är människorättsligt utifrån frågan, om individuella fri- och rättigheter kan skyddas mot nationell praxis och politiska intentioner. Den metodologiska utgångspunkten tas i en variant av diskursanalys, där begreppet vanmakt, i form av nationens kollektiva vanmakt som reaktion på bieffekten av goda intentioner, ersätter det i sammanhanget mer vanliga begreppet makt i form av dolda maktfaktorer som förklaring (kapitel 2). Fördelen med detta synsätt är, att den kollektiva vanmakten, i motsats till den dolda makten, har ett ansikte. Ansiktet är välviljan som, i mer eller mindre uttalad desperation, tar sig kollektivt uttryck i det som blir nationens sammanhållande politiska sfär och nationella identitet. På så sätt tydliggörs, eller närmast avtäcks, också de olika aktörernas roller. Uppsatsen utmynnar i slutsatsen, att urvalsprocesserna i samband med tvångssteriliseringar i Sverige mellan åren 1935-1975 på en konceptuell nivå, betraktade utifrån idén med kollektiv vanmakt, är analoga med de urvalsprocesser som idag används vad gäller särskilt stöd i skolan på så sätt, att urvalsprocesserna identifierar och definierar barnens stödbehov baserat på målstyrda betygskrav som, i stil med New Public Management, enbart avspeglar en simulerad konkurrenssituation ämnad att utgöra ett mått på arbetsförmåga (kapitel 5).

  • 6.
    Botros, Jessica
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner: En analys av teorier från ett människorättsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisvåld mot afroamerikaner är ett stort problem i USA. Våldet är ett tydligt rasistiskt uttryckgentemot en specifik grupp i samhället som utsätts oproportionerligt, vilket innebär att derasrättigheter inskränks. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka faktorer som ligger till grund förpolisvåldet mot afroamerikaner i USA samt hur våldet påverkar deras rättigheter. Fokus i dennastudie ligger på två teorier som hävdar att det är olika psykologiska och politiska faktorer, samtrasistiska strukturer som ligger till grund för polisvåldet.Polisvåld är ingenting som endast påverkar enstaka individer, utan har en indirekt/direkt påverkanpå alla afroamerikaner. Detta innebär att även de personer som inte utsätts för fysiskt våld kanpåverkas på ett psykiskt sätt, vilket har en stor påverkan på hälsan.

  • 7.
    Eksmyr, Maria
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Suveränitet, veto och erga omnes- käppar i hjulet?: Ett studie av konflikten i Syrien utifrånde lega lata, de lega ferenda, de lega interpretata.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seven long years of conflict in Syria with humanitarian catastrophe as consequence.The UN and the blocked Security Council, with the inability to address the deteriorating political andhumanitarian situation in Syria, actualizes the former Secretary-General Kofi Annan's words beforethe General Assembly in 2000:"... if humanitarian intervention is, indeed, an unacceptable assault on sovereignty, how should werespond to a Rwanda, to a Srebrenica - to gross and systematic violations of human rights thataffect every prescription of our common humanity?"From the Cold War until today, the UN system has failed to live up to the high expectations basedon the fundamental principles of the Charter and international law, which can be attributed to theimbalance between the General Assembly and the Security Council, as well as within the Councilbetween the five permanent members with individual veto and the chosen six.The question is not new. The tension in power balance and decision-making in the UN has existedsince the organization's formation. Interestingly in this context, the resolution Uniting for Peace,which was adopted in 1950, has as its starting point the unrestricted power of veto in relation to theGeneral Assembly's responsibility for peace and security.The resolutions Responsibility to Protect and Uniting for Peace become important and necessaryfor the understanding of the conflict in Syria, but also for a reform work motivated by humanitarianlaw. The meaning of the concepts of sovereignty, veto and erga omnes is therefore decisive in thebalance between de lege lata and de lege ferenda, with can be clarified by de lege interpretata.This essay will try to make the connection between these concepts more intelligible.

  • 8.
    Eriksson, Anne-Louise
    et al.
    Svenska kyrkan.
    Gunner, GöranStockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.Blåder, NiclasSvenska kyrkan.
    Exploring a heritage: evangelical Lutheran churches in the north2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Grenholm, Carl-Henric
    et al.
    Teologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Gunner, GöranStockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Justification in a Post-Christian Society2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights. Uppsala universitet, Missionsvetenskap.
    Christian zionism in comparative perspective: An introduction2014In: Comprehending Christian Zionism: Perspectives in Comparison / [ed] Göran Gunner and Robert O. Smith, Minneapolis: Fortress Press , 2014, p. 1-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Comprehending Christian Zionism: perspectives in comparison2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of Christian Zionism is one that is fiercely debated within theology, the church, politics, and society. Comprehending Christian Zionism brings together an international consortium of scholars and researchers to reflect on the network of issues and topics surrounding this critical subject. The volume provides a lens on the history of Zionism within Christian theology and offers a constructive, multidimensional path for assessment and introspection around the meaning of Zionism to Christian faith and practice.

  • 12.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Interfaith encounter in a multireligious society2008In: Deepening faith, hope and love in relations with neighbors of other faiths / [ed] Simone Sinn, Geneva: Lutheran World Federation , 2008, p. 61-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Keys for understanding the Christian Zionists' interpretation of the Bible2005In: Challenging Christian Zionism: theology, politics and the Israel-Palestine conflict / [ed] Naim Ateek, Cedar Duaybis and Maurine Tobin, 2005, p. 76-85Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Mission och vision i Orienten1992In: Svensk Missionstidsskrift, ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 80, no 3, p. 73-74Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    "Mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati" vid Teologiska Högskolan, Stockholm1998In: Svensk Missionstidsskrift, ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 86, no 1, p. 113-119Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska fakulteten.
    När tiden tar slut: motivförskjutningar i frikyrklig apokalyptisk tolkning av det judiska folket och staten Israel1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    She keeps bothering me: human rights and suffering2010In: For the sake of the world: Swedish ecclesiology in dialogue with William T. Cavanaugh / [ed] Jonas Ideström, Eugene, Or: Pickwick Publications, 2010, p. 86-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Gunner, Göran
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The use of the concept minority: a protection or a burden in relation to international law2009In: Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies: with focus on the Middle East and Pakistan / [ed] Kajsa Ahlstrand och Göran Gunner, Eugene, Or.: Pickwick Publications, 2009, p. 28-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Haid, Sara
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från reproduktion till normreflektion: En intervjustudie om sex- och samlevnadsundervisningen på tre gymnasieskolor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how three high schools based in Stockholm organize their sex education. Do the schools meet the guidelines and policies for sex education or in which way do they not? The study is based on interviews with school staff and is analyzed through a new institutional theoretical perspective. According to the Swedish National Agency for Education, sex education overbridge various subjects; concepts like sexuality, equality, sex and relations are expressed in several high school curriculums. The Swedish National Agency for Education further explain that all teachers are affected by these questions, since it is related to the schools basic principles and values. The main result shows that the quality of sex education is dependent on the commitment from teachers, headmasters and students. Together they create certain norms, values and atmospheres which makes sex education to a very big challenge and sometimes a success. 

  • 20.
    Hermansson, Isabel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Om rätten till sexuell och reproduktiv hälsa för män i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    1994 in Cairo United Nations Population and Development Fund held a conference where the attending 179 nations agreed that Sexual and reproductive health is a human right. Everyone is entitled to this right without distinction.

     

    This thesis investigates what covenants, declarations, policies, strategies and national law say about sexual and reproductive rights for men, specifically men in Sweden.

     

    The thesis aims to enlighten the reader about men’s situation in a welfare state where discriminatory structures in society is reproducing gender stereotypes in a country that is one of the most gender equal countries in the world.

     

    The general lack of common knowledge and subsequent lacking education in the matter is abundantly clear when browsing documents issued by official sources throughout the world. While Europe and its countries have begun to examine and call attention to this neglected subject, progress is still slow and could be hazardous to men’s sexual and reproductive health.

    The thesis concludes with an argument that Sweden have a discriminatory structure built in society that discriminate men and their right to sexual and reproductive health according to Discrimination Act 2008:567 by practices that appear to be neutral but can affect men in a negative way. 

  • 21.
    Jeppson, Veronica
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Barnets rätt till sina föräldrar: En kritisk rättsdogmatisk analys av rättsligt föräldraskap i relation till Barnkonventionen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on the rights of the child (CRC) stipulates a set of rights for all children and

    declares that all national legislation should be in compliance with the convention. The CRC

    states that the best interests of the child shall be of primary consideration in all actions

    concerning children; that every child has the right to protection of their family relations as well

    as the right to know about its parents. The purpose of this study is to investigate how well does

    the Swedish regulation of establishing legal parenthood comply with the child’s family oriented

    rights stipulated by the CRC. The study uses a critical legal dogmatic method and is analysed

    from a theory of the best interests of the child principle.

    The result shows that the Swedish law strongly protects the child’s right to know about

    his/her genetic origin. However, the findings illustrate that the mentioned right is often seen as

    synonymous for what is best for the child, and therefore leaves no space for questioning other

    aspects that may affect the child’s well-being. Furthermore the results demonstrate that the

    Swedish family law mainly protects hetero normative families where none of the parents has

    changed their legal gender. The further away from this norm that the child’s family is, the more

    complicated it is to establish legal parenthood and therefor harder to protect the child’s right to

    its family relations. The paper argues that the Swedish family law hence leaves little space for

    what could be seen as the best interest of a specific child in a specific context, and by doing so

    diverges from the CRC which advocates contextually when analysing what is best for the child.

    The paper concludes that a more flexible law where the best interests of the child can be taken

    into account in greater extent could secure the rights of the child more effectively.

  • 22.
    Johansson Dahre, Ulf
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The Significance of Culture in Human Rights: Three dimensions of cultural relativism in the universal human rights discourse.2018In: Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, ISSN 2251-2403, E-ISSN 2078-0435, p. 94-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of culture in the international human rights discourse has since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 been relatively marginal, but have recently taken new turns. This article argue that there are several dimensions of cultural relativism in human rights despite its universalistic pretentions. The reason for the cultural relativistic turn in human rights is that nations, cultural groups and legal structures explicitly question the ability' of the universal discourse to address the concerns of nations, individuals, and cultural groups. Finally, it is suggested that these human rights dilemmas may be solved by national and local transformation and application of the universal discourse.

  • 23.
    Karlsson, Selina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The Race to the Bottom: -A Minor Field Study of H&M’s CSR in practice2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    CSR has become a tool for global corporations to justify their outsourcing practices in other countries. Despite these CSR policies, reports reveal that labor rights violations are common in these supply chains, and not at least in the garment industry. The purpose of this study is therefore to explore how a global clothing company’s CSR policy on labor rights is working on the ground and which factors that influence its implementation. Interviews with factory workers and experts on the topic have taken place in one of India’s largest garment hubs. The findings are based on thematical analysis and the analysis suggests that the global brand (H&M) could improve the situation by taking certain actions though several external factors also have an affect. The responsibility for poor labor conditions needs to be divided between multiple actors who all have a duty to act within their spheres of influence. The study concludes that the underlying problem of economic exploitation must be brought to an end through increased cooperation between global companies.

  • 24.
    Leden, Ida
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Från teori till praktik: En studie av utmaningar i det humanitära arbetet applicerade på arbetet med SRHR och unga kvinnor i Cox's Bazar.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the discrepancies between theory and practice when it comes to humanitarian interventions in refugee camps. In order to contextualize the result it will be applied onto the work with sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and young women in the world’s biggest refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The research questions are as follow: What discrepancy does relief worker experience when it comes to theory and practice in humanitarian interventions in refugee camps?; what kind of difficulties and challenges do relief workers meet in their work in refugee camps and how do they prepare?; what is the best way to work with SRHR questions and young women in the refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh?

    The study is built on interviews with five relief workers from western relief organizations. In order to be able to answer the three research questions, the interviews focused on the following themes; discrepancies of theory and practice; use of theoretical guidelines like The Sphere Handbook; difficulties during humanitarian interventions in refugee camps; and lessons learned. Some of the respondents had experience from Cox’s Bazar and/or SRHR and were therefor asked questions due to that specific experience.

    Conclusions to be drawn from the results of the interviews are that it is possible to prepare one self to work in humanitarian conditions but only to a certain extent. Relief workers do need a great deal of experience but there will always be unexpected situations impossible to prepare for. It’s also clear that some basic methods, such as actually talking to the people in need and not only acting on previous experiences, still need to be highlighted. In the specific context of Cox’s Bazar and SRHR questions, relief workers need to understand the culture in order to pursue their work in a suitable way. SRHR questions are for example highly stigmatized and the women’s previous knowledge about their own body is in general very low. 

  • 25.
    Lindahl, Anna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Innehållsanalys av Albaniens nationella handlingsplan för genomförandet av UNSCR 13252018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2017 påbörjades arbetet med att ta fram en Albansk handlingsplan för genomförandet av UNSCR 1325. Arbetet utmynnade i framtagandet av ett utkast som fastställdes i maj 2017 med målet om att anta slutgiltig version under 2018. Denna studie ska undersöka vilka förutsättningar den albanska handlingsplanen har för att lyckas och identifiera eventuella riskområden där implementationen riskerar att stöta på problem. För att uppfylla studiens syfte kommer en innehållsanalys göras av utkastets innehåll. Innehållsanalysen utgår från två uppsättningar av faktorer: de generella rekommendationerna som har sin grund i tidigare dragna erfarenheter om vad som utgör en framgångsrik handlingsplan, och de landspecifika rekommendationerna som tagits fram för Albanien utifrån den nationella kontexten. Resultatet av innehållsanalysen visar att handlingsplanen i viss mån följer det tidigare dragna erfarenheterna på området, dock med några tydliga brister. Studien presenterar tre riskområden där implementationen av handlingsplanen riskerar att stöta på problem. Avslutningsvis lyfts tio kompletterande rekommendationer inför antagandet av den slutgiltiga albanska handlingsplanen.

  • 26.
    Ljung, Anna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Challenges Facing Human Rights in Myanmar: Comparing 2004 and 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Mannberg, Jonna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Människovärde och medborgarskap: En studie över sambandet mellan ett upplevt människovärde och medborgarskapPorträtterat genom papperslösa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to concretize the concept of ”human dignity”, as well as see to its role inpolitics, and what consequences it has on juridical implementation. The discussion deals withthe importance of citizenship in Sweden. The purpose of the study is to focus onundocumented immigrants, their conditions and what implications a lack of citizenship has onthe group in question – ergo which connection actually exists between human dignity andcitizenship. Using the research questions it is discussed whether the concept of ”humandignity” is able to concretize, as well as if it possible to determine an ethical duty towardsundocumented immigrants based on the principle of human dignity.The essay is based on a social constructivist theory which, alongside a criticaldiscourse analysis in accordance with Faircloughs three-dimensional model, aims to theorise awell-discussed and established concept as well as power relations in society, and how acondition as an undocumented immigrant creates a new form of powerlessness. The methodproblematises the importance of citizenship for the experience of having human dignity.With this as the basis of the essay the result mainly shows the meaning of theconcept of ”human dignity” from ethical, political and legal perspectives, as well as therelation between the concept and citizenship. Thereafter the essay examines citizenship,partially from a general perspective but with its main focus on Sweden. Undocumentedimmigration serves as a counterpart to citizenship, which is concretised through an evaluationof the conditions of undocumented immigrants in Sweden at present. The analysis thatfollows aims to show that human rights are not the only fundamental thing for experiencingan intrinsic value, hence the discussion must go further, by showing that human dignity canserve as an adequate starting point to ensure a fundamental protection of individuals. This dueto the fact that the meaning of the concept goes further than claiming rights, and therebyshedding light to an additional nuance of the meaning of being human.3The conclusions that follow shows the problematics that the essay raises, butmoreover the possible areas for change or improvement that comes with the increasedresonance of the concept, as well as its established importance.

  • 28.
    Manzizila, Gina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Etnisk diskriminering och afrofobi på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.: En empirisk studie om erfarenheter av rasism och diskriminering.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats ämnar till att belysa problematiken och erfarenheterna kring etnisk diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden i Sverige. Genom samhällsvetenskapliga metoder har författaren undersökt sambandet mellan afrofobi och etnisk diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden, för att förstå orsakerna bakom högskoleutbildade afrosvenskars svårighet att etablera sig på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.Enkätundersökningar och intervjuer är metoder som använts i studien för att få empirisk material och avgörande narrativ om de olika orsakerna bakom afrosvenskars svårigheter med att komma in i arbetsmarknaden. Studien finner att det finns strukturella praktiker i arbetslivet som missgynnar personer med annan etnicitet än svensk. Undersökningen har genom intersektionellt maktanalys tittat närmare på etniskmaktordning för att studera relationerna mellan afrofobi, rasism och diskriminering. Historiebruk i Svenskkontext har i undersökningen visat sig vara en av de grundläggande orsakerna till uppkomsten av afrofobiska värderingar. Detta eftersom historiska ideologier och värderingar kopplat till rasbiologi, har bidragit till att reproducera och upprätthålla ett systematiskt hierarkiskt rangordning av underordning och överordning av människor utifrån hudfärg.1Studiens empiri visar att hudfärg och utseende är markörer för afrosvenskars utsatthet för rasistiskt motiverad diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden. Diskrimineringslagens snäva jurisdiktion och bristande rättstillämpning har missgynnat afrosvenskars möjligheter till att utkräva sina rättigheter på lika villkor, särskilt då begreppet etnicitet som diskrimineringsgrund inte fångar essensen i de rasbiologiska dimensionerna av rasism som påverkar afrosvenskars arbetsliv och tillgång till arbetsmarknaden. Trots att utbildning och vistelsetid i Sverige anges som viktiga framgångsfaktorer för individens chanser att få ett jobb i Sverige. Uppsatsen har funnit att högskoleutbildade afrosvenskar som är både födda i Sverige eller bott i Sverige länge har svårigheter med att få anställningar som motsvara deras utbildningsnivå och kompetens.

  • 29.
    Namli, Elena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Gunner, GöranStockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Allas värde och lika rätt: perspektiv på mänskliga rättigheter2005Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En mångvetenskaplig introduktion till ämnet mänskliga rättigheter.

  • 30.
    Namli, Elena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Lindkvist, Linde
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Human Vulnerability and Vulnerable Rights.: On Children's Rights and Asylum Politics in Sweden.2019In: Unaccompanied Migrant Children: Social, Legal, and Ethical Perspectives / [ed] Hille Haker and Molly Greening, Lexington Books , 2019, p. 121-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vulnerability is a part of human existence, a substantial dimension of what it means to be human. As several scholars have convincingly argued, the concept of vulnerability challenges any attempt to reduce the question of human dignity to a protection of individual autonomy.

    We contribute to the discussion by arguing in favor of a more dialectical understanding of the relation between vulnerability and human rights. We start off with a short presentation of our view of the Swedish case of medical age assessments. In the next step we formulate what appears to be a paradox—the Swedish state incorporating the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and, simultaneously, enforcing inhumane restrictions on the rights of young asylum seekers. We proceed by deconstructing the paradox and arguing that these seemingly conflicting trends can be explained as manifestations of two different but interrelated dimensions of the current human rights culture, namely, juridification of human rights protection and reduction of vulnerability to a function of age. In the concluding part of the chapter we offer a critical reflection on the relation between authentic human rights protection and human vulnerability.

  • 31.
    Nilsson, Maryam
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Hederskultur2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Våld mot kvinnor är en kränkning av de universella mänskliga rättigheterna som baseras på alla människors lika värde och rättigheter. Flera internationella konventioner har antagits som ger staten skyldighet att skydda kvinnor, oavsett om våldet mot kvinnor sker i den privata eller offentliga sfären. 

    Det hedersrelaterade systemet är ett komplext system som är väldigt strukturellt och organiserat. Denna karaktär innehåller olika former av förtryck och anses inte som enskilda och isolerade händelser utan dessa bör ses i tidsföljd och ingår i ett större organiserat sammanhang. De komponenter som förekommer i en hederskontext är: tradition, kultur, religion, könsmaktsordning, utanförskap, individuella/ psykologiska komponenter[1].

    Här i Sverige finns unga personer som lever med tanken att de aldrig får dra skam över familjens heder vilket leder till ett ständigt hot i deras vardag. När man pratar ”hdrv” så är det inte enbart en man som misshandlar en kvinna utan oftast planeras detta av hela familjen som utövas både av släktingar utanför (män och kvinnor) eller enbart av den närmaste familjen[2].

    Syftet med denna studie är att jag ska försöka ta reda på så mycket information och fakta för att kunna förstå olika diskurser kring hedersförtryck, hedersvåld och förhoppningsvis kunna nyansera hederskultur i relation till kultur, normer och religion.

  • 32.
    Nordahl, Linn
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Sex trafficking in India: A study in how to combat sex trafficking2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will strive to obtain an understanding for sex trafficking in India, underlying reasons for it and solutions to it. The study includes a case study of STOP, an organization working against sex trafficking in India. The main objective being to study what, according to an organization working with the issue, is the best course of action when working towards combating sex trafficking in India; what factors STOP believe contributes towards sex trafficking, how to help the victims of sex trafficking, challenges they experience in their work and what they believe are the solution to ending sex trafficking in India. STOP has been active in India since 1990, working towards combating sex trafficking och rehabilitating survivors.The reason for focusing on sex trafficking as a human rights issue can easily be shown in the staggering numbers surrounding it:According to the 2017 report conducted by the International Labor Organization (ILO) there was an estimated 24.9 million people trapped in modern slavery. 4.8 were victims of trafficking. Women and girls make up 71 percent of the victims, the number of children below the age of 18 is estimated to be 5.5 million. The largest number of trafficking can be found in the Asia-pacific region with 62% of the cases or 15.4 million victims. The profit made from human trafficking globally is estimated to be around 150 billion dollars a year for the trafficker, this according to an ILO report from 2014. Sex trafficking stands for 99 billion dollars. In stark contrast to the staggering numbers of victims and profits made from sex trafficking, are the cases of prosecutions and convictions. In the year 2016, 14,894 prosecutions took place globally with 9,071 convictions. In South and Central Asia there were 14,706 victims identified, 6,297 prosecutions and 2,193 convictions (Human rights first, 2017).The numbers are staggering and the act of sex trafficking is one of the greatest crimes against human rights today. The modern term for slavery, it is a crime that strikes against the most basic of human rights. Still it is a multi-million industry that is spread around the world, with India being a particularly affected country. What is done to stop it and what is the best way of working towards stopping it? That is something that will be discussed in this thesis.

  • 33.
    Norgren, Jasmin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Rätten till asyl: Den EU-rättsliga aspekten på området i samhörighet med dess internationella påverkan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aim to concern the regulations regarding asylum, foremost in the European Union and partly in an international context. After having a course about human rights in a European perspective I decided that I wanted to know more about the right to asylum, and therefore the regulations regarding asylum in a European judicial context as well as in an international approach. The three main question formulations are: 1. How are the overall EU legal frameworks as regards asylum law constructed? 2. What does the international principle of Non-Refoulement (not sending back refugees who risks being subject to inhuman punishment) implicate, which is sometimes referred to within asylum law at a EU level? 3. What is the situation as things stand in the field of asylum and migration? The purpose is to carry out an investigation of the right to asylum, as it is applicable in the judicial field. Furthermore, the aim is to carry out a comprehensive investigation of right regarding asylum order to further limiting the investigation somewhat with relevant regulations as well as legal principles in the area. Forward the purpose is to, partially study how the major regulations in the area of asylum law are able to be subject for comparison, but also to see how they can correlate. The aim is therefore to highlight these general, but crucial regulations that exists within the field of asylum mainly at a EU level and a little lesser internationally, in order to carry out an analytical comparison between them. The method for the essay entails an interpretation of the regulations by means of grounds of legal dogma and thereinafter with a comparative method. The result of the essay reveals that the European regulations regarding asylum is immensely inclusive containing a broad spectrum with everything from the right to asylum, criterias and mechanisms for administration of asylum applications, the best interest of the child to the rights which are destined to accrue to those who seeks asylum. The result also demonstrates that the international regulations as well as the European regulations provides for the rights which are destined to accrue to those who seeks asylum. The result also demonstrates that the international principle of Non Refoulement fully aim to protect those in need of protection of their lives or freedom to return to areas where this can be adventured. Likewise the result demonstrates that the regulations in these area both can be compared as well as they can be placed in relation to each other because of their correlation. The analysis of the essay, as well as its conclusion directs that the regulations are able to be put in a tighter context than it at first seems like. Additionally the essay detects that the European regulations, particularly those in stages of revise would be very helped by more influence from the international regulations, for example The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.

  • 34.
    OLOFSSON, WINNIEROSS
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    HALT RACIFICATION: A qualitative study on anti-racists halt of racification apropos the Swedish Discrimination law(2008:567).2018Independent thesis Basic level (Higher Education Diploma (Fine Arts)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the arguments for and against the removal of the word race from the Swedish Discrimination Law. Questions on race creeds in the society, rationalities and use of the word Race and its meaning linger in all spheres and are inescapable. One of the reasons could be the brutality carried in the word race and yet it remains to be part of the international vocabulary. Human beings are protected from Racial violations by International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) and in it there is use of the word Race. Normative theory is used to analyse the Arguments from debates by antiracists and other materials to find the rationality in or without the word race in law. Do anti-racists halt racification, with or without using the word race in the Swedish law? This is the research question. The results indicate that the anti-racists do not halt racification, with or without using the word race in the Swedish law. This thesis is a call to illegalise racification and have clear description in the law on matters of racism. This thesis purposes to add onto the bank of an anti-racist arguments. It advocates for a halt of racification on human beings as a necessity for resolving racism.

  • 35.
    Palacios Ibañez, Christabel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    ”I am Mokgadi Caster Semenya. I am a woman and I am fast.”: En filosofisk analys om rättvisa inom elitidrotten i förhållande till IAAF:s regelverk gällande kvinnor med könsavvikelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis has emphasised on justice within the regulation constructed by The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) concerning the eligibility for the female classification (athletes with Difference of Sex Development). Different arguments in IAAF:s regulation has been examined throughout a philosophical analysis to examine the validity of the regulation. The IAAF:s regulation validity is examined through the capabilities approach, which aims to promote individual justice of an individual and what the individual can become to her fullest. The other theory of justice originates from utilitarianism which is a type of justice that aims to bring the most fortune to the greatest amount of people. IAAF:s regulation is a governing tool which controls participation of female athletes in the elite level sport in races at international competitions. The women who get affected by its implementation are women who suffer from DSD (Disorder of Sex Development). The regulation requests that women with DSD, who develop higher amount of testosterone than the average woman, must undergo medication to participate in international competitions in different races. The effect of the medication results in the deterioration of their natural physiological health. IAAF considers it necessary since some women with DSD has an advantage in comparison to the average female athletes in the same race events. Throughout the capabilities approach this may seem as an unjust type of regulation for women with DSD. The theory of utilitarianism may see it as justice for the majority of female athletes. When applying these two types of justice, the capabilities approach and utilitarianism, the result will differ. The sports organisation IAAF has also been compared to other sports organisations. The comparison lies within what sport aims to be for the athlete. Before beginning with the analysis, the history of different control mechanism of the female athletes’ bodies will be presented to show the reader the complexity that lies in the female category of elite sports level.

  • 36.
    Refai, Maria
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Etnisk diskriminering på svenska arbetsplatser : En kvalitativ intervjustudie avseende upplevd diskriminering på svenska arbetsplatser i koppling till etnisk tillhörighet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, five young and highly educated individuals' perceived ethnic discrimination at their respective workplaces, has been examined. Furthermore, the individuals' reactions and actions, as well as their perception of their colleague’s behavior during the discrimination situations, have been examined. This has been done through five qualitative semi-structured interviews. The study primarily has its theoretical base in an intersectional and an othering perspective. The study shows several behaviors that are perceived as offensive based on the individuals' own assessments. The study also demonstrates the influence of power and workplace hierarchy, on taken actions in perceived discrimination cases.

  • 37.
    Rensfeldt, Charlotta
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Upprop mot utrop: En studie av interpellationsdebatt 2017/18:4342018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to examine and analyze Jomshof's argument in "Interpellationdebate 2017/18: 434 prayer call", where he proposed that freedom of religion be restricted byadopting a Swedish ban on Islamic prayer calls. In this work, a normative qualitative textanalysis has been used to investigate why Jomshof gives this proposal and how he does it. Ihave investigated this by examining the debate itself, but also by placing Jomshof's views intoa broader context of society and party ideology. Results from my analysis show that the centralviews the debater bases his proposal on is that the legal situation allows the realization of theproposal, that Swedish democracy is threatened, and that Swedish secularization must bepreserved. My analysis results also show that Jomshof's discourse is xenophobic and has racistundertones and that Jomshof wants to create an image of the existence of hierarchies amongpeople. What my analysys also showed was that negative consequences on individual andcommunity levels could occur if Jomshof's proposal was made law. Even if his opinionsexpress, and the way how he expresses them, could have negative consequences.

  • 38.
    Singbo, Tresor
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    "Korruption i Demokratiska Republiken Kongo": En kvalitativ studie om konsekvenserna av Korruption i Kongo2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate how the corruption in the capital city (Kinshasa) of Democratic Republic of Congo (hereafter Congo) affects the inhabitants of the country, how common corruption is in Congo and how the people living in the country suffer from corruption. The secondary purpose of the paper was to investigate the consequences of corruption for those living in the country.The argumentation is analyzed by a semi-qualitative method using a questionnaire with quantitative and qualitative (open) questions answered by residents in the capital city of Congo. Kinshasa is a city characterized by great contrasts. In the city of Kinshasa there are areas with luxury residential neighborhoods, business areas and several universities, but also large and rapidly growing areas where poor people live. Residents from these two different areas of Kinshasa have been asked.The primary data analysis showed that the participants living in the poorer areas, to a greater extent than those living in the prosperous areas, find it common for corruption in Kinshasa to occur. They also argue that society is overcoming the problems of corruption in Kinshasa and that they suffer from corruption in Kinshasa to a greater extent than those living in the prosperous areas. The results of the survey also show that participants from both groups experience that corruption in common in the everyday life and that society oversees with the problems of corruption in Kinshasa. They find that corruption is something that belongs to everyday life, both in the working life and in the everyday life.. They also believe that they are having difficulties in getting their fundamental rights satisfied due to corruption.The conclusions that can be drawn from the survey are that the results are consistent with the situation in Congo described today. The people of Congo are still very vulnerable to the country's situation and widespread corruption. There is no well-functioning system, and those who have a higher position in society use daily corrupt methods to govern society. Civil society in the country is very weak and needs support, especially with regard to civil and human rights. The underlying causes of human rights violations are the country's widespread corruption

  • 39.
    Stephan, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Fredsbevarande personal som förövare: En studie om uppförandenormer, sexuell exploatering och upplevd straffrihet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite internal regulations, policy documents, statements, training, reporting mechanisms

    and international treaties accountability is perceived as inadequate when it comes to

    peacekeepers and sexual exploitation and abuse. This study will be based on a normative

    oriented jurisprudence and will use general international principles for reviewing the flaws.

    There are relatively robust regulations on how peacekeepers are expected to meet their

    standards of conduct but there simultaneously exists a legal vacuum when it comes to

    accountability. This study will to try to create an overlap in hope to further implement

    existing policy document.

  • 40.
    Ståhl, Karin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Naming a Nation: Reflections on democratic and participatory rights in eSwatini2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines national name changes in terms of democratic and participatory rights. The research is divided into two sections; one compiles the information on several historic and contemporary name changes and analyses the common traits, the other investigates the eSwatini name change through case study interviews. The thesis is theory building on national name changes and settles on a conclusion on name changes being reasoned by either pragmatic sentiments or in terms of collective identity and that the processes of such name changes can be either democratic, organic, or undemocratic.

  • 41.
    Svensson Dunberg, Paula
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Har EU det som krävs för att skydda de mänskliga rättigheterna?: En studie om artikel 7 i Fördraget om den Europeiska Unionen.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union (EU) is based on the inclusive core values ​​of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights enshrined in article 2 of the Treaty of the European Union. If there is a risk that these values ​​are systematically threatened within a member state or when breaches are a fact, the EU may act by applying legal and political mechanisms. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the problem with EU member states abandoning the democratic principles in favor of the illiberal, as exemplified by a case study on Hungary whose constitution and national identity are based on exclusionary values, which consequently has implications for human rights. The main focus of the thesis is the article 7 procedure which has a sanctioning mechanism that may result in the member state concerned being wholly or partly deprived of its voting rights in the Council of the European Union. Article 7 has been criticized for being ineffective and too political. In September 2018, the European Parliament adopted a resolution which activated the preventive mechanism of the procedure against Hungary which is about deciding whether there is a risk of breaches of article 2. The main ambition of the study is to discuss to what extent article 7 can protect the EU's core values. For these purposes, a jurisprudence method that examines EU law has been applied and, through a political science approach, the application of article 7 against Hungary has been investigated. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the procedure, a field study trip was made to the European Parliament in Brussels, where interviews were conducted with people with insight into the work of Parliament and the Council. I was also given the opportunity to attend a meeting of the Committee of Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament, in which representatives of the European Commission and the European Union Council also participated. The theme for the discussion was the article 7 procedure against Hungary. The findings of the survey show that, due to the political nature, article 7 is not sufficiently capable of protecting the fundamental values ​​of the EU. What is needed is a new independent mechanism to review all member states' compliance with democracy, the rule of law and human rights.

  • 42.
    Svensson, Ewa
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Genuskonstruktion i rättsfall?: En kritisk granskning av svenska rättsfall gällande våldtäkt mot barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the objective has been to identify differences in judgements between female and male offenders in legal cases about rape against children in Swedish courts.

    Female offenders are often seen as victims or mentally ill by judicial courts/institutions. By analyzing the cases from a theoretic perspective that gender is constructed by victimization the thesis will investigate how the offenders motivate their act. The thesis has investigated cases from 3 angles; the relationship with the child, the sexual act and their explanations to the committed crime/acts. There are some indications that construction of sex is identifiable.

    The relationship with the plaintiff in the cases is assumed from the feelings the child has towards the male offender, and when the offender is a woman it is assumed from her feelings and not the relationship with the child. Judgements with male offenders is more detailed with the sexual act and therefore also much more explained in the documents from the court. The female offender is often described as a vulnerable, manipulated or victimized and therefore given reason for not taking responsibilities for their acts. This is often used by the lawyer who represents the female offender.

  • 43.
    Waninger, Linnea
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    The State of Gender Equality Initiatives in Coffee Production: A Minor Field Study in Colombia2019Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate to what extent Arvid Nordquist and Zóega gender equality approaches improve gender equality amongst coffee producers. This will give further knowledge about the possibilities and limitations of the neoliberalization of feminism, a term describing the fusion between feminism and neoliberal capitalism and the greater confidence in the market and corporations being able to empower women in the developing world. To answer the research question, the thesis is comparing Arvid Nordquist’s and Zóega’s gender equality approaches to gender equality problems found in the coffee region of Colombia. The methods used for the study is a text analysis of Arvid Nordquist’s and Zóega’s gender equality work and a field study conducted in Colombia. The theoretical framework constitutes of Janet Saltzman Chafetz’s “The gender division of labor and the reproduction of female disadvantage” and liberal feminist, socialist feminist and neoliberal feminist theories. The key findings of the research are that Arvid Nordquist and Zóega only to a limited extent can increase gender equality in coffee production. The corporations are mainly focusing on empowering women at the macro level of society while not addressing gender equality problems at the micro level, resulting in important interventions for gender equality not being addressed. The company actions give further implications to the neoliberalization of feminism and the consequences that follow when corporations are given increased responsibilities for improving gender equality.

  • 44.
    Österberg, Jenny
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Human Rights.
    Barnens situation under finska vinterkriget: En intervju- och litteraturstudie med FN:s Konvention om barnets rättigheter som tolkningsredskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how the children of the Finnish Winter War were treated in the process. It focuses on three questions which are about the children’s’ situation and responsibility in the war. It also examines to what extent the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child as a tool can interpret what risks the children's situation put them in. These questions are being answered through an interview with a Finnish war child and a literature study.    The interview is reinforced by stories from other children who were repositioned during the war and also from those who were adopted to Sweden. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is used as the theory for understanding the children's situation. It is a tool to describe what needs children have and their needs to have a stable childhood. The essay finds that many children were exposed to events that affected how much time they had to be children and they were forced to take on a role of responsibility in their families. The situation can therefore clearly be said as not optimal for them. Many were forced to grow up too early because of this and were not allowed to participate in decisions or to consider their own feelings. A lot of them ended up falling behind in school and sources at the time were concerned that it could have consequences for their development which is also considered in this essay.

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