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  • 1.
    Al-dawoodi, Danyah
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Ensamkommande barn i asylprocessen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on the Rights of the Child was incorporated into Swedish legislation in 2020 to strengthen the child's best interests and perspective in areas such as asylum law (UNICEFSweden, 2020a). The purpose of this essay is to examine how the individual asylum grounds of unaccompanied children are handled in the asylum process and in what way the child's best interests are actually considered in the asylum process before and after the incorporation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This essay will answer the following question:How has the application of the best interests of the child according to Article 3 in asylum cases for unaccompanied children changed before and after the incorporation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child into Swedish law based on the theory of the best interests of the child as an open concept? Through a qualitative content analysis of judgments, changes and deficiencies in the protection of the rights of unaccompanied children are identified. The study examines how the courts take into account the best interests of the childbased on Schiratzki's (2005) legal theory of the best interests of the child as an open concept.The results of the study have shown that before incorporation, the judgments extensively consider the best interests of the child according to Article 3 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by highlighting potential consequences upon return. However, after incorporation, the migration court fails in considering the best interests of the child. This is because the concept of 'the best interests of the child' is comprehensive, and the court does not assess this from a holistic perspective, which is important for a fair assessment according to Schiratzki (2005).

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  • 2.
    Aziz, Amanda
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Kvinnojourer och socialtjänst i Sverige: En granskning av samarbete och efterlevnad av CEDAW Artikel 2 (d)2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite being perceived as one of Europe's most gender-equal countries, Sweden faces significant challenges concerning men's violence against women. Statistics reveal a distressing frequency of violent incidents where a woman is killed by a man every three weeks. This research study examines the collaboration between Swedish municipalities, social services, and women's shelters in efforts to promote safety for women and combat male violence against them. The findings suggest an increase in collaboration and the integration of measures to ensure women's safety within municipal activities. However, while most municipalities offer protected housing, there are shortcomings in the efforts. The study also underscores the importance of continuously evaluating and enhancing ongoing initiatives to effectively support women affected by violence and uphold their human rights.

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  • 3.
    Gunner, Göran
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Religious Freedom as a Human Right2023In: Freedom of Religion and Religious Pluralism / [ed] Md Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan and Carla M. Zoethout, Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2023, p. 79-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
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  • 4.
    Holgersson, Filippa
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Fattar vi poängen?: Våld i nära relation: Förståelsen för våldets grunder och dess betydelse i det bekämpande arbetet.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay depicts the vision on violence and gender and the connections between them from the perspective of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence and Swedens national strategy against mens violence against women and honour related violence and oppression. By reviewing these themes in these texts it will show an idea of what perspectives the texts assume. When it comes to working towards elimination of domestiv violence it is of great importance what kind of perspective that is choosen to work from and can be crutial to the actions effectivness and accuracy. Domestic violence is a complex subject and contains several diffrent parameters to take into account and the debate about what perspective to adapt has been going on for a long time. To be able to accommodate the commitments that a ratification of the convention implies the adoption of a unanimous or at least simiar approach in the matter as the convention should be needed. This essay aims to asses if thats the case with the national strategy. 

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  • 5.
    Jegermalm, Hanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Barnets rättigheter i asylärenden: En undersökning av gällande rätt2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to examine how two of the four fundamental principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, namely the best interests of the child and the child's right to participation, are applied in asylum cases. The objective also includes investigating whether patterns in assessment can be discerned before and after the incorporation of the Convention into Swedish national legislation since 2020. The material encompasses five court decisions, relevant sections from the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Aliens Act, as well as pertinent previous research that aligns well with the purpose and questions of the paper. To address the objectives and questions, a legal dogmatic method has been chosen to scrutinize the five court decisions from the Migration Court of Appeal and the Migration Court based on prevailing law. The main results of the study have revealed a disparity between legislation and policy documents regarding how the best interests of the child and the child's right to participation are applied in practical contexts. A conclusion drawn is that by illuminating the issue from a human rights perspective with a legal dogmatic approach, this has contributed to highlighting the disparity between more abstract laws and their application in asylum cases.

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  • 6.
    Johansson, Moa
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Human Rights Violations in the Name of Football: A Qualitative Content Analysis on the Human Rights Violations against Migrant Workers during the preparation and delivery of the FIFA World Cup 2022 in Qatar2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The 2022 FIFA World Cup for men's football has received massive criticism since it was announced in December 2010 that Qatar would host it. With a significant history of human rights violations, many were shocked that Qatar was elected. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and media reported on the ongoing abuses in the country and warned about the consequences of Qatar hosting the World Cup. Therefore, this thesis will examine these consequences and how preparations for the World Cup affect human rights in Qatar – specifically migrant workers' rights. The focus will be on Qatar, companies working with the World Cup, and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), addressing and analyzing their responsibilities and obligations. The thesis is a descriptive analysis discussing how migrant workers' rights were violated and neglected. It is also a normative analysis that will analyze what should and could have been done to prevent it. Both Qatar's legal system and the regulation of international standards for human rights and business will be analyzed in the text. This thesis will shed light on the football world and its relation to human rights, as well as who bears the primary responsibility to ensure human rights in the preparation and execution of the World Cup. It will discuss how football and human rights affect each other, aiming to show that football organizations influence societies and social structures. Football is not only a sport but a tool that can either improve or worsen people's availability to human rights. This thesis is based on two different theories: A Marxist perspective on conflict theory and Corporate Social responsibility theory. To answer the research questions through these theories, this thesis has used a qualitative data analysis method to analyze different reports and documents from NGOs, Qatar, FIFA, and the United Nations. The thesis concludes with a summary highlighting FIFA as the prime duty bearer during the preparation and delivery of the World Cup, as well as acknowledging that Qatar, FIFA, and companies' lack of improvement and monitoring contributes to the enforcement of modern slavery/forced labor.

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  • 7.
    Kjellgren, Maria
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    ”Which way, western woman?”: An Intersectional Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis on the portrayals of women on YouTube web-TV channel ’Riks’2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the web-TV channel Riks which is a media initiative on YouTube by nationalist political party Sweden Democrats, has gained popularity contributing to the normalization of nationalist discourses. The aim of this study is to analyze how the discursive and visual construction and representation of women on Riks are created in nationalist discourse. Investigating this issue provides insight into the values that are being promoted and their potential consequences. The study was conducted through an intersectional theory and Stuart Hall’s representation theory with a multimodal critical discourse analysis methodology. The study found that women who are assigned the category as ’immigrants’ and ’Muslim’ were portrayed as deviant, having their voices erased and overlooked while simultaneously being portrayed as victims. ’White’ women were also portrayed as victims of the ’mass immigration’, but they were distinctively assigned agency, with the role of doing something about the situation, while ’immigrant women’ were told to ’repatriate’, reflecting their role as not acceptable within the nation.

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  • 8.
    Lindfors, Louise
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    The shadow pandemic: a feminist institutional perspective on civil society's work on gender-based violence in post COVID -19 South Africa2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This field study is a thematic and feminist institutionalist analysis on how the civil society and grassroot activists in Gauteng province, South Africa, has been affected and mitigated during and after the COVID -19 pandemic in their work against gender-based violence. The data consist of five semi structured interviews with primary sources, divided in the two sub-groups of activists and formal NGO representatives. 

    The study presents civil society and activist viewpoints on adaptation, feminist movement building as well as shrinking space and crisis within crisis. This qualitative study is a thematic analysis linked to the theoretical framework of feminist institutionalism in the context of South Africa. The results reflect issues of representation, power balances linked to organizational status, accountability, transparency, and democracy.

    Conclusion of this study is that need for adaptation and to mitigate the crisis within crisis (GBV and COVID -19 pandemic) is predominant for all stakeholders, but the viewpoints on how the pandemic affected the cooperation within the civil society sector varies between the two subgroups. The formal NGO’s viewpoint in this study is that the pandemic strengthened the cooperation within civil society and with institutions. However, the grassroot activist group’s perspective is that the pandemic created a split within the feminist movement. Shrinking democratic space is evidently affecting the grassroot activist group to a larger extent. The formal NGO group articulates an improved dialogue and cooperation with institutions and an enhanced political will to address gender-based violence. 

    All stakeholders that were interviewed in this study articulates that the context with new emerging crises, such as power-poverty, inflation and food shortage are challenging the possibilities to address the “shadow pandemic” of gender-based violence which is still a predominant human rights and democratic crisis in South Africa. This study contributes to the context analysis around implementation of the national strategic plan on gender-based violence and femicide and informs on challenges on feminist institutionalism in post-pandemic South Africa.

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  • 9.
    Marak Sandra Rangsa, Litta
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Retributive or Restorative System?: Best Interest of Young Persons in Conflict with the Law – the Case of India2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study delves into the complexities surrounding Children in Conflict with the Law (CCL) within India’s juvenile justice system, underscoring barriers to education, mental health challenges, and peer dynamics, among other concerns. While current provisions exist to assist CCLs, there remains significant potential for holistic reform. This paper introduces restorative justice as an innovative solution, emphasizing its focus on repairing harm over punitive measures. The restorative justice model presents opportunities for holistic healing, educational integration, community engagement, non-custodial solutions, and enhanced mental health support for CCLs. The approach aligns with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) principles, advocating for detention as a last resort. Suggestions for future research include assessing the effectiveness of restorative practices, studying long-term outcomes, obtaining diverse stakeholder perspectives, and ensuring cultural sensitivity. Ultimately, integrating restorative justice principles could transform the juvenile justice system in India, promoting a child-centric, compassionate, and effective approach.

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  • 10.
    Mitchell, Don
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Radical Justice: Anarchism, Utopian Socialism, Marxism and Critical Theory2023In: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter surveys anarchist, utopian socialist and Marxist approaches to social justice from their foundation in the 19th century to their elaboration within two influential centres of western Marxist thinking that have proved to be especially influential in the social sciences: the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory and the spatialisation of Marxist thought in the work of David Harvey (among others). As Mitchell and Ohlsson show, radical approaches to justice have been particularly important in encouraging a strong focus on the conditions of injustice. They note that these approaches cohere around the roots of injustice in the social relations of production rather than procedure or distribution. By moving from injustice, which is what ‘actually-existing’ justice looks like on the ground, to questions of just modes and relations of production, coupled with people’s fundamental right to justification, the authors argue that radical theories of justice have profound implications for the social sciences for how they reorient how we conceive of the project of justice theorising and especially the struggle for justice.

  • 11.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Applying a Transnational Theory of Justice to the Arctic2023In: Arctic Justice: Environment, Society and Governance / [ed] Corine Wood-Donnelly & Johanna Ohlsson, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, p. 8-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does a Forstian theory of transnational justice help us understand regional governance structures of the Arctic, such as the Arctic Council, and how could it contribute to implementing procedural aspects of justice? The purpose of this chapter is to discuss transnational justice for the Arctic, taking into account the regional, indigenous and environmental aspects of this specific region. Based on literature reviews on normative traditions of justice, the account suggested here draws on Critical Theory, primarily the work of Rainer Forst (2001, 2014 and 2020). The suggested framework proposes normative criteria required for a comprehensive theory of Arctic justice. In addition, it also recommends an analytical structure for assessing justice in the Arctic. The guiding principles suggested as the backbone for a theory of Arctic justice are reciprocity, generality, transparency and responsibility. Inherently important in the current structure are also the principle of sovereignty and the ‘all affected’ principle, which are discussed and assessed in this chapter.

  • 12.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    The conditions for reconciliation: forms, timing and normative potential2023In: Book of Abstracts: ETHICS OF RECONCILIATION – EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVES: Societas Ethica’s 59th Annual Conference 2023 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), 2023, p. 51-52Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Mitchell, Don
    Uppsala universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Radical Justice Through Injustice: Postcolonial Approaches2023In: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, p. 91-106Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Postcolonial approaches to justice focus on injustice and on the conditions of possibility for being free from domination. This chapter identifies the contribution of postcolonial theories as being crucially important for theorising justice for the ways in which they seek to create means for peoples previously and currently oppressed to speak for themselves, and to be listened to. As Ohlsson and Mitchell show, by including the voices of women, people of colour, people from the Global South, people from different socioeconomic backgrounds, and so forth, the implicit and sometimes explicit masculinist, White, colonialist and elite foundations of western justice theorising are highlighted, bringing to light the production of past, present and future injustices. Postcolonial theorising, they argue, requires a critical rethinking of our conceptions of justice, their aspects (subject, object, domain, social circumstances, principles) as well as their silences, absences and possible complicity in social structures of domination and oppression.

  • 14.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Przybylinski, Stephen
    Introduction2023In: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, 1, p. 1-14Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Przybylinski, StephenDepartment of Geography, Environment and Spatial Sciences at Michigan State University.
    Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theorising Justice surveys philosophical and normative theories of justice and their application within more empirically based social and political science research. Together, the chapters highlight the multi-faceted nature of justice as an analytical and political concept and avoids advocating ‘correct’ approaches to justice theorising. Each chapter provides overviews of the background, main tenets and critiques of dominant justice traditions. Part I examines theories of liberalism, libertarianism, cosmopolitanism, and the Capabilities Approach, in addition to approaches critical of these mainstream justice traditions, such as feminism, Marxism, postcolonialism and Indigenous perspectives of justice. Yet, a principal concern of the book is to promote further engagement with these differing conceptions of justice within social and political science scholarship. As such, chapters in Part II survey scholarship on environmental, climate, energy, spatial and landscape justice along with intergenerational as well as just transitions approaches. In doing so, the volume illustrates multiple methodological and conceptual approaches for analysing justice, illustrating how applied justice theories may usefully analyse problems of inequity, oppression, and domination within more empirically focused research. As justice becomes increasingly important to the discourses within social science and policy scholarship, Theorising Justice will be a valuable reference for students, instructors and practitioners seeking to address the social, political, economic and ecological challenges we face today.

  • 16.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen.
    Skillington, Tracey
    University College Cork, Department of Sociology & Criminology.
    Intergenerational Justice2023In: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, p. 223-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Centring on responsibility in relation to the temporalities of justice, this chapter examines the distinct qualities of an intergenerational justice approach, as well as noting how it overlaps with other positions (such as climate justice and just transitions). It engages with a variety of issues, such responsibility for the compound effects of cumulative acts of pollution, the non-identity of future beings, as well as prospects for greater youth participation in decision-making. Ohlsson and Skillington highlight the implementation challenges and critique that has been brought forward by intergenerational accounts of justice, where emphasis is placed on actualizing the principles of various international treaties and state constitutions affirming the rights of, or duties owed to future generations, as well as new political and legal opportunities. They conclude by highlighting how an intergenerational justice perspective redefines what has traditionally been thought of as imaginable in justice terms, stretching its boundaries to encompass the ‘not yet’ moment of various democratic potentials.

  • 17.
    Okodi, Thomas
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Impediments to the elimination of child labor: A critical review of child labor policies and laws of Liberia2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child labor is a pressing issue in Liberia, as it is in many other developing countries. Poverty is a significant factor that drives child labor in Liberia, as many families rely on the income generated by their children to survive. While the government has developed numerous policy interventions and laws to address the issue, recent reports show that the prevalence of child labor within the ages of 5-17 is still very high This study aims to critically evaluate the effectiveness of governments efforts by critically examining key policies and laws set up by government in relation to established international legal standards to combat the scourge. It relies on Bacchi's "What's the problem represented to be?" (WPR) policy analysis approach.The analysis revealed that there are gaps in policy and law that has stalled government‟s efforts in achieving its resolution to reducing the prevalence of child labor. The minimum age for employment is below international standards, hazardous work is allowed for children aged16 and above, domestic work is not included in the list of hazardous work, light work is not defined or regulated, and penalties for violating child labor laws are weak. In addition, enforcement of child labor laws is weak, particularly in the informal sector, where most child labor takes place.These gaps are incompatible with international standards hindering progress towards eliminating child labor in the country. This study argues that effective policies are crucial to child labor elimination in Liberia, without which children will continue to be engaged in exploitative work which puts them at risk and denies them of their fundamental human rights.

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  • 18.
    Przybylinski, Stephen
    et al.
    Department of Geography, Environment and Spatial Sciences at Michigan State University.
    Ohlsson, Johanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Indigenous Approaches to Justice2023In: Theorising Justice: A Primer for Social Scientists / [ed] Johanna Ohlsson & Stephen Przybylinski, Bristol: Bristol University Press , 2023, p. 107-123Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter draws from Indigenous scholars and authors to identify general Indigenous perspectives on justice. The chapter begins by discussing Indigenous ontologies and epistemologies which are concerned with harmonious relations with human and non-human natures. It then examines the function of rights as tools towards realising justice by discussing legal and political literatures regarding the struggle and respect for specifically Indigenous rights to recognition and self-determination. In highlighting a range of perspectives on justice, the chapter suggests that Indigenous approaches to justice critically challenge the western dominance of justice theorising, by expanding alternative ways of understanding what just human/non-human relations can look like.

  • 19.
    Sado, Michelia
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Bakomliggande faktorer och hinder av vuxna papperslösas tillgång och möjlighet till vård i Sverige: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze the underlying factors and barriersinfluencing undocumented adults' access to healthcare in Sweden. By focusing on the experiences of five respondents associated with the Swedish Red Cross, the essay seeks to shed light on and enhance the understanding of the limitations faced by undocumented adults, regarding their access to healthcare in Sweden. This study has a qualitative research approach with semi-structured interviews. The studyaddresses three theories for understanding the factors and barriers that affect the access to healthcare by using Goffman (1963) stigma, Young (2011) social justice and Rothstein (2003) trust and social contract theory. The result of the study shows insights information from five respondents of the factors affecting undocumented adults' healthcare access in Sweden. The study ultimately reveals that stigmatization, trust, fear, and social networks are underlying factors that impact the access to healthcare for undocumented adults in Sweden. Additionally,socio-economic barriers are identified as limiting the opportunities for undocumented adults to access healthcare in Sweden. The research highlights that these challenges are not merely individual choices or priorities but rather a result of complex factors and structural impediments. Therefore, addressing the obstacles and underlying factors requires a collective approach to observe and understand the root causes affecting the access to healthcare in Swedenfor undocumented adults.

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  • 20.
    Salam Mohammed, Hawraa
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Ensamkommande barns upplevelser och erfarenheter av Sveriges psykiatri-sjukvård: En kvalitativ studie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the challenges that unaccompanied minors face in accessing healthcare, especially mental health services, in Sweden. It uses a qualitative approach with five partici-pants aged 18–25, who were previously unaccompanied minors. Through interviews, the study identifies themes and patterns related to the theoretical framework, incorporating the KASAM theory and transcultural psychiatry, which emphasize self-reflection and cultural factors. The results reveal difficulties such as fear of impacting the asylum process, language barriers, anda lack of knowledge within the healthcare system. The study aims to contribute to understanding and improvements within the healthcare system. Limitations include a focus on Swedish conditions and the age group of 18–25. Suggestions for future research involve exploring wait times for psychiatric care and effectively communicating knowledge about mental health to these children to identify areas for improvement in healthcare. Overall, the study underscores the need to overcome barriers, customize healthcare to individual needs, and enhance understanding of this vulnerable group.

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  • 21.
    Sandahl, Sofia
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    “Invisible children”: A qualitative study on the work of organisations to promote support for future children born of war2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence perpetrated against women during armed conflicts represents a severe violation of their fundamental human rights. This heinous act not only inflicts significant harm on the women themselves but also results in the birth of children conceived due to wartime rape. Previous research has marked that children born of war encounter various forms of discrimination, stigma, neglect, abuse, and sometimes limited access to education and healthcare. As a vulnerable group, children born of war often have single mothers who have experienced sexual violence, resulting in potential lack of support from their family and communities. This paper investigates the circumstances and obstacles faced by children born of war but also what is necessary to properly support these children, according to the five organisations interviewed. It shines light on the need for comprehensive support systems to address their specific needs in the future, such as the urgent need for early interventions and psychological support, along with providing children born of war the opportunity to connect with their biological heritage to foster a sense of identity amongst others.

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  • 22.
    Unnermark, Tatia
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Sverige ska bli bra igen!-För vem?: Sverigedemokraternas konstruktion och exkludering  av “Den Andre”2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how “The Other” is portrayed in the Sweden Democrats’ (SD) latest electoral manifesto from 2022. Drawing on Ruth Wodak’s perspective on radical right-wing populist rhetoric, along with qualitative content analysis and critical discourse analysis, the essay explores how various discursive constructions emerge to justify excluding “The Other”. The results indicate that immigrants, especially those of non-European and Muslim background, are consistently depicted as threats, criminals, oppressive towards women and undesirable. These findings align with previous research on the discriminatory language used by radical right-wing populist parties towards “The Other” represented by immigrants and Muslims. Moreover, this discriminatory discourse is legitimized through references to violence and gang crime but also broader societal issues such as unemployment, housing shortage and violence against women. 

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  • 23.
    Wood-Donnelly, Corine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Ohlsson, JohannaUniversity College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy. Uppsala universitet, Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier.
    Arctic Justice: Environment, Society and Governance2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Offering a unique introduction to the study of justice in the European, North American and Russian Arctic, this collection considers the responsibilities and failures of justice for environment and society in the region. Inspired by key thinkers in justice, this book highlights the real and practical consequences of postcolonial legacies, climate change and the regions’ incorporation into the international political economy. The chapters feature liberal, cosmopolitan, feminist, as well as critical justice perspectives from experts with decades of research experience in the Arctic. Moving from a critique of current failures, the collection champions a just and sustainable future for Arctic development and governance.

  • 24.
    Yngveson, Jennifer
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Våldsutsatta barns rätt till delaktighet: En intervjustudie om implementeringen av barnkonventionens artikel 12 om barns rätt till delaktighet på Barnahus i Eskilstuna2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate how Barnahus in Eskilstuna has implemented Article 12 on children's right to participate in the Convention on the Rights of the Child in their work with children exposed to violence, as well as the challenges that may arise. In order to investigate the implementation at Barnahus within the municipality, interviews were conducted with representatives of collaborating authorities and Region Sörmland. By analyzing the results based on Harry Shier's participation model, the concepts of child perspective and children's perspective, the study came to the following conclusions. The study shows that children are listened to, but that some children do not get the opportunity to come to Barnahus due to a lack of resources, long waiting periods and that other matters must be prioritized. Children are supported in expressing their opinions, but challenges emerge in the ability to adapt to different cultures and children's disabilities which can affect that children's perspectives does not get recognized. The study also shows a lack of time for the child's representative to prepare for a case, which can affect the ability to adopt a child perspective on the child's best interest. Children's views are taken into account in most parts of the process at Barnahus, but it is primarily the informants' views on the best interest of the child that guides the work. The scope for children's participation depends on their age, maturity and the authority's legal obligations.

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  • 25.
    Öman, Sanna
    University College Stockholm, Department of Human Rights and Democracy.
    Konflikter mellan massövervakning och skydd av sexuella övergrepp på barn: En argumentationsanalys av rättigheter och demokrati som rör ”chat control”2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Commission has put forward a legislative proposal titled Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down rules to prevent and combat child sexual abuse, also known as chat control. The legislative proposal has sparked a polarized debate. By using an argumentation analysis, this study aims to find out which rights are invoked and which arguments for and against the proposal are raised in the discussion on chat control. The study also aims to explore how chat control may impact freedom of expression and deliberative democracy.

    Advocates of the proposal argue that chat control will protect children from online sexual abuse and strengthen children's digital rights, while critics warn of privacy intrusions, threats to freedom of expression and digital mass surveillance. 

    The essay uses Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann's theory on spiral of silence which explains that people tend to avoid expressing their opinions if their opinions are in the minority due to fear of social isolation. Digital mass surveillance can therefore lead to self-censorship online. The result is that the digital mass surveillance that chat control proposes affects the right to freedom of expression because certain opinions will be silenced. Iris Marion Young's deliberative democracy model explains that in democracies it’s important that everyone affected by arguments must be able to make their voice heard in order for a democratic decision to be considered legitimate. If people refrain from exercising their right to freedom of expression due to digital surveillance, then deliberative democracy is negatively impacted because decisions can no longer be deemed democratically legitimate.

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