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  • 1.
    Ahlmark, Anton
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Att predika gemenskap i en individualistisk kultur: Tre fallstudier om ecklesiologin som förkunnas för unga på Hönökonferensen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a hermeneutical analysis with the aim to theoretically and theologically understand what is preached about the church to youth today and how youth is motivated to join the church. The study contains three case studies from Hönökonferensen and through Taylor, Camnerin and the Theological Framework of the Uniting Church in Sweden a few understandings of the church emerge: the church is a warm, welcoming and transforming community, it can prevent individualism, heal, and make believers, but it can also be filled with demands. The study discusses authenticity as an important concept along with different understandings about community.

  • 2.
    Almén, Lovisa
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Mentorskap: - I vilken mening kan mentorskap förebygga ohälsa bland pastorer i Equmeniakyrkan?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har genom denna studie undersökt mentorskapets påverkan för pastorer i Equmeniakyrkan. Frågeställningarna arbetet utgår från handlar om ifall mentorskap kan bidra till en mer hälsosam arbetssituation för pastorer. Som metod har jag utgått från en kortare enkät samt strukturerade intervjuer av fem pastorer och två mentorer. Jag använder mig av två teorier, Töres Theorell och Robert Karaseks krav-, kontroll- och stödmodell samt Kathy E. Krams teori om karriärsrelaterat mentorskap och psykosocialt mentorskap. Uppsatsens slutsats lyder att forskning samt intervjuerna pekar på att mentorskap främjar pastorers hälsa.

  • 3.
    Camnerin, Sofia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology. Equmeniakyrkan.
    Recension av: Tala om försoning: Reflektioner över ett centralt tema i kristen teologi2017In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 93, no 1-2, p. 109-110Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Camnerin, Sofia
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Jonsson, Åke
    Teologi för församlingsbruk2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Camnerin, Sofia
    et al.
    Svenska Missionskyrkan.
    Kazen, ThomasStockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Byggstenar för gudstjänst: idéer och material för gudstjänstförnyelse2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Carlsson, Petra
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Foucault, art, and radical theology: the mystery of things2019Book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Carlsson, Petra
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Foucault, Manet and New Materialist Theology2016In: Literature & Theology, ISSN 0269-1205, E-ISSN 1477-4623, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 471-492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses Michel Foucault’s analysis of Edouard Manet in relation to contemporary theology and sacramentality. The article argues that Foucault’s work on Manet instigates a move away not only from earlier forms of art or earlier forms of thought but also away from an overarching idea of Christian thinking, and towards a materialist and immanent approach to art and thought as spiritual practices. It is an approach that highlights invisibilities, or what the article names ‘non-places’, in the tangible and material processes of artistic representation in Manet’s work. By doing so, the article suggests, Foucault’s thoughts on Manet not only precede ideas in what goes under the name of new materialism in contemporary theology but even opens for a purely material understanding of sacramentality.

  • 8.
    Carlsson, Petra
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Subject to None2017In: The Living Pulpit (Online), ISSN 1946-1771, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 9-11Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Carlsson, Petra
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    The Christ under Reconstruction: From the Face to the Celestial Machine2018In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 94, no 3, p. 167-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting in Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari's critique of the image of the face of Christ, the article experimentally explores the notion of the cross-event as machine. Through an encounter between Deleuze and Guattari's concept of the abstract machine and Russian avant-garde artist and thinker Liubov Popova's notion of construction, the article explores the multiplicity rather than the singular identity of the Christ-notion; the ongoing creative aspect rather than the origin–telos spectrum. Thus, the article invites non-theological thinkers to throw new light on a theological dilemma: the exclusive and authoritarian aspects of the Christ figure. Finally, alternative images of Christ to be found in the history of Christianity are suggested.

  • 10.
    Carlsson, Petra
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Vad är sanning?2016In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 92, no 3-4, p. 171-172Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Dahlström, Anders
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Med segerhjärtat kämpa mitt livs kamp: Omvändelseberättelser i baptistisk årskrönika Betlehem kristlig kalender 1886 till 19802018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That conversion is a central concept for Baptists and narrative an important part of their culture is made clear by Betlehem kristlig kalender, a yearbook published from 1886 to 1980.The aim of this thesis is to survey and analyse conversion narratives within the Baptist movement as reflected in Betlehem, by investigating what narrative expressions form the body of the stories, what is given precedence, emotional or cognitive expressions, their soul, and finally what theological themes are developed around the concept of conversion.The method employed is, following a reading of all the issues of Betlehem, to distinguish and extract the stories that are narrative in character according to Hindmarsh’s criteria. That is to say, stories that point beyond the individual to a larger principle of meaningfulness and that are powerfully thought-provoking, with a sense that their beginning, middle and end form a unified whole. The texts extracted are further analysed to find the distinguishing characteri-stics of the material in the light of the dissertation’s aim.The results of the study show that the narratives in Betlehem contain a good deal of drama. They have a clear direction from something to something, with the actual conversion forming a climax. The darkest situations are transformed, following a struggle, to the most ethereal light when morning comes, bringing peace and assurance that conversion has taken place. Women often serve as models, having already experienced conversion. It is their husbands and sons who are the object of their attention and are led towards conversion by their entreaties, arguments and also tears. Salvation, as the experience was often called, clearly changes people’s personalities. Following conversion, individuals take greater responsibility for their own and their family’s situation and it is not unusual that, in their new lives, they start to tell others of their experience.The narratives in Betlehem show a marked preponderance of the emotional over the cognitive for the first 60 years, up to the 1950s, when feelings make way for reason and good examples. One reason for this change could be that the instantaneous conversion of revivalism is replaced with an emphasis on a rational, planned decision and commitment. Another reason could be the ecumenical realities of the time, with church membership based on baptism rather than a confession of faith. The cognitive aspects, as well as postmodernism’s loss of belief in metanarratives, may be mentioned as further possible explanations.The Baptist process of conversion, its “golden chain”, interpreted through the constitution of the first Baptist church in Borekulla and the Betlehem narratives, can be defined as anthropocentric and summed up as comprising the following stages: (1) The individual is awakened from their indifference and realises their sinfulness. (2) The individual senses a danger in their sinful state and turns to God. (3) The individual accepts Jesus Christ in faith and receives forgiveness and assurance. (4) Faith is brought to life in transformative discipleship. The theology of conversion broadly follows those of other revivalist groups.

  • 12.
    Dalfors, William
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Det ”sekulära” Sverige?: En kvalitativ studie av begreppet sekularisering i relation till det postkristna svenska folket2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often described as being one of the more secular nations in the world by various surveys and sources, but how true is this statement? In this paper I examine what has been said on the topic of secularization in Sweden by leading sociologists in the field and then in turn analyze this information in order to finally reach a conclusion of my own. My intention with this bachelor’s thesis is to shine a light on the relationship between what has come to be described as the ”post-christian” population by sociologist David Thurfjell and the process of secularization on an individual level.The two questions that form the basis for this paper are: ” Is the swedish population as secular/non-believing as it’s claimed to be?” and “Has there been a shift in the form the Christian religion takes on an individual level and if so what can this new shape then possibly look like?”.The result of the analysis indicates that the swedish population might not be as secular as it is often put forward as being. While the church-oriented religion that the Church of Sweden represents might be losing traction amongst the post-Christian population, this does not necessarily mean religion as a whole is in a gradual decline in swedish society. The information presented herein points towards a possible shift in swedish society from a mainly church-oriented form of religion to a more privatized version sometimes described as the invisible religion.

  • 13.
    Egberg, Nils
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Kyrkan och klimathotet: Textanalytisk studie av sex kyrkliga dokument om miljö och klimat2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A text analytical study has been performed using an abductive approach. The initial study was inductive and followed by a deductive part. Six different documents were studied representing protestant Churches, the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church (Patriarchate of Constantinople)2.The initial inductive part showed that the Church in its handling of the climate crises ought to be able to help people to a better understanding of the climate changes as well as to an understanding of the Churches´ theological view on the relationships between God and man, man to man and God to Creation.The deductive part of the study the documents showed a picture of a panentheistic, good and personal God. God was mainly referred to as a nonsexual entity. This part of the study also showed that all documents agree that the Church has a responsibility to ensure that moral values are respected when it comes to decision-making regarding actions against the climate changes. It is the task of the Church to channel the love of God to people and to the whole Creation.The climate changes have prompted the Churches to partly concentrate on their theology on creation and have caused a reevaluation of their positon in handling the new environmental situation. The major part of the documents gave a view on the theological reflection that the climate changes have forced upon the Churches.All documents regarded the threatening climate changes as a consequence of the human misuse of God’s Creation. Man has not fulfilled God’s expectations of man’s care for his Creation.Human beings are unique in God’s Creation, man is the image of God. In some respects human beings are God’s coworkers or even co-creators. But man has not managed to match God’s expectations, and has not cared for his Creation in the way he wanted. God is in a way mourning the situation that man has caused and what is threatening his Creation.The documents indicated that all Churches have a similar view on the human responsibility to try to restore balance in the Creation. Since their common view is that man, on God’s behalf, has the responsibility to care for and develop Creation, the Churches have the duty to work for a change of human lifestyle in a way that is compatible with a sustainable development.The documents indicated that the Church wants to be a forerunner in the change of lifestyle and also wants to work for a more just world order where those rich in resources should contribute the most to cover the costs for a worldwide handling of the climate crises and for the formation of a sustainable development.

  • 14.
    Ekholm Tysk, Stina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Maskulinitet och eskatologi: Maskulinitet som ett retoriskt grepp för att tala om eskatologi i Första Korinthierbrevet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I 1 Kor 7 skriver Paulus om relationer, sex och äktenskap. Kapitlet präglas av att inkludera kvinnor i resonemangen och feministteologer som Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza har fokuserat på att förstå kvinnans roll i texten.1 Men vad händer om man läser texten utifrån att den är skriven av en man? Fredrik Ivarsson har visat hur Paulus använder en så kallad maskulinitetsretorik i 1 Kor 7 för att tala om etik i församlingen.2 1 Kor 7 berör även eskatologi. I samma utläggning om huruvida ogifta ska gifta sig skriver Paulus om den allt mer annalkande återkomsten av Kristus. Hur kan eskatologin i 1 Kor 7 förstås utifrån samma utgångspunkt som Ivarsson har, att Paulus språk och retorik formats av antikens kulturspecifika föreställningar av manlighet?

  • 15.
    Erkenborn, Helena
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Från helgelse till ren handling: En kyrkohistorisk studie av renhetsbegreppets betydelse för kvinnors syn på helgelse och handling inom schartauanismen och metodismen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A Church-historical study of the importance of the concept of purity for women's view of sanctification and action within schartauanism and methodism.

  • 16.
    Falk, Susanne
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    In the Junction between History and Future: A Minor Field Study about Identity and Faith of Armenian Orthodox Youth in a Minority Situation in Jerusalem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My first contact with the Armenians of Jerusalem was during a four day Minor Field Study in February 2015.1 Before that I hardly knew anything about the community that has such a long history in the region. Despite their lengthy presence in what is commonly known as the Holy Land, the fact that they are joint custodians of the Christian Holy places and even have a whole quarter named after them in the Old City, they seem to be somewhat of a mystery to most people that visit. They are a minority that hold on to many of their distinct features regarding religion and culture from their homeland, something that is the trademarks of what is commonly known as a diaspora. The importance of culture and faith for the Armenian people seemed to be stressed time after another during my research. Pride was expressed to have endured as a people through many hardships. The Armenian Genocide stands out as the most significant of the many sufferings. Alongside with the traumatic consequences of the genocide is the ongoing struggle fought on many fronts for global recognition of the atrocities committed against their people.The largest group of Armenians in Jerusalem are situated in the Armenian Quarter. At the center of both the territorial and the structural composition of this community lies the convent of Saint James. Not only does the brotherhood of Saint James, consisting of about 30 brothers, and other clergy reside inside the convents premises. The majority consists of lay people. The lay community though has been decreasing for a number of years.2 If the current trend continues it may, according to some predictions, even vanish in the future.3 A gloomy outcome that would radically change the makeup of the Old City of Jerusalem.Therefore, after my first Minor Field Study, I went back four times during the coming year to learn more. I was also granted a scholarship through Stockholm School of Theology to conduct a Minor Field Study among Armenian youth. When first voicing my interest to interview youth and learn more about their identity I was told by a local contact that it would be futile. Because of the pressures of everyday life in Jerusalem few youth would have something relevant to share. They are forced to live day by day due to the ongoing conflicts. A strong statement that cannot be taken as true without evidence. This confirms the importance of conducting a more in depth study concerning how Armenian youth reflect on identity and belonging. The very existence of a future Armenian community in Jerusalem depends on their youths desire and ability to remain in the City.

  • 17.
    Figaro, Jenny
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Jona psalm: dess teologi och funktion i Jona bok2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jona bok är inte bara en av Bibelns mest välkända berättelser utan är också en del avvärldslitteraturen. I den bibliska uppdelningen tillhör boken de så kallade skriftprofeterna ochtolkas således som en profetisk text. Trots detta skiljer sig boken från Gamla testamentetsövriga skriftprofeter då Jona bok snarare är en berättelse om en profet än en samling avprofetens ord (Andersson et al. 2003:163; Childs 1979:422). Dessutom kallas Jona aldrigprofet i boken och hans uppdrag är inte att predika för Israel utan för invånarna i denMesopotamiska staden Nineve. Detta är något som Jona motsätter sig vilket resulterar i ettmisslyckat flyktförsök från Gud och slutligen Bibelns kortaste och mest effektiva predikan(Nogalski 2018:210). Till skillnad från övriga skriftprofeter så är berättelsen dessutom skriveni prosaform istället för småprofeternas igenkännande poesi, med undantag för 2:3-10 vilket ären psalm (Achtemeier 1996:255). Inbrytandet av denna psalm har i forskningen kring Jonabok varit mycket omdiskuterad, och det är om denna psalm som min uppsats kommer atthandla.

  • 18.
    Flyman, Hampus
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Kristenblivande: Fallstudium av sex växande församlingar i Equmeniakyrkan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa studie avser att undersöka vilka faktorer i församlingars arbete och människors bakgrund som bidrar till kristenblivande. Sex Equmeniaförsamlingar som välkomnat många nya medlemmar på bekännelse, det vill säga medlemmar som blivit medlemmar i en församling för första gången, undersöks genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med församlingarnas föreståndare. Vilka praktiker, kvaliteter och erfarenheter bidrar enligt församlingsföreståndarna till att människor blir kristna och går med i en församling? Resultatet analyseras och diskuteras med hjälp av deprivationsteorin, praktiskt-teologiska mönster för kristenblivande och tidigare forskning. Studien pekar på att de praktiker som bidrar till kristenblivande är kontaktskapande, diakonalt arbete, undervisning om kristen tro, attraktiva gudstjänster och praktiker förbekännelse och bekräftelse av tro. Kvaliteter som verkar bidra är en välkomnande öppenhet kombinerat med tydlighet om Jesus och evangeliet. De människor som kommer till tro har ofta bakgrund med någon form av deprivation. Kristenblivandet är i flera fall en process som pågår över tid även för dem som har tydliga avgörelsetillfällen. Kontakt med kristna personer som har bjudit med till församlingarnas mötesplatser tycks i flera fall ha varit avgörande förkristenblivandet.

  • 19.
    Halldorf, Joel
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Hedberg, Andreas
    En annan riktning framåt: Modernitetskritik i Sverige under det långa 1800-talet2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hjälm, Michael
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    The role of the Church in Financial Crises: The Final Break with the Idea of Symphonia2017In: Journal of Eastern Christian Studies, ISSN 0009-5141, E-ISSN 1783-1520, Vol. 69, no 1-4, p. 125-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modernity has brought about an increase of the rationalization of society that has placed strenuous pressure on responsible actors, with a heightened risk of dissent. This, in turn, increases the need for established subsystems, which are regulated by steering media such as money and power. If sub-systems are needed in a globalized world, they have to go hand in hand with an increased ability of rationalization in order to keep responsibility personal. Rationalization in a modern world requires a differentiation between objective facts, social consensus or agreements, and subjective commitments. It seems, however, that the church belongs to a pre-modern world with a focus on holistic world views that is precisely the opposite of rationalization as differentiation. Taking this understanding of rationalization as a cue, this paper argues that the current economic crisis in South Eastern Europe has cultural and ecclesial roots that challenge the self-understanding of the church and its practice in relation to society.

  • 21.
    Jonsson, Petra
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Guds andedräkt ger liv: En jämförelse av begreppen neshama och ruach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syfte är att undersöka de hebreiska begreppen neshama och ruach och att jämför dessa med varandra.

    Neshama är ett sällsynt begrepp som bara används 24 gånger i den hebreiska bibeln. Ruach däremot är ett vanligt begrepp som används 378 gånger. Begreppen är delvis synonyma när de betecknar andedräkt, både Guds och människans andedräkt, och när de betecknar livskraft. Utöver detta har båda begreppen betydelser som inte täcks av det respektive andra begreppet: Neshama används t.ex. som kollektivbeteckning för varelser, det som andas, en betydelse som ruach inte har. Ruach däremot kan beteckna individuella andliga varelser, som lögnens ande, en betydelse som neshama inte har.

    I skapelsen är det endast människan som explicit får neshama men neshama kan också användas för djur om dessa följer människornas lott. Att djur kan ha ruach är obestridd. Uppsatsens analys visar att det finns tydliga tecken på att neshama bär på en association till antingen skapelsen eller till syndafloden, en association som ruach inte har. Dessutom visar uppsatsens analys att det finns indikationer att Jobs bok står i dialog med Jesajaboken. Och slutligen finns det ett kiastiskt mönster i användningen av ruach i Psaltaren som indikerar att psalm 77 och psalm 78 kan vara de centrala psalmerna i Psaltaren.

  • 22. Jonsson, Åke
    et al.
    Camnerin, SofiaEqumeniakyrkan.Fahlgren, SuneStockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Motstånd och förvandling: gudstjänst på självförverkligandets marknad2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    4Q274 fragment 1 revisited: or who touched whom? further evidence for ideas of graded impurity and graded purifications2010In: Dead Sea Discoveries, ISSN 0929-0761, E-ISSN 1568-5179, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 53-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    A Perhaps Less Halakic Jesus and Purity: On Prophetic Criticism, Halakic Innovation, and Rabbinic Anachronism2016In: Journal For The Study of the Historical Jesus, ISSN 1476-8690, E-ISSN 1745-5197, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 120-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purity practices during the first century ce were widespread in Judaea and Galilee as part of everyday life and not limited to concerns relating to the temple cult. Developments in key water rites were partly triggered by concepts of graded impurity, to which an understanding of defilement via food also belonged. Certain rabbinic characteristics represent later developments and cannot be assumed for the time of Jesus. Hand impurity did not originate as a rabbinic decree to protect tĕrûmâ, and accusations against Pharisees for setting aside Scripture in favour of their own traditions did not originate with the historical Jesus, but suggest later polemics. Jesus’ stance on purity is perhaps better characterized as prophetic than halakic.

  • 25.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Concern, custom and common sense: discharge, hand washing and graded purification2015In: Journal For The Study of the Historical Jesus, ISSN 1476-8690, E-ISSN 1745-5197, Vol. 13, no 2-3, p. 150-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay interacts with E.P. Sanders’s work on purity, building on some of his insights, while disagreeing on other points. Sanders’s appeal to historical imagination and common sense is discussed and problematized. The essay deals at length with issues such as the expulsion, isolation, and integration of various impurity bearers, and the emergence of additional water rites to mitigate impurities and prevent unnecessary contamination. The evidence under discussion includes Hebrew Bible, Dead Sea texts, Philo, Josephus, New Testament, and rabbinic literature.

  • 26.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Emotional Ethics in Biblical Texts: Cultural Construction and Biological Bases of Morality2017In: Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel, ISSN 2192-2276, E-ISSN 2192-2284, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 431-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the evolution of human beings as a successful social species, emotions have played a crucial role. This article focuses on the role of empathy for moral discernment, and especially on its role for an expanding altruism. Although a cultural construct, morality rests on emotional underpinnings which have ensured the survival of humankind. Some of these mechanisms are illustrated by a discussion of select biblical and Second Temple period Jewish texts, including texts from the Covenant Code, Deuteronomy, the Holiness Code, Proverbs, Genesis, and ben Sira. Special attention is given to definitions of altruism, the role of kin, and potentials for expanding empathy beyond assumed limits.

  • 27.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Emotions in Biblical Law: A Cognitive Science Approach2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study pioneers the use of insights from cognitive sciences, such as evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and developmental psychology, as heuristic tools for interpreting ancient texts. The approach could be described as ‘psycho-biological’. The focus is on emotions in the various Pentateuchal legal collections. Kazen discusses the role of disgust, empathy, fear, and a sense of justice, for particular moral and ritual issues: purity and holiness; humanitarian concern for vulnerable categories; ethnocentrism and xenophobia; divine punishment and demonic threat; revenge, compensation, and ransom (kofer), together with removal (kipper) rites.

     The book consists of two main parts, framed by an introductory chapter and a concluding discussion. In the first part, Kazen explores cognitive foundations, including biological and neuroscientific underpinnings for basic affects, and the role of culture in shaping both conventional morality and ritual behaviour. Four particular emotions are then outlined. In the second part, these insights from cognitive science are applied in analyses of particular texts. After an overview of the Pentateuchal legal collections, each of the four emotions is dealt with in a separate chapter. Kazen continuously relates a cognitive science approach to more traditional source and redaction critical analysis, regarding them as complementary.

     As a result, the Pentateuchal legal collections are seen as emotional texts, expressing strong affects ­–  which influences our understanding of the character of Israelite ‘law’. Kazen suggests that interaction and conflict between various emotions can explain discrepancies and tensions between humanitarian concerns and ethnocentrism, and between empathy and justice. He also demonstrates that viewing emotions as common denominators contains a potential for solving some difficult and long-standing conundrums. He argues that a focus on the human embodied experience rather than on theological convictions and theoretical ideas may avoid some interpretative dead ends and open up new avenues for understanding ancient texts.

  • 28.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Evolution, emotion and exegesis: disgust and empathy in Biblical texts on moral and ritual issues2009In: Linnaeus and homo religiosus: biological roots of religious awareness and human identity / [ed] Carl Reinhold Bråkenhielm, 2009, p. 191-218Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Explaining discrepancies in the purity laws on discharges2007In: Revue biblique (1946), ISSN 0035-0907, Vol. 114, no 3, p. 348-371Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Issues of Impurity in Early Judaism2010Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this volume of collected articles and papers on impurity and purification in early Judaism, Kazen focuses primarily on questions of the impurity of discharges and the practice of hand-washing before meals. Kazen uses both literary and historical methods, as well as approaches based on cognitive science; the analysis covers texts from the Pentateuch, Qumran, the New Testament, and some Jewish Hellenistic authors.

    Some chapters are based on unpublished papers, and others have been recently published in various journals; two are based on material and arguments similar to a couple of forthcoming articles for volumes that will not always be easily found by potential readers. Several of the essays relate to or complement each other, thus making this collection very convenient for the reader interested in the topic.

  • 31.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Jesus and Purity Halakhah: Was Jesus Indifferent to Impurity?2010 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What did Jesus think about Jewish practice regarding impurity? How did he relate to the inner-Jewish debates of his day concerning ritual purity and impurity? Did he discard the impurity concept altogether, or was it an obvious and natural part of his Jewish faith and life? Did he advocate another or different type of purity?

    Ritual or cultic purity was paramount in Jewish society and life during the Second Temple period, and differences in purity halakhah were one of the factors that distinguished various movements. Therefore, considering purity is crucial in any attempt to interpret the historical Jesus within his contemporary context. In keeping with this goal, Thomas Kazen discusses the historical Jesus alongside what we know of Jewish purity halakhah of his time and explains Jesus’ attitude toward impurity. Kazen balances the work of New Testament scholars on Judaism and legal matters by incorporating the historical Jesus studies of Jewish scholars, seeking to engage students of the historical Jesus with the primary materials relating to legal matters.

  • 32.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Jesus and the zavah: implications for interpreting Mark2013In: Purity, holiness, and identity in Judaism and Christianity: essays in memory of Susan Haber / [ed] Carl S. Ehrlich, Anders Runesson and Eileen Schuller, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2013, p. 112-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Jesus, Scripture and paradosis: response to Friedrich Avemarie2010In: The New Testament and Rabbinic Literature / [ed] Reimund Bieringer, Florentino García Martínez, Didier Pollefeyt and Peter Tomson, Leiden : Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2010, p. 281-288Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Levels of Explanation for Ideas of Impurity: Why Structuralist and Symbolic Models Often Fail While Evolutionary and Cognitive Models Succeed2018In: Journal of Ancient Judaism, ISSN 1869-3296, E-ISSN 2196-7954, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 75-100Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Moralische Emotionen in der Jesusüberlieferung: ein psycho-biologischer Beitrag zum Verhältnis von Selbsterhaltung und Nächstenorientierung2011In: Evangelische Theologie, ISSN 0014-3502, Vol. 71, no 4, p. 288-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Die urchristliche Ethik scheint mit ihren radikalen Forderungen den Menschen zu überfordern und gilt deshalb oft als Widerspruch zur Natur des Menschen. Diese Spannung wird durch moderne soziobiologische Thesen vom »egoistischen Gen« noch erhöht. Der Aufsatz zeigt: Viele naturwissenschaftliche Befunde sprechen für einen kooperativen Charakter nicht nur unserer Gene, sondern auch des Verhaltens höher entwickelter sozialer Tiere wie der Primaten. Menschliches und urchristliches Ethos können daran anknüpfen. Der Aufsatz weist nach, dass wir im Bild des barmherzigen Jesus im MkEv wie in der Ethik der Feindesliebe und des Gewaltverzicht in der Logienquelle eine Balance zwischen Selbsterhaltung und Nächstenorientierung finden. Auch die radikal altruistischen Gebote zur Vergebungsbereitschaft sind nicht gegen die Natur des Menschen gerichtet, sondern Weiterführung eines psycho-biologischen Erbes, ohne dass damit einer naturalistischen Begründung der Ethik das Wort geredet wird.

  • 36.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Purity and Persia2015In: Current issues in priestly and related literature: the legacy of Jacob Milgrom and beyond, Atlanta: SBL Press, 2015, p. 435-462Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Response to Larry Hurtado: To live and die for Jesus2005In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 70, p. 333-338Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Response to Stephen Finlan2013In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 78, p. 87-92Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Revelation, interpretation, tradition: Jesus, authority and halakic development2014In: The identity of Jesus: Nordic voices / [ed] Samuel Byrskog, Tom Holmén and Matti Kankaanniemi., Tübingen, 2014, p. 127-160Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Balberg, Mira. Purity, body, and self in early rabbinic literature.2015In: History of Religions, ISSN 0018-2710, E-ISSN 1545-6935, Vol. 55, no 2, p. 231-235Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Boyarin, Daniel. The Jewish Gospels: the story of the Jewish Christ.2016In: The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, ISSN 0008-7912, E-ISSN 2163-2529, Vol. 78, no 4, p. 768-771Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Dunn, James D G. Jesus, Paul, and the Gospels.2013In: The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, ISSN 0008-7912, E-ISSN 2163-2529, Vol. 75, no 2, p. 353-355Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Fiensy, David A. Jesus the Galilean: soundings in a first century life.2009In: Biblical Theology Bulletin, ISSN 0146-1079, E-ISSN 1945-7596, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 171-172Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Gerhardsson, Birger. Memory and manuscript: Oral tradition and written transmission in rabbinic Judaism and early Christianity [1961] with Tradition and transmission in early Christianity [1964]2004In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 80, no 3, p. 136-138Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Gerhardsson, Birger. The reliability of the gospel tradition2004In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 80, no 3, p. 136-138Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Haber, Susan. They shall purify themselves: essays on purity in early Judaism.2015In: Hebrew Studies, ISSN 0146-4094, Vol. 56, p. 430-433Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Hengel, Martin & Schwemer, Anna Maria. Der messianische Anspruch Jesu und die Anfänge der Christologie2005In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 137-139Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Review of Holmberg, Bengt. Människa och mer: Jesus i forskningens ljus2002In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 78, no 4, p. 189-191Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Scripture, Interpretation, or Authority? : Motives and Arguments in Jesus’ Halakic Conflicts2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study of motives and arguments in Jesus’ halakic conflicts, Thomas Kazen suggests a way out of the present methodological impasse in the use of traditional criteria of authenticity in historical Jesus research, at least when it comes to those Jesus traditions that relate to halakic issues. Kazen employs results from recent research on the development of halakah during the Second Temple period, in particular from Aharon Shemesh’s discussion of two models (developmental and reflective) for explaining halakic development within and between various Jewish movements, and three areas of tension for analyzing dissenting views (revelation vs . interpretation, Scripture vs . tradition, and nominalism vs. realism). Kazen revisits the Synoptic conflict narratives about Sabbath observance, purity rules and divorce practices, and discusses motives and arguments ascribed to Jesus, whether implicitly or explicitly, by the texts themselves, or by modern interpreters. By combining analyses of halakic development with tradition and redaction criticism, Kazen disentangles theological motives from reasonable historical explanations and suggests relative dates and contexts for motives and arguments often ascribed to Jesus. He questions interpretations which focus on unique individual or halakic authority and suggests that the earliest Jesus tradition appeals to the priority of human need and to creational intent, viewing revelation as based on plain reading and a realistic understanding of Scripture. Jesus’ stance is best explained within the framework of prophetic criticism and a traditional Israelite understanding of Torah. With this work the author contributes as much to our understanding of halakic development during the Second Temple and Tannitic periods as he does to our understanding of the historical Jesus and his relationship to contemporary movements.

  • 50.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Sectarian gospels for some Christians?: intention and mirror reading in the light of extra-canonical texts2005In: New Testament Studies, ISSN 0028-6885, E-ISSN 1469-8145, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 561-578Article in journal (Refereed)
123 1 - 50 of 106
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