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  • 1.
    Bremdal, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Avslutning: Att gå från idé till förvaltning2020Inngår i: Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning / [ed] Patrik Bremdal & Johanna Ohlsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2020, 1, s. 267-271Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Bremdal, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i teori, tillämpning och praktik2020Inngår i: Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning / [ed] Patrik Bremdal & Johanna Ohlsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2020, 1, s. 15-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Mitchell, Don
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Radical Justice: Anarchism, Utopian Socialism, Marxism and Critical Theory2023Inngår i: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, s. 75-90Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter surveys anarchist, utopian socialist and Marxist approaches to social justice from their foundation in the 19th century to their elaboration within two influential centres of western Marxist thinking that have proved to be especially influential in the social sciences: the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory and the spatialisation of Marxist thought in the work of David Harvey (among others). As Mitchell and Ohlsson show, radical approaches to justice have been particularly important in encouraging a strong focus on the conditions of injustice. They note that these approaches cohere around the roots of injustice in the social relations of production rather than procedure or distribution. By moving from injustice, which is what ‘actually-existing’ justice looks like on the ground, to questions of just modes and relations of production, coupled with people’s fundamental right to justification, the authors argue that radical theories of justice have profound implications for the social sciences for how they reorient how we conceive of the project of justice theorising and especially the struggle for justice.

  • 4.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Agenda 2030 och mänskliga rättigheter - en ohelig allians?2020Inngår i: Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning / [ed] Patrik Bremdal & Johanna Ohlsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2020, s. 97-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en ambition att vara globalt ledande i arbetet kring respekten för mänskliga rättigheter. Sverige har också som ambition att vara ledande i arbetet kring FN:s Agenda 2030, både nationellt och internationellt. Detta artikuleras av regeringen och Regeringskansliet och är nobla visioner, som kräver omfattande ansvarstagande i såväl ord som handling. Dessa båda ambitioner är också tänkta att i symbios stärka varandra. Men är det så? Stärker arbetet med Agenda 2030 och mänskliga rättigheter per definition varandra? I det här kapitlet diskuterar jag först vad mänskliga rättigheter och FN:s globala mål så som de formulerats i Agenda 2030 är, för att sedan reda ut vilka likheter och skillnadersom finns mellan dem. Jämförelsen basers på fem faktorer: 1) fokus och terminologi, 2) anspråk, 3) aktörer, 4) perspektiv och förankring, samt 5) rättslig status. Syftet är att problematisera och kritiskt granska förhållandet mellan Agenda 2030 och mänskliga rättigheter, samt att visa att förhållandet däremellan inte alltid är helt enkelt.

  • 5.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Applying a Transnational Theory of Justice to the Arctic2023Inngår i: Arctic Justice: Environment, Society and Governance / [ed] Corine Wood-Donnelly & Johanna Ohlsson, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, s. 8-20Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How does a Forstian theory of transnational justice help us understand regional governance structures of the Arctic, such as the Arctic Council, and how could it contribute to implementing procedural aspects of justice? The purpose of this chapter is to discuss transnational justice for the Arctic, taking into account the regional, indigenous and environmental aspects of this specific region. Based on literature reviews on normative traditions of justice, the account suggested here draws on Critical Theory, primarily the work of Rainer Forst (2001, 2014 and 2020). The suggested framework proposes normative criteria required for a comprehensive theory of Arctic justice. In addition, it also recommends an analytical structure for assessing justice in the Arctic. The guiding principles suggested as the backbone for a theory of Arctic justice are reciprocity, generality, transparency and responsibility. Inherently important in the current structure are also the principle of sovereignty and the ‘all affected’ principle, which are discussed and assessed in this chapter.

  • 6.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för rysslandsstudier.
    External actors as peacemakers?: Agency and legitimisation strategies from ethical perspectives2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för rysslandsstudier.
    International Proxy Agency: Framework for Ethical Analysis of Peacebuilding Processes2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för rysslandsstudier.
    International Proxy Agency: Framework for Ethical Analysis of Peacebuilding Processes2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för rysslandsstudier.
    International Proxy Agency: New Framework for Ethical Analysis of Peacebuilding Processes2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    On the Ethical, Moral and Pragmatic Justification of Political Decisions2019Inngår i: Ethical Thought, ISSN 2074-4870 Print, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 87-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What is a reasonable understanding of different forms of justification and to what extent arethese applicable to the processes leading up to political decisions? In what ways are the nature of political decisions of relevance for justification, and what role could morality play in the shaping of these political decisions, in particular in relation to the reasons provided as argument regarding engagement in peacebuilding in states’ foreign policy? In order to address these questions this article makes use of the concepts of justification and to some extent legitimation of political decisions and action. In particular, it discusses a distinction between pragmatic, moral and ethical justification, and legitimation. It is argued that pragmatic justification implies a political or strategic approach towards the decision that is to be justified,while moral justification concerns the rightness or wrongness about the reasons for the political decisions. Ethical justification, on the other hand, concerns the principles governing the decisions. In this article, it is argued that these need to be understood on different levels.The position argued for in the article is based on a Kantian approach towards justification of political decisions, and builds on reasoning by Immanuel Kant, Jürgen Habermas and Rainer Forst. This assists putting an emphasis on the role of humans as rational beings, as well as the principles governing the arguments used for taking decisions on getting involved in peacebuilding. Based on the reasoning throughout the article, I defend an understanding where arguments for political decisions in foreign policy primarily should be understood asattempts toward pragmatic and moral justification.

  • 11.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Etik.
    On the Ethics of External States in Peacebuilding: A Critical Study of Justification2018Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Even the most obvious actions require justification. The need for justification of peacebuilding involvements is always present. This thesis argues that justification is particularly needed when there is a prevalent power asymmetry between an external state and a host community. The dissertation addresses how the attempts of states to justify their engagement in peacebuilding should be evaluated in the light of justification theory. The study’s research questions are addressed by developing a theoretical framework based on justification theory that is combined with empirical case studies. As a result, the starting-point for this dissertation is both descriptive and normative. It builds upon and develops the theory of justification offered by Rainer Forst, by testing Forst’s formal criteria of reciprocity and generality on two case studies, the Republic of South Africa and the Russian Federation.

    The thesis attempts to scrutinize the role played by the justifications made by external states engaged in peacebuilding. The focus on how Russia and South Africa view, act, and try to justify their peacebuilding efforts, serves to further nuance our theoretical understanding of the justification of external states in peacebuilding processes. The study is exploring which justification strategies are being used and how. By combining ethical analysis with empirical research and by building on an analysis of the case studies, the study presents two typologies of the attempts at justification which Russia and South Africa make in their foreign policy discourse. In order to accomplish this, the thesis uses different methods, including case studies, expert interviews, and document analysis.

    This study is written within the critical discipline of social ethics. By making a critical analysis of the official Russian and South African foreign policy discourses on peace engagements, this dissertation aims to contribute to existing literature both empirically and theoretically. The analysis shows that Forst’s formal criteria are useful, but not sufficient, to analyse states’ justificatory attempts. The study aims to contribute both to our understanding of Russian and South African engagements in peacebuilding processes abroad, as well as justification of peacebuilding and the role of ethics and morality in foreign policy generally.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati.
    The conditions for reconciliation: forms, timing and normative potential2023Inngår i: Book of Abstracts: ETHICS OF RECONCILIATION – EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVES: Societas Ethica’s 59th Annual Conference 2023 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), 2023, s. 51-52Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Bremdal, PatrikUppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning2020Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta med mänskliga rättigheter i offentlig förvaltning väcker många frågor. Vad innebär det egentligen att mänskliga rättigheter är just rättigheter, och vilka plikter för de med sig? Vilka strategier kan anammas i arbetet mot rasismens normalisering? På vilket sätt ska konventioner tolkas i relation till svensk lagstiftning, och varför är det centralt med ett gott bemötande? I skärningspunkten mellan ledande forskning och praxis i den svenska förvaltningen diskuteras dessa och många andra frågor. 

    Mänskliga rättigheter i teori och praktik: Från idé till förvaltning bidrar med såväl vetenskapliga som praktiska och erfarenhetsbaserade perspektiv på arbetet med mänskliga rättigheter i det offentliga Sverige. I boken förenas etik, statsvetenskap och juridik med konkreta frågor och utmaningar som aktörer inom den svenska förvaltningen möter. Ledande forskare inom fältet och offentliganställda med expertfunktioner inom sina myndigheter diskuterar och bidrar med perspektiv på hur mänskliga rättigheter bör förstås, såväl i teori, tillämpning och praktik som i länkarna däremellan.

    Boken fungerar som ett stöd och ett diskussionsunderlag för att driva arbetet med mänskliga rättigheter framåt. Den vänder sig till dig som arbetar med mänskliga rättigheter i Sverige, med eller utan juridisk kompetens, men även till dig som just nu studerar mänskliga rättigheter för att i framtiden arbeta med ämnet.

  • 14.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Mitchell, Don
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Radical Justice Through Injustice: Postcolonial Approaches2023Inngår i: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, s. 91-106Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcolonial approaches to justice focus on injustice and on the conditions of possibility for being free from domination. This chapter identifies the contribution of postcolonial theories as being crucially important for theorising justice for the ways in which they seek to create means for peoples previously and currently oppressed to speak for themselves, and to be listened to. As Ohlsson and Mitchell show, by including the voices of women, people of colour, people from the Global South, people from different socioeconomic backgrounds, and so forth, the implicit and sometimes explicit masculinist, White, colonialist and elite foundations of western justice theorising are highlighted, bringing to light the production of past, present and future injustices. Postcolonial theorising, they argue, requires a critical rethinking of our conceptions of justice, their aspects (subject, object, domain, social circumstances, principles) as well as their silences, absences and possible complicity in social structures of domination and oppression.

  • 15.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Przybylinski, Stephen
    Introduction2023Inngår i: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, 1, s. 1-14Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Przybylinski, StephenDepartment of Geography, Environment and Spatial Sciences at Michigan State University.
    Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists2023Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Theorising Justice surveys philosophical and normative theories of justice and their application within more empirically based social and political science research. Together, the chapters highlight the multi-faceted nature of justice as an analytical and political concept and avoids advocating ‘correct’ approaches to justice theorising. Each chapter provides overviews of the background, main tenets and critiques of dominant justice traditions. Part I examines theories of liberalism, libertarianism, cosmopolitanism, and the Capabilities Approach, in addition to approaches critical of these mainstream justice traditions, such as feminism, Marxism, postcolonialism and Indigenous perspectives of justice. Yet, a principal concern of the book is to promote further engagement with these differing conceptions of justice within social and political science scholarship. As such, chapters in Part II survey scholarship on environmental, climate, energy, spatial and landscape justice along with intergenerational as well as just transitions approaches. In doing so, the volume illustrates multiple methodological and conceptual approaches for analysing justice, illustrating how applied justice theories may usefully analyse problems of inequity, oppression, and domination within more empirically focused research. As justice becomes increasingly important to the discourses within social science and policy scholarship, Theorising Justice will be a valuable reference for students, instructors and practitioners seeking to address the social, political, economic and ecological challenges we face today.

  • 17.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Przybylinski, Stephen
    Department of Geography, Environment and Spatial Sciences at Michigan State University.
    Mitchell, Don
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Conclusion2023Inngår i: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, s. 257-286Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the concluding chapter, we illustrate connections between the different parts of the volume to identify potential areas for deepened engagement among justice theories. The chapter begins by discussing the role of liberalism as a touchstone for theories of justice and the limitations and opportunities this presents for justice theorising. The chapter then explores the connection between more theoretical approaches with those examining actually-existing circumstances of injustice. In doing so, we return to the forms, aspects and realms of justice to highlight how these feature throughout the chapter surveys, to analyse convergences and divergences among the approaches. In ending, the chapter offers a set of tables to help visualise and categorise the different traditions to provide readers a pedagogical resource useful for drawing connections and indicating avenues for future research.

  • 18.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Romare, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Wilske, Olof
    Uppsala universitet, Juridiska institutionen.
    Beslutsmotivering som rättfärdigande2021Inngår i: Förvaltningsrättslig Tidskrift, ISSN 0015-8585, nr 5, s. 889-910Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en rättsstat måste myndigheter och andra offentliga organ ge skäl för beslutsfattande som kan påverka enskilda. I Sverige grundas detta på rättsstatsprinciper som framgår i regeringsformen, och det stipuleras i förvaltningslagen. I arbetet med revideringen av förvaltningslagen skärptes motiveringsskyldigheten, vilket framgår i såväl själva lagtexten samt dess förarbeten, och förutom lagrum ska även relevanta omständigheter framgå. Trots motiveringsskyldighetens betydelse för rättsstaten så görs det inte klart vilka krav som ställs på de skäl som skall motivera besluten, exempelvis vilken typ av omständigheter som får, bör eller måste beaktas. Denna oklarhet motiverar tydliggörande forskning. Vi menar att praktiken att ge beslutsmotiveringar ska förstås som ett rättfärdigande av beslut, där såväl motiveringarnas form och innehåll är centralt. I denna artikel argumenterar vi för att reciprocitet och generalitet kan användas som kriterier för att bedöma huruvida de angivna skälen är rimliga, och att motiveringsskyldigheten bör förstås som en rätt till rättfärdigande.

  • 19.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Skillington, Tracey
    University College Cork, Department of Sociology & Criminology.
    Intergenerational Justice2023Inngår i: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, s. 223-239Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Centring on responsibility in relation to the temporalities of justice, this chapter examines the distinct qualities of an intergenerational justice approach, as well as noting how it overlaps with other positions (such as climate justice and just transitions). It engages with a variety of issues, such responsibility for the compound effects of cumulative acts of pollution, the non-identity of future beings, as well as prospects for greater youth participation in decision-making. Ohlsson and Skillington highlight the implementation challenges and critique that has been brought forward by intergenerational accounts of justice, where emphasis is placed on actualizing the principles of various international treaties and state constitutions affirming the rights of, or duties owed to future generations, as well as new political and legal opportunities. They conclude by highlighting how an intergenerational justice perspective redefines what has traditionally been thought of as imaginable in justice terms, stretching its boundaries to encompass the ‘not yet’ moment of various democratic potentials.

  • 20.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
    Staudacher, Veronika
    Ermes, David
    From Civil War to Strong Peace in Africa: the Thomas Ohlson Memorial Conference: Summary Report from the Opening Session of the Thomas Ohlson Memorial Conference 20132013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 21.
    Przybylinski, Stephen
    et al.
    Department of Geography, Environment and Spatial Sciences at Michigan State University.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Indigenous Approaches to Justice2023Inngår i: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, s. 107-123Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter draws from Indigenous scholars and authors to identify general Indigenous perspectives on justice. The chapter begins by discussing Indigenous ontologies and epistemologies which are concerned with harmonious relations with human and non-human natures. It then examines the function of rights as tools towards realising justice by discussing legal and political literatures regarding the struggle and respect for specifically Indigenous rights to recognition and self-determination. In highlighting a range of perspectives on justice, the chapter suggests that Indigenous approaches to justice critically challenge the western dominance of justice theorising, by expanding alternative ways of understanding what just human/non-human relations can look like.

  • 22.
    Wood-Donnelly, Corine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Ohlsson, JohannaEnskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för mänskliga rättigheter och demokrati. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Arctic Justice: Environment, Society and Governance2023Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Offering a unique introduction to the study of justice in the European, North American and Russian Arctic, this collection considers the responsibilities and failures of justice for environment and society in the region. Inspired by key thinkers in justice, this book highlights the real and practical consequences of postcolonial legacies, climate change and the regions’ incorporation into the international political economy. The chapters feature liberal, cosmopolitan, feminist, as well as critical justice perspectives from experts with decades of research experience in the Arctic. Moving from a critique of current failures, the collection champions a just and sustainable future for Arctic development and governance.

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