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  • 101.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Boyarin, Daniel. The Jewish Gospels: the story of the Jewish Christ.2016In: The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, ISSN 0008-7912, E-ISSN 2163-2529, Vol. 78, no 4, p. 768-771Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 102.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Dunn, James D G. Jesus, Paul, and the Gospels.2013In: The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, ISSN 0008-7912, E-ISSN 2163-2529, Vol. 75, no 2, p. 353-355Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 103.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Fiensy, David A. Jesus the Galilean: soundings in a first century life.2009In: Biblical Theology Bulletin, ISSN 0146-1079, E-ISSN 1945-7596, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 171-172Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 104.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Haber, Susan. They shall purify themselves: essays on purity in early Judaism.2015In: Hebrew Studies, ISSN 0146-4094, Vol. 56, p. 430-433Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Hengel, Martin & Schwemer, Anna Maria. Der messianische Anspruch Jesu und die Anfänge der Christologie2005In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 81, no 3, p. 137-139Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 106.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Holmberg, Bengt. Människa och mer: Jesus i forskningens ljus2002In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 78, no 4, p. 189-191Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 107.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Sacrificial Interpretation in the Narratives of Jesus’ Last Meal2017In: The Eucharist, its origins and contexts: Sacred meal, communal meal, table fellowship in late antiquity, early Judaism, and early Christianity.Vol. 3Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman traditions, archaeology / [ed] David Hellholm and Dieter Sänger, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2017, p. 477-502Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Scripture, Interpretation, or Authority? : Motives and Arguments in Jesus’ Halakic Conflicts2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study of motives and arguments in Jesus’ halakic conflicts, Thomas Kazen suggests a way out of the present methodological impasse in the use of traditional criteria of authenticity in historical Jesus research, at least when it comes to those Jesus traditions that relate to halakic issues. Kazen employs results from recent research on the development of halakah during the Second Temple period, in particular from Aharon Shemesh’s discussion of two models (developmental and reflective) for explaining halakic development within and between various Jewish movements, and three areas of tension for analyzing dissenting views (revelation vs . interpretation, Scripture vs . tradition, and nominalism vs. realism). Kazen revisits the Synoptic conflict narratives about Sabbath observance, purity rules and divorce practices, and discusses motives and arguments ascribed to Jesus, whether implicitly or explicitly, by the texts themselves, or by modern interpreters. By combining analyses of halakic development with tradition and redaction criticism, Kazen disentangles theological motives from reasonable historical explanations and suggests relative dates and contexts for motives and arguments often ascribed to Jesus. He questions interpretations which focus on unique individual or halakic authority and suggests that the earliest Jesus tradition appeals to the priority of human need and to creational intent, viewing revelation as based on plain reading and a realistic understanding of Scripture. Jesus’ stance is best explained within the framework of prophetic criticism and a traditional Israelite understanding of Torah. With this work the author contributes as much to our understanding of halakic development during the Second Temple and Tannitic periods as he does to our understanding of the historical Jesus and his relationship to contemporary movements.

  • 109.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Sectarian gospels for some Christians?: intention and mirror reading in the light of extra-canonical texts2005In: New Testament Studies, ISSN 0028-6885, E-ISSN 1469-8145, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 561-578Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 110.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Self-Preserving and Other-Oriented Concerns in the Jesus Tradition2012In: Voces Clamantium in Deserto: Essays in Honor of Kari Syreeni  / [ed] Sven-Olav Back & Matti Kankaanniemi, Åbo / Turku: Teologiska fakulteten vid Åbo universitet , 2012, p. 124-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Smuts, skam, status: Perspektiv på samkönad sexualitet i Bibeln och antiken2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Västerlandet har en historia av förtryck och förtal av homosexuella som bygger på en blandning av religiösa och kulturella föreställningar. Men de bibliska texter som fördömer samkönade sexuella handlingar är få och knappast begripliga utan grundläggande kunskap om antika samhällsmönster och föreställningar.

    I Smuts, skam, status. Perspektiv på samkönad sexualitet i Bibeln och antiken granskas ett urval texter från Främre Orienten, Grekland och Rom, utifrån tre tolkningsparadigm: renhet–orenhet, makt och underordning, samt heder och skam. Thomas Kazen, professor i bibelvetenskap vid Teologiska högskolan Stockholm, visar hur en bakomliggande hierarkisk och hedersrelaterad grundsyn kan göra texterna mer begripliga. Han reflekterar också över de stora skillnader – men också likheter – mellan antika och moderna värderingar, som kan anas.

  • 112.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Some Notes on Sacrificial Removal in Priestly Law2012In: Plogbillar & svärd: En festskrift till Stig Norin / [ed] Tal Davidovich, Stockholm: Molin & Sorgenfrei, 2012, p. 89-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 113.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Son of Man and early Christian identity formation2008In: Identity formation in the New Testament / [ed] Bengt Holmberg and Mikael Winninge, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008, p. 97-122Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Son of man as kingdom imagery: Jesus between corporate symbol and individual redeemer figure2007In: Jesus from Judaism to Christianity: continuum approaches to the historical Jesus / [ed] Tom Holmén, London: T&T Clark, 2007, p. 87-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Standing helpless at the roar and surging of the sea: reading biblical texts in the shadow of the wave2006In: Studia Theologica, ISSN 0039-338X, E-ISSN 1502-7791, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 21-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical questions of theodicy are regularly brought to the fore by large catastrophes, such as the recent tsunami. The present article reviews a number of responses in early Jewish literature, arguing that a traditional paradigm, based on the idea of retribution and clearly exhibited in deuteronomistic history, lies at the bottom of most – if not all – of these. Today, moralizing as well as apocalyptic readings are rendered meaningless by our evolutionary worldview. Catastrophes are often caused by those very properties of nature that have made the evolution of human life and society possible. We thus need a modified understanding of divine purpose and control. From such a perspective, three gospel texts are discussed: the stilling of the storm, the tower of Siloam and part of Jesus’ eschatological discourse. While trust in God's control in view of natural disasters is difficult to expect, some of these texts may be read against traditional paradigms as invitations to co-operation and common responsibility in relieving human suffering. This is part of the evolution of human life that in the end might help us to find moral, future and even divine purpose.

  • 116.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Texternas tillkomst och tradering2006In: Jesus och de första kristna: Inledning till Nya testamentet / [ed] Dieter Mitternacht & Anders Runesson, Stockholm: Verbum , 2006, p. 180-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The christology of early Christian practice2008In: Journal of Biblical Literature, ISSN 0021-9231, E-ISSN 1934-3876, Vol. 127, no 3, p. 591-614Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 118.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Coming Son of Man Revisited2007In: Journal For The Study of the Historical Jesus, ISSN 1476-8690, E-ISSN 1745-5197, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 155-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interpretation of the synoptic Son of Man is still a formidable swamp with no consensus emerging. Unfortunately, one of the most interesting suggestions, the collective interpretation of Manson, Moule and Gaston, has been somehow left by the wayside. It has certain advantages, however, in respecting both the basic `generic' sense of an underlying Semitic expression and the Danielic kingdom imagery, without denying this expression for the historical Jesus. The present article focuses on the comingSon of Man sayings and demonstrates the plausibility of applying a collective interpretation to them. The result is an eschatology, focusing not on an individual redeemer figure, but on the manifestation of the Kingdom in community practice. Some suggestions are offered for how such an eschatology, based on a collective interpretation of the coming Son of Man, could `mutate' so quickly into the idea of a second coming of Christ.

  • 119.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Good Samaritan and a presumptive corpse2006In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 71, p. 131-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Role of Disgust in Priestly Purity Law: Insights from Conceptual Metaphor and Blending Theories2014In: Journal of Law, Religion and State, ISSN 2212-6465, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 62-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Common anthropological and structuralist approaches to Israelite purity law are often problematic. Disgust is a more promising explanation for the diverse impurities reflected inpriestly texts. But not all impurities fit into a pattern of disgustequally well. Disgust language also characterizes impurities that ought not to evoke revulsion easily. I have previously suggested a transfer of emotional disgust from obvious triggers to objects that are clearly culture-specific by means of a secondary use of disgust language as value judgment. In thepresent article I explore this further with the help of cognitive linguistics. Conceptual metaphor theories as well as more elaborate blending models help clarify how disgust intrinsic to certain conceptions of impurity can be extended and transferred to others, which at times bear only slight resemblances. As a result, I suggest that disgust is the most comprehensive explanation for the wide variety of conceptions of impurity found in priestly legislation.

  • 121.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Theology: New Testament2015In: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Bible and Law, vol. 2 / [ed] Brent Strawn, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 384-400Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Tidiga Jesusbilder: om erfarenheten bakom och framför kristologin2005In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 81, no 2, p. 49-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Tolkning och respekt: Om bibeltolkning och homosexualitet2006In: Spår av Gud: Vänbok till Valborg Lindgärde / [ed] Lars Ingelstam, Johnny Jonsson & Berit Åqvist, Bromma: THS , 2006, p. 182-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Twenty Years after Sigal: Jesus as Proto-Rabbinic Teacher of Halakhah2007In: The Halakah of Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospel of Matthew : By Phillip Sigal; reprint edition, Atlanta: SBL Press, 2007, p. 195-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 125.
    Kazen, Thomas
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Ekedahl, Marianne
    Induktiv teologi som meningsskapande: om erfarenhetens roll i själavård och texttolkning2006In: Tro & Liv, Vol. 5, p. 7-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 126.
    Lodén, Annika
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Existentiella samtal med äldre män: Kan det stärka deras psykiska hälsa?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle eftersträvas ungdomlighet. Det gråa håret färgas och begynnande rynkorsminkas över. Journalisten och författaren Arvid Lagercrantz har skrivit förordet till en bokredigerad av filosofie magister och sjuksköterskan Susanne Rolfner Suvanto. Lagercrantzbelyser att det inte alltid är så roligt att bli äldre. Kroppens funktioner förändras ochförsämras. Vänner och närstående dör (Lagercrantz 2014:9). Att bli äldre attraherar få. Deäldre hamnar lätt i bakgrunden. Detta påverkar synen på äldre vilket kan leda till att de tillviss del blir fråntagen sitt människovärde. Lars Andersson, docent i gerontologi, menar attundomsfixeringen medför en slags gradering av vad som är värdefullt (Andersson 2002:124).Uppsatsens mening är att lyfta fram äldre och särskilt fokus ligger vid äldres psykiska hälsaoch ohälsa. Detta område har länge varit eftersatt (Rolfner Suvanto 2014:11). Psykisk ohälsa,främst depression, är vanligt bland äldre. Andelen självmord i angiven grupp är hög, isynnerhet bland äldre män (Rolfner Suvanto 2014:13) Självmord är den ytterstakonsekvensen av psykisk ohälsa. Att uppsatsen drar gränsen för äldre från 65 år och uppåt harmed den traditionella svenska pensionsåldern att göra. Psykoanalytikern Erik HomburgerEriksson menar i gerotranscendensteorin, det positiva åldrandet, att människan fortsätter attutvecklas under hela livet. Viljan att lyfta fram Erikson grundas i att sociologiprofessor LarsTornstams ofta refererade teori om gerotranscendens byggde på Eriksons teori. CeciliaMelder, teologidoktor i religionspsykologi, menar att den existentiella hälsodimensionen ipositiv mening påverkar självskattad hälsa och livskvalitet. Melder framhåller möjligheten attutveckla bland annat ”preventioner (förebyggande) för aktiv livshjälp utifrån ett existentiellthälsoperspektiv” (Melder 2014:37). Från mina år som personal inom äldreomsorgen kännerjag igen den beskrivna bilden av att bli äldre. Utifrån beskriven bakgrund menar jag att det ärrelevant att studera möjligheten av existentiella samtal för att stärka äldre mäns psykiskahälsa. Min förförståelse för uppsatsens ämne bygger dels på mitt arbete inom äldreomsorgen.Dels på teorierna som jag fått kunskap om tidigare samt en viss kunskap om psykisk hälsaoch ohälsa hos äldre. Min förförståelse kan innebära att jag i förväg har en uppfattning omstudiens resultat. Av vikt är därför att genomgående vara väl förankrad i fakta som finns ävenom fakta till viss del saknas om det specifika området. Min förförståelse innebär också ettantagande om att uppsatsen berör ett angeläget ämne. För att lyfta fram en verksamhet därexistentiella samtal med äldre förekommer så har en intervju gjorts med Marianne Olsson, verksamhetschef på Sankt Lukas i Kronoberg. Detta för att ta reda på mera om deras kunskapi ämnet psykisk ohälsa och existentiella samtal.

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  • 127.
    Marcus, Madeleine
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Själavårdens roll i konfirmandarbetet  i jämförelse med Berit Okkenhaugs själavårdsinriktningar: Kvalitativ studie i Stockholms stift2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har haft som syfte att jämföra likheter och skillnader beträffande Berit Okkenhaugs tre själavårdsinriktingar som presenteras i litteraturen, Själavård – en grundbok.1, med den själavård som är i Stockholms stifts konfirmationsverksamhet. Metodologiskt grundar sig denna uppsats på en kvalitativ metod. Uppsatsen har en induktiv intervjudel, där intervjuer har gjorts med de som ansvarar för konfirmationen i åtta församlingar i Stockholms stift. I tidigare forskning belyser Dion Sommer i boken, Barndomspsykologi, utveckling i en förändrad värld, att själavård för unga handlar om att stärka grundtilliten. Utifrån grundtilliten stärks hoppet i ungdomars liv och möjliggör att hantera livets problem lättare.2 Den forskningen överensstämmer med svaren i uppsatsens induktiva intervjudel. I resultatet framkommer att kyrkan idag står generellt mest i den konfidentcentrerade själavården, med önskan och viljan hos många i kyrkan att arbeta i en mer kyrkligt orienterad tros- och livsvägledning. En slutsats är att alla respondenterna har en positiv människosyn och att människan har mer kunskap inom sig än vad hon är medveten om. Samt att själavårdarens uppgift är att vara en medvandrare i själavårdssamtalet.

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  • 128.
    Melder, Cecilia A
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The epidemiology of lost meaning: A study in the psychology of religion and existential public health2012In: Scripta Instituti Donneriani Aboensis, ISSN 0582-3226, Vol. 24, p. 237-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The existential dimension of spirituality has proven to be of great importance over the last two decades when it comes to studies of self-rated health and quality of life. We see the positive effects it has on blood pressure, depression and life expectancy for chemotherapy and HIV patients, to mention just a few examples. In the public health sector, it is interesting to note that this existential/spiritual dimension had already been present in the early years when the term public health first came into the Swedish language. In the year 1926 public health was defined as ‘a people’s physical and spiritual health’. During the intervening years of major medical and scientific technical improvements in the field, the existential/spiritual perspective had been put aside, but now once again this dimension has come into focus. The central question is, how does the existential dimension of health, understood as a person’s ability to create and maintain functional meaning making systems, affect the person’s self-rated health and quality of life? The working theories and basic perspectives in this article are drawn from health research with attention to the existential dimension, public health from the perspective of the psychology of religion, and object relations theory.

  • 129.
    Melder, Cecilia A
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Psykisk ohälsa hos äldre: Existentiell hälsa2017Other (Other academic)
  • 130.
    Melder, Cecilia A
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala universitet, Religionspsykologi.
    Fischer, Regina Santamaki
    Abo Akad Univ, Turku, Finland.;Umea Univ, Umea, Sweden..
    Nygren, Bjorn
    Umea Univ, Umea, Sweden..
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala universitet, Religionspsykologi.
    Validating WHOQOL-SRPB in Sweden: instrument adaption for measuring existential aspects of health-related quality of life [HRQL] in secular contexts2016In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 25, p. 100-100Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Melder, Cecilia A
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala universitet, Religionspsykologi.
    Jyrell, Ida P.
    Söderqvist, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Västerås.
    Measuring adolescents health-related quality of life [HRQL] in a secular context-introducing a Swedish WHOQOL-SRPB-adolescent instrument2016In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 25, p. 88-88Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 132.
    Melder, Cecilia A
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala University, Department of Religious Studies/Psychology of Religion.
    Kostenius, Catrine
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Hälsa och rehabilitering.
    Existential health: developing and evaluating methods for successful health promotion in a secularized context2016Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 133.
    Melder, Cecilia A
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska fakulteten.
    Santamäki Fischer, Regina
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    Nygren, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Umeå universitet, Allmänmedicin.
    Validating WHOQOL-SRPB in Sweden: instrument adaption for measuring existential aspects of health-related quality of life [HRQL] in secular contexts2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 134.
    Norberg, Johan
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Paulus förståelse av "synd" i valda delar av Romarbrevet och dess betydelse för Paulus texter om samkönade relationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Debatten om homosexualitet som synd fördes än en gång upp, i april 2015, i den samhälleliga debatten av flera samstämmiga pingstpastorer i tidningen Dagen. Svenska kyrkan är dessa pastorers motpol då de som organisation viger samkönade par. Denna åsiktsmångfald bland kristna samfund skapar en grund för denna uppsats. Paulus fortsätter att påverka världen med bland annat Romarbrevet och det gör att breven är fortsatt viktiga att studera. Att tolka Romarbrevet, eller andra bibliska texter, utan kontextuell förståelse är att ta en genväg. Att använda en bibeltext för att fördöma eller upphöja i nutid kan vara vanskligt om man saknar förförståelse för hur världen såg ut då texten skrevs. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka Paulus användning av begreppet ἁμαρηία i Romarbrevet samt om Paulus, i Romarbrevet, ser samkönade relationer som synd. Uppsatsen syftar alltså till att skapa en ökad förståelse för vad Paulus menar när han talar om ἁμαρηία i relation till samkönade relationer. Uppsatsen kan beskrivas som en idéhistoriskt inriktad studie. Bland annat undersöks antikens syn på sexualitet och stoiska synsätt, som är av relevans för förståelsen av Paulus syn på kön och sexualitet. Studien identifierar vissa för tiden och kulturen typiska föreställningar som antingen finns uttryckligen utsagda i de texter jag studerat eller som ligger som en underförstådd premiss. Bland dessa föreställningar finns en förståelse av sexualitet där sexuella relationer alltid är maktrelationer, förståelsen av begreppsparet ”naturligt - onaturligt”, en skapelseteologi som återspeglar den maktrelation mellan könen som rådde i det dåvarande samhället men också en förståelse för synden som en dynamisk kraft som man inte kan undslippa samt att den hellenistiske diasporajuden Paulus influerats av stoiska tänkesätt. Allt detta har spelat roll för Paulus i dennes formulering kring inte enbart samkönade relationer, utan också om övriga moralhandlingar. Genom denna undersökning blir slutsatsen att Paulus formuleringar inte är enkelspåriga. Det är anledningen till att denna uppsats frågeställning är viktig. För att göra Paulus rättvisa behövs denna form av frågeställning. Denna uppsats mynnar ut i en ökad förståelse för vilka Paulus skrev och hur han valde sina ord och varför. Ett skäl är att han delade uppfattningen att hedningarnas avgudadyrkan ledde till omoraliska handlingar. Mer speciellt för just Paulus är uppfattningen att judarnas lag inte skyddade mot synden, utan snarare synliggjorde synden.

    Allt mynnar ut i den brådska Paulus kände gällande att kristna världen. Paulus kristologi är central i hela Romarbrevet och är nyckeln till att förstå dess kontext. Paulus ansåg också att det var brådskande att människorna kom till insikt om att den enda som kunde frälsa från synden var Kristus. Det är en stor bakomliggande orsak till varför Paulus valde att formulera sig i så brådskande stil som han gjorde.

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  • 135.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Behaving as a Christ-Believer: A Cognitive Perspective on Identity and Behavior Norms in Ephesians2011Book (Other academic)
  • 136.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Bibeln och nationalismen2015In: Sverige, Sverige Fosterland – teologi, politik och svenska väljare / [ed] Kjell-Åke Nordquist, Studieförbundet Bilda , 2015, p. 15-26Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 137.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Confession of Sins and Penance as Costly Signaling in Early Christianity2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In early Christianity, conflict resolution that involved decision about exclusion and reintegration of community members was often ritualized as excommunication, penance, confession of sins and intercession. Mediation of divine forgiveness of sin was central to the rituals that reintegrated transgressing community members and reconciled them with the community. This paper discusses confession and penance as costly signalling of commitment. The concept of "cost" as used in costly signaling theory is evaluated in relation to these rituals.

  • 138.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Dangerous but contagious altruism: recruitment of group members and reform of cooperation style through altruism in two modified versions of Hammond and Axelrod’s simulation of ethnocentric cooperation2016In: Religion, Brain & Behavior, ISSN 2153-599X, E-ISSN 2153-5981, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 154-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the possibility of recruiting other agents to one's own kind and changing their cooperation style to one's own through altruistic generosity in a simulation. This is done by modifying Ross Hammond and Robert Axelrod's well-known simulation, which shows that ethnocentric behavior is the most successful strategy in a spatialized game of cooperation where color is the only attribute that agents can act on. Their simulation is altered in two steps. First, the simulation is changed so that each agent can “recruit” neighboring agents to its own color with a low probability R through out-group altruism toward non-cooperative out-group members. If recruitment is successful, there is also a probability M that the converted agent “morally reforms,” that is, changes cooperation style to the cooperative agent's style. The result is that the strategy of altruism can successfully compete with ethnocentric strategies if it leads to recruitment around 1–2% of the time, and a change of cooperation style to altruism around 0.4–0.5% of the time. Second, the simulation is altered so that only agents of one color, green, can recruit the other colors through altruism. The most obvious result of this simulation is that agents of this group become increasingly dominant with an increasing probability of recruitment. More interesting is that the overall proportion of altruists decreases and ethnocentrism becomes more dominant as a cooperation strategy compared to the first modified simulation, although not as dominant as in the original simulation by Hammond and Axelrod. That is, green can dominate the board through recruitment of other colors even though only some of the green agents are “proselytizing” altruists. The simulations have bearing on (1) how altruistic behavior spreads through cultural transmission in a population and (2) the historical problem of why apparently self-destructive behaviors of generosity and non-self-defense toward out-group individuals seems to have contributed to the expansion of religious movements in certain historical periods.

  • 139.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Forgiveness, Ritual and Social Identity in Matthew: Obliging Forgiveness2016In: Social Memory and Social Identity in the Study of Early Judaism and Early Christianity / [ed] J. Jokiranta, S. Byrskog & R. Hakola, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2016, p. 187-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 140.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Identity in First John: Sinless Sinners who Remain in Him2013In: The T&T Clark Handbook to Social Identity and the New Testament / [ed] B. Tucker and C. Baker, London: T&T Clark, 2013, p. 493-510Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 141.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Is Covenantal Nomism only Jewish?2013In: Henoch: Historical and Textual Studies in Ancient and Medieval Judaism and Christianity, ISSN 0393-6805, E-ISSN 2611-8076, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 119-134Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 142.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Paul’s Theological Language of Salvation as Social and Embodied Cognition2017In: Participation, Justification and Conversion: Eastern Orthodox Interpretation of Paul and the Debate between Old and New Perspectives on Paul / [ed] A. Despotis, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 301-330Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 143.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Practices of confession, intercession, and forgiveness in 1 John 1.9; 5.162012In: New Testament Studies, ISSN 0028-6885, E-ISSN 1469-8145, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 235-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1 John 1.9 and 5.16 reflect practices of public confession of sins, intercession, and mediation of God's forgiveness. Divine forgiveness and belonging to the community were integrated in the Johannine community to the extent that one equalled the other. Therefore, these practices had important group-dynamic functions for the Johannine community. First, public confession functioned as a costly signal that deterred less committed group members but was meaningful to committed group members. Second, the practice of intercession induced role taking, allowing the offended party both to empathize with the offender and to restore his or her dignity and honour.

  • 144.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Reintegrative Shaming and a Prayer Ritual of Reintegration in Matthew 18:15-202014In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 79, p. 95-123Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 145.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Pyysiäinen, Ilkka‏. Religion, economy, and cooperation.2013In: Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion, ISSN 2049-7555, E-ISSN 2049-7563, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 244-245Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Review of Trebilco, Paul. Self-designations and group identity in the New Testament.2013In: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 78, p. 267-269Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Embodied Experience of the Early Christian Symposium and Paul's Language of Salvation and Justification2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Insights from the cognitive sciences, particularly research on embodied and embedded cognition, allow us to discuss how Paul as an embodied and socially embedded thinker formed his theology of salvation. I argue why participation in Christ is most probably at the cognitive centre of a theology for a community steeped in the embodied ritual experience of banquets in honour of Christ.

  • 148.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The polyvalence of α͗φίημι and the two cognitive frames of forgiveness in the synoptic gospels2015In: Novum Testamentum, ISSN 0048-1009, E-ISSN 1568-5365, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 136-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Depending on whether God or a human is the forgiving agent in the Synoptic Gospels (and beyond), the verb valence of ἀφίημι, “forgive,” differs in several ways. The present article argues that the differences are reflections in linguistic conventions of the cognition that only God can remove the substance of sin, while both God and humans can remit the moral debt of sin. Construction grammar, a linguistic theory which assumes that syntax and semantics are inseparable, is used in the analysis. Theological implications are discussed.

  • 149.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Vägledande ord om bibelbruk och bibelsyn2013In: Arvet och en gemensam framtid / [ed] Ulla-Marie Gunner & Per Westblom, Stockholm: Verbum Forlag, 2013, p. 97-126Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 150.
    Stenström, Hanna
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Att minnas  Göran Bergstrand2017In: Med samtalet som livsuppgift: En bok till minne av Göran Bergstrand / [ed] LarsÅke W Persson, Stockholm: Förbundet S:t Lukas , 2017, 1, p. 164-183Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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