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  • 1.
    Annehed, Christoph
    University College Stockholm. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Hur ord manar till handling: Ett organisationskulturellt perspektiv på Matteus grupp, liknelsetal och liknelser om himmelriket.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this Master’s thesis is to understand how theories of organizational culture canenrich our understanding of Matthew’s group, his parable speech and the parables of thekingdom of heaven. I argue that Matthew edited and constructed the parable speech to fit hisintentions so that he could call for righteous behavior from the members of his group. I thenargue that the parable speech can be viewed as a regulatory document that addresses externalproblems of adaption and internal problems of integration that Matthew’s group had to face.I also argue that the parables of the kingdom of heaven are related to externaland internal problems and that the parables can be understood as artifacts that express thepreferred behavior applied by the leaders of Matthew’s group.My conclusion is that the theories of organizational culture give us a betterunderstanding of the complex situation of Matthew’s group and that the parable speech isrelated to these issues and addresses the group. It can therefore be considered a regulatorydocument. The parables of the kingdom of heaven can be understood as stories that call forrighteous behavior and persuade the Jewish people to join Matthew’s group through followingthe law according to view held by Matthew’s group.

  • 2.
    Astudillo, Jacob
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Unitas Spiritualis: An Analysis of Thomas Aquinas’ Participatory Biblical Exegesis of Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Carlsten, Thorbjörn
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Bortom skillnad: Läran om trikāya (”tre kroppar”) i māhāyāna-buddhismen  som modell för en transcenderande religionsteologi för  dual buddhist-kristen religionsidentitet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a try to present the Trikāya doctrine in Māhāyāna Buddhism as a model for a transcending theology that can help those who are living with a “dual Buddhist-Christian religious identity” to overcome conflicts between Buddhism and Christianity. By the Trikāya doctrine we can reach a deeper understanding of the mystical awakening to “Buddha beyond Buddha” (or “God beyond God” as some of the mystics tried to explain); i.e. the transpersonal Dharma and the transpersonal Logos beyond the limited individuals of Gautama and Jesus who both fully realized God as spiritual qualities in body, speech, actions and mind. The point is that we do not need to choose between the Buddha or Christ; instead we can look at them both as living examples of the realization of what Paul Tillich called the “Ultimate Concern” and “Being”.  And probably we can use this model for most religions. 

  • 4.
    Falk, Susanne
    University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    In the Junction between History and Future: A Minor Field Study about Identity and Faith of Armenian Orthodox Youth in a Minority Situation in Jerusalem2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My first contact with the Armenians of Jerusalem was during a four day Minor Field Study in February 2015.1 Before that I hardly knew anything about the community that has such a long history in the region. Despite their lengthy presence in what is commonly known as the Holy Land, the fact that they are joint custodians of the Christian Holy places and even have a whole quarter named after them in the Old City, they seem to be somewhat of a mystery to most people that visit. They are a minority that hold on to many of their distinct features regarding religion and culture from their homeland, something that is the trademarks of what is commonly known as a diaspora. The importance of culture and faith for the Armenian people seemed to be stressed time after another during my research. Pride was expressed to have endured as a people through many hardships. The Armenian Genocide stands out as the most significant of the many sufferings. Alongside with the traumatic consequences of the genocide is the ongoing struggle fought on many fronts for global recognition of the atrocities committed against their people.The largest group of Armenians in Jerusalem are situated in the Armenian Quarter. At the center of both the territorial and the structural composition of this community lies the convent of Saint James. Not only does the brotherhood of Saint James, consisting of about 30 brothers, and other clergy reside inside the convents premises. The majority consists of lay people. The lay community though has been decreasing for a number of years.2 If the current trend continues it may, according to some predictions, even vanish in the future.3 A gloomy outcome that would radically change the makeup of the Old City of Jerusalem.Therefore, after my first Minor Field Study, I went back four times during the coming year to learn more. I was also granted a scholarship through Stockholm School of Theology to conduct a Minor Field Study among Armenian youth. When first voicing my interest to interview youth and learn more about their identity I was told by a local contact that it would be futile. Because of the pressures of everyday life in Jerusalem few youth would have something relevant to share. They are forced to live day by day due to the ongoing conflicts. A strong statement that cannot be taken as true without evidence. This confirms the importance of conducting a more in depth study concerning how Armenian youth reflect on identity and belonging. The very existence of a future Armenian community in Jerusalem depends on their youths desire and ability to remain in the City.

  • 5.
    Gillerstrand, Inger
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    På väg mot en interkulturell mission: En postkolonial feministteologisk analys av Equmeniakyrkans internationella mission2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The statement and the title of the thesis "Towards an intercultural mission" is the starting point for the essay's purpose and examination. Interculturalism is an ideal in which equality and re-ciprocity are characterized by cross-cultural relationships, which is also an objective of international mission. For an intercultural mission, it is therefore necessary to examine which factors may hinder an intercultural approach, which, for this study, justifies searching for underlying unequal structures. The theoretical frame of reference for the analysis is postcolonial theory and feminist theology, which makes it possible to visualize such structures. The purpose of the thesis is therefore to analyze the intention of the international mission work in the Uniting Church in Sweden based on postcolonial feminist theology, and to propose criteria that need to be found for the mission work to be characterized by an intercultural approach. In order to achieve the purpose, it is necessary to answer the following general questions: 1. Is there an awareness of unequal power structures in the culture-crossing relationships in the intentional discourse on mission in the Uniting Church in Sweden? 2. How does interculturalism appear in the international mission in the Uniting Church in Sweden?And; 3. What criteria need to be found for the mission work to be characterized by an intercultural approach?With the help of qualitative content analysis of the Church's public text material, which constitutes the study object; six thematic areas have emerged; gender equality, woman's vulnerability, patriarchal structures, mission and worldview, postcolonial structures, and cooperation and reciprocity. The result has been analyzed on the basis of the concept of interculturality and a proposal for criteria for an intercultural approach has been prepared, among other things, with proposals for clarification of unequal power structures and a critical self-awareness about their own history and cultural values.

  • 6.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Biskop Lewi Pethrus: Biografi över ett ledarskap. Religion och mångfald i det svenska folkhemmet.2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Evangelicals, Practices, and the Univocity of Being: Avoiding the Pitfall of Gnosticism2014In: Between the State and the Eucharist: Swedish Theology in Conversation with William T. Cavanaugh / [ed] Joel Halldorf, Fredrik Wenell, Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2014, 1, p. 68-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The argument of this chapter is that the evangelical ideals of simplicity and spontaneity are rooted in a univocal understanding of being. If there is only one kind of being, which God and creation are imagined toshare, then God cannot be thought of as present in and through created matter but rather instead of it. Thus the tendency in the Free churches and Evangelicalism in general to perceive complex practices and materiality as competing with God’s presence, as well as to favor simplicity and spontaneity.But the reluctance towards practices has resulted in an inability to withstand the cultural pressures of modernity. As a consequence Evangelicalism has turned into a mirror image of secular modernity. Furthermore, skepticism towards the material and a preference for authenticity is theologically problematic since it is, as this chapter will demonstrate, akin to a Gnostic worldview.

  • 8.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Inte allena: Varför Luthers syn på nåden, Bibeln och tron inte räcker2017Book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Med Jesus i moderniteten: Etiska, andliga och apokalyptiska modernitetsvisioner i den svenska väckelsen2017In: En annan riktning framåt: Modernitetskritik i Sverige under det långa 1800-talet / [ed] Joel Halldorf & Andreas Hedberg, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2017, 1, p. 49-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Mångfalden byggde Sverige2017Book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Religion och våld: Om destruktiva generalisering och den konstruktiva komplexiteten2016In: Ickevåldets vägare: Fred i terrorns tid / [ed] Joel Halldorf, Bitte Hammargren, Isak Svensson, Sofia Walan, Örebro: Marcus förlag , 2016, 1, p. 103-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Storytellig and Evangelical Identities2017In: Spiritual and Ecclesiastical Biographies: Research, Results, and Readings / [ed] Anders Jarlert, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2017, 1, p. 128-139Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, I discuss autobiography in the Evangelical tradition, and how thisgenre can help us understand Evangelical identity. Conversion – the experience of“new birth”, or being born again – was the center of these stories. The emphasis on personalstorytelling (witnessing) united Evangelicals, but the way they told their storiesdivided them. As the movement grew more fragmented over the centuries, this patternbecomes more evident. Personal storytelling was part of what made this a modernmovement, but the way they told their stories set it apart as a distinct modernity.

  • 13.
    Halldorf, Joel
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Sök Babylons fred: Om kyrkans identitet och politiska engagemang2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Holmblad, Carolin
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Human Rights.
    Hur uppstår nya sociala rörelser?: En kvalitativ fallstudie av den nya formen av spontan organisering genom informella nätverk som blev tongivande under flyktingmottagandet 20152018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker den spontana organisering genom informella nätverk som blev ett betydande inslag i Sveriges flyktingmottagande 2015. Utifrån en fallstudie av volontärer som är aktiva i organisationerna undersöker studien vilka motiv som ligger till grund för deras val att engagera sig utanför redan befintliga organisationer. Det huvudsakliga syftet med undersökningen är att studera huruvida den spontana formen av organisering bör betraktas som en ny social rörelse. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk utgår från teorier om hur sociala rörelser uppstår samt vad som utmärker mindre formell form av organisering. Sammanlagt genomfördes sju stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer med volontärer från organisationer registrerade i Sverige och som startade under flyktingmottagandet 2015. Bland organisationerna finns de med fokus på mottagandet i Sverige samt de med primärt internationellt fokus. Resultatet visar att volontärernas engagemang i den nya formen av organisering till stor del kan betraktas som en ny social rörelse med hänvisning till uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk.  

  • 15.
    Johansson, Ulrika
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Maria från Magdala som uppståndelsevittne2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Älska era fiender – på vilka grunder?: Exegetikens roll i John Howard Yoders, Walter Winks och Stanley Hauerwas tolkning av Matt 5:38-48.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker exegetikens roll i John Howard Yoders, Walter Winks och Stanley Hauerwas tolkning av Matt 5:38-48. Uppsatsens syfte nås genom att dels göra en exegetisk analys av Matt 5:38-48 i dess litterära och historiska kontext och att sedan studera utvald litteratur av de tre författarna och sedan jämföra deras material. Uppsatsen visar att alla tre författare menar att texten manar till en pacifistisk livshållning. Skillnaden mellan de tre ligger i att Hauerwas och Yoder väljer att förankra denna etik genom att läsa Matteusevangeliet som helhet medan Wink väljer att göra en ingående analys av vår aktuella text och istället söka efter textens ursprungliga historiska kontext. Genom att Yoder och Hauerwas väljer

  • 17.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Emotions in Biblical Law: A Cognitive Science Approach2011Book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Issues of Impurity in Early Judaism2010Book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Jesus and Purity Halakhah: Was Jesus Indifferent to Impurity?2010Book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Jesus and Purity Halakhah: Was Jesus Indifferent to Impurity?2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kazen, Thomas
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. University College Stockholm, Stockholm School of Theology.
    Scripture, Interpretation, or Authority? : Motives and Arguments in Jesus’ Halakic Conflicts2013Book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Marcus, Madeleine
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Själavårdens roll i konfirmandarbetet  i jämförelse med Berit Okkenhaugs själavårdsinriktningar: Kvalitativ studie i Stockholms stift2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har haft som syfte att jämföra likheter och skillnader beträffande Berit Okkenhaugs tre själavårdsinriktingar som presenteras i litteraturen, Själavård – en grundbok.1, med den själavård som är i Stockholms stifts konfirmationsverksamhet. Metodologiskt grundar sig denna uppsats på en kvalitativ metod. Uppsatsen har en induktiv intervjudel, där intervjuer har gjorts med de som ansvarar för konfirmationen i åtta församlingar i Stockholms stift. I tidigare forskning belyser Dion Sommer i boken, Barndomspsykologi, utveckling i en förändrad värld, att själavård för unga handlar om att stärka grundtilliten. Utifrån grundtilliten stärks hoppet i ungdomars liv och möjliggör att hantera livets problem lättare.2 Den forskningen överensstämmer med svaren i uppsatsens induktiva intervjudel. I resultatet framkommer att kyrkan idag står generellt mest i den konfidentcentrerade själavården, med önskan och viljan hos många i kyrkan att arbeta i en mer kyrkligt orienterad tros- och livsvägledning. En slutsats är att alla respondenterna har en positiv människosyn och att människan har mer kunskap inom sig än vad hon är medveten om. Samt att själavårdarens uppgift är att vara en medvandrare i själavårdssamtalet.

  • 23.
    Matzon Mathisson, Camilla
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    satan är inte Satan: Ett undersökande textstudium om Satans framställning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Satan or satan? Hebrew word שטן (satan) has been interpreted both as either a resistance or an opponent, but also as a name, Satan.  

    This essay deals with the interpretation and meaning of various texts by שטן to see how the representation of the character Satan emerged. The essay deals with why satan became Satan and how the character Satan became a malicious figure through an ambiguous interpretation of שטן.

    The result of the study shows that because of the definite article ה in front of שטן the word שטן should not be read as a name but as the opponent, the satan.

  • 24.
    Naeslund, Lars
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Bibeläventyret i praktiken: Ett religionspedagogiskt koncept för grundskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2017/18 genomfördes Bibeläventyret med cirka trettio tusen mellanstadieelever i Sverige, av licensierade instruktörer, under nio timmar, med elevernas klasslärare som observatörer. Bibeläventyrets pedagogik och material drivs av Svenska Bibelsällskapet, där Svenska kyrkan och frikyrkorna är huvudmän. Konceptet bygger på sinnlig gestaltning, elevmedverkan samt kronologisk framställning av teman och berättelser från såväl Gamla Testamentet (årskurs 4) som Nya Testamentet (årskurs 5).Uppsatsens empiri är begränsad till en skola, observationer av tre dubbellektioner kring Gamla Testamentet samt fem elevuppgifter där samtal i smågrupper har dokumenterats som skriftliga reflektioner. Framställningen inramas av svensk läroplanshistoria, läroplansteoretisk forskning, lärandeteorier av Jerome Bruner och David Ausubel samt vissa epistemologiska och teologiska reflektioner.Observationerna har fungerat tillfredsställande men fortsättningsvis rekommenderas en viss uppstramning. Elevernas skriftliga reflektioner har ofta varit kortfattade men substantiella och tämligen varierade till innehållet. Komplettering med bandade fokusgrupper kan i framtiden prövas som komplement. Digitala enkäter till instruktörer respektive lärare konkretiseras för framtida bruk. Fortsatta studier bör nämligen vara mer omfattande, systematiska och varierade med avseende på sammansättningen av skolmiljöer.Redan denna blygsamma studie stöder dock idén att lustfyllt lärande och kulturhistoriskt meningsfull bildning kring en biblisk kanon går att förena.

  • 25.
    Nilsson, Malin
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Främjad livskvalitet genom utbildning: En empirisk studie gällande grundskoleutbildningens  främjande av ett barns livskvalitet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka hur grundskoleutbildning främjar ett barns livskvalitet. Det uppnås genom att dels besvara en frågeställning gällande hur grundskolelärare tolkar att grundskoleutbildning främjar ett barns livskvalitet och dels en frågeställning gällande hur dessa tolkningar kan ses stå i relation till Martha Nussbaums teori om Förmågemodellen och till barnets rätt till utbildning. Arbetets metodologi bygger på en samhällsvetenskaplig metod, vilken består av en teoretisk grund i Martha Nussbaums utvecklingsteori om mänskliga förmågor, Förmågemodellen, och en kvalitativ forskningsprocess bestående av semistrukturerade intervjuer med lärare vid en grundskola. I och med intervjustudien kan teori kompletteras med en inblick i praktiken och därmed får såväl forskare som läsare möjlighet att inhämta och skapa sig en bred helhetsbild av forskningsämnet. I studien framkommer att de i intervjustudien medverkande grundskolelärarna är av den gemensamma uppfattningen att grundskoleutbildning är av väsentligt värde och främjar ett barns livskvalitet. Utsagorna kan många gånger relateras till Nussbaums teori om Förmågemodellen, vilken även den påvisar att utbildning i stor utsträckning påverkar och har en positiv inverkan på ett barns möjlighet att nå livskvalitet. Sett till barnets rätt till utbildning verkar denna ur ett rättighetsperspektiv för att varje barn ska åtnjuta utbildningsmöjligheter och kan även sägas understödja både grundskolelärarnas tolkning och Förmågemodellens uppmärksammande av utbildningens främjande av ett barns livskvalitet. 

  • 26.
    Norberg, Johan
    University College Stockholm. Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Gudsbilder i kyrkohandboken: En komparativ litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the image of God in the common worship liturgy book that was taken into use by the church of Sweden in the year of 2018 and compare it with the image of God in the previous common worship book which was released in 1986. The end result shows that the big difference between these two liturgy books is that the liturgy book released in 1986 presents an image of God that focuses on the gender of God. Compared to the 2017 liturgy book that instead of focusing of the gender of God presents an image of God that presents how God acts, not who God is. End result has been viewed from two perspectives, a feminist theology point of view and an apophatic point of view. These perspectives combined with the end result from the comparative study has shown that of these two theologies the feminist theology fits best into the 2017 common worship liturgy book, compared to the apophatic theology. Although the study has shown that these two theological perspectives share more than just a few things. One of the most central similarities is that the language plays a big part in the centralities in both teological perspectives. In the apophatic theology the language is considered to be limited and that our human language lacks the potential to fully understand God. The feminist theology focuses on the fight against structures like gender, sex and power. When using especially these three parts it is possible to use language to find the patriarchal symbolic language that has an influence on us and effects us.

  • 27.
    Svensson, Julia
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Herrens ängel och Guds änglar: Ett jämförande studium av ängelns/änglarnas framställning, funktion och karaktär i ljuset av Genesis 16:7-16, 22:1-19, 28:10-222019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the relationship between Genesis 16:7-16, 22:1-19, 28:10-22 by a comparative analysis of the angel (or the angels) according to their presentation, function and character. The conclusion to be drawn is how there are marked differences but also prominent similarities between the different narratives. The stories can also be interpreted in the light of each other, upon which Genesis 28 can function as a key to understand the angel's potential for placement, both earthly and heavenly. It also appears that the angel concretises the word of God and/or the relationship to God. This is done by the angel's revelation by serving and executing the will of God. 

  • 28.
    Sverker, Joseph
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Constructivism, Essentialism, and the Between: Human Being and Vulnerability in Judith Butler, Steven Pinker and Colin Gunton2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores the division between biology and the social by means of Christian theology. The question is approached by reading and interacting critical theorist Judith Butler, psycholinguist Steven Pinker and theologian Colin Gunton.

    With Gunton the author argues that a relational, but ‘weak’, ontology is needed. With this ‘ontology of the between’ Pinker and Butler can be explored in different ways. Pinker’s understanding of the individual and culture is challenged and worked towards one where culture and environment share meaning. Butler’s theory of performativity is reworked in light of Gunton’s and Pinker’s concepts of time. When some significant themes such as these have been dealt with Pinker, Butler and Gunton are made to interact on the question of the human being.

    In the dissertation, the concept of person is central for it emphasises the complex interrelationality of human existence. Gunton’s concept of ‘spirit’ as an ‘openness to the other’ and Butler’s stress on vulnerability are ontologically significant. But the author also stresses that we are our bodies, constituted as person by the self-giving of the other. Therefore, informed by christology, a kenotic personalism is most fundamental for humans.

    This insight is taken to the context of school. With Butler’s theory of interpellation reinterpreted, it is argued that school as an institution fulfils a double role with its pupils. As an institution of the state, school ‘individualises’ its pupils and the autonomy of the pupil is constructed. But as a place for learning, the relational comes to the fore and the pupil’s personhood emerges. But, it is argued, if vulnerability is fundamental for what it is to be human then too much individualisation will undermine that vulnerability and dependence on the other.

    The dissertation therefore concludes that the division between biology and the social discloses a deeper divide, namely that between fundamentally vulnerable persons and constructed independent individuals. The constitution of the person depends on the giving of the other and institutions always partly fail in recognising the fundamentally human. But not only school fails; all humans fail in giving to the other sufficiently for personhood, all but one.

  • 29.
    Tåli, Jimmy
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Gud och den lidande människan: en komparativ studie av ACT och Emil Gustafson2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this comparative study between Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and Emil Gustafson is to identify possible significance of the concept of God in relations to suffering. This is achieved by comparing Gustafsons concept of God in suffering and ACTs concept of a destructive normality as a significant role in human suffering. The study identifies five themes in ACT: destructive normality, fusion, experiential avoidance, defusion and acceptance. A comparative analysis shows that christian concepts in Gustafson like the human as damaged, humility, pride, surrender and fear of temptation may have an impact of the perspective of suffering for the individual human. The study does not show that Gustafsons christian concepts include ACT as such. The psychological processes that ACT identifies and correlates with the power of human language are rather incorporated in Gustafsons language and his concepts of God. It may be concluded that the concept of God in Gustafson, in itself, have structures of symbolic language that can play a significant role in handling with the relations of psychological processes and human language that ACT identifies as a part of human suffering.

  • 30.
    Vallin, Sandra
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Psalmdiktarens verkstad: Två fallstudier av nutida psalmdiktning, dess ideal och existentiella dimensioner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Öijerstedt, Per
    Stockholm School of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Tiggeri i välfärdsstaten: en teologisk reflektion2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Begging has engaged many people in Sweden in recent years and the debate has been intense, not least in media. When relatively wealthy people in the welfare state Sweden meet beggars, ethical issues arise. Poverty comes close and becomes more apparent. This paper tries to provide guidance on how each person as an individual could approach various ethical issues that begging gives rise to. The starting point is the potential donor's and not the ethical issues that the beggar wrestles with. The essence of the essay is whether to give money to beggars or not and whether the begging should be banned or not. To highlight the issues, a number of articles have been analyzed that can be considered representative of the debate in Sweden. There are opinion makers in Sweden who argue for a begging bid and who consider that they should not give money to beggars and there are those who believe that a ban is unreasonable and emphasizes the begging as a symptom of a poverty problem that is not solved by prohibition legislation. The different arguments of these opinion makers are compared and analyzed based on a theological perspective where texts from two theologians, one philosopher and a narrative text from the gospels form the starting point. The theologians / philosophers whose ethical approach the essay presents are chosen based on the fact that their thinking is close and has a strong bearing on the essay's question. In his research, Peter Singer has raised poverty alleviation as his main theme, which concerns the issue about begging whose reason is just poverty. He is not a theologian but, in my opinion, enriches the theological perspective. K E Lögstrup is a theologian and, through his ethical theory of the absolute requirement, he can provide an interesting theological perspective on the issue of begging. I will also use narrative text from the Gospel of Luke to highlight the begging issue. Luke's gospel is the book of the New Testament, which most frequently addresses the issue of poverty and the obligations of the rich. Finally, Gustavo Gutiérrez will be treated as representative of liberation theology. The begging issue is much about the power perspective and there the liberation theology has been central in showing that the way we describe reality always assumes a specific context that contains a variety of values that are often assumed to be universal. Simply an analysis of the power perspective needs to be done to make an essay about begging relevant and Gutierrez has a lot to contribute. In this essay I have argued that you do not have a duty to give to all beggars. It is reasonable to make an assessment where the gift is most useful. There may be other purposes where poverty is more acute or apparent and that better needs my gift. It is also reasonable to make an assessment if the beggar is used for criminal activities such as trafficking or prostitution. There are no simple rules for how this should be done, but I mean that it is unethical to give to beggars completely arbitrarily before creating a relationship in order to make a assessment of the individual beggar's situation. That relationship can be created with a few who may be begging in one's neighborhood. At the same time, there is the absolute requirement to take care of our fellow man, who Lögstrup has developed. Over our principles rests an untold, silent requirement that we can not bargain with. The requirement is radical but can not be converted into a universal rule. It might be about giving or not giving money or doing something radically different or not doing anything at all. Every meeting with a beggar is a unique situation that must be judged by the individual at the moment. The requirement calls for listening to God's voice aimed at love and care about the person I meet.

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