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  • 1.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Apocryphal Acts among Greek Biographies and Paradoxographies: A Question of Genre2022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles are often viewed as Christian counterparts to the ancient novels – a genre that certainly reflects their fictional character, but neither their fascination with the foreign, strange, and miraculous, nor their focus on named historical figures such as the apostles. These interests are rather the defining features of the ancient genres of paradoxography and biography, where the latter includes mostly fictional works on historical or even mythological figures such as Heracles. This paper uses cognitive genre theory to analyze how the Apocryphal Acts participate in both of these two ancient genres.

  • 2.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Att möta vilddjuren i egna kläder: Kultur, status och värdighet på arenan i Karthago2023Inngår i: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 99, nr 3, s. 215-228Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Motsättningar inom ett samhälle blir sällan skarpare än när människor avrättas för att ha brutit mot samhällsgemenskapens grundläggande normer. En ideologisk text som tillkommit i en sådan situation kan därför förväntas skildra kontrasten mellan samhället och den egna gruppen i tydligast möjliga ordalag, även om skillnaderna i faktiska värderingar inte alltid är så stora. Ett gott exempel på detta är Perpetuas och Felicitas martyrium, där vi har goda skäl att tro oss möta en ung kvinnas egen berättelse om sina upplevelser, känslor och visioner inför mötet med vilddjuren på den romerska arenan i Karthago. Med hjälp av Kathryn Tanners kulturteori kan vi urskilja de beteendemönster som framstår som normer och ideal i martyriet, och inse att de visioner och den oberördhet inför döden som etablerar Perpetuas auktoritet är väletablerade ideal även inom den grekisk-romerska kulturen. De värderingar som skiljer martyriets ideologi från det omgivande samhället är två: normen att vägra offra till de grekisk-romerska gudarna och föreställningen att alla människor, oavsett samhällelig status, äger en inneboende värdighet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Att möta vilddjuren i egna kläder: Mänsklig värdighet på arenan i Karthago2022Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4. Berglund, Carl Johan
    Åttonde söndagen efter trefaldighet, den 25 juli2010Inngår i: Tro och liv, ISSN 0346-2803, nr 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 5.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Between Biography and Paradoxography: Unveiling the Genre of the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles2022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles are often viewed as Christian counterparts to the ancient novels – a genre that certainly reflects their fictional character, but neither their fascination with the foreign, strange, and miraculous, nor their focus on named historical figures such as the apostles. These interests are rather the defining features of the ancient genres of paradoxography and biography, where the latter includes mostly fictional works on historical or even mythological figures such as Heracles. This paper uses cognitive genre theory to analyze how the Apocryphal Acts participate in both of these two ancient genres.

  • 6.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Between Biography and Paradoxography: Unveiling the Genre of the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles2021Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The extra-canonical Acts of the apostles John, Paul, Peter, Andrew, and Thomas have traditionally been understood as heretical offshoots from the canonical Acts of the Apostles, complementing the canonical material in order to promulgate an alternative version of early Christianity. This view not only overemphasizes the dogmatic difference between their authors and other early Christians, but also obstructs the crucial discussion about their genre.

    This paper argues that in the context of Greco-Roman literature, the apocryphal acts exhibit considerable resemblances to two established ancient genres: biography and paradoxography. Greco-Roman biography included not only the historiographically oriented bioi of well-known rulers and politicians, but also – at least at an earlier stage of its development – fictional narratives about historical figures, such as Xenophon’s Anabasis and Cyropaedia. Ancient paradoxography is a surprisingly little known genre that flourished from early Hellenistic times well into the Byzantine era. It was aimed at collecting descriptions of wonders (θαῦματα), strange things (ἴδια), and phenomena that goes against our expectations (παράδοξα) – not from observations of nature but from previous literary works. With their claims to chronicle the famous apostles’ wondrous deeds throughout the known world, the apocryphal acts can be said to participate in both of these genres.

  • 7. Berglund, Carl Johan
    Bibelns samlevnadsideal2007Inngår i: Frisinnad tidskrift, ISSN 0345-3723Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8. Berglund, Carl Johan
    Bibelns samlevnadsideal: Går det att härleda äktenskapet ur Bibeln?2007Inngår i: Tro och liv, ISSN 0346-2803, nr 3–4, s. 4-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Biographical Mimesis in the Gospel of Mark2022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10. Berglund, Carl Johan
    Den helige Johannes döparens dag, den 27 juni2010Inngår i: Tro och liv, ISSN 0346-2803, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Den okända Pauluslärjungen Tekla – en förebild (inte bara) för kvinnor2021Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Den utblottade är den mäktige2017Inngår i: Sändaren, ISSN 1103-6206, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Department of Theology, Uppsala University.
    Discerning Quotations from Heracleon in Origen’s Commentary on the Gospel of John2019Inngår i: Origeniana Duodecima / [ed] Brouria Bitton-Ashkelony et al, Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2019, s. 489-503Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Discipleship Ideals from Mark to the Acts of Thomas and His Wonderworking Skin2021Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Viewed as part of the reception history of the New Testament, the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles document a fascinating history of the development of the portrayal of the apostles, promoting various versions and accentuations of early Christian theology. This paper studies one aspect of this development, namely how the portrayal of an ideal Christian disciple is transformed from the Gospel of Mark to the Acts of Thomas and his Wonderworking Skin – a fourth- or fifth-century narrative in which Jesus sells Thomas as a slave in India. After displeasing his new master, Thomas is tortured and skinned alive, but manages to use his peeled-off skin to work miracles, and leads a large number of people to accept Christ. The discipleship ideals discernible from this story will be compared to similar ideals expressed in the Gospel of Mark, and the development between the two discussed.

  • 15.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Discipleship Ideals in the Acts of Philip2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Discipleship Ideals in the Acts of Philip2021Inngår i: The Apostles Peter, Paul, John, Thomas and Philip with their Companions in Late Antiquity / [ed] Tobias Nicklas, Janet Spittler, and Jan N. Bremmer, Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2021, s. 314-332Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How we categorize early Christian literature has an immense impact on what we expect to find in these ancient writings, and how we are prepared to interpret them. Grouped with apocryphal gospels and apocalypses, the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles have been viewed primarily as heretical writings, representing alternative Christianities that were effectually silenced by the processes of canonization. While they certainly contain evidence of such silenced theologies, the Acts themselves are more likely to be complementary writings, aiming to edify, educate and entertain early Christian readers without intention to replace or correct any canonical material. This chapter offers another angle on two early Christian stories, Acts of Philip 1 and Acts of Philip 8–Martyrdom of Philip. Regarded as parts of the reception history of the Synoptic Gospels, these stories will be found to interact with theological ideas expressed in the Gospels without necessarily setting out to either defend or correct them. More specifically, I study how ideals for early Christian discipleship – traits expected from an ideal Christian disciple – are transformed from the earlier Gospels to the later narratives about the apostle Philip. 

  • 17.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Discipleship Ideals in the Apocryphal Acts: A Radical Departure from the Gospels?2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Elijah as an Archetype for the Apostles according to the Apocryphal Acts2022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Christian fiction from late antiquity, Christ’s apostles are given bread by angels, provide an inexhaustible food source, part the waters, and raise a widow’s son from the dead right before challenging their opponent to a duel of miracles. Even though Elijah’s name is never mentioned, the insightful reader may recognize the allusions to 1–2 Kings, and the miracles performed by the old Tishbite. Elijah was a well-known figure in early Christian literature – enough so that the authors of the Gospel of Mark, the Epistle of James, and the Life of Antony could trust their readers to recognize veiled allusions to the prophet even without the aid of his name. This paper argues that the Elijah cycle also functions as a subtext in the early Christian stories of Andrew and the cannibals (Acts Andr. Mth.) and Peter’s confrontation with the magician Simon (Acts Pet.), suggesting to the insightful reader that these two apostles are as powerful wonderworkers as the prophet Elijah.

  • 19. Berglund, Carl Johan
    En framgångsrik missionsförsamling2007Inngår i: Sändaren, ISSN 1103-6206, nr 16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Ett samspelt lag spelar bäst2004Inngår i: Sändaren, ISSN 1103-6206, nr 18, s. 29-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Evaluating Quotations in Ancient Greek Literature: The Case of Heracleon’s hypomnēmata2017Inngår i: Shadowy Characters and Fragmentary Evidence: The Search for Early Christian Groups and Movements / [ed] Joseph Verheyden, Tobias Nicklas, and Elisabeth Hernitscheck, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck , 2017, s. 201-231Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholarship on ancient works of literature that survive only in quotations, such as Heracleon’s hypomnēmata (“commentary” or “notes”), often presuppose that the quotations dependably transmit the actual words of the quoted author, thereby ignoring the mediation and the agenda of the quoting author. This article demonstrates that ancient authors frequently adapted quotations to their new contexts, and develops a methodology for evaluating the extent of adaptations made in Origen’s quotations from Heracleon’s hypomnēmata

  • 22.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi .
    Flesh-Eaters, Cave-Dwellers, and Eagles: Paradoxography in Acts Phil. 32022Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While it is well known that the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles have similarities to ancient novels, it is less well understood how these imaginative stories make use of strange and unusual phenomena from around the world to characterize their heroes, provide intriguing predicaments, and add flair to their narratives. This paper analyzes the use of such paradoxographical material in the third Act of Philip (in the manuscript Codex Xenophōntos 32) where the apostle Thomas is said to have faced the violent flesh-eaters (τοὺς παλαμναίους τοὺς σαρκοφάγους), Matthew is said to have confronted the unmerciful cave-dwellers (τοὺς τρωγ­λο­δύτας καὶ ἀνηλεεῖς), and Philip experiences a powerful theophany in the form of  a talking eagle. The origins of such materials in ancient natural history and paradoxography is discussed, and the effects to which they are used in this particular story analyzed

  • 23. Berglund, Carl Johan
    Går det att härleda äktenskapet ur Bibeln?2007Inngår i: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, Vol. 103, nr 47, s. 592-596Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24. Berglund, Carl Johan
    Heliga trefaldighets dag eller missionsdagen, den 19 juni2011Inngår i: Tro och liv, ISSN 0346-2803, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Heracleon and the Seven Categories of Exegetical Opponents in Origen's Commentary on the Gospel of John2019Inngår i: Zeitschrift für antikes Christentum, ISSN 0949-9571, E-ISSN 1612-961X, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 228-251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While the adversaries of Origen of Alexandria traditionally have been described in general terms as either literalists or Gnostics, Peter Martens has recently argued convincingly that Origen repeatedly refers to more specific categories of literalist opponents, whom he criticizes for particular literal interpretations. This paper argues that a similar specificity applies to his supposedly Gnostic opponents. In his Commentary on the Gospel of John, Origen regularly uses designations such as "the heterodox" or "those who bring in the natures" to identify specific categories of exegetical opponents, which he defines by their particular interpretative practices or their adherence to particular teachings. When he responds to various scriptural interpretations, Origen takes care to specify which of at least seven identifiable categories of exegetical opponents he currently opposes. Throughout the commentary, Origen maintains the distinctions between these categories and Heracleon, the individual interpreter he names most frequently, and he never uses Heracleon's words as an example of an interpretation by any of the identifiable categories.

  • 26.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    How ’Valentinian’ Was Heracleon’s Reading of the Healing of the Son of a Royal Official?2019Inngår i: Healing and Exorcism in Second Temple Judaism and Early Christianity / [ed] Mikael Tellbe and Tommy Wasserman, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019, s. 219-239Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The interpretation of a Johannine healing story by the second-century Christian teacher Heracleon has in previous scholarship been presumed to be determined by “Valentinian” sectarian doctrines; Heracleon has been said to identify the royal official in the story with the Maker (δημιουργός), an inferior divinity who has created the material world, and his son as one of three categories of human beings whose eternal fate are determined by their spiritual, animated, or material inherent nature. This paper attempts a novel reading of Heracleon’s interpretation, presuming neither that Heracleon subscribes to the ideas associated to “Valentinian” teachers by heresiological authors, nor that Origen of Alexandria always refers to Heracleon’s comments using verbatim quotations. The paper argues that the identification of the royal official with the Maker is inferred by Origen based on heresiological presumptions, and that Heracleon used Synoptic and Pauline parallels to read the story as a metaphor of humanity’s perilous state as afflicted with the disease of sin, and in dire need of salvation.

  • 27.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Interpreting Readers: The Role of Greco-Roman Education in Early Inter­preta­tion of New Testament Writings2018Inngår i: Scriptural Interpretation at the Interface between Education and Religion, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers , 2018, s. 204-247Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the organization and content of Greco-Roman education are described, the social interaction within ancient high literary culture is depicted, and a selection of the techniques and principles that guided Greek and Latin literary critics are presented. Evidence for early Christian participation in these cultural expressions are discussed, as well as factors behind second-century adoption of literary criticism for interpreting New Testament writings.

  • 28.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Åbo Akademi.
    Jesus’s Puzzling Retort to the Royal Official (John 4:48) in Isodiegetic Perspective2024Inngår i: Novum Testamentum, ISSN 0048-1009, E-ISSN 1568-5365, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 193-209Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When a “royal official” (βασιλικός) urges Jesus to help his dying son, Jesus surprisingly retorts (John 4:48): “Unless you people see signs and wonders, you will never believe!” Researchers find this outburst out of place in response to a desperate father, but this article argues that it can be explained by use of an isodiegetic perspective, where the Johannine storyworld is informed by a larger narrative tradition in which the tetrarch Herod Antipas (ca. 4 BCE–39 CE) is a known adversary of Jesus, whose adherents strive to entrap him and get him killed. In view of the official’s expected patronal loyalty to “king” (βασιλεύς) Herod, his healing request can reasonably be presumed to be a trap until his appeal “Sir, come down before my child dies!” (John 4:49) clarifies that the man is not acting as a client, but as a father.

  • 29.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Literary Criticism in Early Christianity: How Heracleon and Valentinus Use One Passage to Interpret Another2019Inngår i: Journal of early Christian studies (Print), ISSN 1067-6341, E-ISSN 1086-3184, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 27-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the lead of ancient heresiologists, modern scholars have all too often viewed Valentinus and Heracleon as representatives of a unified sectarian group whose interpretations of early Christian literature were determined by a shared set of "heretical" views. Arguing that the exegetical methodology of early Christians may be better understood if viewed within the larger context of Greco-Roman literary criticism, this article studies how Valentinus and Heracleon use one passage of early Christian literature to illuminate another, and compares this practice to the principle of Aristarchus, which states that Homer should be clarified from Homer.

  • 30.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Liturgies as Plot Devices in Apocryphal Acts2022Inngår i: Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity / [ed] Carl Johan Berglund & Barbara Crostini & James A. Kelhoffer, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2022, s. 201-224Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes a novel approach to the liturgical material in the Apocryphal Acts of Andrew, John, Paul, Peter, and Thomas, by considering how the liturgical practices of anointing, baptism, Eucharist, and singing of psalms contribute to the plots of the narratives in which they are found. By this analysis, various combinations of anointing, baptism, and Eucharist are found to be used to confirm a character’s conversion to a Christian faith, the Eucharist is used to strengthen the sense of community within a group of Christians, and both the Eucharist and singing of psalms are used to give a character encouragement in a dangerous situation. Thereby, the narratives depict conversion, community, and courage as reasons to participate in Christian liturgical practices.

  • 31.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Liturgies as Plot Devices in Apocryphal Acts2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper takes a novel approach to the liturgical material in the Apocryphal Acts of Andrew, John, Paul, Peter, and Thomas, by considering how the liturgical practices of anointing, baptism, Eucharist, and singing of psalms contribute to the plots of the narratives in which they are found. By this analysis, various combinations of anointing, baptism, and Eucharist are found to be used to confirm a character’s conversion to a Christian faith, the Eucharist is used to strengthen the sense of community within a group of Christians, and both the Eucharist and singing of psalms are used to give a character encouragement in a dangerous situation. Thereby, the narratives depict conversion, community, and courage as reasons to participate in Christian liturgical practices. 

  • 32.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Mimetic Mediators: How the Markan Disciples Facilitate Emulating Jesus2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Can the Markan disciples still be viewed as role models for the Gospel audience if secondary characters in Graeco-Roman biographies are only included for what they contribute to the portrait of the protagonist? This paper argues that ancient biographers used followers of their central characters also to provide multiple mimetic patters that clarify, broaden, and mitigate what it means to imitate their heroes. Mark’s cast of secondary characters offers three alternative patterns of behaviour for potential followers of Jesus: apostles, who emulate his itinerant lifestyle of preaching, healing, and exorcism; hosts, who provide apostles with food and shelter in their homes; and supporters, who serve the movement in other ways in accordance with their various abilities.

  • 33.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Åbo Akademi.
    Mimetic Mediators in Mark: How Graeco-Roman Biographies Use Secondary Characters to Offer Multiple Patterns of Imitation2024Inngår i: Journal for the Study of the New Testament, ISSN 0142-064X, E-ISSN 1745-5294, Vol. 46, nr 4, s. 464-488Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Can the Markan disciples still be viewed as potential role models for the Gospel audience if Mark’s writing is identified as a biography? This long-standing line of narrative interpretation has recently been rejected as anachronistic by Helen K. Bond, who maintains that in Graeco-Roman biographies, secondary characters are only included for what they bring to the portrait of the protagonist. In response, this paper demonstrates that ancient biographies regularly use followers of their main characters to provide multiple mimetic patterns that clarify, broaden, and mitigate what it means to imitate their heroes. In particular, Mark’s cast of secondary characters offers three alternative patterns of behaviour for potential followers of Jesus: apostles, who emulate his itinerant lifestyle of preaching, healing, and exorcism; hosts, who provide apostles with food and shelter in their homes; and supporters, who serve the movement in other ways in accordance with their abilities and social status.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Miracles, Determination, and Loyalty: The Concept of Conversion in the Acts of John2021Inngår i: Celebrating Arthur Darby Nock: Choice, Change, and Conversion / [ed] Robert Matthew Calhoun, James A. Kelhoffer & Clare K. Rothschild, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2021, s. 213-234Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1933 publication of Arthur D. Nock’s Conversion, numerous scholars have proposed a number of ameliorations to Nock’s model of ancient conversion, the better to accommodate certain aspects of the ancient world. Such models need to be calibrated against how conversions are depicted in ancient narratives, in order to help us understand not only actual historical transitions from one religious or philosophical tradition to another, but also how ancient authors thought about such transitions. To that means, this paper uses three theoretical insights – present in the scholarships of Nock, Zeba A. Crook, and Ramsay MacMullen – to demonstrate that the implied author of the conversion narratives in the apocryphal Acts of John (19–57; 63–86) conceptualizes conversion to early Christianity as a deliberate decision, stimulated by miracles or miracle stories, and expressed in terms of loyalty to a divine patron.

  • 35.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Människovärdet avskaffar man inte hur som helst2018Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 9/9, s. 18-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 36.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Nationssymbolerna bär vittne om vilka vi varit2022Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 6 juni, s. 20-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska flaggan och skölden med tre kronor vittnar om de bruk som makten tidigare haft för kristendomen som nationell ideologi. Här löper två traditioner parallellt, varav en är värd att värna om medan den andra har en destruktiv kärna.

  • 37.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Origenes exegetiska metodik i Om bönen2015Inngår i: Ad fontes: Festskrift till Olof Andrén på 100-årsdagen / [ed] Carl Johan Berglund & Daniel Gustafsson, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att Origenes i första hand är känd för sitt allegoriska sätt att lägga ut bibeltexter – vilket var oerhört betydelsefullt för utvecklingen av medeltidens fyrfaldiga bibelutläggning – har senare tiders forskning visat att han också använde många andra litteraturanalytiska verktyg i sin exegetik. Framför allt är det Bernhard Neuschäfer och Peter W. Martens som klarlagt att Origenes hämtat ett ertal metoder från sin samtids grekiska lologi, och tillämpat dessa på bibeltexten. I det följande vill jag visa hur Origenes i Om bönen använder de metoder som Neuschäfer och Martens har beskrivit.

  • 38.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Origen’s References to Heracleon: A Quotation-Analytical Study of the Earliest Known Commentary on the Gospel of John2019Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study of Origen’s references to the second-century author Heracleon addresses two problems in previous research: Scholars have regularly presumed that every statement Origen attributes to Heracleon is equivalent to a verbatim quotation, and that Heracleon’s beliefs conform to those described in heresiological sources. The study develops a method of quotation analysis that uses variations in Origen’s attribution formulas to categorize the almost two hundred references as “verbatim quotations,” “summaries,” “explanatory paraphrases,” or “mere assertions.” The more trustworthy references are used to reconstruct Heracleon’s interpretations within a context given by the literature to which he refers himself, including the Gospel of John, a Synoptic gospel tradition similar to the Gospel of Matthew, a collection of Pauline epistles, and the Preaching of Peter. The views exhibited in Heracleon’s comments are compared to those used by Origen to categorize his exegetical opponents. The study identifies over fifty quotations from Heracleon and seventy summaries of his interpretations, and concludes that the views of the heterodox and “those who bring in the natures” are more likely to be inferred by Origen than expressed by Heracleon.

  • 39.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Origen’s References to Heracleon: A Quotation-Analytical Study of the Earliest Known Commentary on the Gospel of John2020Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this monograph, Carl Johan Berglund reassesses Origen's references to the second-century philologist Heracleon, without presuming that Heracleon's exegesis is determined by views described in heresiological sources or that every reference is equivalent to a verbatim quotation. The author uses variations in Origen's attribution formulas to categorize almost two hundred references as either verbatim quotations, summaries, explanatory paraphrases, or mere assertions. Heracleon's views are assessed by considering the over fifty quotations and seventy summaries so identified in a context of literature to which Heracleon refers – John, a gospel similar to Matthew's, a collection of Pauline epistles, and the Preaching of Peter. The author concludes that Origen is likely to have inferred views he knew from his exegetical opponents (the heterodox and "those who bring in the natures") that were never expressed by Heracleon.

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  • 40.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Origen’s Vacillating Stances Toward his "Valentinian" Colleague Heracleon2017Inngår i: Vigiliae christianae (Print), ISSN 0042-6032, E-ISSN 1570-0720, Vol. 71, nr 5, s. 541-569Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When Origen of Alexandria presents numerous extensive quotations from Heracleon, whom he explicitly presents as a follower of Valentinus, one might expect a uniformly adversarial attitude toward this “Valentinian” sectarian. Instead, Origen’s stances are found to vacillate significantly from general renunciation and emphatic criticism, via considered disagreement and hypothetical approval, all the way to agreement and praise. The fascinating interplay between the stance taken and the dogmatic and philological matters in view implies that while dogmatic issues at stake are decisive for whether Origen agrees or disagrees with Heracleon, the full range of variance in Origen’s stances is determined by Heracleon’s philological methodology and presentation of evidence. Origen’s responses to Heracleon reveal that he viewed this predecessor not simply as a heterodox teacher, but also as a colleague in interpreting the New Testament using methods from Greco-Roman literary criticism. 

  • 41.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Paul’s Rhetorical Efforts to Establish Good Will in First Thessalonians2022Inngår i: Journal for the Study of the New Testament, ISSN 0142-064X, E-ISSN 1745-5294, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 539-560Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ancient oratory ordinarily begins with an effort of captatio benevolentiae – the rhetorical strategy of praising and lauding the audience to make them well-disposed toward the speaker, attentive and receptive to your message – especially before controversial claims or challenging demands. In First Thessalonians, such efforts are manifest not only in the introduction in ch. 1, but throughout the narration in chs. 2–3, which implies that the senders are preparing for a particularly sensitive topic. The first exhortation to appear after these efforts cease, the exhortation to sexual holiness in 1 Thess. 4.3-8, must therefore represent the primary purpose of the letter. The euphemistic language used in this request makes it difficult to understand what kind of πορνεία (‘sexual immorality’) Paul, Silvanus and Timothy are arguing against, but the most likely interpretation is that they want the Thessalonian Christians to stop using their slaves and former slaves for sexual purposes.

  • 42.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Åbo Akademi.
    Perpetua's Dignity on the Arena of Carthage2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rarely are competing ideologies as sharply contrasted as in early Christian martyr stories, where the heroes are executed for rejecting what in Roman society is regarded as fundamental norms. A prominent example is the second-century Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicity, which claims to document a young Christian woman’s own experiences, emotions, and mystical visions while awaiting her death among the beasts on the Carthaginian arena. This study makes use of Kathryn Tanner’s theory of cultures as overlapping sets of behavioral patterns, continuously renegotiated by consensus efforts within a social group, to discern the norms and ideals of the implied author of the Martyrdom, and compares those to well-established patterns within the larger Greco-Roman culture. It concludes that the contrast is considerably less sharp than depicted: while Perpetua’s refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods and her insistence on human dignity even for prisoners awaiting execution are in conflict with Roman society, her visionary ability and calm bravery in face of death are patterns well in tune with Greco-Roman ideals, and serve to elevate Perpetua’s status in the eyes of her tormentors.

  • 43.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Peter’s Thaumaturgic Development from Observer to Performer2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it is likely that the character of Simon Peter we encounter in the Gospel of Mark is based on the memory of a historical person, the character undergoes considerable innovation in later narratives such as the Gospel of Matthew, the canonical Acts of the Apostles, and the apocryphal Acts of Peter. While the Markan Peter witnesses Jesus performing a multitude of miracles without being named as the performer of a single one, later stories has him walking on water (Matt 14:22–33), healing paralytics (Acts 3:1–10, 9:32–35), making a dog speak (Acts Paul 9.9–15), miraculously repairing a shattered marble statue (Acts Pet. 11.8–23), and even raising several people from the dead (Acts 9:36–42; Acts Pet. 27.1–11, 28.63–66). This paper analyses how the miracles ascribed to Peter contribute to the narrative plot in view, develop the characterization of Peter, and respond to the putative needs of the author.

  • 44.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Recension av Ezra JaeKyung Cho, The Rhetorical Approach to 1 Thessalonians: In Light of Ancient Funeral Oration (Eugene: Pickwick, 2020)2022Inngår i: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 87, s. 352-356Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 45.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Recension av Helen K. Bond, The First Biography of Jesus: Genre and Meaning in Mark’s Gospel (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2020)2022Inngår i: Patristica Nordica Annuaria, ISSN 2001-2365, Vol. 37, s. 99-102Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi. Åbo Akademi.
    Recension av Jeffrey M. Tripp, Direct Internal Quotation in the Gospel of John, WUNT II 493 (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2019)2022Inngår i: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 87, s. 416-419Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Nya testamentets exegetik.
    Recension av Patricia Walthers, The Assumed Authorial Unity of Luke and Acts: A Reassessment of the Evidence. SNTSMS 145. (Cambridge: Univ. 2010)2013Inngår i: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 78, s. 272-274Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    Recension av Review of David Satran, In the Image of Origen: Eros, Virtue, and Constraint in the Early Christian Academy, Transformation of the Classical Heritage 58 (Oakland: University of California Press, 2018)2021Inngår i: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, s. 204-207Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
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  • 49.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm, Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, Avdelningen för religionsvetenskap och teologi.
    References to Heracleon in Clement of Alexandria2021Inngår i: Early Christianity (EC), ISSN 1868-7032, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 228-247Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [de]

    Der älteste bekannte Kommentar zum Johannesevangelium, die ὑπομνήματα des vermeintlichen Valentinianers Herakleon, begegnet fast ausschließlich in Bezügen bei Clemens von Alexandrien (ca. 150–215 n. Chr.) und Origenes (ca. 185–254 n. Chr.). In einer kürzlich erschienenen Monographie stelle ich die geläufige Annahme in Frage, dass Origenes mit seiner Vielzahl an Bezügen Herakleon überwiegend wörtlich zitiert habe, und unterscheide methodisch nach wörtlichen Zitaten, Zusammenfassungen, erklärenden Paraphrasen und bloßen Behauptungen. Im vorliegenden Artikel wird diese Methode auf die Zitierweise des Clemens und die beiden Passagen angewendet, in denen er auf Herakleon zu sprechen kommt. Bei der Analyse lässt sich ein wörtliches Zitat, eine Zusammenfassung, zwei erklärende Paraphrasen und eine bloße Behauptung identifizieren und feststellen, dass Herakleon keinen klar erkennbaren Gebrauch vom Lukasevangelium macht.

  • 50.
    Berglund, Carl Johan
    Åbo Akademi.
    Reimagining Gospel Stories with Apostolic Protagonists: The Apostle Philip vs. the People of Nikatera2024Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
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