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  • 151.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Politik i amerikansk evangelikalism och svensk frikyrklighet2021In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 123, no 4, p. 717-734Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Evangelicals in the United States and Sweden are similar in terms of theology and spirituality, but differ widely in political preferences. US evangelicals have supported Donald J. Trump while Swedish evangelicals have rejected the right-wing populism of the Sweden Democrats.This article explains the development among US evangelics by comparing them to their Swedish counterparts. In the 19th century, Swedish evangelicals associated them-selves with the Liberal party, and cooperated with the Social Democrats, in a struggle for democracy against the conservative establishment. In the United States, no such alliance took place. Instead the movement was shaped by the idea that the state is an obstacle to freedom, the anti-socialist propaganda of the Cold war and eventually the culture wars. This moved evanglical voters deep into the Republican ranks.Three factors have shaped the development of these movements: The view of the state, identification as minority or majority, and political alliances and conflicts.

  • 152.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Politik och samhällsengagemang: Lewi Pethrus och drömmen om en Kristen nation2018In: Hundra år av samverkan / [ed] Johnny Jonsson, Lennat Molin, Karlstad: Votum , 2018Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 153.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Populism as existentialism: The Sweden Democrates and the longing for connection2019In: Is God a Populist? : Christianity, populism and the future of Europe / [ed] Susan Kerr, Oslo: Skaperkraft Frekk förlag , 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Populismens existentiella dimensioner: Sverigedemokrater och kyrkor i den flytande moderniteten2021In: Theofilos; Tidskrift for å studere teologi, filosofi og kultur, ISSN 1893-7969, Vol. 12, no 2-3, p. 267-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rightwing populism is characterized by critique of immigration, but populist parties also address existential anxieties of late or liquid modernity. I argue that regular churchgoers reject the Sweden Democrats not only because they hold different opinions on immigration, but also due to their strong social capital. The latter helps them cope with modern anxieties, and this makes them less inclined to accept the message of the populists.

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  • 155.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Att växa i mötet med andra: Kyrkorna och demokratin2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 156.
    Halldorf, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    UR Samtiden - Hålla ut, hålla om, hålla ihop: Förändrat samtalsklimat2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 157.
    Halldorf, Joel
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Ideström, JonasUniversity College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Med Gud och hans vänskap: på spaning efter kyrkan i praktiken, historien och framtiden : festskrift till Sune Fahlgren2022Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 158.
    Halldorf, Joel
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Vingren, Ellen
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    En kyrka som låter, en forskare som lyssnar: Etnografi, hermeneutik och intervjun som teologisk motståndshandling2021In: Barmhärtighetens gemenskap / [ed] Maria Ledstam, Bengt Rasmusson, Carl-Magnus Carlstein, Malmö: Spricka förlag , 2021, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Hansson Forsberg, Madelene
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Från pärleporten till Kent.: Psalm och profan musik vid begravning.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is written within systematic theology, with the aim of comparing hymns and profane music at funeral rituals in the Church of Sweden. Over a longer period of time, the funeral rite has become more and more individualistic, with more personal elements. From photos of the deceased, relatives giving speeches and to the funeral being broadcast digitally. The question concerned within this essay tackles whether hymns and profane music are competitors or whether they should coexist with each other. The essay is based on people's needs, experience and the music's message. Based on four questions; How is grief and death described in the text? How is hope and life described? How is transcendence described? And how do the texts relate to pastoral care and the beliefs and teachings of the Church of Sweden? A comparative study has been made between three hymns and three profane songs. 

    In the essay it appears that the selected pieces of music answer these questions on their own basis and could be put against each other to answer whether hymn and profane music are competitors or complements. An answer that is both yes and no,profane music cannot replace hymns, but it is a personal complement that can help in the work of mourning.

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  • 160.
    Hartell, Hannah
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Theology of Hope(lessness): Constructing a Theological Understanding of Hopelessness and Searching for Theological Resources Relevant to Facing Hopelessness Experienced Due to Eco-Anxiety2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to construct a theological understanding of hopelessness, as well as to explore what theological resources could be relevant in confronting and handling hopelessness that is endured due to the current day experience of eco-anxiety. Throughout the study hopelessness is viewed as a personal dysphoric state, as well as an individual's part in a collective response to an unjust system. This is an assumption which differs from traditional theology of hope, as hopelessness becomes not only a personal failing, but also a consequence of a failing society. Further, hope is theorized to be a concept that is available in two different forms labeled as naive hope and complex hope. Naive hope being a hope that is solely a belief, while complex hope is a hope that has further grounds, such as empirical, ontological or rational ones, upon which it stands. As such, the theological resources considered in the study are such that might aid in building a complex hope for those suffering from hopelessness, due to eco-anxiety. 

    The material being analysed in the study is divided into the four theological themes of “The Cross”, “Holy Saturday”, “Eschatology” and “Apocalypticism”. These themes present different theological concepts that have been viewed as hopeful, or theologies of hope, in some contexts. A literary analysis is conducted on the material presented within these themes, in the search for theological resources relevant to facing and handling hopelessness. The material is not necessarily harmonious and, as such, presents different aspects of each theme that may, or may not, be considered a resource in accordance with the aim and theory of the study. Theological resources for hopelessness found within the material are summarized at the end of each chapter and are collectively contemplated in the discussion of the study. The thesis discussion also consists of an evaluation of the validity in the concepts of naive hope and complex hope as well as the theological concept of hopelessness constructed, in accordance with the findings of the analyses. 

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    Theology of Hope(lessness)
  • 161.
    Hedberg, Charlotte
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Den inre revolutionen: En pilotstudie om mystika erfarenheters inverkan på existentiell hälsa2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Charlotte Hedberg

    Affiliation: Stockholm School of Theology- University College Stockholm

    The inner revolution 

    A pilot study of Existential health in relation to mystical experience.

    The aim of the pilot study is to investigate five individuals self-rated health in relation to the existential aspects in secular contexts. Intensive experiences often lead to a new way of looking at life and a new orientation in life. The study builds on five qualitative interviews and theories of mysticism, existential health as well as alexithymia. The empiric material is analyzed through Pahnkes nine typologies for mystical experience aswell as the existential health facets stated in WHOQOL-SRPB. 

    The study found that all of the participants had experienced an increased self-rated existential health after their mystical experiences. The conclusion of the study states that mystical experiences has been positively affecting self-rated existential health in all eight existential health facets stated in WHOQOL-SRPB. 

    The results are discussed by adding theories of alexythymia and the role of interpretation.

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    Den inre revolutionen
  • 162.
    Helminen, Tove-Junia
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Som en blixt från klar himmel: En litterär analys av Luk 10:17–242022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to examine the literary unit of Luke 10:17–24 in its literary context, and to learn what Luke might have intended to mediate about Satan’s, Jesus’ and the seventy(-two)’s power in relation to the kingdom of God. This has been done through a literary and redaction critical analysis. Special attention has been paid to Luke’s ordering of his material, his understanding of Satan in comparison with other jewish apocalyptic writings and his view on discipleship. This essay argues that Luke has constructed his literary unit from both own material and material found in “Q” to create a juxtaposition between Jesus and Satan, and to communicate that the fall of Satan and the arrival of the kingdom of God are two coincident events. Furthermore, this essay claims that there are intrinsic connections between the mission of the seventy(-two) and the mission of Jesus in Luke’s narrative.

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  • 163.
    Hemmati, Carin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    En plats för mig: En studie om migranters väg in i församlingen i Equmeniakyrkan, Region Stockholm2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En inventering, analys och tolkning av de faktorer och omständigheter som är avgörande för migranter, varför de tillhör den församling de gör. Studien genomfördes med intervjuer av medlemmar i två mångkulturella församlingar inom Equmeniakyrkan i Region Stockholm.

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  • 164.
    Hemmati, Carin
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Tillsammans eller var för sig: En studie av fyra församlingars mångfaldsarbete i mångkulturella miljöer inom Equmeniakyrkan Region Stockholm2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En inventering och analys av de speciella vägval som multietniska församlingar i Equmeniakyrkan ställs inför när det gäller organisering och gudstjänstverksamhet utifrån sin mångfaldskaraktär och mångkulturella kontext. Studien genomfördes med intervjuer av medarbetare i fyra multietniska församlingar inom Equmeniakyrkan Region Stockholm och med två medarbetare från dess regionala kansli.

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  • 165.
    Hjälm, Michael
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    The role of the Church in Financial Crises: The Final Break with the Idea of Symphonia2017In: Journal of Eastern Christian Studies, ISSN 0009-5141, E-ISSN 1783-1520, Vol. 69, no 1-4, p. 125-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modernity has brought about an increase of the rationalization of society that has placed strenuous pressure on responsible actors, with a heightened risk of dissent. This, in turn, increases the need for established subsystems, which are regulated by steering media such as money and power. If sub-systems are needed in a globalized world, they have to go hand in hand with an increased ability of rationalization in order to keep responsibility personal. Rationalization in a modern world requires a differentiation between objective facts, social consensus or agreements, and subjective commitments. It seems, however, that the church belongs to a pre-modern world with a focus on holistic world views that is precisely the opposite of rationalization as differentiation. Taking this understanding of rationalization as a cue, this paper argues that the current economic crisis in South Eastern Europe has cultural and ecclesial roots that challenge the self-understanding of the church and its practice in relation to society.

  • 166.
    Holmgren, Rebecca
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Tidiga och medeltida judiska och kristna tolkningar av Genesis 2:25 - 3:24: en jämförande analys2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Berättelsen i Genesis 3 har fascinerat människor genom tiderna. Hur Adam och Evalockas av ormen att äta av den förbjudna frukten är något som de flesta känner till utanatt för den skull vara bekännande troende. Den är helt enkelt en av våra mest kändamyter som påstås säga något viktigt om människans villkor i den här världen. Men vadhandlar den om, vad är det den vill säga och är det relevant för oss som lever idag? Vadär det för fel med att vilja ha kunskap, det vill säga varför hade Gud förbjuditmänniskan att äta av frukten från kunskapens träd? Är inte det något bra? Eller handlardet om, som författaren Karen Armstrong hävdar, en annan typ av kunskap än den vivanligtvis tänker på idag när vi associerar till begreppet? Armstrong menar att kunskap iBibelns mening inte är detsamma som en hellenistiskt inspirerad, vetenskapligdefinition där man söker finna fakta om världen vi lever i. Snarare handlar det om enpraktisk kunskap om hur man kan få leva ett gott liv. Det är något som kräver insikt ochvisdom eftersom vi måste leva med våra tillkortakommanden, i en brusten värld(Armstrong, 1996:16-17, 25-26).Är Edennarrativet i Genesis 3 främst en berättelse om hur synden kom in imänniskors liv eller handlar den om något annat? Dessa frågor vill jag försöka besvara idenna uppsats genom att söka mig tillbaka till några tidiga uttolkare. För migpersonligen har det känts viktigt att informera mig om tidiga tolkningar av berättelsenför att få en grund att stå på innan jag ger mig i kast med nutida. Detta för att kunnahandskas respektfullt med berättelsen i en samtida läsning.

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  • 167.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    Ecclesiology and ethnography - issues and dilemmas in a conversation2019In: International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church, ISSN 1474-225X, E-ISSN 1747-0234, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 302-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to introduce the Ecclesiology and Ethnography conversation by highlighting some of its characteristics. According to the inquiry, significant contributors to the conversation understand ethnography as a form of theology and see ethnographic and ecclesiological modes of theologising as an alternative to idealist ecclesiological accounts. The article also shows how participation is a key theological theme as well as a research approach. Two pressing issues, that are highlighted, concern normativity in relation to doctrine and tradition and the role of theology in qualitative theological and ecclesiological research. The article ends with discussions on two dilemmas in ethnographic ecclesiology and with suggestions on how to deal with them responsibly.

  • 168.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Svenska kyrkans enhet för forskning och analys.
    Folkkyrkotanken - innehåll och utmaningar: en översikt av studier under 2000-talet2012Book (Other academic)
  • 169.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    For the sake of the world: Swedish ecclesiology in dialogue with William T. Cavanaugh2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Svenska kyrkans forskningsenhet.
    Ikoniska kartor: att göra teologi i kyrkans vardag2021Book (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    Kyrkan som social kropp: en studie av Svenska kyrkans identitet i Flemingsberg2010In: Den goda staden: tankar och teologi om staden / [ed] Christina Byström och Jonas Eek, Göteborg: Svenska kyrkan , 2010, p. 24-33Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 172.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Lokal kyrklig identitet: En studie av implicit ecklesiologi med exemplet Svenska kyrkan i Flemingsberg2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ideström, Jonas 2009. Lokal kyrklig identitet – en studie av implicit ecklesiologi med exemplet Svenska kyrkan i Flemingsberg. (Summary: Local Church Identity – a Study of Implicit Ecclesiology with the Example of the Church of Sweden in Flemingsberg)

    The focus of this thesis is the concrete identity of the church. The study has been conducted within the church of Sweden in a parish in a southern Stockholm suburb. The aim of the thesis is to gain knowledge of how the identity of the Church of Sweden is manifested at a local level in a suburban context and to develop an ecclesiological approach for conducting such a study. The overall ecclesiological approach of the study is defined as a theologically reflective and abductive. The church is understood as a concrete historical and social agent in the light of God’s presence and therefore both theology and social theory is needed in studying its identity. The approach is abductive in the sense that the study process can be seen as a continuing dialogue between the theoretical reflections and the establishment of empirical material.

    The study is conducted within an ecclesiological framework, and the concept implicit ecclesiology is central. Implicit ecclesiology is defined as an understanding of what it is to be church that is illuminated by applying a theoretical perspective on expressions of the concrete church. In the thesis the implicit ecclesiology is illuminated by using a theological understanding of the identity of the church and theories on organizational identity.

    To analyze the material from the ecclesiological field-study in the parish a theoretical model for analysis is developed. The purpose of the model is to make it possible to analyze and describe what kind of social body that is manifested in the material.

    An approach that draws on Niklas Luhmanns’ theory of organizations as social systems is used. Out of that theory two main concepts are defined: self-descriptions and identity-structures. The concepts of practice, identity-space, strategy and tactics are also added to the model to reveal concrete expressions of the social body and telos it is striving towards.

    The analysis of the material gives a rather complex picture of the social body and the ecclesiology implicit in its manifestations. The analysis of the self-descriptions used by the local church show that, to a large extent, a rather narrow social body is described, consisting mainly of employees and the local church council. Three identity-structures are also revealed that in a significant way form the social body: one around the employees, one in relation to worship and a third in relation to the geographical borders of the parish.

    Implicit in the result of the analysis is an understanding of Christ as being present in the world where a fundamental relational pattern of the incarnation liberates people to a community with one another and with God. The analysis shows how this, by the church, is understood to be embodied in a special way in the liturgy of the worship. Without this embodiment of the relational pattern of the incarnation in the social body of the church, Christ would not be present in the world. There is, then, an implicit understanding of the concrete church as being an instrument for God’s presence in the world through Christ.

  • 173.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    Sebbe – om utsatthet, svek och överlevnad2010In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, Vol. 106, no 11, p. 177-179Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 174.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Svenska kyrkans enhet för forskning och analys.
    Spåren i snön: att vara kyrka i norrländska glesbygder2015Book (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    Svenska kyrkan ”inbäddad” i Afghanistan2010In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, Vol. 106, no 20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 176.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    Vad innebär det att vara församling?2009In: Svensk kyrkotidning, ISSN 0346-2153, Vol. 105, no 45-46, p. 512-514Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 177.
    Ideström, Jonas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology. Uppsala universitet, Kyrkovetenskap.
    Vi och vår församling – en lokal kyrkas självbeskrivningar2008In: På spaning...: från Svenska kyrkans forskardagar 2007 / [ed] Anne-Louise Eriksson, Stockholm: Verbum , 2008, p. 163-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Ingrid, Dahlström
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Vigselgudstjänstens teologi i praktiken: Fallstudier av vigselgudstjänster i Svenska kyrkan utifrån liturgisk teologi, performanceteori och ritteori2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I have studied wedding services in the Church of Sweden, as they are actually performed. I do this from a liturgical-theological perspective, a performance- perspective and from the perspective of ritual studies. According to the performance- perspective the wedding service can be seen as consisting of different scripts, for example, the normative script of the handbook, the script of the wedding-couple and the script of the minister. The main question is: What is constructed when these three scripts meet in a wedding service? I first study each script. I give an account for the script of the handbook and analyse it by placing it in a historical, liturgical and theological context. The script of the wedding couple and the minister I uncover by participant observations of three wedding services and interviews with the couples and ministers acting in these services. Thereafter I analyse the scripts of the couples and the minsters looking at themes that appear to be important in these scripts and in the handbook. Such themes are the wedding service as a service of blessing, the legal aspect of the service, the construction of family through marriage, love, the service as a ritual, the setting of the wedding, the role of the minister, the importance of participation and the role of the music. I conclude that the three scripts are indeed three very different scripts, but when they are juxtaposed a new meaning is constructed. This can occur even if the script are not correlating or even to some extent collides. One important factor for meaning to be constructed is the ritualization, acts that make the service a ritual. This seems to be more important than the fact that the scripts correlate. Another important factor for meaning to be constructed is that the scripts actually meet, that they actually are juxtaposed together. For this to happen the minister has to clarify his/her own script and be responsive to the couple’s script. Then the minister can relate their script to blessing, prayer and scripture. Normatively, I conclude that the wedding service becomes a meaningful wedding service when the couple’s scripts are related to the greater, transcendent Script

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  • 179.
    Isaksson, Henrik
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Saras roll i Gen 11:29 – 23:20: En studie kring Sara som karaktär och dess teologiska relevans2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I go through the stories that are about Sara, or Saraj, from Genesis 11 through Genesis 23 with the goal of finding out what theology we can read from the character Sara. The central elements of the theology conveyed through Sarah are how God relates to Sarah and Sarahs role in the promise of a people and a land, the promise that Abraham receives in Genesis 12. Sarah has only lines in three stories; Genesis 16, 18 and 21 so these chapters form the basis of most of the study. Other stories where Sara is included will only be treated briefly. In Genesis 16, which is about the conflict with Hagar, I come to the conclusion that the story intends to answer the question why Abraham does not have children through another woman. Furthermore, I argue that Sara is the character who initiates the story and despite her hesitant actions is a positive character from God's perspective. In Genesis 18, which is about when Sarah meets God, she is at the center of the story and is portrayed as a person considered by God. In Genesis 21, Sara is both the character at the center of the story and the one who initiates the conflict in the second part of the story. Here, too, she is portrayed as a person considered by God.

    Common to all the stories is that the consequences of the stories always mean that Sara is the chosen one to give birth to the promised son. Furthermore, Sara is portrayed as a person with human reactions and feelings that God understands and takes into account. Through her, the promise of a people is fulfilled and the promise of a land also begins with her.

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  • 180.
    Jacobson, Sara
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Den inre horisonten: graviditet som mystik gränserfarenhet2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen är en jämförande textanalys av Paul Tillichs ontologiska element och Jonna Bornemarks paktivitetsbegrepp utifrån Bornemarks beskrivning av graviditetserfarenheten i Jag är himmel och hav: en filosofisk undersökning av graviditet, liv och jagets gränser. Målet för jämförelsen är utforska deras gemensamma utgångspunkt i avgrunden som livets kreativa djupdimension. Utifrån jämförelsens resultat skissar författaren en skapelseteologi som närmar sig Catherine Kellers creatio ex profundis.

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  • 181.
    Jacobson, Sara
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Vad är det du har gjort?: Människans tillblivelse i 1 Mos 3 som längtan efter  frihet och förnuft2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 182.
    Jacobsson, Joel
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Surdeg i Bibeln: En teologisk analys och syntes2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay describes how leaven was perceived during Israelite times. In what ways it came to be incorporated into the theology of the Hebrew Bible. The inheritance the leaven carries with it is used in various ways in Nt. The essay describes Paul's and Jesus' use of leaven and gives a context for why this use was reasonable. The essay theorizes that the knowledge that the leaven came from Egypt meant that it could not be incorporated into the Israelite cult without exception. Egypt is in some respects the image of idolatry because several gods are worshipped. This means that the sourdough gets a legacy that needs to be managed. The bread leavened with sourdough is necessary during a time when there is a shortage of food at certain times. A bread leavened with sourdough provides more nutrition and makes it possible to store food for a longer period of time. The essay shows how the regulation in the Hebrew Bible lives on in Paul's letter in Nt. Jesus' references to the leaven are more general, where the leaven represents the spiritual in man. Leaven also takes on a different meaning in Nt in that it is attributed both positive and negative qualities. Leaven goes from being regulated in the Hebrew Bible to becoming in the NT a representative of the spiritual in man.

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  • 183.
    Jansson Fröding, Mattias
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    ”Han kommer ur graven med byte…”: Fem pastorers syn på betydelsen av Jesus död och uppståndelse2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen utgår ifrån två huvudfrågor: 1. Hur ser ett antal pastorer verksamma inom Equmeniakyrkan på innebörden av Jesus död och uppståndelse? 2. Har de teologiska strömningar som debatterades gällande synen på försoningen under andra halvan av 1800-talet och i början av 1900-talet relevans för förståelsen av de intervjuade pastorernas syn på försoningen? 

    För att besvara dessa frågor har jag intervjuat fem pastorer kring hur de ser på betydelsen av Jesus död och uppståndelse. Dessa intervjuer har analyserats utifrån följande försoningsteologiska modell: 

    "Från - Övergång - Till"

    Alltså vad försoningen sker ”från” och vad den sker ”till” samt vad som möjliggör övergången, det vill säga vad som möjliggör försoningen. 

    För att svara på om de teologiska strömningarna från förra sekelskiftet har relevans för att förstå de intervjuade pastorernas syn på försoningen låter jag C. O. Rosenius, P.P Waldenström och Gustaf Aulén representera dessa strömningar. Några av de svar jag kommer fram till på huvudfrågorna är: 

    Den genomgående uppfattningen både då och nu är att frälsningen handlar om att få en upprättad relation till Gud. Samtliga är även eniga om att frälsningen är något som i huvudsak sker på Guds initiativ och i de fall det nämns så är Guds kärlek motivet till frälsningsgärningen. Den dominerande hållningen är att frälsningen även förutsätter någon typ av aktivt mottagande från människan, samt att den får konsekvenser för evigheten. Det är frälsningen av den enskilda människan som betonas mest. Att Jesus seger över ondskan och döden är det som möjliggör frälsningen är det frälsningsmotiv som lyfts fram mest bland de intervjuade pastorerna. Alltså det synsätt som Aulén förespråkar. Till skillnad från de äldre teologerna betonar inte nutida pastorerna Guds vrede och risken för evig förtappelse som en konsekvens av detta.

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    ”Han kommer ur graven med byte…”
  • 184.
    Johannisson, Eva
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Jesus som offer: En tolkning av Paulus användning av offermetaforer i Rom 3, 12 och 152020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att bättre förstå på vilket sätt Paulus använder sig av begrepp från offerkulten som metaforer och hur vi kan anta att dessa uppfattades av människor under Paulus samtid. Genom att tillämpa konceptuell metaforteori på Paulus användning av offerspråk i Rom 12:1 och 15:16 där Paulus talar om etisk livsföring respektive sin egen mission och därefter konceptuell blandteori på texten i Rom 3:25 där Paulus talar om Jesus död, försöker jag visa på den retoriska funktion som Paulus offerspråk har när det kombineras med metaforer från de tre helt andra domäner/områden som Paulus använder sig av i Rom 3:25. Jag försöker förstå vilka känslor och associationer som användningen av dessa meta-forer från fyra olika och på den tiden välkända områden/domäner tillsammans kan ha väckt hos Paulus läsare/åhörare.Min slutsats är att Paulus användning av metaforik från de fyra olika domänerna (offerkult, martyrskap, rättsväsendet, slaveri/fångenskap) kan ha väckt en känsla av frihet och befrielse hos de tidigkristna (hedningar och judar). Paulus användning av offermetaforer i kombination med andra metaforer i Rom 3:25 kan ha förmedlat att Gud genom Jesus död visar att alla som följer Jesus (liv, död och uppståndelse) är fria från dom och synd, fria från krav på laggärningar, jämställda och kan leva ett rättfärdigt liv i gemenskap. Inte för att Gud behöver eller kräver något offer utan som en möjlighet att börja ett nytt rättfärdigt liv i enlighet med Guds vilja. En känsla kan ha väckts om att vara fri från synd, skuld, straff och förtryck. En känsla av frihet som innebar ett nytt sätt för människor att vara mot varandra i gemenskap där alla vill arbeta tillsammans för en bättre värld, en värld som bygger på allas lika värde, ett etiskt förhållningssätt och med Jesus som förebild. Paulus förklarar i Rom 3:25 hur Gud visar sin rättfärdighet, det handlar inte längre om laggärningar utan om Jesu Kristi efterföljelse.

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  • 185.
    Johansson, Elsa
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    The Centurion’s Faith in Pauline perspective: Using Gal 3:21–26 and Rom 3:21–24 to understand Matt 8:5–132021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate how two Pauline pericopes (Gal 3:21–26 and Rom3:21–24) can help us to understand Matt 8:5–13. The paper has four research questions: Whatdid the role of πίστις (“faith” or “trust”) played in Roman culture in general? What role did itplay in the centurions’ relationship to both superiors and subordinates in the Roman’s army?Which principle of faith does Paul establish in Gal 3:21–26 and Rom 3:21–24? How canPaul’s principle be used as a key to understand the faith of the centurion in Matt 5:8–13? Tofind the results of the four research questions, the paper used qualitative method throughsocial-rhetorical Criticism and narrative method. The results of this paper show that theGreco-Roman society was immersed in the ideology of patronage where there was always abeneficiary and a client. Πίστις means two sorts of relationship, one that was vertical and theother that was horizontal. Paul presents πίστις as the one who has divided the time in twoperiods. the old period that was under the power of sin and the new period that is under thepower of faith. The purpose of God was to save the whole creation through πίστις Χριστοῦ.Believers in πίστις Χριστοῦ are the coheirs of Abraham as “spiritual” descendants. Finally,Πίστις Χριστοῦ unites people of different social and ethnical status as one family. Thus,according to the Matthean point of view, the people who do not believe in πίστις Χριστοῦwill be judged by God.

  • 186.
    Johansson, Hanna Maria
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Den djupa penetrationens fall: En postkolonial, feministteologisk och konstruktivistisk analys2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen görs en postkolonial, feministteologisk och konstruktivistisk analys av det ursäktstal Svenska kyrkan framför till det samiska folket hösten 2021. Med hjälp av den postkoloniala feministteologen Kwok Pui-lan och den kontextuella teologen Marcella Althaus-Reid närmar sig uppsatsen frågan om det i ursäktstalet finns uttryck för koloniala tendenser eller möjliga befrielser från sådana. Analyses leder till ett utforskande av dynamiken mellan föreställningar om kön, sexualitet, den Andre och naturem, där dessa visar sig vara tätt sammanvävda i en dualistisk ontologi konkretiserad i heterosexuella antaganden. För att bli fri från koloniala tendenser krävs de gamla heterosexuella antagandenas undergång. Bara i den ömsesidiga enhetens harmoni skapas nytt liv. 

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  • 187.
    Johansson, Katarina
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Att erkänna barnet som teologiskt subjekt: Childism, asymmetri och Axel Honneths erkännandeteori2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Questions concerning children's rights and children's place in society have been on the agenda for some decades now. Parallell to this movement questions about children's place in the bible, in the church and in systematic theology have entered the academical conversation. This paper attempts to find a method to investigate whether systematic theology as we know it, has the tools to address these new questions. Axel Honneth's theory on recognition will be important, since the three levels of recognitions he describes are designed to point out the difference between rights and solidarity, between formal recognition and the recognition that sprouts from genuine intrest in shared experience. 

    The thougths from Honneth are combined with John Wall's argumentation on seeing the child as a full humna being, as a subject. Risto Saarinen's discussion on asymmetrical relations, adds an important perspective. From these three theories, a method is formulated for putting the child in focus on the theological agenda. The gain is not only the recognition of a neglected group, measured to one third of humankind. The new viewpiont shreds its light upon questions important to all of us. The method is a systematic theological tool both useful for pointing out inconsistencies and to suggest solutions to the very same problems. 

    In the final discussion I show how this could be done by adressing the children's place in the postmodern family project, described by Katarina Westerlund, and children as liturgical leaders with the help of Karin Rubensson's thesis. 

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  • 188.
    Jonsson, Petra
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Guds andedräkt ger liv: En jämförelse av begreppen neshama och ruach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syfte är att undersöka de hebreiska begreppen neshama och ruach och att jämför dessa med varandra.

    Neshama är ett sällsynt begrepp som bara används 24 gånger i den hebreiska bibeln. Ruach däremot är ett vanligt begrepp som används 378 gånger. Begreppen är delvis synonyma när de betecknar andedräkt, både Guds och människans andedräkt, och när de betecknar livskraft. Utöver detta har båda begreppen betydelser som inte täcks av det respektive andra begreppet: Neshama används t.ex. som kollektivbeteckning för varelser, det som andas, en betydelse som ruach inte har. Ruach däremot kan beteckna individuella andliga varelser, som lögnens ande, en betydelse som neshama inte har.

    I skapelsen är det endast människan som explicit får neshama men neshama kan också användas för djur om dessa följer människornas lott. Att djur kan ha ruach är obestridd. Uppsatsens analys visar att det finns tydliga tecken på att neshama bär på en association till antingen skapelsen eller till syndafloden, en association som ruach inte har. Dessutom visar uppsatsens analys att det finns indikationer att Jobs bok står i dialog med Jesajaboken. Och slutligen finns det ett kiastiskt mönster i användningen av ruach i Psaltaren som indikerar att psalm 77 och psalm 78 kan vara de centrala psalmerna i Psaltaren.

  • 189.
    Karlsson, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Unga vuxnas delaktighet i församlingsgemenskapen: En självklarhet eller en anpassning till rådande strukturer?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka hur församlingsaktiva unga vuxna, med olika etnisk och religiös bakgrund, upplever delaktighet i några församlingar inom Equmeniakyrkan. Med unga vuxna avses informanter i åldern 16 till 26 år. Undersökningen bygger på tre semistrukturerade fokusgruppssamtal med sammanlagt sexton informanter. Studien undersöker vilka faktorer som enligt informanterna främjar respektive motverkar delaktighet samt hur eventuella skillnader gestaltas bland informanterna beroende på religiös bakgrund. I intervjuerna framkom nio faktorer som främjar respektive motverkar delaktighet. Dessa är följande: att bli sedd, att känna människor i sin egen ålder, frekvent deltagande och eget engagemang, den egna viljan och det egna bidraget, att ha något att samlas kring, ledarskapet, vi och dom, ålder samt praktiska hinder. Resultatet har analyserats med hjälp av Giddens (Furseth och Repstad, 2005) begrepp aktör och struktur, Beckmans (2011) syn på integrationens problem samt Laves och Wengers (1991) teori om lärande. Studien resulterar i slutsatsen att det är svårt att säga om de studerade unga vuxnas delaktighet i församlingsgemenskapen är en självklarhet eller ett hänsynstagande gentemot församlingens rådande struktur. Det framkommer också att det inte går att finna några djupgående skillnader i upplevelsen av delaktighet beroende på religiös bakgrund. 

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  • 190.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Altruism and Prosocial Ideals in the Sermon: Between Human Nature and Divine Potential2021In: Social and Cognitive Perspectives on the Sermon on the Mount / [ed] Rikard Roitto, Colleen Shantz & Petri Luomanen, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021, p. 82-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 191.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Emotional Fear in Pentateuchal Legal Collections2019In: Language, Cognition, and Biblical Exegesis: Interpreting Minds  / [ed] Ronit Nikolsky, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019, p. 40-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the role of fear in the Pentateuchal legal collections. Fear of foreigners is conspicuous in laws regulating relationships with other peoples. Fear of divine punishment is frequently employed as a deterrent in motivating obedience. Fear of demonic or supernatural powers is implicit in certain rituals, not least in some that effect purification or atonement. This is not a study of the semantics of fear, but of the emotional role that fear seems to play within and behind the texts that are discussed. I note how fear both counteracts and interacts with other emotions, particularly empathy and disgust. I also relate my analysis to recent discussions about the interrelationship, dating, and social contexts of various Pentateuchal legal collections.

  • 192.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Emotional Repression and Physical Mutilation?: The Cognitive and Behavioural Impact of Exaggeration in the Sermon on the Mount2021In: Social and Cognitive Perspectives on the Sermon on the Mount / [ed] Rikard Roitto, Colleen Shantz & Petri Luomanen, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2021, p. 133-173Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Etik och retorik i Jesustraditionen: kognitiva och psyko-biologiska perspektiv2021Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Etik och retorik i Jesustraditionen innehåller två essäer av Thomas Kazen, professor vid Enskilda Högskolan Stockholm. De två essäerna behandlar på olika sätt Jesustraditionen -- berättelser om Jesus och utsagor som tillskrivs honom -- i Markus, Matteus och Lukas. Den första fokuserar på mänskligt beteende, den andra på det figurativa språket. Bägge låter kognitionsvetenskapliga perspektiv belysa textanalyserna utifrån övertygelsen att bibeltexterna blir mer begripliga när vi tar hänsyn till hur människan fungerar, hur hennes tänkande och känsloliv utvecklats, hur hennes kropp och intellekt hänger samman, hur hennes emotioner och beteenden interagerar och hur hennes språk och handlande hör ihop. "Empati, rättvisa och försoning" är Kazens installationsföreläsning vid THS 2011. "Kameler, gengångare och amputationer" bygger på föreläsningar om överdrifter i bergspredikan (Århus 2015) respektive i Jesustraditionen (THS 2016, San Antonio 2016).

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  • 194.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Impurity and Purification in Early Judaism and the Jesus Tradition2021Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection of essays by Thomas Kazen focuses on issues of purity and purification in early Judaism and the Jesus tradition. During the late Second Temple period, Jewish purity practices became more prominent than before and underwent substantial developments. These essays advance the ongoing conversation and debate about a number of key issues in the field, such as the relationship between ritual and morality, the role and function of metaphor, and the use of evolutionary and embodied perspectives. Kazen’s research stands in constant dialogue with the major currents and main figures in purity research, including both historical (origin, development, practice) and cognitive (evolutionary, emotional, conceptual) approaches.

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  • 195.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Issues of impurity in early Judaism2021 (ed. Reprint edition)Book (Other academic)
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  • 196.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Jesus and purity, Halakhah: was Jesus indifferent to impurity?2021 (ed. Reprint edition)Book (Other academic)
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  • 197.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Law and Emotion in Moral Repair: Circumscribing Infringement2021In: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, ISSN 0309-0892, E-ISSN 1476-6728, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 535-560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reciprocal relationship between law and emotion is a question about the relationship betweenculture and nature, or the evolutionary underpinnings of human social interaction. Behavioursoriginating as functional survival strategies have become dysfunctional social infringements, outof context, in need of moral repair. Law as a cultural construct attempts to regulate interaction,infringement, and repair, so as to ensure continued cooperation within a hierarchical socialstructure, and based on our emotional capacity. The article focuses on sexual infringementsand property infringements, conceptualised by the metaphorical frameworks of MEASURE andSIZE, and appraised by various emotions. I trace the influence of emotions in biblical legal textsand their interaction with legal reasoning and moral exhortation. I discuss how law regulates andbalances moral emotions, curbing excess and avoiding disproportionate revenge. I point to therhetorical function of law to direct emotions in the service of moral values and social cohesion.

  • 198.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Levels of Explanation for Ideas of Impurity: Why Structuralist and Symbolic Models Often Fail While Evolutionary and Cognitive Models Succeed2018In: Journal of Ancient Judaism, ISSN 1869-3296, E-ISSN 2196-7954, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 75-100Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 199.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity: Supplement 1: Emotions and Hierarchies2022Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Moral Infringement and Repair in Antiquity, is a series of publications related to a project on Dynamics of Moral Repair in Antiquity, run by Thomas Kazen and Rikard Roitto between 2017 and 2021, and funded by the Swedish Research Council, grant nr. 2016-02319. The volumes contain stand-alone articles and serve as supplements to the main outcome of the project, the volume Interpersonal Infringement and Moral Repair: Revenge, Compensation and Forgiveness in the Ancient World, forthcoming on Mohr Siebeck in 2023.

    Supplement 1: Emotions and Hierarchies, contains four articles and chapters by Thomas Kazen. Three of them are republished in accordance with the publishers' general conditions for author reuse. The fourth has not been published before. 1. Emotional Ethics in Biblical Texts: Cultural Construction and Biological Bases of Morality 2. Viewing Oneself through Others' Eyes: Shame between Biology and Culture in Biblical Texts 3. Law and Emotion in Moral Repair: Circumscribing Infringement4. Retribution and Repair in Voluntary Associations: Comparing Rule Texts from Qumran, Collegia, and Christ Groups

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  • 200.
    Kazen, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Religious Studies and Theology.
    Purification2018In: The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Ritual / [ed] Risto Uro, Juliette J. Day, Richard E. DeMaris, Rikard Roitto, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 220-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ritual purity was a major goal of cultic activities in the Mediterranean world, but in a number of contexts, purity was also considered a desirable condition regardless of culticparticipation. This chapter discusses the concept of purity and purification from phenomenological,linguistic, and ritual perspectives. Attention is given to the variegated use of purity terminology and to the use of cognitive metaphor and conceptual blending theories to understand and explain the broad and common usage of purity-related language in various domains. The chapter surveys and analyses a limited selection of purification rites from Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Israel, Greece, and Rome. This is done both with a view to historical development, influence, and interaction, and with the help of theorizing on ritual efficacy and social effects of purity codes. Particular attention is given to purifications with water, especially in Second Temple Judaism, as these are crucial to the further development of water rites in emerging Christianity.

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